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rule which Mr. Speaker ought to enforce without | to operate with; an easy dupe with excitable temwaiting for any suggestion, only he and his prede- perament, and inborn pugnacity. All these fit him cessors have been too goodnatured to erring mem- for being made a very dangerous tool by any vagabers, and too deferential to the "feeling of the bond who will take the trouble. Beyond a certain house” in favor of license; and that members them- extent you cannot humbug John Bull; but Pat will selves should revise their own eloquence with a listen year after year to the same story. Misguided view to greater selectness and condensation. from a child; filled with idle fallacies of imaginary
Finally, the Committee expresses this weighty oppression; kept in eternal agitation, one day, by opinion
some unwashed demagogue, the next, by a firebrand “That the satisfactory conduct and priest; the natural tie that should bind landlord and progress of the business of the house must mainly dependent broken; men of property and position, for depend upon her Majesty's Government; holding, self-protection, rendered absentees; no manufactures, as they do, the chief control over its management. bad tillage, and an increasing population-all tend They believe that, by the careful preparation of to render Ireland—we use the general term-with measures, their early introduction, the judicious all its great national advantages, the most wretched distribution of business between the two houses, and country upon the earth.” the order and method with which measures are conducted, the Government can contribute in an essen. THE INJURIOUS Effects OF INTEMPERANCE.—Mr. tial degree to the easy and convenient conduct of Passmore Edwards stated, in a lecture on Temperbusiness."
ance, at Evesham, a few nights since, over which Most true. It seems impossible that either mem- the Mayor presided, that there were upwards of bers or ministers can neglect counsel so reasonable, £60,000,000 spent every year in Great Britain in so modestly but firmly and distinctly expressed, and intoxicating liquors, and nearly £6,000,000 in toemanating from so high authority: the obvious re- bacco and snutt. Since the commencement of the sponsibility, the disgrace of such neglect, would be railway enterprise, we had expended upwards of too great io be braved. This Committee therefore, £150,000,000 in establishing railways, and upwards we say, has begun an important and beneficial of £1,000,000,000 in alcoholic drinks, tobacco and reform.
snuff. Supposing every mile of railway to cost
£20,000, we, as a nation, had expended sufficient TALKING POWERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. money in such injurious drinks as would send a The speeches delivered from the 230 Nov. to the 9th railway 24,000 miles, or around the great globe itJane (inclusive) fill no less than 6,420 columns of self.” He also stated that, in 1847, there were Hansard, measuring about 1,432 yards, or nearly 10,000,000 of quarters of grain destroyed in the one mile of speeches. The aggregate speeches of manufacture of such drinks. This was food enough, the session cannot have added less than a mile and at least, to have fed 5,000,000 of human beings, and a half to the oral eloquence of England. Whatever this took place while men were falling down and defects may be attributed to Parliament, its capacity dying of want in Ireland! The potato disease, last for talking cannot be denied.—Daily News. year, did not take away half as much food as the
drinking system did. Besides the potato disease The Irish PEASANTRY.--The extravagant adula- merely rotted the potato, but intemperance rots the tion and the equally extravagant vituperation that man! There could not be less than 500,000 drunkhave been heaped on the Irish peasantry, deserves ards in the United Kingdom, and it was pretty evi. censure. There is much truth, mixed however with dent that at least 30,000 of them died annually. It no small exaggeration, in Mr. Maxwell's portraiture was stated by an excellent authority, that Warring. of that body. * Countries have their peculiarities ton, with a population of 21,000, had more than of character, and there are no three people on the 1,000 drunkards, and that in one street there were earth who will stand blarney to a tithe of the extent known to be forty drunken women. to which the French, Irish, and Americans will take it in. You need not apply it with a hair pencil, but Zoological CURIOSITY.