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No one sought him, no one knew him,
Undistinguished was his name;
Never had his praise been uttered
By the oracles of fame.
Scanty fare and decent raiment,
Humble lodging, and a fire-
These he sought for,
These he wrought for,
And he gained his meek desire;
Teaching men by written word-
Clinging to a hope deferred.

So he lived. At length I missed him,
Still might evening twilight fall,

But no taper lit his lattice

Lay no shadow on his wall.

In the winter of his seasons,

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Each at the dawn uprears its silver chalice,
When day-spring ushers in the dewy morn-
Gems that make bright the sweet sequestered valleys,
Day-stars that mead and mountain glen adorn!
God said "Let there be light!" and lo, creation
Shone forth with smiles emparadised and fair,
Then man had Eden for a habitation,

And ye, bright children of the spring, were there!

Ye came to bless the eye when sin had clouded
The glorious earth with ruin pale and wan;
Ye came to cheer the heart when sin had shrouded
With peril dark and dread the fate of man!
Ye came to whisper with your living beauty
A lesson to the hearts that doubting stray;

To win the spirit to a trusting duty,

And guide the wanderer's steps in wisdom's way!

What though your accents, gentle, sweet, and lowly,
Unto the silent ear no sound impart?
Ye whisper words all eloquent and holy,
To wake the finer feelings of the heart!
Meekly ye tell your emblematic story

Of the Creator's love with pathos true,
For Solomon, with all his pomp and glory,
Was ne'er arrayed like any one of you!

Ay, ye have lessons for the wise, revealing
Truths that proclaim Jehovah's bounteous love;
And wisdom then grows wiser, nobler, feeling
How all that's good descendeth from above!
Ye touch the thoughtful soul with pure emotion,
When contemplation doth your beauties scan;
Ye fill the heart with calm, serene devotion,
And breathe a moral unto erring man!


MODE OF EXTINGUISHING FIRES AT SEA.-The following letter has been addressed by Dr. Reid to a daily morning paper:

As the danger from fire at sea is attended with so many appalling circumstances (of which we have had a recent instance in the melancholy catastrophe of the Ocean Monarch), I beg to submit for the public consideration, and especially underwriters, the following plan, as a cheap, simple, and efficient method of preventing the occurrence of such accidents. Flame or combustion cannot go on where there is carbonic acid gas. This is one of the elementary principles of chemistry. It may be shown in various ways. A lighted taper plunged into a jar of carbonic acid gas is instantaneously extinguished; or if we take the glass of a common argand burner, and close the upper end of it by a flat plate of glass or even by a piece of card or pasteboard, firmly, so completely as to prevent any current of air through the tube, on introducing for about an inch or so the flame of a candle at the other extremity (the glass of the argand burner being held upright), it will shortly, usually in the space of little more than a minute, be extinguished, merely by the accumulation of the carbonic acid gas produced by its own combustion. The production of carbonic acid gas completely at our command, for on adding dilute sulphuric acid to chalk, we can set at liberty, in the space of two or three minutes, enormous volumes of the so-called fixed air. The cost of material for a ship of 1,000 tons would not exceed, at the utmost, 157. or 201. sterling. By means of tubes proceeding from the upper deck in connexion with a cistern, containing the dilute sulphuric acid, to the quarters below where there is most likelihood of danger from fire, or moveable hose (made of gutta percha), which can be introduced into any part of the vessel-the oil of vitriol, previously diluted with water, can be at once poured over the chalk (which is to be thrown down in the place where the fire rages), and immediately the carbonic acid being set at liberty, the fire is extinguished; for combustion cannot go on in an atmosphere of carbonic acid gas. I have been much occupied experimenting on this subject, and find that from five tons of chalk as much carbonic acid gas may be obtained as will be sufficient to completely fill a vessel of 1,000 tons burden. The expense of laying the tubes will not exceed 301. or 407.; and, once laid, there is no further trouble or expense. may observe also (but experiments are at variance on this subject) that it is not requisite to have an atmosphere absolutely consisting of carbonic acid gas to extinguish flame, for some experiments show that a taper does not burn in an atmosphere of three

