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the smaller towns capital enouglı to comply with "Mr. Wilson. The question which the gen


oyal States. The effect on prices produced by lish a bank under the requirements of our national tablishing the tax upon circulation would have in inflated specie currency in the Pacific States banking law. Our State banking system, how. but little to operate on, for the reason that all los the same as that produced by the expansion of ever, requires a deposit of United States stocks cal and national banks being prohibited from pay. i paper circulation in the Atlantic States. When or Siate stocks, with a margin of ten per cent. ing out the currency of State banks, it will be ve have too much money, of whatever kind, beyond the amount of circulation. Most of our driven home for redemption, and in a few months prices will advance. It is not the kind of circu- banks are established upon United States stocks, all this class of notes will have disappeared from alion, but the quantity, of whatever kind, which and their capital does not usually exceed, for each circulation. produces the effect which it is our duty to rem- bank, $25,000.

Mr. CLAY. I would ask the gentleman if his ody. I have in my possession a list of prices, It is impossible in the condition of our coun. mode of relieving the currency is to kill one State inowing the cost of almost every article which try—and this remark applies equally to Wiscon- bank in my town and start three national banks inters into the consumption of every family in the , -

in place? narkets of San Francisco, and which illustrates he effect of an expansion of the specie currency the national banking law. Therefore the failure tleman propounds only opens up a broader field, jeller than I could do by any argument which I of these banks to becoine national banks does not exhibiting the difficulties under which the nation could present to the commitiee. The statement spring from any resistance to the national bank- is now laboring more fully than I have yet pre9 as follows:

ing law, but from the circumstances of the case. sented. Of course there may be banks created in "I will give you a list of the prices of the leading articles It seems to me that if these banks are founded, the town in which the gentleman resides under the in our family markets at the present time, lo enable your ag nearly all of them are in my State, upon Uni- national banking system whether we prohibicihe eaders to form an idea of the cost of living in San Fran

ted States stocks, they afford to that extent a Ico: Porter-house steaky, 20 cpus; sirloin steaks, 15

issue of notes for circulation by local banks or nis; pork, 15 cents; flour, per burrel, $12; positors, 5

market for these bonds, and they should not be not. The only question is, whether, having derents pur pound; California butter, choice fresli, si per discriminated against in our tax laws. In other termined to establish national banks, we will not pound; in rolls, 75, 60, and 50 cents per pound, for Nos. 1 words, their noi entering under the national bankand?; Oregon butter, 40 10 45 cents, ils in quality; Isthmus

do something to curtail the volume of the curing law is due to the difficulties which surround puuter, 40 10 50 cents for choice Orange county, Nesv York,

rency, instead of increasing the number of banks and 37} 10 45 cents for cooking bulier. Lard, 25 cinis per

the circumsiances of the case, and which pertain and thereby increasing the volume of the curpound for city rendered, and 20 cents ir old Laster. to all new communities, sparsely settled and with rency, without any check on the local State inCheese, 30 cents por pound for all grades ordinary, and 35

little capital; and I take it that if they comply as stitutions. cents for choice dairies. Sage, 50 cents per powd. L4,5, 60 cents per dozen for good. Hency, 40 cents per poud

fully as they can by the purchase of United States I will suggest also that the bank to which the For old, and 30 cents for new comb and straineid. 'Cran- stocks with the spirit of the national banking law, gentleman from Kentucky refers may change its herries, 35 cents for Eastern, and 30 cents perquart for new they should not be discriminated against in the organization and carry on its operations under erop Oregon. Oysters, 50 cents per can, or $5 per dozen matter of taxation. They do not strictly come the national banking law. This amendment offor Mc Murray's. Hams, 20 cents; bacon, 20 cents; and Irind beel', 20 cents per pound. Chickens, so poor that they

within the intention of the amendment offered by fers them a choice between operating under the could not he given away in Chicago, 75 cents to gi caeli.

the gentleman from Massachusetts, which is to charter granted by the State and organizing under Brent gecse, (wild.) 37 contse:ch. Suvans, Sleach. Can. force out of existence banks founded upon State the national banking system. If they continue la gerse, (wild,) 75 cents each. Ducks, (wild,) .25 to 375

stocks, and to compel them to purchuseihe stocks under the State charter, under the provisions of eens each. Quail, 8? 25 10 32 50 per dozeni. Turkeys, 25 19 3) cents par pound, live weight. Tame ducks, $125

of the United States and establish national banke. this amendment, they will be prohibited, after the Hae!. Apples; SI 30 10 $2 30 per bor of 50 pounds; No. Mr. WILSON. I rise to oppose the amend- 1st of April next, from issuing notes under and 1,5308 cents per pound; pears, cooking, Si 50 to $2 50

I think that might be a proper nmend- by virtue of the powers they derive from the State. per box; pears, iable, 410 10 cents per pound; dried plums, 10 10-25 cents per pound; dried peaches, 10 to 15 cents per

ment, if offered to the national banking law, but My sole purpose is to reduce the volume of the pound; quince, 6 to 9 cents per pound; California grapes

not to the amendment offered by the gentleman currency of the country, thereby adding to the to 10 rents per pond; foreign do, 15 to 37 tints per from Massachusetts.

value of that which is left; not to make war upon pound; fias, 6 to 15 cents per pound; strawberries, 40 to Now, sir, as I remarked when my time ex- any bank or any banking system, but simply to 75 cents per pound; cod:11, 6 cents per pound; rocktish, Hi cents per pound; smells, 6 cents per pound; comicosis,

pired, I think it our duty to reduce, so far as we apply a remedy which shall reduce the volume 181 cents per pound; sturgeon, 3 cents per pound; seri

can, the volume of the currency now in the coun- which is now disastrously affecting every inter1:1-9, 5 cents per pound; founders, 15 cents per pound; iry, which has led to the enormous inflation of est in the whole country. While I am voting sirimps, 10 cents per pound; salmon, 10 cents per pound; prices of all commodities. While we are imposhalibut, 25 cents per pound; herrings, 5 cents per jound;

taxes on the people I want to make tlie money perci, ocenta per pound; whole sea bass, weigling 25 10

ing burdens upon our people by taxation, and wortli something more than it is, so as to prevent 30 pounds eacli, si eachi.

surely afflicting many of the industrial interests as far as practicable au unnecessary accumulation " These prices, it must be borne in niind, are for coin, not of the country, I think we should accompany of the national debt. paper money, and the price of the fish is only one holl what

such legislation with some provision which will [flere the hammer fell.) it usually is, owing to a strike of the Italian lishermen, who have risen en masse recently against the regular maikeis,

tend to increase the value of the money we are Mr HOOPER. I rise to oppose the amende and have established one of their own, in which they seji using for the purpose of carrying on the afiairs ment of the gentleman from lowa, (Mr. Wilson.] de above. In order to drive their opponents out of business. of the Government and the trade and commerce I concur enurely in the views of the gentleman, Wood is $11 10 812 per cord, and coal in proportion.")

of the country in every department. I know of but I think his measure is too sharp upon the Now, I find that those prices correspond with no other way than to prohibit the issue of notes banks; that inore time should be given to them to the prices we have in Washington, Baltimore, for circulation by the local banks of the States. draw in their circulation before this law takes effect Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and other easi- National banking associations are increosing lipon them. Ifihe gentleman would change the ern cities, showing that the same effect is pro- every day, and in this way millions are being dates in his amendment, so as to make them the duced in California by the expansion of gold added to the circulation. This will go on unul sainc as those in mine, I should be belier satis. that is produced in the eastern Siales by the use notes representing the entire $300,000,000 of na- fied with it, although I think that both the times of paper. The only remedy we can have is a tional banking capital shall be put in circulation. and the rates in the original amendment are quite roduction of the volume of the currency in order We must, then, look to a destruction of the issues

sufficient to answer the purpose that lie has in that it may be brougiit down to the standard re- of the State banks as the only remedy we can view as well as myself. quired by the legitimate demand of the business | apply at the present time.