-The Presse gives the Aling it on fearlessly with a shovel. The Frenchman following account of a young ourang-outang, which is vain-glorious and polite; the Yankee believes he has just arrived in France, and been added to the has gone slick a-head of the residue of creation; but collection in the Jardin des Plantes. The animal an Irish bog-trotter will stand the dose stronger than is only six months old, but presents in appearance both together. He knows his right hand is not his the aspect of a serious and meditative child of three leti--and on the strength of that intelligence, if you years of age. He makes none of those jerking tell him of all the peasantry that heaven has created movements, or contortions of countenance, which he is the picked specimen, he will swallow it as are so characteristic of the “ape" species; nor is easily as he would an oath or a new potato. His that absence of sustained attention, so common to qualities are innate, and his religion and want of monkeys, in any way remarkable. He is calmeducation equally repress their development. Launch nay almost affectionate, and gives the keepers that an Irishman on the world, let him rub skirts with pass by his cage the most hearty shakes of the hand, civilized communities, the lesson will not be lost; with the same air of semi-solemnity that would be in time he will shuffle off his slough, and rapidly be assumed by an old Arab. His diet is very recherché, come a valuable member of society. He neither consisting of chocola:e, roast-meat, wine, and even wants natural talent nor energy to employ it-all he liqueurs. lacks is opportunity. An Irishman to early super As he comes from a very hot climate, the greatest stition adds unbounded credulity. Tell him a cock- precautions are adopted for the exclusion of cold, and-bull story of a ghost, or assure him that he is the and the little creature is accordingly put into bed worst-used being upon earth, and he will swear to with a large cat and a very shaggy dog, all three the truth of both. Under the latter belief, the low animals being covered up with a thick mantle of Irishman labors through life; and the fruits of his wool. During the day the ourang.outang is clothed ignorance, idleness, and their consequent wretched in a red blouse, after the fashion of the “Greek” ness and misery, are all ascribed to Sassenach op- design of the curtains of the empire, and white pression. Of course, he is a ready tool for any rogue pantaloons.
PROPOSED ALTERATION OF THE PRAYER Book.- to preach the Gospel, and that several converts from The London correspondent of !he O.xford Herold Popery have already testified to the blessing attend. divulges " rumors in well-informed quarters" of "a ing the reading of the Scriptures and the preaching design which may well make faithful Churchmen of the word. In Italy, too, there is a growing detremble; being nothing less than the issuing of a mand for the Bible. Very recently we learn from a Royal Commission to certain select parties to revise correspondent in the Mediterranean, that an applicathe Liturgy. The object is to make some of its ex- tion was made on behalf of Sicily for 2,000 Bibles pressions, if not its doctrines also, more agreeable to at the depôt of the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Calvinistic predilections of those who style them- and shortly after another demand followed for 5,000. selves the Evangelical clergy." “ The parts lo be It is to be lamented that neither at the British and omitted, and those to be appended, are to be respect- Foreign, nor at the Christian Knowledge Society's ively placed in brackets, so that they can be dealt depôt were there Bibles to supply those demands. with as each clergyman thinks proper. It is under-We hope, therefore, that no time will be lost in stood that the Archbishop of Canterbury not only sending out an adequate supply by the steamers.acquiesces with the Premier in the propriety of the Record. proceeding, but will himself engage in it. The Act of Uniformity, which at present stands in the way
COLLEGES OF THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY.-A of any departure from ihe order of the Book of of; and it is believed that Lord John is quite pre-constitute the Cambridge University. Common Prayer, will of course bave to be got rid Correspondent of the Morning Star gives the follow
ing history of the different colleges, which together pared to repeal it. A vigorous effort will be made to get the matter referred to Convocation before any lady Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby,
St. John's College. This college was founded by step should be taken to carry the object of the Pre- and the inother of Henry VII. The building was mier's Commission into practical etlect.”