parts atmospheric air and one part carbonic acid gas. Lightning conductors are provided for shipssurgeons also to take care of the health of the crewassuredly no expense (and it is but a trifle) would be grudged to secure a ship and its passengers from the contingency of such a melancholy mishap as that of fire. If this method will do-and there seems to be everything in its favor-all our emigrant ships, indeed every ship, ought to be secured against a calamity which really must be held as the most dreadful that can occur to a vessel at sea.

THOMAS CARLYLE ON EDUCATION.-The following letter has been received from Mr. Carlyle, in reply to a communication made to him by the secretary of the Lancashire Public School Association, calling his attention to the objects and proceedings of that body, and requesting an expression of his opinion on the educational views embodied in the "Plan" published by the society:-Sir, I have received your letter, with the printed documents concerning the Lancashire Public School Association; all of which papers I have read with satisfaction. Accept my thanks for your civilities; and allow me to say in return that nobody can wish your enterprize more heartily than I a speedy and perfect success. Speedy or not, 1 believe success in such an enterprize, if wisely prosecuted, is certain; for the object is great, simple, and legitimate, at once feasible and of prime necessity; and will gradually vindicate that character for itself to every just mind, however prepossessed; so that there needs only candid exposition and discussion,-true zeal for the intrinsic result, and openness for every improvement as to the means,-to enlist all good citizens in its favor, and bring at length the whole public to cooperate with you.

Suely in all times, in all places where men are, it is the sacred, indefeasible duty, imposed by heaven itself and the oldest laws of Nature, that they who have knowledge shall seek honestly to impart it to those who have not! No man, no generation of men, has a right to pass through this world, and leave their successors in a state of ignorance which could have been avoided. No generation :-and if many generations among us English have already too much done so, it is the sadder case for England now, and the more pressing is the call for this generation of Englishmen. In all times and places it is man's solemn duty, whether done or not;-and if in any time or place, I should say it was in Lancashire, in England, in these years that are now passing over us! Years swiftly rolling, laden with rapid events, overturnings, and frightful catastrophes

-admonishing all men that human darkness issues finally in human ruin; that want of wisdom does at last mean want of power to exist on this earth, where, as it has been said, "If you will not have illumination from above, you shall have conflagration from below, and whoever refuses light will get it in the form of lightning one day!"

consent to any means, and follow any man. Thus, with a general desire to be upright, the exigency of his party pushes constantly to dishonorable deeds. He opposes fraud by craft; lie by lie; slander by counter-aspersion. To be sure it is wrong to misstate, to distort, to suppress, or color facts; it is wrong to employ the evil passions; to set class True, the mere schoolmaster is a small element against class; the poor against the rich, the country of such "illumination;" but we are never to forget against the city, the farmer against the mechanic, that he is the first element, the indispensable pre- one section against another section. But his oppoliminary of all others. Let us have the schoolmas-nents do it, and if they will take advantage of men's ter; we shall then be the readier to try for some-corruption, he must, or lose by his virtue. He grathing more. No truth that he or another can teach us but is supported and confirmed by all truths. To nothing but error is or can any truth be dangerous. Who would obstruct, who would not cordially forward, a human being imparting to another any increase of real faculty, any real initiation, speculative or practical, into this universe, and its facts and laws, provided he really do impart such, and restrict himself to doing it? To know the multiplication-thing for a party. As a man, he abhors the slimy table, is better than not to know it. If a man will teach another to make a pair of shoes, he will enlarge the faculty, the availability of that other,-the worth of that other to himself and to all creatures, and to the Maker of all creatures and of him. Teach one another; see that none who could learn go untaught, if you could help him: there is no more universal law.

