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occupied my mind." "I am not a fairy,” replied so simple and easy to be effected, is in reality very Napoleon, smiling in his turn, “but I am about the difficult, and only to be learned by constant pracperson of the Emperor, and he could, if he knew tice. them, realize your wishes." “ You are too good, The curved shell of metal buttons is prepared by sir," said the young man. “It is certain that the means of a stamping-press; but instead of a punch, Emperor could be the fairy that I wish for, for it all a curved polished surface is used. The workwodepends on him. During a journey that I'made for men employed to stamp the little bits of copper acmy instruction, I saw in France the gardens of Mal- quire such dexterity, that they frequently stamp maison, with its eleven bridges and Turkish Kios. iwelve gross in an hour, or nearly thirty in a mí. kes. The Emperor, I understand, has given this nute. This dexterity is truly wonderful, when it is charming place to Josephine-if a fairy were here, considered that each bit of copper is put into the die I would ask for nothing more than to be head gar- separately, to be stamped with a press moved by the dener to Josephine. You see how modest I am." hand, and finally removed from the die. The quick. "I will think of it,” says the Emperor, almost be- ness with which the hands and fingers must be traying his incognito," but do not despair of fairy moved to do 1728 in the hour must be very great. lore;' and afier some further conversation with the In type-founding, when the melted metal has been young botanist, Napoleon withdrew. He lett Brus-poured into the mould, the workman, by a peculiar sels on the morrow.
iurn of his hand, or rather jerk, causes the metal During the two months that followed this conver- to be shaken into all the minute interstices of the sation, the young gardener could scarcely think of mould. anything but the wand of a fairy and the place of In manufacturing imitative pearls, the glass bead head gardener, when one day he received a sealed forming the pearl has two holes in its exterior; the packet with the arms of the Empress Josephine liquid, made from a pearl-like powder, is inserted upon it; it contained his nomination to the post he into the hollow of the bead by a tube, and by a pe. had so much wished for; he hastened to the spot, culiar twist of the hand, the single drop introduced and was very soun introduced to the fairy of Lacken is caused to spread itself over the whole surface of --that man who forgot nothing, and in whom he cnly the interior, without any superfluity or deficiency recognized the Emperor, to express to him almost a being occasioned. species of adoration.
In waxing the corks of blacking-bottles much cleHe still occupied the place of first botanist at verness is displayed. The wax is melted in an Malmaison when the Empress Josephine died. open dish, and without brush, ladle, or other appliL'Imparlial.
ance, the workman waxes each cork neatly and ex
peditiously simply by turning the bottle upside The True LIFE.—The mere lapse of years is down, and dipping the cork into the melted wax, not life. To eat, and drink, and sleep; to be expos. Practice has enabied the men to do this so neatly, ed to darkness and the light; to pace around the mill that scarcely any wax is allowed to touch the bottle. of habit and turn the wheel of wealth; to make Again, to turn the bottle to its proper position, withreason our book-keeper, and turn thought into im-out spilling any of the wax, is apparently an explements of trade-this is not life. In all this, but ceedingly simple matter; but ii is only by a peculiar a poor fraction of the consciousness of humani. movement of the wrist and hand, impossible to de. ty is awakened, and the sanctities still slumber scribe, and difficult to imitate, that it is properly efwhich make it most worth while to be. Know- fected. One man can scal one hundred dozen in an ledge, truih, love, beauty, goodness, faith alone can hour! give vitality to the mechanism of existence. The In pasting and affixing the labels on the blackinglaugh of mirth, which vibrates through the heart; bottles much dexterity is also displayed. As one the tears, which freshen the dry wastes within; the man can paste as many labels as two can affx, music, that brings childhood back; the prayer, that groups of ihree are employed in this departmeni. calls the future near; the doubt, which makes us In pasting, the dexterity is shown by the final touch meditate; the death, which stariles us with mys of the brush, which jerks the label off the heap, and tery; the hardship, that forces us tv struggle; ihe which is caught in th: left hand of the workman, anxiety, that ends in trust—these are the true nou- and laid aside. This is done so rapidly, that the rishment of our natural being.
