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want now.

he says,

I am

of authority for it as that under which the war is Mr. FARNSWORTH. Ilow did Jackson are tumbling; when the bottom of the tub is near prosecuted—the Executive will. I do not see any compromise with South Carolina nullification? out; at a time when we have, as the President objection to the proposition.

Mr. ROSS. Well, I will tell you. Jackson says, detached a large army, holding on to what Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. What issued his proclamation against the pullifiers, we have conquered, to go curverting back and forth power is there to call such a convention without which was all right; but he concurred in the through the confederacy withoutlet or hinderance; violating the Constitution, which provides that, peace measures offered by Mr. Clay about the at a time when Sherman has made his triumphani on application of two thirds of the States, Con- same time. While he sent forth the sword, he march through Georgia, when his guns areihungress shall call a national convention?

also sent forth the olive-branch. That is what I dering away al Savannah, when it is a question Mr. ROSS. I think there is no difficulty in the

of time, and that brief time, when Savannah falls, maller wive never this is desired. But the trouble A MEMBER. It is what we have now.

when he sweeps up and cakes Charleston, and with the gentleman from Massachusetts and his Mr. ROSS. Why do you not issue a procla- || then, unstayed in his onward progress, joins the friends is that they do not want such a thing. mation telling these men in rebellion that if they veteran hosis of Grant at Richmond? At such a

Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. I want will lay dowii their arms they shall be entitled io time my colleague talks about an armistice! He to proceed according to the Constitution. all the rights which they enjoyed under the Gov. talks about withdrawing this army. I regret that

Mr. ROSS. So do I, I am for the Constitu- ernment before the war: In my judgment, the rea- any voice from my own State, that glorious, yaltion and for the Union, maintaining it in all its son is that you are afraid that it will be accepted. || lant Siate of Illinois which has given so many paris just as it was, with such amendments as we I am afraid that there are too many in this coun- soldiei's to this war, and has so many more to may see fit to make. If it is defective I am will- try who want to prosecute this war for the pur- | give-I regret, sir, that any voice from ihat State ing that it shall be amended. There is nothing pose of place and emolument. I fear that this is should croak about an armistice and peace. That, strange or novel in my position. I have been for the great danger.

too, when the people have thundered their verdict the Union all the time. I have not been very Now, I submit, Mr. Chairman, whether we in his ears, and when that verdict has reached the fir-rre in the prosecution of this war. (Laughter.] || had better not bury, for the time being, our party ears of the despois across the water, who, I have no disposition to disguise my feelings on prejudices, rise above party, and act like patriots are wishing so anxiously for us to fall to pieces. the subject. I will leil you why I have not been. forihe restoration of our Government. Tam will- Yes, sir, and that is the reason they gave every Because I thought the war might have been hon- ling to join hands with any who are in favor of a aid and comfort to the gentleman's party in the orably avoided. I knew that peace propositions restored Government as our fathers made it. I last election, because they want us to tumble to introduced by Mr. Crittenden, Mr. Douglas, and am willing to coöperate and consult, to do what- pieces. Mr. Kellogg, of Illinois, were voted down in this ever may be best to secure the restoration of our Mr. Chairman, I am in favor of peace, as I have House. I noticed that when Mr. Clemens, of glorious Government. I want to hand it down already told my colleague. There is not a solVirginia, introduced i proposition to submit the as a precious legacy to my children. Houses, or dier among all the gallant host from Illinois, who Crittenden compromise to a vote of the people of lands, or anything else that we can give them, marches back and forth upon his silent watch at the United States the majority in this House voted are worthless when compared with free govern- | midnight and thinks of his home and fireside, who it down. And I was irresistibly led to the con- mentand free institutions. Noman in this House does not pray for peace; but there is not one of clusion that they desired war and not peace. is more attached to our form of government and them, with all their anxiety for peace, who is

Another thing brought me to this conclusion. the institutions under which we live than I am; willing to turn his back to bis foe at this moment Al the time the peace convention was in session none would make greater sacrifices to maintain for armistice and peace. He the friend of the in Washington city, a distinguished member of them.

soldier! The soldier does not reciprocate his atthe Republican party telegraphed home, "Send Gentlemen on the other side taunt us with the tachment by any manner of means. The soldier us still backed men or none. Said he, “Illi- fact that we have been beaten at the last election. does not want an armistice, for in it he sees a pronois and New Jersey are caving in. Without a Be it so. We submit gracefully. We come here longation of the war. He can see no peace in little blood-lering this country will not be worth to do what we can to restore the Government. anything patched up by the builders of ihe Chia curse." From these facts I have been drawn The great interests of the country now hang trem- cago platform. He believes it would result in to the conclusion that there were many in the blingly in the balance in your hands. The re- chronic war. I, for my part, see no road to peace country who desired war and not peace. sponsibility of determining whether we shall have but the road of war; and I am in favor of proseas willing as anybody to have war when it is ne- a restored Government rests upon you. I will cuting this war day by day, month by month, and cessary to have it. Wheneverlam satisfied that throw no obstacles in the way. I will do what I year by year, if necessary. We have shown that this Government cannot be maintained excepi by can to aid the Union men of this country in the our resources are scarcely touched, and we have war, then I am for war. While it can be main- restoration of this Government. I am a Union made the rebel fog bile the dust. tained by peaceful measures, I prefer to avoid man without an “if" or a “but." I am for the My colleague talks about the Constitution and war. I have no disposition to disguise the fact Union, whether slavery lives or dies. I do not the fag. All that is necessary is for the rebels to that I prefer a peaceful adjustment of our difficul- care whether slavery be voted up or voted down. submit to that Constitution and Hag, lay down the ties rather than wur. If any gentleman would I am for the Government and the Constitution instruments of war and take up those of peace, rather adjust them by war than by peace, he is and the Union as our fathers gave them to us. I and the war is ended. Why, sir, they had the entitled to bis opinion. I will ask my colleague would ask my colleagues here whether the time old Constitution; they had the old flag, and, I am (Mr. Farnswortu) whether he would prefer now has not come when weshould buryour party preju- sorry to say it, they had the old Democratic party that our difficulties should be srltled by peace or dices beneath the rubbish of ages, and come to- in power when they broke up the Union. They by war. Letnim just answer that question with-gether as true men to consult for the restoration had the friend of my colleague, James Buchanan, out a speech.

of our Government and an honorable and enduring at the head of the Government, and his thieving, Mr. FARNSWORTH. No man in the wide peace.