commenced in the year 1511. It is 228 feet long,
and 216 feet wide. The second court was not built GENEROSITY OF JENNY LIND.—This gifted lady till sometime afterwards, and is 270 feet by 240; and has shown her deep and earnest sympathy for suf- the third court is smaller, and was built by Charles fering humanity, by giving, entirely at her own sug- II. On the opposite side of the way is All Saints' gestion and expense, a concert, in aid of the funds Church, where lie interred the remains of Henry of the Hospital for Consumption and Diseases of the Kirk White, who died at St. John's College, Oct. Chest. The sum realized amounted to nearly 19, 1806. At the west end is a monument, which .£2,000, which, the concert being entirely free from was erected by Mr. Boot, an American gentleman, all ordinary charges, will be devoted to the purpose who was a great admirer of his poetry. of building a new wing to the hospital. The enter Trinity College. This college was founded by tainment took place in the concert-room of Her Henry VIII., and from it some of the most emiMajesty's theatre, which was crowded to excess; nent 'men of the world have proceeded, amongst high prices having been refused for even standing, whom were Sir Isaac Newton, whose observatory. room ; and elicited from an audience, composed of formerly stood above the gateway; the Earl of Esthe great and noble of the land, the warmest sym- sex, Sir Edward Coke, Bacon, Donne, Cotton, Geo. pathy and applause. Miss Lind deserves to be an Herbert, Cowley, Isaac Barrow, Nathaniel Lee, English woman. The record of her noble generosity John Dryden, Roger Coats, Lord Byrou and others, will outlive the present generation, but will be pre- the most of whose busts or pedestals are arranged in served in the memories of those who come after us the library room. The hall is surpassed by few to the benefit of thousands. In our humble capacity buildings in the kingdom, measuring 102 feet in we tender her, and her warm-hearted coadjutors in length, 40 feet in breadth, and 56 feet in height. this good work, our deep, sincere, and earnest thanks. Gorville and Caius College. This college was
founded by Edmund Gorville, Rector of Ferrington, Political Liberty FAVORABLE TO Religious IN. in 1348. In 1557, it was much enlarged by Dr. STRUCTION.—There is one circumstance connected Caius, physician to Queen Mary, and who built with the late revolutionary events in Italy and three singular gates. The first gate, through which Sicily, which must be hailed with joy by every sip- the student is supposed to enter, has the Latin word cere Christian. We allude to the wide and we "humilitatis," written over the top; the next has should hope effectual door, which has been opened “ virtutis," over it, and leads to the chapel; and the for the circulation of the Scriptures and the procla- third has “honoris," on it, and leads to the senate mation of the everlasting Gospel. The diminution house, where the degrees are conferred. of Papal power, and the shaking of the thrones King's College. Some parts of these magnificent and potentales of Europe, now furnish an opportu. buildings were begun by Henry VI., but was not nity never before enjoyed of preaching the Gospel wholly finished till Henry the VIII. On entering and circulating the Bible, not only in France and the area, the majesty of the chapel, which forms the Germany, but in Italy itself. In the extracts of cor-northern part of the quadrangle, appears in all its respondence, published by the British and Foreign, glory: The eye embraces its vast length, height and and also by the Scottish Bible Societies the most grandeur with one view. It is decidedly one of the gratifying proofs are given of the opportunities now first buildings in the kingdom. The length, from afforded for promoting the kingdom of our Lord on east to west, is, on the outside, 316 feet. Its breadth the Continent. The renewed power of the Jesuits, from north to south, is 84 feet, and its height, from which had been operating most prejudicially in the ground to the top of the battlements, is 90 feet, France has been checked, and colporteurs and and the height to the top of either of the corner towers, preachers are enabled without molestation to circu- is 146 feet. When you enter you are completely late their Bibles and proclaim the Gospel. The overwhelmed, as its entire length, nearly 300 feet, as letters of MM. Presensee and Roussell are in these well as its breadth, bursts upon your view in all its respects most satisfactory. On the other hand, let- beauty. The roof is arched of stone, worked into ters from Germany, and particularly from the agent flowers and other devices, seeming to hang in the air of the Edinburgh Bible Society, Mr. Oncken, in- without a single pillar to support it. The floor is comform us, that even in Austria he has been enabled, Iposed of black and white marble. Twenty-five win.
; 1794 » 1803
dows, each fifty feet high, gorgeously adorned with In 1771 we find..
198,000 painted glass, shed a rich' lustre over the whole in
313,000 ierior. Though this magnificent structure was be.
508.000 gun by Henry VI., it was not finished till the
And at present it numbers. 1,006,000 reign of Henry VIII.
But we will find that in the event of war a very Corpus Christi College. This college was found small portion of this force is disposable. From the ed by two Cambridge Guilds, in 1352, and formerly grand total we may deductconsisted of the old court and chapel. The front
1,006,000 and best part of the buildings was not erected till Sick and invalids..... 113,000 1823, by William Wilkins, Esq.
Establishment of Emperor.. 148,000 Queen's College. This college was founded in Servants
92,000 1448, by Margaret of Anjou.