Mr. STEVENS. Is an amendment to the text of the country. This remedy we ought to apply Certainly there can be no question about our still in order? without delay, and in the most effective way. power to do this under the power conferred upon The CHAIRMAN. An amendment to the Every interest demands this ut our hands. Congress to regulate commerce, and to do whal- substitute is still in order, (Here the hammer fell.)

ever is necessary and proper to carry into effect Mr. STEVENS. Not to the text? Mr. DONNELLY. I ofter the following amend- the powers delegated to the legislative department The CHAIRMAN. Not to the text. There ment to the amendment offered by the gentleman of the Government. From that power we derived is an amendment to the amendment already pend. from Massachusetts, (Mr. Hooper:)

the authority to establish a system of national ing. Proviled, 'That bankuincorporated under Sinte nuthority, banking; and having assumed jurisdiction with

Mr. STEVENS. I supposed that an amendwith a luss capitai than $50,000, whose circulating notes reference to the currency of the country, we have are secured wholly hy deposit or bords of the United

ment to the text would be in order, as the penda a right to prohibit the States from authorizing the States, at their par value, liithe amount of fen per cent.

ing amendment is to strike out the whole text. beyond the anni ottheir circulating notes, shall be taxed

issuance of bank notes, as a means necessary to The CHAIRMAN. Not at the present staga. upon their circulation and deposits in the same manner, preserve the value of the circulating medium au

Mr. STEVENS. Well, as it is nearly half and at the same rates, its are or may be prescribed for the ihorized by Congress. I think the suoner we taxation of national banky.

past four o'clock, I move that the committee do apply the remedy the better it will be for all con

now rise, The purpose of the amendment offered by the cerned; and instead of postponing, as the gentle- The motion was agreed to. gentleman from Massachuselis is to compela de- man from Massachusetis proposes, the operation So the committee rose; and the Speaker having mand for the purchase of United States bonds. of the tax unui che lot of January next, increase resumed the chair, Mr. POMEROY reported that The banking law, however, fixes the limit of the race, shorten the time,and prohibit new issues, the Committee of the Whole on the state of the the amount of capital necessary for one of these as my substitute contemplates. The Government

Union had, according to order, had under conbanks at $100,000, with a proviso that banks with and ihe people need relief now, not next year. sideration the state of the Union generally, and a capital of $50,000 may be established upon In order to make the remedy more perfect ihan particularly the tax bill, and had come to no resespecial permission being granted by the Secre- that proposed by the gentleman from Massachu- olution thereon. tary of the Treasury. That permission is, how- selts, I have somewhat modified his amendment, Mr. STEVENS. I intend to offer at the end ever, very difficult to obtain. I offer this amend

and added thereto the provision that after the 1st of this bill some additional sections to regulate meni because in our western States, particularly of April, 1865, those State banks shall issue no the course of the planeis. [Laughter.] I ask in such States as Wisconsin and Minnesoia, notes of their own or the notes of other State

that iny amendments may be printed. where banking associations are necessary for the banks. That will drive home all the issues of

It was so ordered. convenience of the people and for the movement State banks and relieve us to the extent of the of our grain crops to ine eastern markets, capital

EVENING SESSION DISPENSED WITI. amount of currency now in circulation and issued is necessarily scarce, and it is ditácuit to procure by the State banks. If this amendment should Mr. MALLORY moved that the evening sesin our swailer lowus a suthicien amount to estai). be adopted now, the provision of the section es. sion he dispensed with for to-day.

Mr. ASHLEY demanded tellers.

Mr. HOLMAN moved to reconsider the vote followej onilur Friday before his death by a sud. Tullers were ordered; and Messrs. GARFIELD | by which the bill was passed, and also moved to den attacis of pwalysis, so severe thalits futal re. and MALLORY were appointed. lay the motion to reconsider on the table.

sult was at once been to be inevitable and near at The llouse divided; and the tellers reported The latter motion was agreed to.

hand. It rendered him speechless, but did not so ayes 66, noes 40. Mr. MORRILL demanded the yeas and nays.


aflect his mind but that he recognized the friends

around him, and by whom, to the lusi, he was The yens and nuys were ordered.

Mr. MORRILL. As the House will be able carefully and affectionately attended, until within Mr. COX. Can we conclude the call of the

to sit but a shoritime to-morrow, in consequence a few hours of his decease. Governor Hicks (a roll before the time for taking the recess arrives? of an obituary announcement, I ask, at the re- title by which he is best known and will be ever

The SPEAKER. The usage always is that if Queel of several gentlemen, that, by unanimous gratefully remembered, not only by Maryland a roll-call is commenced it has to be completed. consent, we meet to-morrow morning at eleven but by the nation) was born in Dorchester county, If the vote results in dispensing with the evening 1 o'clock.

Maryland, on the 24 of September, 1798. His session, then the House will be ready to adjourn

Mr. COX. I object.

parents were highly respectable, but with a large forth with; if it should not be dispensed with, the


family and limited means they were unable to give House would immediately, on tlic completion of

their son a collegiate education. What he was the call, take a recess until seven o'clock.

Mr. INGERSOLL, by unanimous consent, in- taughe was merely rudimental, and this was acMr. KASSON. Will it be in order to state to

troduced a bill to provide for the transfer of regi- quired in one of the common schools of the county. the Ilouse that to-morrow our session will ne- mental surgeons, who have been disabled while

His father being a farmer, Governor Hicks cessarily be interrupted? (Cries of "I object!" in the line of their duty, to duty as post and 1105

assisted him in that occupation until his mmor“Order!”) pital surgeons; which was read a first and second

ity terminated, when he commenced a career of The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order. time, and referred to the Committee on Military

his owI.