traitorous crew in all the Departments. world exce's me in a strong desire for peace. Mr. FARNSWORTH. Mr. Chairman, I think I failed to get an answer to the question I put Every soldier, and, I take it, every reasonable that the time has come when these old rusty party to my colleague as to what kind of a compromise man, wants peace. I think, however, that the prejudices should be buried, and that the time has he would propose. I have heard these gentlemen only way out of our present troubles is to con- come also when this rusty old fossil of a party talk much about compromise. But, Oh no, it is quer a peace. I am entirely satisfied that the should be buried, us it has been preliy much by an armistice, a convention; and then they will see method proposed by my colleague (Mr. Ross]— the votes of the people.

what terms they can make. What do they proan armistice and a convention-would simply My colleague talks about his love for the sol- pose to compromise? What have we done? The lead to a further prolongation of the war. Being | dier.' Strangely it happens that the soldiers do gentleman says they complain of our action in entirely satisfied of that, and inasmuch as the not reciprocate that nitachment. We find from reference to the fugitive slave law. But it happens rebels may at any time, by simply laying down the voies in our own Slale of Illinois, as in every that those States which had the most reason to their arms and abiding by the Constitution, have State of this Union, whether the soldiers have complain have not gone out of the Union. Marypeace, with all the rights that they ever had, ex- been at home or in the field, they have spewed the land, Kentucky, and Missouri did not complain; cept such as they have forfeited by their rebel- Chicago platform and its nominees out of their or, if they did, they did not complain to the exlion, I see no necessiiy for an armistice or a con- mouth with disgust; and my colleague is the only lent of seceding. South Carolina was the leader vention, which, in my opinion, would subserve ove left of all of my colleagues on that side of the in this rebellion-the first State that seceded. no purpose except to ihrow obstacles in the way House to tell the tale. He has taken the first op- Will my colleague tell me how many slaves South of the further prosecution of the war.

portunity to tell it, and he tells it well. I am not Carolina ever lost by reason of the non-execution Mr. ROSS. The gentleman has not answered surprised that he has gathered a portion of courage || of the fugitive slave law? the question which I propounded.

from the vole in his district. He is the “last of Mr. ROSS. Did not the former Governor of Now, I would like to exhaust all peaceful meas- the Mohicans,"the last of the tribe. [Laughter.) | Ohio, the present Postmaster General, say he ures before we should prosecute this war much I have no disposition to take his scalp, for I am would resist the execution of ihe fugitive slave longer. We have been about four years engaged entirely willing that one should be leti.

law by force? in war, and it has been crippling our resources Mr. ROSS. Let me correct my colleague. I Mr. FARNSWORTH. I do not know what very greatly. We are heaping upon our people am not the only one, for there are three Demo- he said; I never heard him say so; but if he did, a very beavy debt. Now, if theie is any possi- cratic members from Illinois.

I do not know that that is any reason why South bility of avoiding this it appears to me ihat we Mr. FARNSWORTH. I said that my col- Carolina should secede. should all concur in an effort toward that end. || league is the only one of those now here who is I hear it soid by gentlemen on this side that Why not try il? Why not sce whether we can. left to tell the tale. That is true.

South Caroliva lost len slavcs in thirteen years. not make peace? Genilemen on the other side of My colleague talks about an armistice and a I did not suppose it was so many; but those she . the House are not so much greater than Washi- convention to arrange terms of peace. Peace at

did lose were those who concealed theniselves on ington and Jefferson and Adams and Jackson a time like this! Shall we lay down our arms

board of vessels at Charleston, or who were barand Clay and Webster. All these were willing and recall our victorious soldiers from the field reled up, or stuffed into old dry-goods boxes, 10 to compromise. How does it happen that such | just at the time when light is breaking through be sent off. She never lost by the non-execution superior wisdom has sprang into existence within the rebellion; when we see around it and iroughii, of the fugitive slave law. Nor did Georgia, It the last three or four years?

and it is becoming transparent; when its resources was said o: the floor of this House, by the lead.

ers of this rebellion, that it was not that that they George W. Matsell & Co., and others, citizens of ternal revenue to support the Government, to pay cared for. I heard a member from Alabama say, New York, praying for the repeal of the fourth interest on the public debt, and for other purupon the floor of this House, that he came here, section of the “Aci to provide for carrying the poses, "approved June 30, 1664, commonly known as a member of that Congress, for the purpose of mails from the United Siates to foreign ports, and as the amendment to the whisky tax, have had breaking up the Union, and not on accouni of the for other purposes," approved March 25, 1864, the same under cousideration, and directed me to non-execution of the fugitive slave law. And I imposing restrictions upon mailable matter; which report it back without amendment. The commithave lived to hear my colleague from the old glo- was referred to the Committee on Post Offices and tee have also instructed me to ask for its present rious State of Illinois get up upon the floor of the Post Roads.

consideration, so that it may be disposed of before House and apologize for those men who, with Mr. HOWARD presented a petition of sur- the adjournment, as otherwise the effect of it will lips yet warm with the oath they had taken upon geons and assistant surgeons in the United States be losi. the Holy Evangel of Almighty God that they Army, praying for an increase of compensation; By unanimous consent the bill was considered would support the Constitution and perform their which was referred to the Committee on Finance. as in Committee of the Whole. Il proposes to duties as members of Congress 10 the best of He also presented a petition of clerks in the amend section fifty-five of the internal revenue their ability, made their boasts openly and above- Treasury Department, praying for an increase of act of June 30, 1864, by striking out the word board, under a Democratic Administration, and in compensation; which was referred to the Commit- “February," wherever it occurs in that section, the presence of those voting with the Democratic tee on Finance.

and inserting in lieu thereof the word “ Januparty, that they came here only for the purpose Mr. SAULSBURY presented the petition of ary.” of trying to break up the Government.

Benjamin S. Compton, praying for compensation Mr. SHERMAN. It is due to the Committee I rose only to throw out these few remarks by for seven hundred and eighty-iwo bales of cotton on Finance that I should make a brief statement way of brief reply to my colleague, and I yield alleged to have been seized by a military expedi- | in regard to this matter, as it is a very important the floor.

tion under the command of General Ransom, and question. The bill proposes to anticipate the two Mr. COX obtained the floor, and moved that shipped to Memphis and sold on account of the dollars a gallon tax on spirits, so as to make it the committee rise.

Government; which was referred to the Commit- commence on the 1st of January instead of the The motion was agreed to. tee on Claims.