threefold operation of pasting, jerking, and laying
aside is repeated no less than two thousand times INSTANCES OF MANUAL DEXTERITY IN MANUFAC-in an hour. The affixing of the labels is a very TURES.- The body' of a hat (beaver) is generally neat and dexterous operation; to the watchful specmade of one part of red' wool, three parts Saxony, ta'or the bottle is scarcely taken up in the band'ere and eight paris rabbits' fur. The mixing or working it is set down labelled. In packing ibe boules up of these materials is an operation which depends into casks much neatness is displayed. very much on the dexterity of the workman, and The heads of certain kinds of pins are formed by years of long practice are required to render a man a coil or two of fine wire placed at one end. This proficient. The wooi and fur are laid on a bench, is cut off from a long coil fixed in a lathe ; the first separately, and then together. The workman workinan cuts off one or two turns of the coil, guidtakes a machine somewhat like a large violin how; ed entirely by his eye; and such is the manual dexthis is suspended from the ceiling by the middle, a terity displayed in the operation, that a workman few inches above the bench. I'he workman, by will cut off 20,000 or 30,000 heads without making means of a small piece of wood, causes the end of a single mistake as to the number of turns in each. his bow' to vibrate quickly against the particles of an expert workman can fasten on from 10,000 to wool and fur. This operation, continued for some 15,000 of these heads in a day. time, effectually opens the clotted masses, and lays The reader will frequently have seen the papers open all the fibres: these flying upwards by the in which pins are stuck for ihe convenience of sale: action of the string, are, by the manual and won children can paper from 30,000 to 40,000 in a day, derful dexterity of the workman, caught in their de-although each pin involves a separate and distinci scent in a peculiar manner, and laid in a soft layer operation ! of equable thickness. This operation, apparently The pointing of pins and needles is done solely by hand. The workman holds thirty or forty pin. Navy List: "Midshipman of the Imperieuse, in colengths in his hand, spread out like a fan; and operation with Patriots, on the coast of Catalonia, wonderful dexterity is shown in bringing each part under Lord Cochrane; served in the attack on the to the stone, and presenting every point of its cir- French fleet in Aix Roads, and in the Walcheren cumference to its grinding action.
Expedition in 1809; Lieutenant of the Newcastle, In stamping the grooves in the heads of needles, and in her barge cut out four vessels from Boston the operative can finish 8000 needles in an hour, al- Bay, 1814; commanded the Larne in the Burmese though he has to adjust each separate wire at every war, being part of the time senior officer. Gazetted blow. In punching the eye-holes of needles by 1808.” By his death a good service pension falls hand, children, who are the operators, acquire such into the gift of the Admiralty. dexterity, as to be able to punch one human hair and thread it with another, for the amusement of
THE CONDITION OF THE SERFs Of Russia.-The visitors!
Russians attempt to prove that the condition of their In finally "papering ” needles for sale, the fe- serfs is enviable compared to that of the peasants in males employed can count and paper 3000 in an other countries. It is a miserable deception. In the hour!
distant and sequestered departments thousands of
families pass through all the horrors of starvation, SINGULAR Lawsuit.- A case has recently come and perish from misery and the effects of brutality. before the English House of Lords, as a Court of Human nature suffers universally in Russia ; but dernier resort, which involves some interesting ques. the men, who form the staple of the soil, have the tions. In 1843, Alexander McCarthy died at Cork, hardest lot. It is in vain io contend that they are Ireland, leaving an estate of £100,000 to be divided entitled to the necessaries of life, when they have among his children according to the statute, he hav- not the power to enforce the fulfilment of this privj. ing made no valid will. Prior to his death two lege. The truth is stifled under the fallacious, daughters, Maria and Catherine, became nuns of though specious, axiom, that it is to the interest of a the order of St. Ursula at Blackrock, having re
master to provide for his creatures : but it is not ceived portions of £1000, which went, of course, to every man who understands and appreciates his inthe Convent. A son of Mr. McCarthy took out
terest. In other societies, and among other people, letters of administration, and divided the estate the bad economist ruins himself, and the evil ex among the children, excluding, however, the nuns; tends no farther ; but here, as human life constitutes whereupon the Conveni put in a claim for the the wealth of an individual, whole villages and can. shares of the two sisters, an assignment having tons fall victims to the improvidence and recklessbeen obtained of their interest. There was con
ness of their owner. It is true that the government siderable evidence to show that the £1000 received steps in and applies a remedy for these evils, by by the nuns was regarded by them and by their placing the estates in trust, when it is aware of the father, in full of all claims on his estate ; and that mischief; but this tardy relief cannot restore the they did not wish their brothers and sisters to be dead. Picture to yourself the mass of unknown disiurbed by the Convent. On the contrary, it was sufferings and iniquities produced by such customs, proved that the assignment was made with extreme under such a governmeni and in such a climate reluctance, and only in consequence of "the vow