With manners and disposition that The question was taken, and it was decided in Affairs.

were native to him, and well calculated to win the affirinative-yeas 70, nays 56, not voting 56; LEGISLATIVE APPROPRIATION BILL.

esteem and confidence, he was al in carly age as follows:

Mr. STEVENS. I move that the legislative

made a constable of his county, an office humble YEAS-Messrs. Ancona, Anderson, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Brooks, James s. Brown, William G. Brown, appropriation bill, which has been returned from

but trustworthy, and discharged its duties so batChanler, Freeman Clarke, Clay, Cobli, Cox, Dawson, the Senate with amendments, be taken from the

isfactorily that in 1824, at the early age of twenty. Denison, Eckley, Edgerton, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Fuck, Speaker's table, and referred to the Committee of

six, he was elected its sheriff, an office of high Frank, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Ilale, llall, Harding, | Ways and Means.

grade and of much imporiance and responsibility. Charles M. Harris, Herrick, Hlohman, Ingersoll, Philip Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Law, Lazear, Le Blond, Loll,

The motion was agreed to.

This office also he conducted with an intelligence Long, Mallory, McKinney, Middicton, William 11. Miller,

and integrity that commanded general approval, Daniel Morris, James R. Morris, Leonard Myers, Nelson,


and gave him even a sironger hold on the popular Odell, John O'Neill, Orih, Pendleton, Pruyn, Radford, Mr. KELLOGG, of Michigan. Tack unani-judgment. Its term expired, he engaged in merWilliam II. Rudall, James S. Rollins, Ross, Selcuck, Sinithers, Spalding, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, mous consent to ofier the following resolution:

cantile business in Vienna, a village in his county, Stiles, Strousse, Siveat, Townsend, Tracy, Wadsworth, Resolred, 'That the Committee on Naval Affairs be in

and in this position his diligence and integrity Wanil, Webster, Whaley, Williams, and Winfield-10. structed to inquire into the expediency of authorizing the

were again exhibited. In 1836 he was clected NAYS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ashley, John D. Secretary of the Navy to purchase or construct one or inore a member of the electoral college which at that Baldwill, Baxter, Bramin, Blow, Boutwell, Broomall, vessels-of-war on the northern and northwestern lakes.

period appointed the Senators of the State, and Cole, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Eliot, Gartield, Gooeli, Hligby, Hooper, Asabel W.Hlubbani, John

Objection being made, the resolution was not in the proceedings which ensued, and which for II. llubbarit, lluiburil, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Orlando received.

a time filled our citizens with solicitude, and alKellogg, Knox, Littlejolu, Longyear, Marvin, McBride,


tracted the attention of the whole country, he McClurg, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Amos

conducted himself with his accustomed discreMyers, Charles O'Neill, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pom- Mr. ALLEY. I move that the Committee on eroy, Alexander II. Rice, Jalin I. Rice, Edward H. Rol

tion and firmness, and evinced his inherent love the Post Office and Post Roads be discharged from lins, Shannon, Stevens, Thayer, Upson, Van Valken

of law and order. He was at one time one of burghi, IVilliam B. Washburn, Wilder, Wilson, Windom,

the further consideration of the petition of C. B. the Governor's Council, a station of the greatest and Worthington-56. Smith and others, for the establishment of a Bu

trust and honor, and for several years was elected NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. reau of Life Insurance, and that said petition be Allen, Arnold, Blaine, Blair, Bliss, Boyd, Brandegee,

by the people of Dorchestera member of the House Ambrose W. Clark, Coffrou, Cravens, Creswell, Henry referred to the Committee of Ways and Means.

of Delegates of the State; and on each occasion so Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dumont, Eden, Englisti,

The motion was agreed to.

discharged his duties as to retain their confidence. Grimell, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Hotchkiss, Mr. HOOPER. I move that the petition be In 1838 he was appointed by the Governor reHutchins, Jenckes, William Johnson, Prancis W. Kellogg, Keran, King, knapp, Marcy, McAllister, McDowell, MCprinted.

gister of wills of the county, and when the office Indoe, Morrison, Nobic, Norton, Perry, Price, Samuel J.

The motion was agreed to.

was made elective by the people he was twice Randall, Robinson, Rogers, Scofield, Scott, Slou, Smith, Starr, Stuart, Thomas. Voorhees, Elihu B. Washburne,


elected to it, and would have been a third time if

he had not declined it. In this official and inWheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Benjamin Mr. MALLORY. I ask that, by unanimous Wood, Fernando Wood, Woodbridge, and Ycaman-56. consent, the House take from the Speaker's table

portant trusi he again displayed business capacity So the evening session was dispensed with. and consider Senate bill No. 392, an act supple

and perfect integrity. In 1849 and 1850, by the

choice of his uniformly confiding constituenis, he CORRECTION OF ERROR. mentary to an act approved July 14, 1862, entitled

was elected to the constitutional convention of the Mr. BEAMAN, by unanimous consent, offered An act to establish certain post roads."

State, and discharged its duties faithfully and with a resolution directing the Clerk to request the

There being no objection, the bill was read a

ability. He was afterward chosen by popular Senate to return to this House the joint resolution first and second time. It authorizes the Louisville

vote Governor of the State, and held thui blation (S. No. 42) in order to correct an error in the

and Nash vitle Railroad Company, and the Jefferengrossment of an amendment thereto; which was sonville Railroad Company, stockholders in the

when the present rebellion commenced and until

1862. read, considered, and agreed to.

Louisville Bridge Company, to construct a bridge It is his official conduct in that office that has TERRITORY OF WYOMING. over the Ohio river at the head falls of the Ohio,

made his name so well and favorably known to and specifies the conditions and restrictions under Mr. ASHLEY, by unanimous consent, reported which the work shall be executed. It also provides

cvery loyal man in the Union. from the Committee on Territories a bill to pro

During this period his responsibility was such that the bridge when erected shall be a lawful vide a temporary government for the Territory of structure, and shall be recognized and known as

as to task his firmness and his judgment, and to Wyoming; which was ordered to be printed and

test bis patriotism. They proved cqual to the a post route. recommitted.

The bill was ordered to a third reading; and

emergency. With a people whose feelings, from BRIDGE OVER TIIE OHIO. was accordingly read the third time, and passed. tions, were so well calculated to cause them to sym

their locality and sameness of habits and instituMr. HOLMAN. I rise to a privileged ques.

Mr. MALLORY moved to reconsider ihe vote

pathize with our southern brethren, and who were tion. I call up the motion to reconsider the vote by which the bill was passed; and also moved

sensitively alive to any interference with that par. by which Senate bill No. 413, to establish a bridge that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table.

ticular institution they had known and possessed across the Ohio river at Cincinnati, Ohio, a post

The latter motion was agreed to.

from the colonization of the States, and in which road, was referred to the Committee on the Post And then, on motion of Mr. ELDRIDGE, the Office and Post Roads. House (at a quarter before five o'clock, p. m.)

their pecuniary means were largely invested,

with business and social relations closely binding The question was taken, and the vote was reconadjourned.

them to the South, it was not surprising that they Bidered.

should for a time forget the paramount duty which The question recurring on referring the bill to


they owed to the General Government, or be blind the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads,

WEDNESDAY, February 15, 1865.

to the consequences that were sure to follow an Mr. HOLMAN snid: I hope the bill will not Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Thomas Bow- attempt to dissolve the Union which that Governbe referred, but that the House will pass it now. MAN, D. D.

ment created, and was wisely designed, and enThe motion to refer was not agreed to.