Ist of February: Several objections are very So the committee rose; and the Speaker having Mr. ANTHONY presented the petition of Ed- strongly urged to the measure.

One is that it is resumed the chair, Mr. GARFIELD reported that win M. Chattee, praying for an extension of let. a change of legislation, indicating a want of stathe Committee of the Whole on the state of the

ters patent granted to him August 31, 1836, for bility in the action of Congress on the subject. It Union had had the Union generally under con- the “ machine patent,” so called, used in the is also urged that it will interfere with the arrangesideration, and particularly the President's annual manufacture of india rubber; which was referred ments already made by the manufacturers of message, and had come to no resolution thereon.

to the Committee on Patents and the Patent Of-spirits in anticipation of the existing law, that it

fice. MESSAGE FROM TIIE SENATE.

operates as a snan-judgment, to use a cant pbrase,

Mr. TRUMBULL presented the petition of R. on these men engaged in an ordinary business. A message from the Senate, by Mr. Hickey, their Chief Clerk, announced to the House that the

•B. Hughes and others, bailiffs of the United States On the other hand, it is alleged, that if this will Senate insist upon their amendments to the bill

courts in the Districi of Columbia, praying for be not passed, the manufacture of whisky will be of the House (No.5l) entitled "An act to establish

an increase of pay; which was referred to the enormously increased, probably to the amountof a Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs,' agree to the conCommittee on the Judiciary:

ten or fitieen million galions, which will pay but a

Mr. SHERMAN. I desire to present a petiference committee asked for by the House, and

dollar and a halfa gallon, and ibus, illa diminished tion on behalf of the widow of Rev. Samuel Hib- rate of duty, fill the market for months to come, had appointed Mr. SUMNER, Mr. Howard, and Mr. BUCKALEW, the committee of conference upon

ben. It appears that he was duly commissioned and that the effect would be that no whisky would

chaplain of the fourth llinois volunteers, and be manufactured after the 1st of February, when the part of the Senate.

served as such, and died in the service, but by the increased tax is to take effect under the present OVERLAND MAIL TO CALIFORNIA.

reason of the failure to have him mustered in ac- law. The committee, after a very patient and careMr. DAILEY asked unanimous consent to in

cording to the regulations, he has not been paid. || ful examination of this subject, feeling that there troduce the following resolution:

I move that the petition be referred to the Com- was a great deal to be said on both sides, thought Resolvel, That the Postmaster General be requested to

mittee on Military Afairs and the Militia. that lie interests of the Government would be subfurn:le to this House copies of all advertisements by the

The motion was agreed to.

served by passing the bill, that it was better to have Pustollice Department for the letting of the late contract

the matter settled, and settled permanently at once,

REPORT FROY COMMITTEE. for carrying the overland California inail, with a list of all

rather than to have it continued so as to make uncerbids and bidders under any or all of sail advertisements; Mr. SHERMAN, from the Committee on Fi- tainty and confusion in the manufacture of whisky also, a copy of all correspondence with the Department in relation to said contract, the date when, and to whom, the nance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. No.

and uncertainty in the revenue. If this increased contract was finally let.

597) making appropriations for the payment of tax be made to take effect on the 1st day of JundiObjection was made. invalid and other pensions of the United States ary,

the Government, as a matter of course, will for the year ending the 30th of June, 1866, re- get two dollars on every gallon of whisky manuWITHDRAWAL OF PAPERS. ported it without amendment.

factured after that time. If it be postponed until On motion of Mr. EDEN, leave was granted

MESSAGE FROM TIIE HOUSE.

the 1st of February, according to the law as it for the withdrawal from the files of the House of

now stands, the Government, it is truc, will get the papers in the case of M. W. Twiss; and the A message was received from the House of

one dollar and a half on the largely increased same were referred to the Committee of Claims. Representatives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk,

manufacture during January, but none will be announcing that the House had passed the followHEIRS OF JOIN A. STEVENS.

manufactured after the 1st of February for some ing bills and joint resolution, in which the conMr. BOYD, by unanimous consent, introduced

time, until the stock on hand shall be exhausted. currence of the Senate was requested. a bill for the relief of the widow and heirs of John

It is a question on which there was a difference

A bill(H.R. No. 607) to provide for an advance A. Stevens, deceased, of Springfield, Vissouri; ofrank to officers of the Navy and Marine corps

of opinion in the Committee on Finance, but we which was read a first and second time by its

deemed it our duty to report the bill for the action for distinguished merit;

of ihe Senate. I make this statement in behalf title, and referred to the Commiitne of Claims. A bill (H. R. No.623) lo amend an act entitled And then, on motion of Mr. COX, (ut four

of the committee, without giving my own opin"An acilo provide for carrying the mails from o'clock, p, m.,) the House adjourned.

ion, so that the Senate may take such action as the United States in foreign ports, and for other

they may deem proper. li is proper for me to purposes," approved March 25, 1864;

say further, that whatever action is taken should IN SENATE. A bill (H. R. No. 625) to amend an act entitled

be taken to-day, so that the bill may be disposed Wednesday, December 21, 1864.

"An act making appropriations for the support of of at once. Ifit.be postponed after to-morrow,

the Army for the year ending the 30th of June, the bill falls as a matier of course. Prayer by Rev. Thomas BOWMAN, D. D., Chap- 1865, and for other purposes,” approved June lain to the Senate.

Mr. POMEROY. It may perhaps be inter15, 1864; and The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. A joint resolution (H. R. No. 128) providing | whether this is all the legislation that is intended

esting to the Senate and to the country to know EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION. for the appointment of a commission to locate one

on this question. At the last session we had it The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the or more vavy-yards and depots on the north

up twice, and I supposed the settlement made in western waters. Senate a report of the Secretary of the Navy,com

the bill we then passed was final, but of course I municating, in compliance with law, a statement

EXROLLED BILLS SIGNED,

have no objection to any improved legislation on of the appropriations to the credit of that Depart- The message also announced that the Speaker the subject. The point with me is to learn whether ment July 1, 1863, and the unexpended balances of the House had signed the following enrolled

it is understood by the Committee on Finance that on the 30th of June, 1864; which was ordered to bills; which thereupon received the signature of

the bill is to terminate our legislation on this queslie on the table. the President pro tempore:

tion for the session. He also laid before the Senate a communication A bill (S. No. 358) to establish the grade of

I have always believed that this manufacture of the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, in vice admiral in the United States Navy;

would bear an increase of tax, even beyond two obedience to law, copies of the accounts of the A bill (H. R. No. 478) for the relief of Charles dollars a gallon. I know that when we first besuperintendent and agents charged with the dis- M. Pott; and

gan to tax it, we commenced at twenty cenis, and bursement of the funds for the relief of the refugee A bill (H. R. No. 603) to extend the time al- that was struggled against. We then went up to Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole Indians for lowed for the withdrawal of certain goods therein sixty cents, and then to a dollar, and prospectthe second quarter of the year 1864; which was named from public stores.

ively to a dollar and a half, and finally to lwodol. referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

lars as the rate from the 1st of February nexi. I INTERNAL REVENUE.

should like to have the final point reached at once PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.