353,000 Pembroke College. This was founded in 1324, by Mary, wife of the Earl of Pembroke. This college
653,000 has produced many eminent men. Ridley, the mar Again, from this amount an immense deduction lyr, was its master, and here were educated among must be made of troops on particular service, who others, Edmund Spenser, Archbishop Whitgift, cannot be removed. To guard the Austrian boundHarvey the poet, and William Pitt, The Queen is ary, an extent of five hundred miles, requires a convisitor.
siderable force; while the line from Kazan to Kam. St. Peter's College. This college was founded in schatka is still larger. Again, the newly-acquired 1284, by Hugh de Balsham, Bishop of Ely.
Downing College. This college was founded by they would soon be free from servitude under the RusSir G. Downing in 1807.
sian eagle; and, as in the case of the Circassians, a Emanuel College. This college was founded in still more powerful force is necessary to carry on 1581, by Sir Walter Mildmay.
All these diminish the million very conChrist College. This college appears to have been siderably; and they may be summed up under the founded by Henry VI. It is celebrated as the following heads-place where the immortal Milton received his edu
653,000 cation. In the garden is an oli mulberry tree, which Corps of Caucasus..
80,000 that illustrious man planted with his own band.
Siberia and Orenberg 21,000 One side of the tree has much decayed, and is patch
25,000 ed all over with lead, and under the heavy branches
40,000 of the opposite side are placed four large posts, to Military Colonies..
60,000 keep them from breaking. The tree is much honor Cordon Militaire, to collect ed by the students.
6,000 Sidney Sussex Collcge. This college was founded One-third of Cossack hordes in 1596, by Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex.
that remain in province.. 40,000 Jesus College. This college was founded by John Garrisons
80,000 Alcock, Bishop of Ely, 1499. This gentleman took Interior Guard.
120,000 a most singular way of perpetuating his name, by
472,000 covering the buildings without and within with the images of cocks, thus making a play upon his own
From this again, in case of war with Austria, Magdalene College. This college was founded 100,000 must be kept to guard the frontier : and about the year 1483. This completes the list of col- thus we find the colossal Russian army is reduced leges in Cambridge.
to 81,000 effective disposable troops. - Alkinson's The University Library. This is a large and Pictures from the North. valuable collection of books, both ancient and modern. The library possesses the same privilege as the British Museum, Bodleian Library at Oxford,
WORKING OF THE POST-OFFICE.-The general the Library of the Faculties at Edinburgh, and Trini: penny postage came into operation on the 10th Jaty College Library at Dublin, of being entitled to a
nuary 1810. The gross revenue of the Post-office copy of every book published in Great Britain. tor the year ending the 5th of January 1840 (the Amongst the Manuscripts, which are fewer and in: highest year of any) was 2,390,7631.; iis nett reve. ferior to those of Oxford, is a fine copy of the Pen-nue, 1,633,7641. The same items for the following tateuch, beautifully written on red goal-skin, obtain. year were 1,359,466.; and 500,7891. ; so that the ed from the black Jews in India, by Dr. Buchanan. gross revenue fell nearly one half, and the nett re
venue more than two-thirds. The same items for
the year ending on the 5th January last were 2,181, The Russian Army.- The army is certainly co- 0161. and 984,9961.; so that the gross revenue of lossal in numbers,-upwards of a million fighting | 1839-40 has been overtaken within about a 230 part men are nominally enrolled under its banners : but -a halfpenny in every shilling-of its highest forwhen we examine closely this immense force, we
The nett income has doubled since discover that the effective nature of it is by no means 1841, but it is still only about 128. in the pound of so formidable. It is wonderful to think, however, the nett income of 1839–40. This last circumstance that in so few short years such a fine army has is a consequence of the increased annual “cost of sprung from the rabble that composed its ranks when management;" which, with the immense increase Peter's thousands were routed by the hundreds of of public accommodation, has risen from 756,999. Charles XII. It appears that it mustered in 1656 in the year 1839-40 to 1,633,7641. in the year ending but 9,000 men, and has increased progressively as on the 5th January last. The letters conveyed have follows
increased from about a million and a half in 1839-40, In 1696 we find.
30,000 to six millions and a half in 1847–8. The money. 1707
60,000 orders increased from 40,763, for a total sum
149,000 of 67,4111., in 1839-40, to 881,552, for a total sum of 1750
164,000 1,782,6051., in 1847–8.- Post-Office Returns.