The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. || dowed with powers amply adequate, if properly The bill was then read the third time.

exerted, to preserve forever. Mr. ALLEY. I desire to say that the subject


In this interval of temporary forgetfulners an has been under consideration in the Committee Mr.JOHNSON. Mr. President, it is my pain | excitement amounting to madness threatened the on the Post Office and Post Roads, and that the ful duty to announce to the Senate the deaih of State with a fraternal war, and with driving her passage of the bill is recommended.

my late colleague and friend, Thomas HOLLIDAY | into the rebellion, that would have made her soil Mr. HOLMAN moved the previous question Hicks. The sad event occurred at his lodgings the battle-ground of the strife which has deluged on the passage of the bill.

in this city on Monday morning, the 13th instant, every seceding State in blood, and would cerThe previous question was seconded, and the at seven o'clock. A few days of indisposition, tainly have involved her in ruin. Against every main question ordered, and under its operation so opparently slight us to give his frienils no in- effort that ignorance or ambition pould essay lo the will was passed.

casiness, wae, without any seeming premonition, effect the insane and wicked purpose', Governor

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(Hicks interposed the whole power of his office, Chamber at two o'clock p. m. to-day, and that the com.

States that are now, and for nearly four years - and succeeded in defeating it. Nor was this mittee of arrangements superintend the same.

have been, in open rebellion against the Governaccomplished without personal peril. In April,

Ordered, That the Secretary communicate these proceedings to the llouse of Representatives, with the request that

ment of the country; but by the bold and decisive 1861, when the blood of the loyal soldiers of Mas- that House unite in the ceremonies of this occasion. action of bad men, forgetting the claims of counsachusetts was treasonably shed in the streets of

try, the obligations of loyalty, and the duty of paTour chief city, and its power for some days was Mr. HALE. Mr. President, one of the effects triotism, they were driven in an evil hour into the I wielded by men who, for the most part, were re- of that civil strife which now afflicts and rends our vortex of treason, the crime of rebellion, and the > solved on 'rushing the State into rebellion, it was unhappy country is found in the indifference to horrors of civil war. : obvious to those who witnessed the scenes of the human suffering, and to death itself, consequent From such a state of things it was the good i day, and moved among the parties who engaged upon the frequency and rapidity with which our fortune of the people of Maryland to be saved in : in them, that Governor Hicks was an object of | daily narrative of blood presents to our view scenes no small degree by the peculiar sagacity and de' such intense animosity that his safety was not of carnage and slaughter such as the history of the voted patriotism of her most excellent Governor assured. This is not the occasion to dwell on world has not hitherto disclosed.

whose death we are now called upon to deplore. these events. It is consoling to her loyal sons, As the panorama moves on, we are only It was most providential and fortunate, boih for to whom the good name of the State and city is relieved from the contemplation of the mangled | the State and the Union, that Maryland at that so dear, that they terminated without effecting | limbs and mutilated bodies of the dead and the time had a Governor fully equal to the emergencies their design; and gladly would they have them dying by the appalling spectacle of our more un- of the hour. He saw and comprehended the danforever forgotten. In these trying moments the fortunate brethren languishing and dying in the ger from a distance, and although we may not all Governor was true to his duty. Throughout his | hopeless and helpless condition of prisoners of of us approve the wisdom of every step which he term of office he devoted himself with untiring war, where manhood is worn out, hope crushed, took and every measure which he recommended, industry and an ever-watchful patriotism, by and life destroyed by the cruel and heartless pri- yet no one, it is believed, will now doubt the unevery legal means, to crush out the spirit of se- vation of the necessary provision of that scanty sullied integrity of his conduct, the purity of his cession and to retain the State in her allegiance to supply of food and clothing by which human life motives, or the entire devotion of his patriotism. the Union; and he succeeded. When he ceased can be sustained.

Like the prophet standing on Mount Carmel, he to be her Governor she was loyal in all the de- li is a most melancholy and humiliating fact saw the cloud yet a great way off, while it was partments of her government, and the people, by that pictures such as these, sketched from no cre- no bigger than a man's hand, and did not wait a voice approaching unanimity, proclaimed their ation of the imagination, but drawn in the crim- uill its portentous blackness had shrouded the fixed resolve to stand by the Union, not only as son hues of the best blood of our bravest and best, whole heavens in its gloom. Of him, and in refa matter of almost holy duty, but as indispensa- || and proclaimed to us on every breeze from the erence to his conduct in that hour, it may with ble to their safety and prosperity; and so she and South in the agonizing cry of our languishing | emphasis be said that they have been ever since. It is not going too far || brethren, reëchoed by the wail of the widow and

“ Peace hath her victories to declare that this result is in a great measure to the orphan in our midst, have failed to move our

No less renowned than war." be referred to the conduct of Governor Hicks. hearts as but a little while since they would have Such in brief was the course of our friend in Had he listened to those who counscled a differ- been, even had they been representations of what that interesting and momentous period of our ent policy; had he lent the power of his office to was occurring among strangers of another country, country. His must be an overweening ambition accomplish their object; had he even failed to and we look upon them almost as the natural and that will not be satisfied with such a record. Hevote it entirely to their frustration, Maryland necessary consequences of the war we are waging Of the early history of Governor Hicks, of the might this day have been a desert, and her name for our national life.

discipline and experience which formed the chardishonored in the estimation of all good and wise Today we are called upon to witness another acter so admirably and exactly fitted for the exmen. To lose such a citizen at any time would phase of human experience by which it would traordinary part which Providence assigned him be cause of general sorrow; to lose him now, be- seem that divine Providence would try upon us to perform in the great drama of his country, I fore the rebellion is terminated, is to be the more the experiment of a more quiet, and, if it may be have no knowledge. My personal acquaintance lamented, even on his own account.