Mr.SHERMAN. The Committee on Finance, in one measure, and then let ihe country rest. a of Har- to

I do not wish to embarrass this bill, but I be lo amend the act entitled “An act to provide in- li lieve that we might put $250 a gallon tax on all

per & Brothers, and others, and a petition of to whena was referred tie bill (11. 1. No. 618)

spirits manufactured after the 1st day of January, every soldier now in the field all that is due bim. these ought to be avoided. Is there any evidence and rest there, and then let the revenue come as And who has it given it to? It has given it to the before this Senate that the old inhabitants of this fast as the whisky shall be manufactured. But if speculators in whisky; and, ordinarily, they are city, those of them who are living here, have given this is all the measure we are to have for this ses- not the best class of citizens. What injustice, I any trouble to this Government, or even to this sion, and if the Committee on Finance will tell us would ask, would be done these men by taxing Administration? They are without a voice in the that this is all they anticipate, I am very willing the stock of whisky on hand ? If the Govern- Government, and they have been sitting quietly to go for this. li will increase the revenue fifty ment established an additional tax, and the man- at home, doing naught, as appears from any evicents on every gallon manufactured between the ufacturers had to pay it, would not the amount of | dence, that is wrong toward this Government; Ist day of January and the 1st day of February. the tax be at once added to the cost of production and shall not this Administration and its supportWe shall get $1 50 at any rate, but if this bill and be added to the price of the article? And, ers just coming into power again, flushed with passes it will add fifty cents on every gallon. sir, it has been added. The men who held these victory, and dreaming perhaps of the perpetua

Mr.SHERMAN. As a matter of course there | large stocks of whisky have added the prospect- tion of their power for years to come, be satisfied can be no understanding between the two Houses ive lux that was to go upon it, and have sold it with present victory over political opponents, but on a question of this kind, nor would it be in with this addition, and made the profits that shall they pursue them into the quiet walks of life, order for me to state the opinions of members of' || should have gone into the Treasury.

seek out the high-toned, honorable men and wothe House of Representatives on this subject; but But, sir, as this bill goes into operation at the men of this city, and compel them to subscribe to I can state what I believe from the legislation of earliest possible day, only a week hence, I think any form of oath that may be dictated by a memCongress, and perhaps what I believe also from it is the best thing, ander the circumstances, that ber of this Senate, or by a supporter of this Adconversations with various members of the other can be had, and I shall vote for it.

ministration, or by anybody else? When a man House and also of this body, ihat this bill was Mr. JOHNSON. I think, with the Senator is quietly pursuing his business, will you not let intended in the House of Representatives as a from California, that the principle of this bill is him rest in peace if he is doing naught against kind of compromise or settlement between the altogether wrong. I do not rise to maintain that you, or will you hunt him down? Will you try various opinions on this subject. There is a feel- || by anything of argument, but to say that the io drive him out from the community? ing in the House that there ought to be a tax on criticism made by the Senator from Iowa is, I Sir, I do not say that the honorable Senator who spiriis on liaud. That has been a controverted think, entitled to such weight that we ought to introduced this resolution meant it as an act of point here in the Senate for a long time. Many amend the bill. There is no difficulty in amending oppression, but it is such in its nature and in its of those who were friendly to the proposition to it. The whole object of the bill is to impose the character, and it ought not to be tolerated by this tax the stock on hand were satisfied with this tax of two dollars upon domestic spirits on the Senate. The honorable Senator must have a very proposition, and hoped that during the month of 1st of January instead of the 1st of February, as high appreciation of the enemies of this GovernJanuary the increased duly of fifty cents would it stands under the act. We may do that by say- ment, whom he regards as traitors, if he supposes furnish us some additional revenue at least, and ing that the "Ist of February” in a certain section that a simple oath would bind them. Does the would compensate for what was lost by the fail- of the original act is to be stricken out and the honorable Senator think that the man who would ure to tax spirits on hand. As a maticr of course “1st of January” substituted. If it is agreeable be guilty of treason would be bound by an oath ? there can be no understanding about it. Any to the honorable chairman of the Committee on What is the object, therefore, of introducing it? member of the House, or any member of the Sen- Finance, I will ask that the bill be laid on the Sir, when I first came to this city six years ate, may introduce a proposition to tax spirits on table for a moment to see if we cannot amend it ago, the population in it was very different from hand. My impression is that if this bill passes so as to avoid that defect. It can be done in a what it is now. Gentlemen engaged here in busiit will be the end of the whisky question. moment.

ness, it may be, are envied of their situation by Mr. POJEROY. That was all I wanted to Mr. SHERMAN. I have no objection. persons from distant States and distant sections know.

Mr. McDOUGALL. Why not amend it so of the country, who think they are living prosper The bill was reported to the Senate without as to make the tax on the 1st of February two ously, and who suppose that by their removal amendment. dollars?

from business their own private stores will be inMr. MCDOUGALL. I should like to have the Mr. SHERMAN. That is the present law. creased. If the object be, therefore, to give to bill read.