That jealousy for constitutional liberty, still more that scruples of religion, should obstruct this sacred, everlasting duty, so pressingly important even now, is very sad. Above all, that that religion should be found standing on the highways to say, "Let men continue ignorant of reading and arithmetic, lest they learn heterodoxy in theology; let not men learn the simplest laws of this universe, lest they mislearn the highest,"-I know not where else there is seen so altogether tragical a spectacle!" In the name of God the Maker, who said, and hourly yet says, let there be light, we command that you continue in darkness!" Such a spectacle, I venture to think, will end; it ought decidedly to end, and that soon. If any portion of a man's creed, religious or constitutional, command him to stand in the way of arithmetic and the alphabet, let such portion of his creed become suspect to him!


dually adopts two characters, a personal and a poli-
tical character. All the requisitions of his conscience
he obeys in his private character; all the requisi-
tions of his party, he obeys in his political conduct.
In one character he is a man of principle; in the
other, a man of mere expedients. As a man, he
means to be veracious, honest, moral; as a politi-
cian, he is deceitful, cunning, unscrupulous,-any-
demagogue; as a politician, he employs him as a
scavenger. As a man, he shrinks from the flagi-
tiousness of slander; as a politician, he permits it,
smiles upon it in others, rejoices in the success
gained by it. As a man, he respects no one who is
rotten in heart; as a politician, no man through
whom victory may be gained can be too bad.
a citizen, he is an apostle of temperance; as a poli-
tician, he puts his shoulder under the men who
deluge their track with whiskey, marching a crew of
brawling patriots, pugnaciously drunk, to exercise
the freeman's noblest franchise-the VOTE. As a
citizen, he is considerate of the young, and counsels
them with admirable wisdom; then, as a politician,
he votes for tools, supporting for the magistracy wor-
shipful aspirants scraped from the ditch, the grog-
shop, and the brothel; thus saying by deeds which
the young are quick to understand: "I jested when
I warned you of bad company; for you perceive
none worse than those whom I delight to honor."
For his religion he will give up all his secular inte-
rests; but for his politics he gives up even his reli-
gion. He adores virtue, and rewards vice. Whilst
bolstering up unrighteous measures, and more un-
righteous men, he prays for the advancement of
religion, and justice, and honor. I would to God
that his prayer might be answered upon his own
political head; for never was there a place where
such blessings were more needed! I am puzzled to
know what will happen at death to this politic
Christian, but most unchristian politician.—People's

Of the details of your scheme I do not profess to judge, without more deliberation than is now possible; and indeed my eagerness to see any scheme whatever of national education adopted (for the worst I ever heard of is better than none) might render me liable to partiality in judging. But your two principles, first, that of popular support and local THE BETROTHED of Robert EMMETT.-We copied self-government (to which, in better days, a superior from a Dublin paper a statement headed "The Beand supreme national superintendency, the fit post trothed of Robert Emmett,"-giving an account of for the highest and noblest intellect we had among the death in Rome of a Miss Curran, who was us, might be superadded); and secondly, that of ex- therein stated to be no other than the heroine of cluding all religious teaching but what is unsec- Moore's popular song and Washington Irving's tarian! these clearly seem to me the only practicable touching tale. We stated at the time our disbelief; principles at this epoch;-an epoch which, more and our incredulity has received the following conthan any other, calls upon us to "practise" straight-firmation from an unknown correspondent, who way some principle or principles, and get a little education accomplished, if we would not fare worse before long! And therefore, with my whole heart, I bid you persevere and prosper,-Yours sincerely, T. CARLYLE.

H. R. FORREST, Esq., Sec., &c.

speaks, however, with authority:-"The Miss Curran whose death took place some little time back at Rome was the eldest daughter of the late Right Hon. J. R. Curran,―her name Amelia; the Miss Curran unhappily linked to the name of the unfortunate Mr. Emmett was the youngest daughter of Mr. Curran-her name Sarah,-afterwards marTHE PARTY MAN.-He has associated his ambi-ried to Major Sturgeon. She has been dead nearly tion, his interests, and his affections with a party. thirty years. I have not Washington Irving's book He prefers, doubtless, that his side should be victori- by me; but having read it some years ago, my imous by the best means, and under the championship pression remains that the statement was correct."of good men ; but rather than lose the victory, he will | Athenæum.

