« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
majority of the Senate is in favor of the substance its laws ought to be in obedience to the will and As I understand the object of the bill, it is to of the bill we had better pass it in the language to the interests of the people, and especially ought obtain an increased revenue by imposing fifty used by the House of Representatives. I have to be in obedience to the rule of good faith with cents additional tax upon whisky which shall be no objection to the amendment except that it the people.
manufactured during ihe next month. I was not tends to delay and possibly produce the defeat of I hope that this measure will not pass either in at all satisfied with the legislation on this subject the bill.
the form of the amendment proposed by the Sen at the last session of Congress. We have lost the Mr. JOHNSON. Personally, as a member of ator from Maryland or in the form of the bill as entire revenue which might have been derived this body, without meaning to reflect at all on reported by the chairman of the Committee on from whisky during the last six months, as 'I the House of Representatives or any member of Finance. I trust that stability in legislation and understand.' I know that in the State of Illinois, it, I should be very unwilling to voie for the bill good faith to the people will be adhered to in re where a great deal of whisky had been manufacin the form in which ii comes from that House. lation to this matter and all other matters of law tured previously, the distilleries have all stopped. We are responsible for the phrascology of our and legislation by Congress.
If any of them are in operation now I ain not legislation as well as that House itself. If, as I Mr. CONNESS. I think with the chairman aware of it. Certainly they are not in operation understand was the fact, the House was very of the Committee on Finance, that perhaps the to any very considerable extent. decided in opinion that the tax should be levied l phraseology offered as a substitute by the Sena Mir'. RICHARDSON. I will state to my colon the 1st of January instead of the 1st of Febru ior from Maryland is the best; but under the cir- || league, having investigated that matter, that there ary, it will at once adopt the amendment if the cumstances of the pending adjournment of Con are three, out of hundreds that have been running. bill be returned with the amendment.
gress and the necessity for passing the bill, I hope Mr. TRUMBULL. Running to their full caMr. SHERMAN. I submit again to the Sen that it will not be adopted now, but that the phrase- || pacity? ate whether we had not better, as it is merely a ology of the bill will be adhered to.
Mr. RICHARDSON. Not at all. I will state, question of phraseology, only a choice of words, The amendment was rejected, there being, on a | if my colleague will permit me, that they are take the substance of the proposition, if we are division--ayes 9, noes 19.
awaiting the action of Congress. Any change of in favor of it, and not amend it.
Mr. HENDRICKS. I wish to inquire of the the law is detrimental to the revenue which the Mr. DAVIS. I understand the object of this chairman of the Finance Committee whether this Government will derive from that source. bill to be in substance to impose in January the is to be the last legislation on the subject of the Mr. TRUMBULL. That is not different from maximum tax on whisky, which by the present whisky tax for this session, so far as he knows what I had supposed. I was not aware, howlaw will not be subject to the additional tax until the purpose of his commitiee and of the two ever, that there were even three distillerics in the month of February; in other words, to im Houses. It is exceedingly prejudicial to any in- | operation in the State of Illinois, but it seems that pose the increased tax a month previous to the terest of this magnitude to have it legislated upon thone are not running to their full capacity. Now, time proposed by the law that was passed at the so frequently. I see that it is here iaken up as a sir, having adopted the legislation which we did last session. I am opposed to the passage of this special matter; it does not come in the regular at the last session of Congress, I think it would bill, and I am opposed to this mode of legislation, revenue bill. If this is to be the tax, no more and be very injudicious and prejudicial to interfere upon what I deem to be two very substantial con no less, permanently for the future, it is well that with it at this time in the mode proposed. It has siderations. The first is stability in legislation; the country should know it; but if it is the pur- | been stated in the Senate that our legislation at the second, good faith to the people in the legis pose of the committee to bring in a bill proposing the last session led to speculation in this article of lation of Congress.
an increased tax at some future day of the ses. whisky. It is known to every one that the disThe people who were interested in the whisky | sion, it had better be done now. The course pur tilleries were running to their fullest capacity trade have made themselves familiar with this sued in regard to this article has facilitated spec some time previous to the legislation of Congress, provision of the law; they have adapted their ulation in the country and has not brought ihnt in anticipation of that legislation; and vast forcontracts and their business to it; and you cannot revenue which another policy, in my judgment, tunes are understood to have been made out of change the law now by imposing the tax in Feb would have produced. I think it is to the inter whisky by speculators. If you now pass this bill, ruary instead of January, thus giving it practical est of the people, as well as of the Government, what will be the etlect? li will add the amount operation a month sooner than by the law as that we should know whether this is to be all the of the tax, or very nearly that, to the value of the passed it was to go into operation, without seri legislation on the subject of whisky taxation for whisky on hand. No considerable amount of ously deranging ihe business of some men, and the session.
whisky will be manufactured between now and probably a great many of them, and producing Mr. SHERMAN. I answered the inquiry | February, I apprehend. The Senator from Ohio considerable loss to them. All the deulers in this when the Senator from Indiana was not present, shakes his hend. Experience ought to teach us article--and they are very numerous, and their when it was put to me by the gentleman who now about that. If it will be manufactured between transactions are very large and valuable to them- occupies the chair, (Mr. POMEROY,] but I have now and February, why has it not been manuselves and to the country generally, but especially no objection answer it again. I would not factured the last month, and the month before to themselves-have made their contracts and have introduced any bill on the subject of the tax that? Why have all the distilleries in the countheir arrangements with a view to the fact that on whisky, but would have left it to the law of try stopped? Because the quantity on hand was this increased tax was to take effect in February. last year, if I had my own way, and I will reply || sufficient to supply the demand for such a length I think that the consideration of stability in legis now to the Senator from Maine. He was not of time that the manufacturers could not afford to lation ought to induce Congress to forego the present when this subject was considered at the manufacture it, so as to compete with those who amount of increased revenue that miglit be ob last session, and I may perhaps say that if it had held it on hand, and hold the manufactured artitained by giving this clause in the law a month's not been for his distinguished predecessor the re cle till the quantity on hand should be exhausted earlier operation.