Mr. JOHNSON. I move that the bill be passed the supporters of this Administration all the busiThe Secretary again read it. over for the present,

ness of this city, if it be to drive out everybody Mr. McDOUGALL. It strikes me that there The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. Foor in froin this city who will not tamely and quietly is an injustice in this change, because our legis- || the chair.) It will lic on the table for the present. submit to take any and every oath which may be lation in that respect is somewhat in the nature

presented them—if that be the object, I submit

OATH OF ALLEGIANCE. of a contract with the people who are engaged in

that the Senator ought to reflect at least before ihis business. I am not disposed to discuss the

On motion of Mr. HARLAN, the Senate pro- he attempts to force the passage of such a measmatter, but I know it is radically wrong.

ceeded to consider the following resolution sub- ure through this body. Mr. GRIMES. I have not anything to say in mitted by him yesterday:

Sir, I will not discuss the question further. Reregard to the merits of the measure proposed, but Resolved, that the Committee on the District of Columbia garding it simply as an act of oppression, believI trust that this is the last bill we shall be called be instructed to inquire into the expediency and propriety of

ing that no possible good, but only evil, can reupon to give our sanction to that contains such requiring all residenis of the District of Columbia to take

sult from it, I shall content myself with simply and file with the provost marshal of said District an oath of phraseology as is embodied in this. This bill allegiance or fidelity to the Government of the United Sintes objecting to its passage, and calling for the yeas proposes to strike out the word " • February” similar to the oath required by law of Members and Senators and nays upon it, in order that I may record my wherever it occurs in a certain act of Congress in Congress and other officers of the Government; and also

vote in opposition to it. the expediency and propriety of prohibiting all persons from passed twelve months ago, and to substitute the doing business in said District or with the several Depart

Mr. HARLAN. I think the Senator from word " January.” What would be thought of a ments of the Government who have not or may not take and Delaware misapprehends the purport of the resobill to strike out the word “ February” in an act file such oath; and that said cominittee have leave to report lution.

by bill or otherwise. passed twenty years ago, and which had been

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Will the Senstanding on our siatute-book that length of time, Mr. SUMNER. I wish to thank the Senator ator allow the Chair to asceriain whether the call and io substitute the word “July?" Why, sir, from lowa for introducing this proposition, and at for the yeas and nays on the adoption of the resoit is the most inartificial mannerof Irawing a bill, the same time to call the attention of the Senate to lution is seconded? and would not be creditable to any Legislature. a bill which is on their Calendar, which I had the Mr. HARLAN. I think the Senator from

I have not anything to say about the merits of honor of introducing at the last session, but which, Delaware will withdraw that on reflection. This the proposition. I am prepared to vote for it, and for some unaccountable reason unknown to me, is merely a resolution instructing the Commiuce am going to vote for the bill as it stands, unless has been reported upon adversely by the Commit- on the District of Columbia to inquire into the it be amended; but this is a kind of phraseology tee on the Judiciary, requiring thai same oath to expediency and propriety of such a measure. thai ought not to be indulged in.

be taken by the practitioners in the courts of the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the SenMr. McDOUGALL. Tobject to this bill, not United States. Tam told that there are lawyers ator withdraw the call for the yeas and nays? for its phraseology but for its substance. When in the city of Washington who decline to practice Mr. SAULSBURY. No, sir. the bill of the last session was passed, we gave in the courts here because they are unwilling to The yeas and nuys were ordered. notice to the people who engaged in this kind of take the oath which you,sir, have taken, and which Mr. HARLAN. I have butone observation to enterprise that we had make certain assessments the Chief Justice of the United States only the make in addition to the remark made to the Senand certain rules whereby their cominerce might other day took before he entered upon his func- alor froin Delaware, (Mr. SAULSBURY,] that this be governed. Now, by active legislation we pro- tions; and yet these same lawyers flaunt in the is a resolution instructing the committee to make pose to anticipate their business by a month, Supreme Court of the United States. That ought e inquiry on this subject. It is barely possible which will interfere, I suppose, very materially to be stopped; and I give notice therefore that, that the committee might report adversely to any with the business of the men engaged in that de carrying out the spirit of the resolution of the Sen- | legislation. I am frank to state, however, that I pariment of commerce. It is unjust, and its rec- ator from Iowa, I shall ask the attention of the think some such legislation is necessary, and itude cannot be maintained by any force of argu- Senate as soon as possible to that bill.

ought to be had. I did not suppose a resolution of ment. Liberefore object to it, and shall not vote Mr. SAULSBURY. It is not my intention to this kind would implicate any member of this for it even if it does add some dollars to the discuss at any length this resolution, but simply to body. It is not intended to require opponents of Treasury:

ask for the yeas and nays on its adoption. I would the Administration per se to take an oath of fidelity Mr. FARWELL. I propose to vote for this take that onth myself very willingly, although I to the Administration as a political organization, bill as the best thing we can get at the present believe, as far as relates to members of Congress, but an oath of fidelity to the Government itself time, although I regret exceedingly, and I believe it is wholly unconstitutional. I do not object to during the existence of a gigantic rebellion. I am the people of the country regret exceedingly, the it, as far as it could relate to myself, because of inclined to think that a casuallistener to the speech legislation upon this subjeci at the last session. anything other than its unconstitutionality con- of the Senator would suppose that he regarded The effect of that legislation, in exempting from tained in it; but I regard it, if it should pass, as himself as implicated in the inquiry; that, because laxation the amount of spirits on hand, has taken one of those acts of unnecessary oppression on he opposed some of the political measures of the from the Treasury of the rulion sufficient to pay the part of the Government which in times like ll Administration, therefore he must be considered

me.

as an opponent of the Government itself, and Senator from Maryland (Mr. Jounson) will par- leagur, if that proposition were not supported by therefore is in alliance or in sympathy with the don me---which is now the province of Maryland, a strong array of faces to justily il, to protest rebels. Heargues us if he supposed all opponents under the acts of this Administration, he would nguinst an imputition by the Senair against the of the Administration were rebels. I apprehend have seen how the very inception of such meas- fidelity of the people of that Sinte to ibeir Govthat no Senator on this foor would maintain for ures as this worked injury, and how in their prog. ernment? If, iberi, as the representative of that a moment that an alien enemy has a right to re- ress they work harder.

State, such would be my duty, is it not the duty main here and do business in the capital of the But, sir, I do not intend to be provoked (if I of the Senators who do not believe that the people nation in time of war, and that the Government may use that term) into any lenginy discussion of the District of Columbia are untrue in their would have no righ to make use of the necessary on this question. I believe the proposition is obligation to the Government to proiest, as their means to expel him. And if so, why may not the wrong in principle, unprecedented in practice, representatives? They have no special repreGovernmeni expel from the capital a domestic can be attended with no possible good, and will sentative on this Noor; there is no Senator here enemy during the existence of a great armed re- be oppressive in its operation.

whose duly it is specially in stand up for their bellion? The rigbe to do so, in my opinion, is Mr. MCDOUGALL. Mr. President, during the honor. I think it is the day, then, of every Sena clear. The only question is one of expediency period of the present lamentable war there bas ator to see that no unjust imputation is made and propriety. And this question I propose lo berri no time when the people of the District of aguinst them. refer to ir standing committee of this body. Columbia have mude any demonstration agains: I know nothing in the history of this District