Who can

so expressed, a more unobtrusive exhibition of with him commenced about the time of the befail to regret that a public servant so faithful, so the frailty of life and the certainty of death than ginning of those troubles which have culminated patriotic, and so efficient in his efforts to main- || in the havoc and destruction of battle. Death has in the present civil war; and I hope I may be pertain the authority of the Union in his own Stale, now come, not clothed in the pomp and circum- mitted, without the imputation of unwarrantable had not been permitted to survive until that au- stance of war, numbering his victims by hun- || egotism, to add that that acquaintance originated thority had been securely extended over every dreds and thousands; but in the peace, the quiet in a request communicated to me by his direction other State?

and serenity of a sick chamber, an old man, full on the occasion of a visit on his part to this city, Such was his own prayer. In an address to the of years and of honors, has gone to his reward. that I would call and consult and confer with him people of the State, of the 7th of January, 1861, But, although his years were not few, still they on the engrossing questions of the day. That he said:

were not so many that friendship might not have acquaintance thus commenced continued without " In the course of nature I cannot have long to live, and

reasonably hoped that they might have been ex- interruption to the day of his death. I servently trust to be allowed to end my days a citizen of tended yet longer, and he been permitted to have When he was elected to this body, by the acthis glorious Union. But should I be compelled to witness witnessed in the future history of his country tion of the Senate he was assigned to a place on the downfall of that Government inherited from our fathers,

which he had loved and served so well the fruits the Committee on Naval Affairs, of which I was established as it were by the special lavor of God, I will at least have the consolation at iny dying hour that I neither of his labors and sacrifices.

then chairman. by word or deed assisted in bastening its disruption.” When the history of our great struggle shall Our intercourse from that circumstance became

His prayer was not granted; but his last days be written, when the story of the toils, the suffer- more intimate and familiar, and I will add that, of intelligence on earth were cheered by the san

ings, the sacrifices, and the efforts by which our in the course of a life now numbering many years, guine hope that the time was fast approaching political salvation was attained shall be told, and I have never met a more kind, genial, and courtwhen we should all be again citizens of that glo- | impartial posterity shall inscribe on immortal tab- cous gentleman. rious Union; and if he apprehended that that hope

lets the illustrious names of those by whose clear No man more sincerely sympathized with that might be defeated and the Union destroyed, he || sagacity, unshaken firmness, and patriotic devo- awakened philanthropy which seeks in overcertainly had the consolation, so faithfully se

lion to duty in a great crisis of our country's his- throwing the rebellion also to destroy its cause, cured to himself, that no word or deed of his could

tory, her integrity was preserved and her ultimate than he. But he entertained such a deep faith in have assisted or hastened the catastrophe. To this | triumph secured, second to none on that proud the humanity and Christianity of his own people body it is unnecessary to say anything of his offi

roll of fame shall stand the name of THOMAS that he preferred to have the work done by them, cial conduct as one of its members. Ever courtHicks, late Governor of Maryland.

unawed and uninfluenced by any outside intereous, kind, and attentive, he possessed the esteem

The political and especially the geographical ference. Still, I speak from perfect knowledge and confidence of us all.' Endowed with a sound || position of his Slate was such as to give preem- || derived from frequent interviews and conversajudgment and animated by a fervent patriotism,

inent consequence at that very critical period of tions with him, when I say that the abolition of he supported every measure that promised, in his

our history to the course which she might take. African slavery had no more sincere supporter. opinion, to benefit the country in its existing

The intense interest which was excited all over Such was our friend. As death approached, no emergency. In private life, too, he was always

the country in regard to the position of affairs in retrospect of misspent time, of neglected opporhighly appreciated; and by those who knew him | Maryland cannoi have escaped the recollection

tunities for good, cast fearful shadows on the fuintimately, loved as a brother. By the society of

of those who hear me. The extremely doubtful ture, but with a consciousness that he had been his county his loss especially will be long and

character of her Legislature, to say the least, and permitted in the good providence of God to do keenly felt, and to his immediate family be ir

the position to which her people might be driven something, yea much, for a great and good cause, reparable. Their consolation will be in knowing || by popular appeals of disloyal men to her preju- to have his name written among the benefactors that he leaves behind him an unstained name that

dices and her supposed interests, filled the hearts of his country, and by his influence to add strength will ever live and be honored, and that his last of patriots throughout the land with the most to the cause of the weak, the oppressed, and the thoughts were devoted to that religious faith on

painful solicitude. Whatever may be thought | humble, at peace with the world, and, as we which he relied with humble but Christian confi. now, it is not too much to say that at that time || humbly and irustfully hope, with his God, he has dence for future happiness.

it was felt and feared that iipon the decision which gone to his rest. I move the adoption of the following resolu

she might make between loyalty and treason, in tions:

no small degree depended the safety and salva- Mr. WILLEY. Mr. President, I had no perResolved unanimously, That the members of the Senate,

tion of the Republic. In saying this, I entirely sonal acquaintance with Governor Hicks untilhe from a sincere desire of showing every mark of respect to

disclaim any impeachment of the loyalty and in- took his seat as a member of this body. But I the memory of Hon. Thomas Holliday Ilicks, deceased, || tegrity of the great masses of the people of Mary-|| had learned to honor and respect him before I a Senator from the State or Maryland, will go into mourn- land. I have no doubt they are true and loyal | knew him. During the session of the Virginia ing for the residue of the present session by the usual mode of wearing crap- on the left arm.

now, and that they were so then; neither have I convention which passed the unfortunate ordiResolved unanimously, That the members of the Senate the slightest doube that that was equally true then nance which assumed to renounce the allegiance will attend the funeral of the deceased from the Senate of the great body of the people in numbers of those due from that Slate to the national Government,

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the noble position maintained by Governor Hicks Chamber, Rev. Dr. McMurdy, Chaplain of the The message, with the accompanying docuas the Chief Magistrate of Maryland won the con- Order of Knights Templar, read the ritual for the ments, was referred to the Committee on Foreign fidence and admiration of the loyal people of Vir- dead of that Order, the responses being made by | Affairs, and ordered to be printed. ginia. Especially did we of West Virginia feel the Knights, who were in full regalia. Prayer

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION IN NORWAY. grateful to him; for, if Maryland had seceded, it was then offered up by Rev. Thomas Bo WMAN, would, we well knew, have greatly increased our D. D., Chaplain of the Senate. Rev. B, H. Na- The SPEAKER also laid before the House perils and embarrassed our efforts to preserve our

dal delivered a discourse from the text, 2 Samuel, the following message from the President of the integrity. third chapter, thirty-eighth verse: “ And the king

United States: I shall not, Mr. President, attempt to review the said unto his servants, know ye not that there is a To the Senate and House of Representatives : connection of Governor Hicks with the events of || prince and a great man fallen ihis day in Israel?” I transmit to Congress a copy of a dispatch of the 12th that dark day in our country's history. The dis- Rev. Thomas BOWMAN, D. D., closed the cere- ultimo, addressed to the Secretary of State by the ministinguished colleague of the deceased has appro

ter resident of the United States at Stockholm, relating monies by an impressive prayer, and after a dirge

to an international exhibition to be held at Bergen, in Norpriately and eloquently done so. Suffice it for me from the band of the Knights Templar the funeral

way, during the coming summer. The expediency of any io say that the page on which those events shall procession left the Senate Chamber to convey the legislation upon the subject is submitted for your considbe recorded will be illustrious in the history of || body to the place of interment in the following

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Maryland, and will entitle the name of Governor order:

Washington, February 13, 1865. Hicks to be honored and revered as long as that The Chaplains of Congress for the occasion.

The message, with the accompanying docuState or the nation endures.

The Physicians who attended the deceased.

ments, was referred to the Committee on Foreign It has been my privilege to occupy a seat by

Committee of Arrangements.