sull miglit have been ditlerent. I was then, as I so that they could demand for it a price that would The other principle to which I referred is the am now, in favor of taxing whisky on hund; I || justify their paying the tax. November and Dequestion of good faith on the part of the Govern think we lost a very large source of revenue in cember are as good months as any in which to ment to the people in its legislation. No man who delaying the tax; but that has passed by. This manufacture whisky. I think there is no danger has any information or intelligence in relation to bill comes to us from the House of Representa of any considerable quantity of whisky being this subject can suppose that this proposed change lives in its present form. I cannot state what is manufactured between now and February for the in the law can take effect without producing very the understanding of that House, but I presume, purpose of escaping the additional tax. Whisky serious loss to many individuals. It Congress in from what I hear and what I see in the newspa has been worth very little more than the tax that passing the original law had established ihe date pers, that this bill was rather the result of a com is now laid upon it for the last three months. It of January, no man would have had the right to promise of the various conflicting interests. It has run up within a few days in anticipation of complain; every man would have been duly noti was first introduced in the form of a bill taxing this very legislation. The men who have the fied of the law some months before ii went into the stock on hand, which was referred to the whisky on hand want the tax increased on that operation, and he would have had time to conform Conmilce of Ways and Means, with instructions which is to be manufactured hereafter. They his contracts and his interests to the law and to to report back thai bill. The Committee of Ways would be willing to have a tax of five dollars a the time fixed by Congress for its taking effect. and Means reported back this bill with a second guilon imposed. They have made fortunes alBut when Congress has passed the law in this section containing a tax upon the stock on hand; ready, and if you put a tax of five dollars pergalformy, pledged its faith to one date, and has thus and the first section of the reported bill, which is the lon on all that shall be manufactured after to-morinduced traders and dealers in this great article to bill now before us, was finally adopted by the other
they will make additional fortunes on what make their contracts and arrangements with a House, perhaps not as a coinpromise altogether, they now have, and none will be manufactured view to thai date, it seems to me that it would not but as a kind of settlement of the matter. This until the whisky on hand is exhausted. be good faith, on the contrary it would be bad is what I gather from the debates of Congress. Sir, I think you will gain but little, in fact faith, in Congress now to change the law and As a matter of course any Senator or any mem nothing, to your revenues by the passage of this subject these men to the loss that must be inevi ber of the other House may introduce the question bill, while you adopt an unstable mode of legislatable upon the change.
at any time, and invoke the action of the com tion and swell the fortunes of speculators who Gentlemen in the Senate speak as though all the mittees of the two Houses and force us to con have dealt in this article and have large quantities property in the country belonged to the Govern sider it. I cannot, therefore, say that this is a of it on hand, for they are to be benefited by the ment, and the Government had the sovereign right final settlement. I can only say for myself that passage of this law rather than your revenue. to dispose of allthe property of the people, so tur, I hope it is a final settlemeni, and that!, certainly, For these reasons, without going any length at least, is regards imposing taxes upon it, accord as an individual Senator, will not introuuce the into the subject, I shall vote against the bill. ing to its sovereign will and pleusure. Now, sir, ' subject again.
Mr. SHERMAN. The Senator from Ilinois my principle is that the property of the people of Mr. TRUMBULL. This bill comes before the correctly says that the proposition is not pressed the United States belongs to the people themselves, Senate without any very strong endorsement by very strongly by the Committee on Finance, beand not to the Government, and it is their option, the chairman of the committee who brings it to cause they were divided on the question. All the their will, that voles any of this property in the our notice, and I think there was a great deal of considerations that he has now presented were form of taxes or in any other form whatever to the force in what was said by the Senator from Ken- | considered by us, ind I think I can reply at least Government. The Government is not the master, il tucky, and I propose to state in a very few words to some of the suggestions made by the Senator it is the agent, it is the servant, and its action and is why I shall vote against it.
from Illinois, perhaps satisfactorily to him.
We saw that the effect of this legislation would resolution (S. R. No. 87) in reference to paymas which was reported from the Committee on Forbe to add to the price of the article on hand, and ters' accounts; which was read twice by its title, eign Relations yesterday. thus add to the profits of the holders of whisky and referred to the Committee on Military Affairs Mr. HALE. That is the resolution giving on hand. Our previous legislation had done that, and the Militia.
notice to terminate the reciprocity treaty, as I and this was an argument, certainly, which would
WASHINGTON GAS-LIGUT COMPANY.
understand. tend to prevent us from doing anything for their
Mr. SUMNER. Yes. special benefit. But, on the other hand, we be Mr. DIXON. I now move to take up the bill Mr. HALE. I do not see why there should be came convinced by examination that if this bill (S. No. 363) to amend the charter of the Wash- || hot haste in pushing that matter through to-day. was not passed, a very large amount of whisky ington Gas-Light Company.
I am opposed to it; I am decidedly opposed to it. would be manufactured in the month of January, Mr. SUMNER. Will not that displace the bill I do not want to make any factious opposition to the information being very clear that nearly all of my colleague, which is the order of the day? | it, but I think it is hardly fair to go into so imthe distillers in the United States were prepared The PRESIDING OFFICER,(Mr.POMEROY.) portant a measure as that at this time. I wish to to run and would commence running as soon as The motion of the Senator from Connecticut is have it lie over. I understand if the notice is it was certain that Congress would not put a tax to postpone all prior orders and take up the bill given there is nearly a year and a half before the upon the stock on hand. We are informed, and indicated by him.
treaty can be terminated. I have no doubt it is true, that what has kept the Mr. SUMNER. My colleague went a few Mr. SUMNER. A year from the 16th of price of whisky below the natural siandard is the moments ago to the House of Representatives March next. fact that holders were afraid that Congress at the with the understanding that I should be allowed Mr. HALE. Then there can be no harm done present session would review its action of the last to call up the joint resolution which was post- | by letting this resolution lie over until the 1st of session, and put a tax upon spirits on hand; and poned yesterday from the Committee on Foreign | January. I desire to examine a littie into the that fear has operated to keep down the price of Relations, and which it is desired should be ucted operations of the treaty. In my humble judgspirits. I have no doubt that but for that fear on to-day.
ment this is a step thai the Senate ought not to the price of spirits would have advanced above
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The order of
take, and particularly ought they not to take it two dollars a gallon. The only reason and ihe business is in the control of a majority of the under an excited state of feeling which exists now strong reason why I am in favor of this proposi- || Senate.