While, then, I maintain that in my opinion some the Government or the Administration. That is of Columbia, or in the conduct of the people in such legislation may be necessary, and I desire a simple fact bound to be admitted. What occa- This District for the last year, that justifies the the inquiry to be made by one of the standing sion there can be for this special legislation, I can- resolution which the Senator from lowa has procommittees of this body, I do not think it can be not comprehend. That the people of the District posed to the Senate. When we instruct a comproperly denominated a measure of persecution of Columbia, a people who are lo a certain ex- millee lo inquire into a thing of that sori, the prengainst political opponents of the party in power; tent ignored in our Government, and who have sumption arises that there is some ground for and I think the Senator does himself and his po- no right of suffrage in the establishment of the that inquiry. What is the ground? Men have litical friends gross injustice in throwing out such Federal Government, should be particularly pro- been arrested here; they have bren sent to prison. an intimation. He suurely does not desire the scribed or called upon specially to take special | They have been arrested in the Senator's own mass of the people of this country to understand | oaths, man by man, is something which I do not State; they have been charged with disloyalty that he and his politiral associates are opponents understand. I cannot understand it, particularly there, and have been sent to the prisons; but is that of the Government of the United States and are althis time, when if there ever was a time for it the arbitrary conduct on the part of the administrain syntpathy and alliance with the rebels. And policy of conciliation should be the policy of the tion a reason why the Senate shouid place a yet he argues as if in his judgment opposition to Government. We have triumphed in arnis; jubi- brand of suspicion on a part of the people of this ihe rebels was in some way detrimental to the lante has been said from north to south, from east country? Democratic party. But if that is not what he lo west throughout all the land for what we have As I suggested yesterday, I am opposed to a means his whole speech is without pertinence. accomplished; and wliy require this particular resolution that contemplatis the inerruse of oaths

I think this inquiry would be well enough, and thing of the people of this District? what is the in this country. Why does the Senator intimate in my opinion such legislation would be proper. occ:18ion which has demanded it? I would think by bis resolution that it is neerssary to pass a The committee may differ with me in opinion; il strange if I were demanded to go througli thane law to require the peopte to take an oath of this and if the committee should agree with me in opin- same process, but to demand it of the people of sort? Have these oavis been required of the peoion, a majority of the Senate might differ with the District of Columbia to go through the whole ple without authority of law all over the country?

I think ihat no evil at least can grow out of population and require them to do ihis thing in It has been done in Indiana, in Kentucky, and, I the inquiry, and I therefore desire the passage vf order that they may maintain the right of citizen- venture to say, in the Senaior's own Sluie, withthe resolution.

ship in this District is a strange proposition to out unthority of law. Then dors the Senator Mr. SAULSBURY. Mr. President, I shall me. I should like to know from some one the by this inquiry intend to be understood as saymake no reference to the personal allusions of the good reason for it.

ing that the Administration las pursued a course honorable Senator to myself. If he really is pained We have been here, most of us, during the not authorized by law in this respect! Very at the idea that by any remarks I have made pub- whole period of this war. We have seen no dis- many men, very many honest men, very many lic suspicion, or even private suspicion, may be turbance here. We have heard of men going to true citizens have been required to subscribe aroused that I am not irue to the Government of the Capitol prison, &c., but we have seen no dis- oaths to protect their persons and their property. the United States, and am in sympathy with those turbance, we have seen nothing that required any The Senator by this resolution intimates that that whom he styles rebels, let me iell him that his particular legislation to compel the people of the is all wrong and illegal. I grant that it is. liis sympathy is wasted. I have seen enough since District of Columbia, who are deprived of a por

a shame that without anthority of law any man the commencement of these troubles to care but lion of the rights of American citizens by virtue has been required to take an oath which is not very little winnt either private individuals or of their residence, to do things which are not re- required of ide rest of the people. masses of individuals think of my political course quired of the other citizens of the Republic. I Bui, sir, in my judgment it does not promote or my political principles. I do not seek for in- look upon ii, I cannot otherwise than look upon the fidelity of the people to the institutions of the structions in patriotisin orin duty either from in- || it, as an oppressive and wrongful act. Of course country to require an oath like this. It tends to dividual menor from large masses ofmen. Though this is only a resolution of inquiry, but all these promote and encourage perjury. Swearing men God Almighty has given me but a feeble intellect, things tend to agitation. I say that 10-dny our upon every trivial occasion does not promote the and but little light to discover the path of truth, policy is or should be a policy of conciliation. cause of truth, in my judgment, and I think one such as He has given me governs me, and not the Mr. HENDRICKS. Mr. President, when of the evils of the couniry is that we require men intellect of others, or the opinions of others, how- the Senator from lowa yesterday submitted this to swiar upon almost every occasion, when enever much I may respect ihe opinions of my fel- resolution I felt it to be my duty to object to its tering into the most unimportant office and dislow-men.

consideration at that time. I do not intend now charging the most trivial duties. I find my views Sir, those who choose to regard me and my lo enter into this debate at any length, but I wish upon that particular point so well expressed by political associates as in sympathy with rebellion to say that the suggestion, in my judgment, which one of the abiese writers in our language that I are welcome to the indulgence of iheir very char- he has made that this was but an inquiry is not will read from " Buckle’s History of Civilization itable opinion. I shall do naughi, as a member a sufficient argument to support his resolution in Englanti short extract. of this body or in private life, lo remove any such unless in addition to that he is able to state to the Mr. SUMNER. Which volume? suspicion from their minds. I know very well Senate that the true interests of the Government Mi, HENDRICKS. The firsi volume, page the distinction between the Government of the require the people of this District to be placed in 259. United States and the Administration ai the pros- an aliitude not occupied by the rest of ihe citizens “ It is thic suspicion as to the motives of others which ent time. I know they are asunder as far as the of the United States. Does the Senator say that?

has given rise toals of every kind and in very direction. polls; that they approach each other no nearer He has not said it so far as I have heard his ar

In England, V.1 the boy at college istorced tswear about

mats while he cannot understand, and which tar riper ihan heaven and earth approach each other; but gument.