Affairs, and ordered to be printed. the side of Governor Hicks ever since he entered

Mr. Foot,

Mr. Buckalew, this Hall. I had, therefore, an opportunity not


Mr. ANTHONY, Mr. MORGAN, only to witness his course in relation to public

Mr. WILLEY, Mr. Wade.

Mr. INGERSOLL, by unanimous consent, inaffairs, but also to observe more closely the spirit

Escort of Knights Templar.

troduced a joint resolution authorizing the purand principles, the heart and motive (so to speak)

chase of a portrait of Lieutenant General U. S. which seemed to prompt and control his conduci.

Pall- Bearers.

Grant; which was read a first and second time, And I declare to you, sir, that I never knew a Mr. COLLAMER,

Mr. Lane of Ind., and referred to the Joint Committee on the Liman whose simplicity and singleness of purpose

Mr. Davis,

Mr. Foster,

brary. —whose evident sincerity, purity, and unselfishness of aim to promote the honor and welfare of Mr. DoolittLE,

Mr. Hale.

LAND-GRANT RAILROADS IN MICHIGAN. his country, commanded more of my confidence

The family and friends of the deceased.

The SPEAKER. The regular order is the bill and respect. I know not if he ever aspired to

The Senators and Representatives from the

(H. R. No. 710) to extend the time for the comwin the personal distinction and renown which

State of Maryland, the Governor and aids, Lieu- || pletion of certain railroads, to which land grants men of great intellectual parts sometimes seem to tenant Governor, Senate and House of Delegates

have been made, in the States of Michigan and seek with an ardor hardly secondary to the proand Court of Appeals of that Slale; the Mayor

Wisconsin. Yesterday, when the Clerk was about motion of the national welfare; but to me he ever and City Councils of the city of Baltimore, as

to read the engrossed bill, the morning hour exappeared to forget himself in the higher and holier

pired. The bill will be read. mourners. purpose of securing the public good. When he resumed his seat here in the earlier The Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate of the United

The Clerk then read the engrossed bill.

Mr. ALLISON demanded the previous ques.

States. part of this session, the ravages of disease upon || The members of the Senate, preceded by the

tion on the passage of the bill. him were painfully apparent; and in conversation with him on different occasions, he more than inPresident pro tempore and the Secretary of the

Mr. HOLMAN. I hope that the previous quesSenate.

tion will not be called upon a bill which appropria timated to me his presentiment that death was at his door. And, sir, you will allow me to express The Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Represent

ates over two million acres of the public land. atives.

Mr. STEVENS. I hope that at least oppor. my gratification that in his zeal for his country

The members of the House of Representatives, || tunity will be afforded to us to move an amendhe did not forget his obligations to his Creator. And here, I think, we shall find the explanation

preceded by its Speaker and Clerk.

ment. I am willing to grant the extension of time The President of ihe United States.

for the completion of the roads, but I want to strike of his singular conscientiousness in the discharge

The Heads of Departments.

out that part of the bill which makes a grant of of his duty. He feared God; and therefore he

The Diplomatic Corps.

additional lands. We ought to do that or repeal was true to his country. Therefore it was that

Judges of the United States.

the homestead law, the hand so affectingly raised by him in the dy. Officers of the Executive Departments.

The SPEAKER. The bill has passed beyond ing hour, in token of the favor and friendship of

Officers of the Army and Navy.

the point when it can be amended. Heaven, refused, while strong with vigor of health

The Mayor of Washington.

Mr. HOLMAN. It can be recommitted to the and manhood, to strike at the life of the nation

Citizens and Strangers.

Committee on Public Lands. when surrounded by both friends and foes, vehe

Mr. ALLISON. I insist on the demand for

After the funeral, the Senate returned to their mently urging him to perpetrate the deed. Chamber, and, on motion of Mr. FARWELL,

the previous question. Mr. President, I am a believer in the assertion adjourned.

The House divided; and there were-ayes 45, that pure and practical Christianity is a political

noes 44; no quorum voting. necessity under our form of Government. I be


The SPEAKER ordered tellers; and appointed lieve that it is essential to the perpetuity of our

Messrs. Allison and Dawson. free institutions. Christian morality is the only

WEDNESDAY, February 15, 1865.

The House again divided; and the tellers resure basis of our civilliberties; and I trust I may be The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer || ported—ayes 49, noes 49.. pardoned for saying that the Christian statesman by Rev. Dr. E. H. GRAY.

The SPEAKER voted in the affirmative. is the only safe guardian of the people's rights. The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. So the previous question was seconded. Had the spirit and power of the gospel controlled


Mr. HOLMAN moved that the bill be laid on the conduct of the eminent and highly accom

the table.

Messrs. PRUYN, STROUSE, and TOWNSEND, havplished men who occupied the seats immediately

Mr. STEVENS demanded the yeas and nays. surrounding me in 1861, I feel assured that the ling asked and obtained leave to record their votes

The yeas and nays were ordered. horrors of the present civil war would never have

on the motion of Mr. Thayer, on Monday last, cursed the land. to lay on the table the resolution of Mr. DAWSON

The question was taken; and it was decided in I therefore think it is the highest tribute which relative to the restoration of the Union, voted in

the negative-yeas 54, nays 60, not voting 68; as

follows: could be paid to the memory of the deceased to the negative.

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Ancona, John D. Baldwin, Boutsay, here in this high place of the nation, that he MINOR CHILDREN OF DECEASED SOLDIERS. well, Brooks, Broomall, James S. Brown, William G. was a conscientious, Christian statesman.

Brown, Cobb, Dawson, Deming, Denison. Dixon, Dumont, Mr. HUBBARD, of Iowa, by unanimous con

Eckley, Edgerton, Eliot, Finck, Ganson, Crider, Hale, llarThe resolutions were unanimously adopted.

sent, offered the following resolution; which was rington, Herrick, Holman, John H. Hubbard, Hutchins, read, considered, and agreed to:

Philip Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, Lazear, Marcy, MidAt two o'clock the corpse, attended by the Resolred, That the Committee on Invalid Pensions be in

dleton, William H. Miller, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Morrison, committee of arrangements, pall-bearers, mourn- structed to inquire what further legislation, if any, is neces

Odell, Charles O'Neill, John O'Neill, Ortli, Pike, Ross, ers, and escort of Knights Templar, was removed sary to secure pensions to the minor children of deceased

Schenck, Scofield, John B. Strele, Stevens, Stiles, Strouse, from the late residence of the deceased, the Metsoldiers, in case of the death or marriage of the widow;

Thomas, Townsend, Tracy, Elihu B. Wastıburne, Webster,

and Winfield-54. with leave to report by bill or otherwise. ropolitan Hotel, and placed in the area in the

NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Arnold, Ashley, Baily, Augustus center of the Senate Chamber, where seats were

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION AT OPORTO. C. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Blair, Bliss, Blow,