in consequence of what we conceive to be a great tion is that if it is not passed at once, a very large
Mr. DIXON. If the bill to which I have re wrong inflicted on us by the authorities of some amount of whisky will be manufactured between ferred be taken up, I shall offer an amendment of those provinces that are particularly affected by now and the 1st of February; from ten to twenty
which I think will obviate all objections to it; | this treaty. I know that when this treaty was million gallons may be manufactured by the dis and it is a bill which ought to be acted on now negotiated, when the reciprocity principle was tilleries in the couniry; they will be run night and if at all.
established, it was looked upon by the enlightday, and they will supply the market for a long Mr. SUMNER. I think the Senator had bet ened statesmen of this country and of England as time, paying but a dollar and a half revenue to ter let it come up after the public business to an advance in the social progress of society, and the Government, and then on the 1st of Febru- || which I have referred.
as a step in the onward march which should unary, when the two-dollar lax goes into operation Mr. DIXON. I beg the Senator's pardon; this free the shackles of commerce, and give greater according to the present law, the business will is public business. Tinsist upon my motion. liberty and greater progress to commercial interstop and no more will be manufactured for sev The motion was agreed to; and the Senate re course between this country and those provinces. eral months afterwards. It is true that during sumed the consideration of the bill (S. No. 363) The objections which were suggested the other the month of January, under the operation of the to amend the charter of the Washington Gas- 1 day by the honorable Senator from Maine (Mr. present law, the Government will get a very large Light Company.
FARWELL) in regard to its operations upon the revenue. If ten million gallons should be manu Mr. DIXON. It was objected yesterday that fisheries of New England exist at the present time factured in January. the Government would de this bill does not fix a definite price for gas, to be only because of an accidental, temporary circumrive $15,000,000 revenue from the article during charged by this company, but refers to the price stance, to wit, the duty that we have felt comthat month; but if then the revenue should be en in other cities as the standard. I propose to pelled by the necessities of the Government at this tirely cut off for some time to come, we should lose amend tile bill by fixing as a maxiinum price time to impose on sall. That is a difficulty growa great deal more than.we should gain by continu- | forty cents per hundred seet, with a deduction of | ing not out of the subject itself but out of the ing the duty at a dollar and a half. On the whole ten per cent. for the Government and five percent. accidental state of things incident to and dependthe Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and I may for private consumers, bearing the price of $3 80 ent upon the war whichi unhappily rages in this say all the officers of the revenue, were satisfied per thousand to private consumers and $3 60 to country. that it would be more for the interest of the Gov ihe Government as the maximum. My amend Mr. President, there are very important privernment at once to commence to lay the tax of ment is to strike out the following words in the ileges secured to the people of the United Siates, two dollars on the 1st of January, and then con twelfih, thirteenth, and fourteenth lines of the
and especially to some of the eastern States, by sider the matter settled, so that all persons may bill:
this treaty, which it is proposed now rashly and arrange their trade and business on that basis, The average net or cash price which may be charged, as inconsiderately, in my humble judgment, to throw and adapt themselves to a fixed tax of two dol
aforesaid, in the capitals of the States of Maryland, Penn-
away and to give up. Let me state one of them. lars from the 1st of January. As I said before, above price five per cent. shall be deducted on all gas
In the first place, by this treaty the people of the there are considerations which make me hesitate furnished to the General Government.
United States, and all the United States, have the somewhat, but that was the result of my delib And to insert in lieu of them the following:
Free use of the navigation of the St. Lawrence erate judgment after mature reflection. If, how
Forty cents per hundred cubic fect, subject to a discount
and of the canals which are made around Niagara ever, a majority of the Senate shall come to a of ten per cent. on all bills for gas furnished to the Gov falls, and by which the commerce of all the West different conclusion, I shall not complain.
ernment, and five per cent. on all bills for gas furnished may find free egress to and ingress from the ocean. The bill was ordered to a third reading, and was to other consumers, if paid at the office of the company
That is one thing. The maiter of the fisheries I read the third time. within seven days from the rendition thereof.
alluded to yesterday, and there is another importMr. JOHNSON. I ask for the yeas and nays
Mr. JOHNSON. I did not hear the honorable
ant privilegeon the passage of the bill.
chairman of the District Commitiee, and I should Mr.SUMNER. I suggest to the Senator that The yeas and naya were ordered; and being like to know what is the increase upon the present if the resolution shall be taken up, as he desires taken, resulted-yeas 23, nays 12; as follows: rate that the company will be authorized to charge. to speak, he can then speak upon it, because what YEAS-Mesurs. Anthony, Brown, Collamcr, Conness,
Mr. DIXON. The present rate on bills charged he is saying now is rather pertinent to the main Dixon, Farwell, foot, Foster, Tale, Harlan, Ilenderson, to the Government is $2 52 per thousand feet, and question than to the mere question of taking up. Howard, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, P'om
on bills to private consumers $2 70. The Sen Mr. CONNESS. I desire simply to suggest eroy,
Ramsey, Shermai, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Wilkinson, and Willey--23. ator can very readily see whai the increase is.
that the course proposed by the Senator from NAYS--Messrs. Buckalcw, Cowan, Davis, Grimes, llen
It is a little over one dollar per thousand. The bill Massachusclis be taken, that the resolution be dricks, Jolinson, McDougall, Powell, Richardson, Sauls makes the rate $3 60 per ihousand feet for thic taken up, and that the Senator from New Humpbury, Trumbull, and Van Winkle--12.