Ille attirwart goes into I know the doctrine attempted to be inculcated at When this war broke out I have no doubt that Parliament, he must again swear itbout his religion." the present day by a large number of people in there were many citizens of the District of Co- As we Senators are required to swear that we are this country and by a very influential press, and lumbia whosympathized with the southern move- true to our country. that is, thai the Government is the Administra- ment; but the proceedings of the Administration, ** And at nearly every stage of political life he must take tion, and the Administration is the Government. not then supported by law, in many instances,

frisli onits, the solemnity on which is onder strangely conI see no objection on all proper occasions to any

Irated with the trivial lincuons to which they are the prehave sent many of these people to the prisonsmun and every man in the United States taking some have been sent across the lines and now,

lude. A solemn adjuation of the Deity being this inde

at every inlrn, it his liappened, as might have been exan oath to support the Government of the United within the last year, is the Senator able to say peoled, thit oaths, enjoined as a militer vi coure, 12V ant States and the Constitution of the United States. that the people of the District of Columbia are length degenerated mio a matter of em. What is lightly Bui, sir, lie honorable Senator does not live in less true io ihe Government in the discharge of

takrit is easily broken. And the best observers of English the section that some of us do. Te has not seen

sociciy-observers, tow, whose characters are very ditierall their obligations than the citizens of any other ent, and who hold the most opposite opinions are all the progress that these measures have made. He portion of the country? I take it, sir, that alihough agreed on this, that the perjuryahab:tually practiced in has not heard it announced, perhaps, as welave, this is a mere inquiry, the adoption of the reso- England, and of wluch Government is the mondiali ere. that it is traitorous to oppose the actions of the lution casts a suspicion upon ihe fidrility of the

ator, is so general that it has become a tree op mitional

corruption, has diminished the value on human textimony, Administration in times like these. He has not people of this District to their obligations to the and whaken the confidence which inch naturally place in heard voters at the polls questioned in reference Government. If the Senator from lowa proposed the word of their fellow creatures." to their fidelity to an Auministration, not their a resolution instructing one of the committees to Mr. SHERMAN. I will appeal to the courtfidelny wa Governinent or to a Constitution. Sir, inquire into the propriety of requiring the citi- esy of the Senator from Indiana to allow the bill had cbe bonorable Senator lived in the section zelis of Indiana to tak such an oath as is not re- which I reported this morning to be acted on now. from which I come, had helived in what was once quired of the rest of the people of the country, Mr. HENDRICKS. I will livinli what I have the glorious and gallant State of Marylund-islieli would it not be my duty, und ihe duty ot' my colol, lo suy in a few minutes.

minds are unable to master.

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The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. POMEROX ! and to avoid the consequences of unjust suspicion the District in case of non-compliance with it, be in the chair.) It is the duty of the Chair at this on any one member, the general rule is adopted violative of the Consutution. In this respect: time to announce that the unfinished business of requiring all to take the onth. Now, sir,' the the Constitution provides that: yesterday is the order of the day.

proposition that I make, if adopted by Congress, "No person shall be lreld to answer for a capital or otherMr. HENDRICKS. If the gianate will indulge will screen each individual tron injust suspicion, wise intainous crime, gulegs on a presentment or indietme for three minutes I will conclude all I desire and yet afford means of detecting the guilty par

ment of a grind jury,

* nor shall to say on this question. ties, whose continuance in our midst may enable

he becompelled in any crimntual care to be a witness against

himself, nor be deprived oilile, liberty, or property, without Mr. WILSON. Let the special order be laid them to afford assistance to the public enemy. diie process of law." aside informally.

The Senator desired me to state whether I knew The PRESIDING OFFICER. That will be of any facts that would justify the passage of

Now, I apprehend it will be very difficult for

the District Committee to frame a law allowing a done; and the Senator from Indiana will proceed. any such law as the resolution contemplates. I Mr. HENDRICKS. What does the Senator

trial by jury for the purpose of compelling a peram amazed that any one could ask such a question from lowa wish to reach by liis proposition, the as ibat who has livell in this District for a single

son to take the oath. I presume the punishment opinions or the conduct of' men? If he wishes month. We all know that there are people living administered by a court upon conviction by a jury:

would be more summary than such as could be to strike at the conduct of mell, that is properly in this District who are not only in sympathy with reached through the courts limen in the District the rebellion, but who embrace every available

It might be exportation from the District, and that of Columbia have been guiliy of such acts as the opportunity to aid the rebels in arms against their

would be depriving a person of his liberty withJaw condemns, the couris in the District of Co-Government, who carry goods through the lines

out due process of law. It might be taking away lumbia are open; they can be tried and convicted.

his property, and clearly that would be a violation on every occasion that they can make avulable, If the Senator wisties to reach the opinions, le

of the Constitution. and who send the proceeds of their trades and of

The question being taken by yeas and nays, convictions of citizens, I protest against a policy their professions to their sons, and brothers, and which has proved prejudicial and buruul to Gov- husbands in the rebel army, so that we are, in

resulted-ytas 24, nays 10; as follows: ernment wherever it has been adoled. You | harboring them in our midsi, indirectly support

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Collamer, Conness,

Dixon, Farwell, Foot, toster, Grimes, Bale, Harlan, Howcannot correct the opinions of men by requiring ing the rebellion. In my opinion, we have a ard, Line of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan. Pomeroy, them to take oaths. It is one of the evils that right to drive them from this community.

Sherman, Sprague, siner, Ten Eyek, Trumbull, Van England for the last twenty years has been aban- But the Senator inquired whether I would pro

Winkler, Wilkinson, and Willey24. doning, and I hope that our own country will not

NATS-Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Cowan, Davis, Henpose any such law for Indiana. There is a marked

derson, Hendricks, Jolinson, Powell, Richardson, and adopt a policy which experience has sliown that difference between the political condition of this Saul bury-10. the older Governments of the world ought to District and that of a Siate. Congress has "ex- ARSEV-Messrs, Carlile, Chandler, Doolinule, Hardabandon and are abandoning. clusive jurisdiction" over this District, lias ariglit

ing, Ilarris, Ilicks, Howe, McDougall, Morrill, Nesmith, Mr. HARLAN, Mr. President

Ramsey, to prescribe ailiis laws. It has not the right thus

Riddie, Ilide, Viison, and Wrighi-15. Mr.SHERVAN. Task ihe Senator from lowa to legislate for a sovereign State. And hence the

So the resolution was agreed to. to allow us to dispose of the important matter distinction is clear between the political condition

BILLS BECOME LAWS. which was temporarily laid uside, that must be of the people of a State and the political condition actel on now if at all. of the people of this District. 'He said that the

A message from the President of the United Mr. HARLAN. I shall not occupy more than