Cole, Cox, Donnelly, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Frank, Higby, provided for the remaining Senator and Repre- The SPEAKER laid before the House the fol. Asahel W. Hulibard, Hulburu, Ingersoll, Julian, Kelley, sentatives from Maryland. The judges and offi- || lowing message from the President of the United Francis W. Kellogg, Knox, Le Blond, Littlejohn, Loall, cers of the Supreme Court of the United States, States:

Long, Longyear, Mallory, Marvin, McAllister, McBride, the President of the United States, and heads of

McClurg, McKinney, Sainuel F. Miller, Moorhead, James To the Senate and House of Representatives :

R. Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Nelson, Perham, the various Departments, the members of the

I transmit to Congress a copy of a note of the 2d instant, William A. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, Edward H. RolHouse of Representatives, preceded by their addressed to the Secretary of State, by the coinmander J. lins, Scott, Shannon, Smithers, William G. Steele, Thayer, Speaker and officers, the Governor and aids, C. de Figaniere á Morað, envoy extraordinary and minis- Upson, Wadsworth, William B. Washburn, Whaley, Lieutenant Governor, Senate and House of Dele

plenipotentiary of his most fai Majesty the King Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge, Worthington, and

of Portugal, calling attention to a proposed international Yeainan-60. gates and Courlof Appeals of Maryland, and the exhibition at the city of Oporto, to be opened in August NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Mayor and City Councils of the city of Baltimore, next, and inviting contributions thereto of the products of Ames, Anderson, Boyd, Brandegee, Chauler, Ambrose w! entered the Senate Chamber at intervals, and were

American manufactures and industry. The expediency Clark, Freeman Clarke, Clay, Coffroth, Cravens, Creswell, conducted to the seats assigned to them.

of any legislation on the subject is submitted for your con- Henry Winter Davis, Tbomas T. Davis, Dawes, Driggs, sideration.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Eden, English, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Griswold, Hall, On the entrance of the corpse into the Senate WASHINGTON, February 13, 1865.

Harding, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, trooper,

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Hotchkiss, Jenckes, William Johnson, Kasson, Orlando called to see him. His friends still believed that elected to fill the balance of the unexpired term
Kellogg, King, Knapp, Law, McDowell, McIndoe, Noble,
Nortoil, Patterson,' Pendleton, Perry, Pomeroy, Priçe,

rest and quiet would restore to a considerable | ending March 4, 1867. Pruyn, Radford, Samuel. Randall, John H. Rice, Robin

degree his strength, and fondly hoped that his life This, in brief, is the history of my late lason, Rogers, Jaines S. Rollins, Sloan, Smitli, Spalding, might be spared for many years to come. But mented colleague. There is one portion of his Starr, Swart, Sweat, Van Valkenburghi, Voorlees, Ward, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Williams, | by an attack of paralysis, and though he mainon Friday morning last he was entirely prostrated life, however, that deserves, ay demands, at my

hands more extended notice. It was during his Benjamin Wood, and Fernando Wood-68.

tained his consciousness until within a few hours term as Governor of Maryland that the present So the bill was not laid on the table.

of his death, yei all hope of his recovery was wicked rebellion was inaugurated; and well was During the vote,

then abandoned. Froin this time he sank gradu- | it for Maryland and her people, well was it for Mr. COBB stated that his colleague, Mr.Sloan, ally until the hour of his dissolution, when calmly, the capital of the nation, and the national honor, was absent from the city on account of illness in without a struggle or a groan, his spirit passed if not lite, that Thomas Holliday Hicks was his family; and that his colleague, Mr. McIndoe, from carth.

then the Governor of Maryland. Sir, as I sat in was absent on account of indisposition.

It will be consoling to his afflicted children who | grief by his dying bedside, and saw " the strong The vote was then announced as above re- were unable to reach this city before his death, man bowed," palsied with disease and helpless as corded.

as well as his numberless friends, to know that an infant, in my inmost soul I thanked God that The main question was then ordered.

loving hearts and skillful hands assiduously min- that divine visitation had not come while his hand Mr. HOLMAN demanded the yeas and nays

istered to all his wants, and strove, as far as hu- yet held the helm of my native and beloved Stale. on the passage of the bill.

man agency could, to alleviate all his sufferings. What scenes of anarchy, of confusion, of bloodThe yeas and nays were ordered.

Nor were the consolations of our holy religion | shed, and desolation to her fair fields would have The question was taken; and it was decided in wanting. An eminent divine and his personal followed my heart sickens to contemplate. But the negative-yeas 56, nays 58, not voting 68; as friend (Rev. Dr. Nadal) piously attended at his his natural vigor was not then abated. The lesfollows:

bedside and pointed his thoughts to “the world sons of self-reliance which he had learned in lois YEAS-Messrs, Allison, Arnold, Ashley, Baily, Augus

that is to come. To him my dying and la- || carly and maturer manhood, that decision of char1uis C. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Bliss, Blow, Cole, Cox, mented friend, even after the power of speechi was acter and firmness of purpose which had become Donnelly, Dumoul, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Frank, lliguy, gone, by hand upraised to heaven, and face glow- a part of his nature, and above all his instinctive Hooper, Dulburd, Ingersoll, Jeuckes, Julian, Kelley, Fran

ing with celestial light, unmistakably declared and unquenchiable love of country-that country cis W. Kellogg, Knox, Le Blond, Littlejohn, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McAllister, McBride, McClurg. McKinney,

his faith in a crucified Redeemer, and his implicit under whose benign institutions he had risen, Samuel F. Miller, Daniel Morris, James R. Morris, Amos. trust in His promises and atonement.

and all others mighi rise, from the humblest walks Myers, Nelson, Pernam, Pomeroy, William A. Randall, Governor Hicks was born in Dorchester county, l of life-had fitted and prepared him to resist all Alexander H. Rice, John II. Rice, Scott, Shaunon, Smithers, Thayer, Upson, Wadsworth, Williain B. Wasliburn,

Maryland, September 2, 1798. His father was a efforts, coming from what quarter soever, which
Whaley, Wilder, Windom, Worthington, and Yeaman-56. respectable furier, with limited means and a large looked to a disruption of the Union and placing

NAYS--Messrs. Alley, Ames, Ancona, John D. Bald- family, able to give his son little advantages of Maryland by the side of her rebellious sisters.
win, Blair, Boutwell, Brooks, Broomall, James S. Browli, education. As a boy, he attended the common Any one who will recall the history of the four
William G. Browni, Cobb, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, Den-
ison, Dixon, Eckley, Edgerton, Eliot, Finck, Gansoll, Gri-

country schools of the neighborhood, then even months which immediately preceded Mr. Linder, Hale, Harrington, llerrick, Holman, Jolin II. Ilubbard,

more indifferent than now. As a youth, he as- coln's inauguration in 1861 will remember how
Hutchins, Philip Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, Lazcar, sisted his father in the cultivation of the farm; repeated and persistent these efforts were.
Long, Marcy, Middleton, William H. Miller, Moorhead, and when manhood came, he went forth from the The plan of the original conspirators, as has
Morrill, Morrison, Leonard Myers, Odell, Charles O'Neill,
John O'Neill, Patterson, Ross, Schenck, Scoticid, John B.