Government and $3 80 for private consumers, shire address the Senate on the subject matter, as ABSENT-Messrs. Carlile, Chandler, Clarke, Doolittle, Harding, llarris, Hicks, Ilowe, Storrill, Nesmith, Riddle,
which I believe is less than the average price i he realiy is doing: Wide, Wilson, and Wriglit--14. charged in most cities in the Union where coal is
Mr. HALE. The difficulty is that I am not So tlie bill was passed. chenper than here.
prepared at this time to do that. I am mentione Mr. SHERMAN. I have here a letter from ing some of the considerations that would be WEARING OF UNITORM.
the president of the company, in which he says pertinent, but I do not know what bus been the Mr. McDOUGALL sulmitted the following the present rate is $2 61. This will be an increase operation of this treaty. It will appear from our resolution; which was considered, and by unani of about fifty per cent. This is a letter from Mr.
published reports of Commerce and Navigation mous consent agreed to:
Bartol-I do not know him, but he signs himself" coming from the Secretary of the Treasury. I Resolved, that the Cominittee on Military Affairs and the as president-in which he says the price of gas I have notihad time to examine them; I am not Militi be direciell to inquire into the expediency of re in 1860 was 3 50, and now the average is $2 01.
prepared at this time to discuss this matter, anıl quiring by law that all officers not on leave of absence be Mr. DIXON. That is after the deduction. It required to carry on ileir persons their uniform.
I did not suppose it was to be taken up at this is $2 52 to the Government and $2 70 to private time. BILLS INTRODUCED. inuividuals; $2 61 is the average.
Mr. JOHNSON. I ask if it is the purpose of Mr. HALE asked, and by unanimous con The amendment was agreed to.
the Senator from Massachuscits to press a decisSent obtained, leave to introduce a bill(S. No.366) The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third ion on the resolution now. to remit certain duties on clothing materials im reading; and was read the third time, and passed.
Mr. SUMNER. I to have a vote at once. ported for the use of the Sisters of Charity of
Mr. CONNESS. Wliy not? St. Joseph; which was read twice by its liile, and
Mr.JOHNSON. I have no objection individreferred to the Committce on Finance.
Mr. SUMNER. I now move that the Senate i ually to taking it up and having it considered at Mr. LANE, of Indiana, usked, and by unani- | proceed to the consideration of the joint resolu this time; but I hope that the honorable chairmous consent obtained, leave to introduce a joint II.lion from the House of Representatives (No. 56) | man will not press ii to a vote to-day. Perhaps
it is desirable, and I individually think it is, that the President of the Onice Staros be, and he is liereby, there is no doubt about the opinion of the Senate, the subject should pass over uniil we meet again 711thorized and requested to give to the Goverminent of th and therefore I do not regard it as necessary to
United Kingdom of Great Briana and Ireland the notice
required by the filth article of the said reciprocity Treaty enter into the discussion.
The joini resolution was reported to the Senate we have suffered as it is supposed in consequence
as amended, and the amendment was concurred of the failure to do its whole duty on the part of And in lieu thereof to insert:
in and ordered to be engrossed, and the joint resothe colonial authority in Canadi. Whether that
Whereas it is provided in the reciprocity trenty con
lution to be read a third time. is justifiable or not, i un nou prepared to say; but cluded at Washington), the 5th of Jan, 1851, between the Mr. HALE. Can this resolution be read a third if we pass this resolution at this time terminating Child States of the one part, and the United Kingdom of time 10-dny without unanimous consent?
Great Britain and Ireiand of the other part, that this treaty this treaty, it might be considered as rather an
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It can. It “shall remain in force for ten years from the date it which unfriendly aet now—not that we have not a right it may come into operation, and further until the expiration has been read twice on a previous day. The third to do it under the creaty. But I submit to my of twelve months after either of the bighi contracting par reading is the only reading to-day. friend from Massachuselts whether it would not jies shall give novice in the other of its wish to terminate
Mr. HALE. I do not wish to complain of this the same;" and sirereas it appears, by a proclamation of be better under all the circumstances to consider
the President of the Child States, bearing date 16th course, nor to ask for any delay. I believe that it more maturely than it can be considered as I Mareli, 18.10, liat ibe treaty came inió opration on that This is an important step; it is a step that does not supposé during the short period that the session day; and whereas, further, it is no longer for the interests
accord with my judgment; but if the Senate think of the United State's lo continue the same in torce: Thereof to-day will continue.
it is of such importance that it should be passed fore, I have not the slightest objection, as I repeat, lo Kesolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of
at once, I shall simply content myself with voting taking up the question, and as I said in commit
the Unitel States of America in Congress assembled, Tiit against it. tee I say again, whether notice shall be given or notice be given otibe termination of the reciprocity treaty, Mr. SUMNER. I call for the yeas and nays not is a matter on which I am without a very
according to the provision there in continedior inetermin-
on its passage.
Mr.'HALE. I want to express my views upon treaty was entered into that it would be
to the Government or the United Kingdom of Great Britain it. I do not care about the Journal. I suppose eficial to the country, and for a long time it was and Ireland.
there are not many people who read the Journal. considered to operate advantageously to the coun
The amendment was agreed to.
This is the first time that I have ever known so try. I know that Mr. Websier was of opinion Mr. SUMNER. I had originally intended, on important a measure as this pressed through the that it was a very advantageous arrangement. the consideration of this proposition, to review Senale under these circumstances; but I do not Whether it has ceased to be advantageous now, the whole subject, and to exhibit at lengih the know that it is of any great consequence. I do because of its intrinsic charac:er, or whether it
history of the reciprocity treaty, and the exist not know whether the rule of the Senate with refhas become so because of subsequent legislation ing reasons for its termination. But after the erence to these matters is the same in regard to a on the part of the colonial government, is a mal debate of a few days ago, and considering the member just going out as one coming in, but I ter upon which I have no seliled opinion. apparent unanimity in the Senate, I have felt am ready to submit to the practice, whatever ilis. Mr. FOOT. Mr. Webster died before the
unwilling to occupy the time by any protracted Mr. SUMNER. The Senator knows the fact treaty was made. remarks. They are not needed.
that I would not be guilty of discourtesy to him. Mr. SUMNER. Several years before.