States, by Mr. NICOLAY, his Secretary, anpeople of the District had no representatives in a few moments; but the Senator from Indiana ad- this body. Sir, we are all the representatives of

nounced ihat he had yesterday approved and dressed himseif so directly and personally to me this District, and are bound by our oaths to legis- signed the following bills and joint resolutions: thal I ougle to respond. late in good faith for their welfare; and in my

A bill (S. No. 3:29) for the relief of William H. Mr. SUERMAN. The bill to which I refer | opinion every loyal citizen of this District would

Jameson, a paymster in the United States Army;

A bill (S. No. 350) to authorize the purchase will not take long.

thank Congress for the adoption of any measure Mr.HARLAN. When I conclude I shall have

or construction of revenue cutters on the lakes; calculated to drive from their midst aiders and

A bill (S. No. 352) authorizing the holding of no olojection to laying this resolution aside for the abettors of the rebellion. In my opinion this reso

a special session of the United States district court purpose of taking up that bill. lution ought to pass; i think a luw on this subject

for the district of Indiana; The Senator from Indiana addressed himself | ought to be enacted, but I am content to leave ihat very directly, and I thought somewhat person

A joint resolution (S.R. No. 83) tendering the question with the committee appointed to take the ally, to me. He propounded a number of inqui- || immediate oversight of the interests of the District.

thanks of Congress to Captain John A. Winslow, ries, one of which was whether I was disposed Mr. SAULSBURY. I wish to ask the Sena

United States Navy, and to the officers and men

under his command on board the United States to cast suspicion on the people of the District of tor from lowa a question, if he will be kind enough Columbia as to their loyalty. I do not think that

steamer Kearsange, in the conflict with the piratito answer it. Suppose his resolution should be

cal craft the Alabama; and this is a legitimate logical conclusion to be drown passed and an inhabitant of this District should

A joint resolution (S. R. No. 84) tendering the from the adoption of the resolution, no more than refuse to take the prescribed oath, what does he it would have been from the passage of the law

thanks of Congress to Lieutenant William B. propose to do in such a case as that? requiring members of Congress to take a similar Mr. HARLAN. I think the Senator from Del

Cushing, United States Navy, and to the officers oaih. I did not infer from the passage of that law

and men who assisied him in his gallant and perilaware misapprehends the whole purport of the

ous achievement in desiroying the rebel steamer that any person voting for it supposed that a ma- resolution. It is a resolution of instruction, in

Albemarle. jority of the members of this body, or any of them, structing the Committee on the District of Columwere unfaithfulto the Government; but it was sup

INTERNAL REVENUE, bia to inquire into the propriety and expediency posed to be barely possible that some one or more of such a law, and that is the whole of it. If Mr. WILSON. I now call for the regular order persons might present themselves here and claim they should report a bill on the subject, and the of ihe day. seats who had been engaged in this rebellion, and question should then pertinently arise which has

Mr. JOHNSON. Will the Senator waive his for the purpose of ferreting out the few possible || been propounded by ile Senator, I should take call for a moment, in enable us take up the bill cases the general rule was adopted requiring all great pleasure in attempting to answer it. from the House of Representatives imposing the to take the prescribed oath:

Mr. SAULSBURY. The experience of Sen- two-dollar lux on whisky! If it is to be passed Now, sir, this is not unusual. It is not unusual ators in this body shows that when an inquiry of it is important that it should be passed to-day: for communities to institute a search of every this character is directed, the committees gener- Mr. WILSON. I suppose I shall bave to give house in a town or a city where a burglary or ally report in accordance with the suggestions

way to that bill. theft may have been committed, not that it is sup- contained in the resolutions directing the inquiry. Mr. JOHNSON. I only ask that the Senator posed that ihe majority of the people of the town The Senator suggests that this is only a simple give way to that as it was laid aside on my moor city are thieves or burglars, but because it is inquiry, and that no harm can result from it. For tion. I have now prepared an amendment to carry known that the law has been violated, and that myself, believing that a report of the character that out the suggestion which I made. I move to take goods have been stolen and hidden away, and he wishes made will be made, and as he himself it up. that there is probably a thief in the cominunity, says it is barely possible the committee will not The motion was agreed 10, and the Senate reand that the stolen goods are concealed, and for report favorably, I have felt it my duty to op- sumed the consideration of the bill (H. R. No. the purpose of ferrering out the thief and ascerpose even the inquiry.

618) to amend the act entitled "Anaci to provide taining where the goods are, all the citizens sub- Now, sir, I shall be justified in opposing it here internal revenue to support the Government, to mit to a search, and do it voluntarily. No man on its passage, because the committee cannot re- pay interest on the public debi, and for other purpermitting his house to be searched supposes he port a bill upon this subject that will not be in poses," approved June 30, 1864. will be regarded as in complicity with the thieves. violation of ihe Constitution of the United States. Mr. JOHNSON. I move to amend the bill by The general search is made for the purpose of I krow that it is an able committee, and I know I striking out all after the enacting clause and inseriprotecting each one from the consequences of un- that it can do on this subject whatever any other || ing the following: just suspicion. If the search was made of the committee of this body or any other body can that the lax of two dollars on spirite imposed by the fifty. house of the suspicioned party alone, it would do; but is there a propriety in making an inquiry

fifth section of the act " to provide internal revenue to supwound bis feelings, and probably ruin bis char- whether a thing should not be done, which, if

port the Government, to pay interest on the public debi, and

for oiler purposes," approved June 30, 1861, be levicu, rolacter for all time to come; and for the purpose of done, would be violative of the Constitution of

lected, and pirid on and niter the 1st day of January, 1963, preserving him from the consequences of a possi- the United States? Why do I say that? If the instead of Ilie Ist day of February in said year as provided ble unjusi suspicion, the general search is made. committee report a bill saying thai an oath of this by said original act. And so I apprehend we may justify the passage character shall be administered to every inhabit

Mr. SHERMAN. This is an amendment simof a law requiring every member of Congress to ant of this District, and to every person doing ply of phraseology. I like the language used by take an oath of fidelity to the Government, not business in this District, they must provide some ihe Senator from Maryland better than the lanbecause it is supposed that a majority of them, mode of compelling the party to take it in case of guage sent to us from the other House; but I or any considerable number of them, lack lidelity, refusal. Now, what is the Constitution of the submit to him whether it is worth while to raise but because it is believed that some may possibly United States, and wherein would a bill with any a question of phraseology on a bill that must be present themselves who are unworthy of trusi; ll penalty, a penalty, for instance, of removal from acted upon to-day or to-morrow. I think if a

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