paternal roof to struggle unaided against the rude since become apparent, was to unite, if possible, all Steele, Stevens, Stiles, Strouse, Thomas, Townsend, buffetings of the world, and by the fierce contests the slaveholding States in one common movement, Tricy, Van Valkenburghi, Elihu B. IVasuburne, Wilson, he thus waged with the pride and prejudices and seize the capital and the public archives before and Winfield38.

position of those around him, lo fit himself for the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln, overthrow the NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Anderson, Blaine, Boyd, Brandegee, Chauler, Am

that fiercer contest which he was long after to wage Government, establish a southern confederacy, brose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, Clay, Coffron, Cravens,

with the passions and prejudices of the enemies and then admit such of the non-slave holding States Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Driggs, of his country. Shortly after arriving at his ma- as might be willing to introduce the institutions Eden, English, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Griswold, Hall,

jority he was appointed a constable, and so dili- of the South among them. Harding, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Hotchikiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, William Jolinson, Kasson, Or

gently, so faithfully, and with such uprigheness It was essentially necessary to secure the coöplando Kellogg, King, Knapp, Law, Mallory, McDowell, did he discharge the duties of this humble office, eration of Maryland to succeed in these infamous McIndoe, Noble, Norton, Orili, Pendleton, Perry, Pike, that in 1824, then in the twenty-sixth year of his purposes. The capital stood upon the ancient soil Price, Pruyn, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Robinson,

age, he was elected sheriff of his native county, Rogers, Edward H. Rollins, James S. Rollins, Sloan,

of that State, and according to the peculiar views Smith, Spalding, Starr, William G. Steele, Stuart, Sweal,

a position of importance and respectability, which of these conspirators, Maryland had the right not Voorhees, Ward, Webster, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, he filled much to his own credii and to the entire only to sever her connection with the Union, but Joseph W. White, Williams, Benjamin Wood, Fernando satisfaction of the community.

also to reclaim her grant of the District of ColumWood, and Woodbridge-68.

After this he was several times elected to the bia. This would have given them color of auSo the bill was rejected.

Legislature of his State, and in 1836 was chosen thority in holding on to the capital, establishing

a member of the senatorial electoral college of here the seat of their government, and demandDEATH OF SENATOR HICKS.

Maryland. He took a prominent part in the ing recognition from foreign Powers. It was also A message was received from the Senate, by ) efforts to organize that body, which attracted so of the first importance to these conspirators that Mr. Hickey, their Chief Clerk, in reference to the much attention throughout ihe country. Shortly their friends in Maryland should be organized death of T'HOMAS HOLLIDAY Hicks, a Senator afierward he was selected as one of the members and armed, ready for the emergency, that when from the State of Maryland.

of Governor Vezey's Council, and in 1838 was the time for action came they might swoop down The message was read, as follows:

appointed by that gentleman the register of wills upon the capital before assistance could be obResolved unanimously, That the meinbers of the Senate, for Dorchester county. This office, under the tained from the northern States. All this could from a sincere desire of showing every mark of respect to testamentary system of Maryland one of great only be done through the Legislature of that State. the memory of Hon. Thomas MOLLIDAY Hicks, deceased, a Sevator from the State of Maryland, will go 1.0.1 mourn

importance, he occupied for nearly twenty years, Fortunately the sessions of the Legislature were ing for the residue of the present session, by the usual mode being reappointed by Governor Prati in 1844, and biennial. It had been in session the winter before, of wearing crape on the left arm.

elected by the people in 1850. Never did a faith- and would not again assemble until January, Resolved unanimously, That the members of the Senate

ful officer more ably discharge the responsible | 1862. will attend the funeral of the deceased from the Senate Chamber at two o'clock p. m. to-day, and that the com

duties of this position. The widow and the orphan The great majority of this Legislature was mittee of arrangements superintend the same.

always found in him a friend, who spared no known to be in sympathy with the southern Ordered, That the Secretary communicate these proceed- labor to protect their interests and defend them leaders. At its session in 1860 it had pas ea the ings to the House of Representatives, with the request that that House unite in the ceremonies of this occasion.

from injustice and wrong. He soon became per- most obnoxious law on the subject of slavery

fecily familiar with the testamentary laws of the ever placed on the statute-books of Maryland. Mr. WEBSTER. I desire to say, preceding | State, and so completely did the people of his contrary to the wishes of a great majority of my remarks on this sad occasion, thai my col- county rely upon the wisdom of his official de. the people, contrary to their practices from time league [Mr. Davis) is detained from the House cisions, and the purity and fairness of his friendly | immemorial, and contrary to their conscientious by indisposition; otherwise he would take part || counsels, that it was rare indeed that litigation convictions of right, they enacted that thereafter in these proceedings.

grew out of his settlement of the estates of de- no slaves should ever be emancipated by their Mr. Speaker, it becomes my painful duty to ceased persons. In 1850 he took part in the con- owners in that State. More than this. Taking announce to the House of Representatives the stitutional convention of Maryland, which framed advantage of the excitement produced by John death of Hon. THOMAS HOLLIDAY Hicks, a Sen- the constitution of that date, and was known as Brown's invasion of Virginia, they had approator in Congress from the State of Maryland. a laborious and influential member of that body. I priated $70,000 for the purchase of arms, and proHe died at the Metropolitan Hotel, in this city, His reputation had now extended over his en- vided for their distribution throughout the Siale. on Monday last, February 13, 1865.

tire State, and in 1857 he was elected Governor I repeat, a great majority of this Legislalure was In the winter of 1864 Mr. Hicks received a se- of Maryland, and entered upon the discharge of known to be in favor of Maryland taking her vere injury to his left ankle, which, a few weeks the duties of this high office in January, 1858. position with the other slave holding States. later, compelled the amputation of his foot above For four years he occupied the gubernatoria) In Maryland the Governor has no power of veto, the ankle joint. From the effects of this loss he chair. A few months after the conclusion of his so that when assembled the Legislature is entirely never entirely recovered, and though he continued term, in December, 1862, by the death of the late beyond his control; but he alone had the authorto attend to ihe laborious duties of his position, lamented James A. Pearce, a vacancy occurred ity to assemble it in special session. It was then yet his friends perceived that much of his former from the State of Maryland in the Senate of the of the highest importance to the conspirators that physical vigor was gone, and that he was greatly United States. To this, Governor Bradford, rep- he should exercise this authority. Soon after Mr. overtixing his strength. About two weeks before resenting the wishes of the Union people of the Lincoln's election in 1860, the public clforis 10 his death he ceased to occupy his seat in the State, appointed Governor Hicks, and a year induce him to take this siep began lo be made. Senate Chamber, and a skillful physician was later, on the assembling of the Legislature, he was | Some of the most prominent men in that part of the

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