The people of the United States liave been un I feel embarrassed by his suggestion, but in the Mr. JOHNSON. I understand that perfectly easy under the reciprocity treaty for several years; responsibilities of public business which have been well; but he expressed his opinion about it long I may almost say from its date. There was a feel cast upon me I think I ought to press this resobefore; he talked about it to me over and over. ing that it was more advantageous to Canada than lution to a vote. I ought to have said that his statement was that to the United States; thal, in short, it was uni The joint resolution was read the third time. such an arrangement would be very advantage- || lateral. This feeling has of late ripened into con Mr. HALE. I move to postpone the further
viction. Allie same time the exigencies of the consideration of this resolution until the 6th day Mr. SUMNER. I would simply remark that present war, requiring so large an "xpenditure,
of January: I was instructed by the committee to ask for im make it wreasonable for us to continue a treaty Mr. DAVIS. I concurred in this resolution mediate action on this resolution, and there wis by which the revenues of the country urlquestion- || being reported, and I expect to vote for its pasa reason for it in this circumstance: that it had ably suffer. It is such considerations as these sage, bui I think, in all courtesy, the Senator from been long pending before boih branches of Conte which have brought the public mind to its present New Hampshire ought to have time to examine gress and before the commilee itself, and what position. The unamicable feelings manitested the subject and to address the Senate upon it. I during the present session the other House has toward us by the people of Canada have had lit hope that the motion he makes will be allowed. already acted, and the resolution reporied by the ile influence on the question, unless, perhaps, they
Mr. FOSTER. As a member of the Commillee committee is in the nature of a substitute for may have conspired to compel us to look at it in on Fopeign Relations I was in favor of this resothat of the House, and it was desirable that we the light of reason rather than of sentiment. lution, and amʻin favor of its passage now; but should complete the action on the matter before The question of the fisheries is included in this whether it passes to-uay or the 6th of January the adjournment for the holidays. I hope there treaty. Bilt it is not doubted liat before the term can make no difference to the public interesis, in will be no question, but that we may proceed inalion of the treaty some arrangement, either by my belief. The Senator from New Hampshire with it.
reciprocal legislation or by further negotiation, requests an opportunity to address the Senate on The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, as can be made on this matter so far as it may be the subject. I have never known such a request in Cominillee of the Whole, proceeded to corr needed.
denied under like circumstances, even where, as sider the joint resolution (H. R. No. 56) author The committee, after careful consideration at a it would seem, it sometimes made a very considizing the President of the United States to give lo full meeting, was unanimous in its report. And erable difference to the public interests. To me the Government of Great Britain the notice re as the committee represevis all parts of the coun- it seems apparent that it will make none now. I, quired for the termination of the reciprocity treaty try and all sentiments of the Senate, I have thought therefore, shall certainly vote to postpone it at of the 5th of June, A. D. 1854. that perhaps there might be a similar unanimity
his request, The amendment report.d by the Committee on among Senators. Therefore I forbear all further Mr. TRUMBULL. I was surprised, after the Foreign Relations was to strike out the original l'emarks, and ask for a vote.
stalement made by the Senator from New Hamppreamble and resolution, in the following words: Mr. FARWELL. I wish to say one word in shire, and the little experience I have had in the Whereas under the treaty made by the United States
refurence to this subject. I regard the matter of Senate, to see an attempt to press this resolution with Great Britain, proclamation of which wis made by the fishing interest as having very lilile to do with 10 a vote to-day. Like the Senator from Conthe President of the United States ou the line of septeni it any way; but there are many reasons which necticut, I have never known an instance where ber, 1851, for the purpose of extending reciprocal indebe
might be adduced, I think conclusive reasons, a measure of this character, regarded as important tween the British North American colonies in the United States, nearly all ine articles which Canada has to sellare why this reciprocity treaty should be terminated. in the country, has been brought to the notice of admitted into the United States free of duty, while heavy I only propose to allude lo one reason. Owing the Senate, and on a member rising in his place duties are now imposed upon many of those articles wirici
lo the condition of our country, it has been found and stating before it was taken up that he wished the people of the United Siates have to sell, with the intention of excluding them from the Canadian market; and
necessary to put very heavy taxes upon many to examine it, and that he asked but a reasonable whereas the President of the United States, in the airsises
articles which are brought from the provinces. time to make his examination and address the Sension of the Thirty-Sixth Cougress, caused to be submitted Take, for example, the article of friction matches, ate upon it, his application was refused. I shall to the House of Representatives an official report setting forth the inequality and injustice existing in our preschi
upon which, by our internal revenue law, a duty certainly vote to postpone the resolution until the intercourse with Canada, subversive of the true intent of
of $1 44 m gross is imposed. The consump Senator from New Hampshire can have a reasonthe treaty, owing to the subsequent legislation of Canadi; tion is very great, and ihe manufacture would able opportunity to address the Senate in referand whereas by the filth article of the treaty provision was yield a very large revenue to the Government if ence to it. I would not vote to postpone it for made that it should remain in force for ten years from the dite on which it should go into operation, and further until
they were made at home; and heretofore they any factious opposition; but where there is no the expiration of twelve monthsavereither of the bigdicon
have been largely manufactured in our country. such spirit displayed, but a reasonable request, tracting partirs should give notice to the other of its wish By the reciprociiy treaty, however, they can be as I conceive, and one that I never saw refused tu terminate the same, each of the high contracting parties made in the provinces and brought here duty in the Senate, I shall vote for the postponement. being at liberty to give such nolice to the other at the end
free, and we cannot tax them.
There are many
Mr. FOOT. I am in favor of the proposition cfihe said term of tell years, or at any time afterwards; and whereas by a further proclamation issued by the Pres
other articles in the same position, if I am not mis before the Senatı, and I represent a people who I ident of the United States, bearing date the 16th day of taken, and the Government will suffer very much think are unanimously in favor of terminating March, 18.1.), it was declared that the said torary should go by the continuance of the present state of things, what they regard as an unequal and one-sided into etlicet and be observed on the part of the United 31:2013;
and the manufacturers of these articles will be contract between this country and the provinces and whereas it is desiruhiu that friendly relations be continged brtween the United States and the British Nortis
driven from the business. In fact, lam informed of Great Britain. Bul, sir, as I understand it, Americlll provinces, and that commercial intercourse that some manufacturers of matches and goods of whether the joint resolution is passed to-day, or should be bereatier carried out between them upon princi that description have actually broken up their es a fortnight hence, or a month hence, makes no ples reciprocally beneficial and satisfactory to both parties : Therefore,
tablishments in the States, and have moved into sort of difference as to the period of time within Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatires of the provinces, and are there manufacturing and which this contract can be terminated; and as a the United Siates of America in Congress ussembled, Thai sending them to the Slates for sale. I believe matter of courtesy to the Senator from New
THE OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS, PUBLISHED BY T. & J. RIVES, WASHINGTON, D. C.
THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, 20 Session.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 6, 1865.
NEW SERIES.....No. 7.
Hampshire I must vote in favor of the postpone tween Seventeenth street and the Capitol, for one members of the National Institute; which was ment.
year from the passage of this act; but the line read twice by its title. Mr. CONNESS. My recollection of the prog from Seventeenth street and the Capitol is to be Mr. TRUMBULL. I scarcely know to what ress of this measure, and the period at which the completed, equipped, and running within ten committee it would be desirable to refer this bill, request of the honorable gentleman from New days from the passage of this act.
and unless somebody wishes it referred, I shall Hampshire was made, was that it was made upon Mr. DIXON. I will state that the extension || ask the Senate to act upon it at once. If the Sen. the proposition to take up the resolution, and for one year referred to in the bill for part of the ate will indulge me for one moment in making an then it was that I took the liberty to suggest that road from here to the navy-yard, is really but an || explanation of it, I think there will be no objecit had better be taken up and then a determina extension of three months, because the charter, cion to it. tion arrived at as to whether a vote would be of the company already allows them until the 1st The act establishing the Smithsonian Instituasked to-day or not. I then understood that day of September next to complete that portion tion provided that two of the regents should be the Senator, although with some little reluctance, of the road. As regards the other portion of the residents of the city of Washington and members to some extent withdrew his desire for a post road, I believe they are compelled to have it fin of the National Institute in the city of Washing, ponement; but before I had that understanding it ished by this time, or at' any rate by the 1st of ton. The National Institute was an incorporated had occurred to my own mind to move its post January, and they desire an extension of that association, and its charter has expired. It did ponement until the 5th of January, if he were in time. This bill as it comes to us from the House not meet with much success; it has been disearnest in his desire to discuss the question. If of Representatives gives them but ten days to solved; and there are now no members of the Nahe really does desire to discuss the question, of finish this portion of the road. I move to strike tional Institute. There is a vacancy in the board course no Senator would press the resolution to out
and insert “thirty," so as to give of regents, occasioned by the death of General a vote, under the circumstances, against that re them thirty days within which to complete the Totten, which needs to be filled, but it cannot be quest.
road from Seventeenth street to the Capitol. filled by the appointment of a resident of WashI say this not only for myself, but I think for The amendment was agreed to—ayes sixteen, | ington and a member of this Institute, as there the honorable chairman of the Committee on noes not counted.
are no longer any members of this Institute. The Foreign Relations. I understood that to be the Mr. SUMNER. I should like to ask the Sen- || object of this bill is to repeal that provision of the temper ofthe Senator from New Hampshire. We ator from Connecticut whether this concerns the law which requires that two regents should be know that he is always ready to make a speech F street railroad or the Pennsylvania avenue members of the National Institute. I hope the without preparation; and while he felt it to be his railroad?
Senate will let the bill pass at once, as it is desiraduly to make a speech on the subject before it Mr. DIXON. The F street road. That por
ble to fill that vacancy: should be determined and voted upon definitely, tion for which the time is extended is on Fstreet. There being no objection, the Senate, as in I rather took it by the Senator's manner (which Mr. GRIMES. I desire to be informed by the Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider is not difficult to be read, I think,) that he was chairman of the Committee on the District of the bill. half willing to withdraw it and allow a vote to be Columbia if the friends of the road desire the Mr. COLLAMER. I do not know that I unbad. I think that there is no conflict on the sim change to be made that he has suggested. I derstand the gentleman aright. Is it proposed to ple proposition of allowing the Senator time if he am very well aware that the change is going to repeal that part of the law which requires them desires it.
jeopard the passage of the bill in the House of to be inhabitants of Washington ? Mr. SUMNER. After the explanations that Representatives, where I understand there is no Mr. TRUMBULL. No, sir; not at all. I ask have been made, I am entirely in the hands of my quorum, or is likely to be none, and that the the Secretary to read the bill again, so that the friend from New Hampshire. I supposed that in charter will be forfeited by our amending the bill Senator from Vermont may see that it does not the remarks he made on the question of taking up and thus sending it back to the House. I think | repeal that part of the law requiring them to be the joint resolution he had substantially stated his the gentlemen who are interested in this project || residents of Washington. objection, and that he was not disposed to con were satisfied with the proposition as it came to The Secretary read the bill, as follows: tinue the discussion further. Had I supposed that us from the House of Representatives, and my Be it enacted, &c., That so much of the “* Act to estabhe desired a further opportunity then, I should mind is inclined to the opinion that we had better
lish the Smithsonian Institute for the increase and diffinot have pressed to take up the proposition. Hav allow it to go back to the House of Representa
sion of knowledge among nen" as requires that two of the
regents of said Institution shall be members of the National ing had it taken up, I naturally desired to press it tives as they passed it, without amendment, and
Institute in the city of Washington, be, and the same la to a vote in obedience to the instructions that I l let it become a law.
Mr. DIXON. I suppose the friends of the road The bill was reported to the Senate without Bent on this floor. But I have now said that the
are in favor of this change. I have received a amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third whole question, so far as I am concerned at least, note, which to be sure is not signed, but was reading, read the third time, and passed. is in the hands of the Senator from New Hamp handed to me by the Senator from New Hamp
COMMITTEE SERVICE. shire. If he desires its postponement that he may shire, and represented by him to come from the have an opportunity to deliver his views upon it, friends of the measuré, in which they state that
Mr. DIXON. Having been appointed chairI hope there will be no objection. the F street road cannot be completed in ten days
man of the Committee on the District of Columbia, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question
I ask to be excused from service on the Commitin the present'unsettled condition of the weather. is on the motion to postpone the further consid
tee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses The company ask that the bill be amended in the eration of the joint resolution until the 6th of Jan Senate as follows: strike out" ten days"and in
of the Senate, of which committee I have also the uary next. sert "thirty days” for the F street road; and
honor of being chairman. The motion was agreed to. strike out "one year” and insert “two years"
The request was granted.