AN OPIUM DEBAUCH.-One of the objects at this the peasantry in England and Wales-or as much place that I had the curiosity to visit was the opium as would drain every year upwards of 4,000,000 smoker in his heaven; and certainly it is a most acres of land. Now, if this huge outlay be neces fearful sight, although perhaps not so degrading to sary to preserve our shores from being invaded, our the eyes as the drunkard from spirits, lowered to the towns destroyed, and our fertile fields ravaged, then level of the brute, and wallowing in his filth. The it cannot be called unproductive; on the contrary, idiot smile and death-like stupor, however, of the it would enter into all production, since all capital opium debauchee, has something far more awful to and labor would depend upon the security afforded the gaze than the bestiality of the latter. by our armaments for their safe employment. But every soldier not necessary for defence, and every ship of war more than is required for our security, are a pure waste and destruction of capital, yielding no return whatever.-Manchester Times.

The rooms where they sit and smoke are surrounded by wooden couches, with places for the head to rest upon, and generally a side room is devoted to gambling. The pipe is a reed of about an inch in diameter, and the aperture in the bowl for the admission of the opium is not larger than a pin's head. POETRY AND PANITING.-There are two good The drug is prepared with some kind of conserve, things in this world-a good speech and a good and a very small portion is sufficient to charge it, painting. It is difficult to say which is the better of one or two whiffs being the utmost that can be in- the two. In many respects they are similar. Both haled from a single pipe, and the smoke is taken into represent ideas. A true painting embodies the lofty the lungs as from the hookah in India. On a be- conceptions of the artist. The work of the true artist ginner one or two pipes will have an effect, but an must have meaning. It must be the result, not of old stager will continue smoking for hours. At the mechanical skill alone, but also of mental workings. head of each couch is placed a small lamp, as fire The artistical blending of the colors must be accommust be held to the drug during the process of in-plished according to an ideal image. It must be the haling; and, from the difficulty of filling and pro- outward manifestation of an outward thought. The perly lighting the pipe, there is generally a person painter must be, not the servile copyist of external who waits upon the smoker to perform the office. A nature, but the sketcher of his own vivid conceptions. few days of this fearful luxury, when taken to ex- So it is with a true speech. That, as well as a paintcess, will give a pallid and haggard look to the face; ing, must embody thought. The orator must accomand a few months, or even weeks, will change the plish the same that the painter accomplishes-the strong and healthy man into little better than an presentment of original conceptions. He must idiot or skeleton. The pain they suffer when de-bring out the inner thoughts in bold relief and beauprived of the drug after long habit, no language tiful harmony. To do this he uses words as the can explain; and it is only when under its influence that their faculties are alive.

In the houses devoted to their ruin, these infatuated people may be seen at nine o'clock in the evening in all the different stages, some entering half distracted, to feed the craving appetite they had been obliged to subdue during the day; others laughing and talking wildly under the effects of a first pipe while the couches around are filled with their different occupants, languid, with an idiotic smile upon their countenance, too much under the influence of the drug to care for passing events, and fast merging

to the wished-for consummation.