The despotism of these landlords is more aggravated of obedience.” Maria, indeed, is said to have de- than that of the Emperor himself; because, from clared that she signed the deed with the greatest being withdrawn from the public eye, it is not conpain;" that she cried all night long” after doing trolled by the fear of public opinion. -Life in Russia, 50; that she had “no free will of her own;" that by E. P. Thompson. her act was "like the act of a dead person;" and
Person AL APPEARANCE AND HABITS OF THE POPE. that “the operation of her vow was like the presen; I had the honor of two interviews with Pius IX.: the tation of a pistol by a highwamyan!" Catherine said first as a member of the committee appointed for the that “ a pen might as well have been put into the humane purpose already mentioned; the second with hands of a corpse as into hers, when she signed the a private party. I believe the committee was the deed!” A bill in equily was filed in the name of first body of Englishmen who waited on the Pope; the two Superiors of the Convent and Maria and certainly, as Mr. Harford spoke his sensible McCarthy. The Lord Chancellor of Ireland re-address, his Holiness seemed highly pleased and affused to grant the prayer of the bill; but, at the fecied. His manner is frank and even simple. same time, offered ihe petitioners a trial at law, There is not the slightest tincture of pride or statelifor the purpose of testing the “ free will of Maria and Caiherine in signing the deed of assignment. fellow men, uilers like a man of sense what he real
ness in his deportment. Pius IX., addressing his The petitioners, however, declined this offer, and ly at the moment thinks and feels. There was no took an appeal to the House of Lords. Before this written reply, couched in terms of cold formality to tribunal the case turned 'upon a point which did what was kindly said, but a cordial, spontaneous exnot involve the merits. The law Lords were clear pression of feeling, outspoken at the moment. The that there was a misjoinder of parties. As the two Pope said something courteous to several individual Superiors claimed all the interest of Maria. by as members presented to him : hearing I was a lawyer, signment, it was held that she should not have he remarked that an English advocate had lately been made a party. Lord Campbell intimated, sent him a book on legislation, which he was sure however, that there was a very grave question in-contained much which would be desirable for him to volved, viz., whether a person by joining a religious know, but, unfortunately, being unacquainted with order in Great Britain, now a non-Catholic country; the language, he could not read it,-a very sensible did not suffer a disqualification, and abandon all but unkingly observation. Common kings never right to the enjoyment of property.
admit their ignorance of anything. Dull pomposity
is not congenial to the disposition of Pius IX. His Death of Capt. MarryaT.-Captain Marryat, manner was, however, a little unsteady. He is not C. B. the celebrated nautical novelist
, died at his what some would call dignified : he appeared as if soat, Langham, Norfolk, aged 56. His services in his royalty sat awkwardly upon him; in appearance the Navy are thus recorded by Allen, in the Nero very unlike the portraits of Pius VI.
Memoir of William Ellery Channing, with Extracts from his Correspondence and
Manuscripts : in 3 vols. London. J. Chapman, 1848. [The “Prospective Review” is the Organ of the Unita- | the volumes at length. They are the prorian Denomination in England. -Ed.]
duction of one who has evidently obtained a
clear perception of the image he undertakes It is to be regretted that these volumes have to present; and who has taken conscientious not appeared, till the expectation directed and elaborate pains to render it distinct to towards them has almost expired by mere bis readers. His success is unquestionable. lapse of time. The impatient curiosity for Perhaps it might have been obtained upon some immediate memorial of the great and easier terms. A lighter and freer hand good, on their removal from this world, might have adequately sketched a portrait, often presses hard on their biographer, and whose outlines in themselves are singularly demands from him a haste, by which, were expressive; and which preserves an identity it conceded, literature would permanently not to be mistaken, in h-wever many lights suffer. In the present instance, however, you place it. The memoir accomplishes its the author's claim for time appears to have purpose, partly by narrative, following the been inordinate. Neither in the materials common order of time; partly by analysis, themselves, nor in his treatment of them, resolving the life of Dr. Channing into its is there anything to explain a five years' several functions, and separately describing delay. The few facts which mark, at long him in his domestic, ministerial, and social intervals, the course of Dr. Channing's un- capacities ; partly by citation from his paeventful ilfe, were too recent and patent to pers, arranged not only in each of these two require research for their collection. The orders, but sometimes according to a method manuscripts, from which copious extracts altogether abstract and impersonal, so as to are given, appear to have presented no ar-exhibit his thoughts on Religion, Human duous problems of revision, and to have Nature, Christianity and Society. So comneeded only the labor of the scissors. The plicated an apparatus is thrown away in the correspondence is of so reflective a charac- exhibition of a character peculiarly simple, ter, so prevailingly engaged with sentiments an experience free from vicissitude, and an rather than with persons, that the task of intellect bu: little versatile. Dr. Chanselection must have been unusually free from ning's writings are, to a singular degree, delicate perplexities. However, here are the expression, in a dogmatic or expository Vol. XV. No. III.