On motion of Mr. DIXON, it was NAVAL ACADEMY. Mr. ANTHONY submitted the following resthought that as they have already three months Ordered, That so much of the 35th rule of the Senate a.
relates to the appointment of the chairmen of committees olution; which was considered by unanimous confrom September next, they might ask for an exten
be suspended as regards the appointment of the chairman sent, and agreed to:
sion at any future time with regard to that. It is of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent ExResolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to
very apparent, as is stated in this note, that in the penses of the Senate, and that the said chairman be apcommunicate to the Senate the report of the board of vis
present condition of the weather it is very difficult pointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, itors of the Naval Academy for the present year. io work upon the road, and probably it will be im The PRESIDENT pro tempore appointed Mr.
possible to finish it in ten days. It seemed to me,
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED.
A message from the House of Representatives Mr. CLARK.' I think I can answer directly || by Mr. McPherson, ils Clerk, announced that ter of the Metropolitan Railroad Company of this the question proposed by the Senator from lowa. city, so as to extend the time for the completion
the Speaker had signed the enrolled bill (H. R.
The friends of the road do desire this extension. || No. 618) to amend the act entitled “ An act to of their road between Seventeenth street and the They will go on and complete the road at the earCapitol for ten days. The Committee on the
provide internal revenue to support the Governliest possible moment, but they fear the weather District of Columbia, of the Senate, to whom that
ment, to pay interest on the public debt, and for may be such that they may want more than ten bill was referred, have directed me to report it | days, and may have to ask for more; and so, as
other purposes," approved June 30, 1864; which back, and to ask for its consideration at the pres
thereupon received the signature of the President a matter of precaution, they ask for thirty days at ent time. this time.
pro tempore of the Senate. By unanimous consent, the Senate, as in Com The bill was reported to the Senate as amended,
BILL BECOME A LAW. mittee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the and the amendment was concurred in, and ordered A message from the President of the United bill (H. R. No.622) to amend an act entitled “An
to be engrossed, and the bill to be read the third States, by Mr.John G. Nicolay, his Secretary, act to incorporate the Metropolitan Railroad Com
time. It was read the third time, and passed. announced that he had this day approved and pany, of the District of Columbia," approved
signed the bill (S. No. 358) to establish the grade July 1, 1864. It proposes 'to amend section
REGENTS OF SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTE.
of vice admiral in the United States Navy. seventeen of the act to incorporate the Metro Mr. TRUMBULL asked, and by unanimous
FREEDOM TO SOLDIERS' FAMILIES. politan Railroad Company, of the District of consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. Columbia, so as to extend the time for the com 367) to repeal the provision of law requiring cer Mr. WILSON. Senate joint resolution No. 82 pletion of their railroad line, except the part be tain regents of the Smithsonian Insutution to be was the special order for to-day at one o'clock,
but was temporarily laid aside to take up other I intended to have objected to that resolution, but
NAVAL EXPENDITURES. business. I'move now to proceed to the consid the Speaker was rather prompt, I think, upon me. The SPEAKER laid before the House a comeration of that joint resolution.
I have no complaint, however, to make of his munication from the Secretary of the Navy, transThe motion was agreed to; and the Senate, as general good conduct, but I think that if the in Committee of the whole, resumed the consid- House had heard the resolution of the gentleman | ing the appropriations and expenditures of that
mitting the report of the Firsi Comptroller, showeration of the joint resolution (S. No. 82) to en from New Hampshire read again, there would
Department for the fiscal year ending June 30, courage enlistments and to promote the efficiency have been a whole chorus of objections. I am
'1864; which was laid on the table, and ordered to of the military forces of the United States. induced now to make this motion by gentlemen be printed. EXECUTIVE SESSION. upon both sides of the House.
ENROLLED BILL. The SPEAKER. There is no question before Mr. SUMNER. I move that the Senate pro the House. The Chair must state that so far Mr. COBB, from the Committee on Enrolled ceed to the consideration of executive business.
from being over-prompt on the gentleman from Bills, reported as truly enrolled an act for the reThat will leave the resolution of my colleague Ohio, the rule states that no resolution shall be
lief of Charles M. Pott, and an act to extend the the order of the day for to-morrow. There is im
debated on the day on which it is presented, and tiine allowed for the withdrawal of certain goods portant business which must be acted on to-day 110 debate was therefore allowable. The gentleman therein named from public stores; when the in executive session.
from New Hampshire (Mr. Rollins) asked the Speaker signed the same. The motion was agreed to; and after some unanimous consent of the House to offer a reso
POST OFFICE EMPLOYÉS. time spent in the consideration of executive busi
lution. The gentleman from Ohio rose and deness, the doors were reopened, and the Senate
Mr. HIGBY, by unanimous consent, offered bated it at some little length, giving his views in adjourned.
the following resolution; which was read, conregard to the proposition. The Chair was not disposed to check him until the gentleman from
sidered, and agreed to: HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Resolveil, That the Cominittee on the Post Office and Post New Hampshire rose and objected to debate. The
Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of proWEDNESDAY, December 21, 1864.
Chair then asked the gentleman from Ohio if he hibiting by law all persons connected with the Post Office The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer objected or not, and the gentleman did not object, Department, as postmasters or carriers of the mail, froin
having any pecuniary or business interest in any express by the Chaplain, Rev. W. H. CHANNING, and the Chairthen put the question to the House.
office or express company for the transfer of express mat
Mr. PRUYN. I desired and asked for a secThe Journal of yesterday was read.
ter, and report their conclusions to the House by bill or ond reading of the resolution, because it was so otherwise. CORRECTION OF THE JOURNAL. imperfectly hicard by me at the distance that I sat
LETTER-CARNIER SYSTEM. Mr. COX. I rise to a question of privilege. from the Chair that I did not understand its entire
Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts, by unanI move to strike out such portion of the Journal purport. The Speaker, of course, did not hear me as refers to the resolution offered: yesterday by
imous consent, introduced the following resoluexpress the desire to have the resolution read a the gentleman from New Hampshire, (Mr. Rol second time. I certainly should have objected if | tion; which was reu, considered, and agreed to:
Resolved, that the Committee on the Post Office and Post LINS,] with reference to retaliation upon rebel I had understood its character.
Roads be directed to consider the expediency of repealing prisoners for the treatment of our prisoners in Mr. WASHBURNE, of Winois. I call for
so much of the existing postal laws as requires and protheir hands. I am placed in the predicament, the regular order of business.
vides for the free delivery ot' letters in cities and large according to the report of the Globe, of having
The SPEAKER. The Chair will state, in towns, and restoring the system of delivery which existed
previous to the enactment of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. acquiesced in the passage of the resolution. I was reply to the gentleman from New York, [Mr. cut off by the objection of the gentleman from PRUYN,] that probably the reason why the gen
CLAIMS OF NAVAL CONTRACTORS. New Hampshire before I could make the ob ileman was not recognized was because the gen Mr. PERHAM. I ask the unanimous consent jection. My friend from New York (Mr. Pruen) tleman from Ohio (Mr. Cox) was speaking, as he of the House to introduce a joint resolution aualso sought the floor to make objection, and I was from the moment the resolution was intro
thorizing the appointment of a commission to think if ihe House understood the tenor of the duced by the gentleman from New Hampshire. settle and adjust the claims of certain contractors resolution they would reject it at once.
Mr. PRUYN. I did not mean to impute to with the Navy Department. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What is the the Chair any discourtesy; certainly not.
Mr. CHANLER. I object. question before the House?
Mr. HOLMAN. I call for the regular order
CONFERENCE COMMITTEE. Mr. COX. I move to correct the proceedings
of business. of the House, under the rules, so as to strike out The SPEAKER appointed Messrs. Eliot,
EXCHANGE OF NAVAL PRISONERS. all the proceedings with reference to the resolution KELLEY, and Noble managers on the part of the of the gentleman from New Hampshire, (Mr. House of the conference committee on the disa Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts. I hope the genRollins.)
greeing votes of the two Houses on the bill of the tleman from Indiana will withdraw that call. The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman siale House (No. 51) to establish a Bureau of Freed
Mr. HOLMAN, I withdraw it. that the Journal is incorrectly made up by the men's Affairs.
Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts. I ask unanimous Journal clerk ?
consent to offer the following resolution:
DUTIES ON TOBACCO. Mr. COX. I am not talking on that question.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be requested 10 Mr. KASSON. I ask leave to introduce a communicate to the House, if not inconsistent with the The SPEAKER. Then the Chair decides that
bill for reference to the Committee of Ways and public welfare, what measures, if any, have been taken to the gentleman's motion is not in order.
exchange the officers and men belonging to the United Means. Mr. COX. I niove to expunge that resolution
States Navy now held as prisoners by the rebels, and what from the Journal.
The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Ilinois
obstacles, if any, now exist to the exchange of such prisMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I raise the
(Mr. WASHBURNE) hus demanded the regular
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. I suggest question of order that that motion is not in order. The SPEAKER. The Chair sustains the point
Mr. KASSON. I ask the gentleman from Wi
that the resolution be amended by striking out of order. The Chair will state to the gentleman
nois lo withdraw the call for the regular order of the word "requested ” and inseriing the word
business. from Ohio that the 39th rule requires that every
" directed." written motion made in the House shall be inserted
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I with The SPEAKER. Is there any objection to the draw it.
introduction of the resolution? on the Journal, and that the Speaker shall revise
Mr. KASSON then, by unanimous consent,
Mr. WILSON. I object, unless the change sugand correct the Journal every morning before it is read to the House. There is a question of priv- | introduced a bill for an act to levy duties upon gested by the gentleman from Illinois be made.
tobacco and its manufactures; which was read a Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts. I accept the ilege if the charge is made that the Speaker has mutilated the Journal. That was decided in the
first and second time, referred to the Committee modification. Thirty-First Congress to be a question of privilege.
of Ways and Means, and ordered to be printed. There being no. objection, the resolution, as If the gentleman wishes to expunge the resolution
modified, was read, considered, and agreed to. MUSTERING OF SUBSTITUTES.
Mr. COX. What has become of the other reshe must wait until resolutions are in order. But the Journal must state what occurred, and it is
Mr. COFFROTH asked unanimous consent to olution on the subject?
The SPEAKER. offer the following resolution:
It has been laid over under not a question of privilege to move to strike out what did occur.
Resolved, That the Military Committee is hereby in
the rule. Mr. COX. I call the attention of the Speaker structed to report, by bill or otherwise, an additional sec
Mr. COX. Is not this a resolution to the same tion to “ An act further to regulate and provide for the to that rule which says that the House may judge
purport? enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other of what are or are noi its proceedings. I hope, in
The SPEAKER. It is. purposes," approved July 4, 1864, to allow any person or the interest of humanity, that the House will look persons drafted or subject to dratt to muster into the ser
Mr. COX. Well, I object, unlessvice of the United States substitutes at any place where a at this resolution and reject it.
The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks the objecmustering officer is stationed, and such substitute shall be
tion is too late. The resolution has been intre. The SPEAKER. The rule just quoted does credited to any town, township, ward of a city, precinct, not apply to this point. or election district of the congressional district in which
duced and agreed 10. Mr. PRUYN. I hope the gentleman from Ohio the person or persons reside at the time said substitute is
DUTY ON PRINTING PAPER. will permit me to make a statement on this point, accepted.
Mr. ANCONA, by unanimous consent, offered inasmuch as he has referred to me.
Mr. SCHENCK. That resolution instructs
the following resolution; which was read, conThe SPEAKER. The Chair decides that this
the committee absolutely to report. I will object | sidered, and agreed to: is not a question of privilege. The Chair has no to it unless it be modified so as to instruct the
Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and Means be objection to this conversational debate if the House committee to inquire into the propriety of re
requested to inquire into the expediency of reducing or has none. But if the point is made by any mem porting.
suspending the import duties upon printing paper; and that ber debate must be arrested.
Mr. COFFROTH. I will modify it in that they be, and are hereby, requested to report by bill or othMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I believe sense.
erwise at an early day. the gentlemån from Ohio did not object to the The resolution was accordingly modified; and
REPRESENTATIVE FROM NEVADA. resolution yesterday. I see so in the Globe. there being no objection, it was read, considered,
Mr. HIGBY stated that Mr. Henry G. WORMr. COX. That is it. I wish to correct that. and agreed to.
THINGTON, member-elect from the State of Ne