The last scene in this tragic play is generally a room in the rear of the building, a species of dead house, where lie stretched those who have passed into the state of bliss the opium smoker madly seeks-an emblem of the long sleep to which he is blindly hurrying.-Six Months in China, by Lord Jocelyn.

painter uses oils. He must be an adept in wordpainting. Then again, both the orator and painter must have not only the original thought as the source of their work; but also the artistical skill necessary to its representation. To do this the painter labors with his paints, mixing and analyzing them. He faithfully uses the brush in properly distributing them. The orator studies his mother-tongue; unites and analyzes words. Hence both require practice, and long, unremitted, toilsome practice. Both, too, though not servile copyists of nature, must be true to nature. To attain this end the painter studies forms in the natural world, the orator forms of language. The painter studies the human face and personthe orator studies the human heart. Both, too, must be good men. He is the true orator or painter who moves and satisfies man's nature: who stirs to its deepest depths the soul of man. But how can he who has not cultivated his own religious nature, develop it-come to know it; how can he find the spring of its movement in others? How can he touch the THE MILITARY AND NAVAL EXPENDITURES OF chord in another's breast who has never felt the ENGLAND.-HOW few people ever realize in their vibrations of his own? Moreover, it is only when own minds what is the meaning of a sum of money the religious part of man's nature governs and such as 18,500,000l. a year, spent for the support of moulds the other parts, that the whole being attains a warlike establishment. It was well observed by its highest perfection. Thus do the imagination Mr. Henry Drummond, that such sums convey no and the intellect depend upon this higher part, the more idea ordinarily of what is meant than astrono- religious nature. And the orator or painter who mers do when they speak of the distance of this would attain the highest development of intellect or planet from the sun. The best way of impressing imagination, must reach it in the only way presented it on people's minds is by comparing it with some- in the wonderful constitution of the soul. Both move thing that they come in contact with in ordinary the feelings. How many there are who can testify life. A Manchester man will understand us to the effect upon their soul of a genuine painting! when we say that the above sum would pay for all the buildings in this borough-that two years of such expenditure would devour a sum equal to the whole of the capital employed in the cotton trade. A farmer would comprehend what we meant if we spoke of a fund which, if employed in agriculture, would pay 10s. a week to more than 700,000 laborers throughout the year-as much as is paid to all

How it excited thought, stirred emotion, awoke into active, breathing life the dormant energies of their spiritual being! And how many, too, by thrilling eloquence, have been moved in the same strong way; and under its magic power have formed the stern resolve, nerved the strong arm, and triumphed in the fearful crisis! Yes, both have strengthened the feeble knees of doubt, both girt up the loins of

weakness, both have fired zeal, both have lashed into
foam the surges of the soul. So the analogy between
oratory and painting might be traced still farther,
showing the similarity in source, means and end.

place to as many individuals as he had any reason to fear in the opposition-and the simple and only object of opposition was to establish a claim for admission to place. This was so universally felt, that instead of the old distinctions of Whig and Tory, Hanoverian or Jacobite, or court party and country party, the supporters of ministers and the opposition had almost involuntarily taken the distinctive titles of the new interest and the old interest-the new interest being that of men in place,--the old interest, that of men who wanted to be in place.-England under the House of Hanover.

BENEVOLENCE OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.We observe from a published statement of accounts that, from the end of November 1846 to the 1st of May, 1848, the Friends in England, Ireland, and America, contributed no less a sum than 193,882. 4s. 10d. for the relief of distress in Ireland. This includes 15,7301. 5s. 10d. in cash, and 133,780. Os. 7d., the money value of 9,904 tons of food, sent from the United States. The Coalbrookedale Iron Com- INWARD INFLUENCE OF OUTWARD BEAUTY.- Bepany, Shropshire, made a donation of fifty-six boil- lieve me, there is many a road into our hearts beers, value 1471. 6s. 5d. The Central Relief Com-sides our ears and brains; many a sight, and sound, mittee for the Society of Friends have also entered and scent, even of which we have never thought at upon the cultivation of 550 Irish, equal to 990 En-all, sinks into our memory, and helps to shape our glish acres of land, in the county of Mayo, with the characters; and thus children brought up among view of introducing improved modes of husbandry, beautiful sights and sweet sounds will most likely and benefiting the poor by the extended product of show the fruits of their nursing by thoughtfulness, useful crops; so that, taking these great efforts in and affection, and nobleness of mind, even by the conjunction with others, no people, perhaps, ever expression of the countenance. 'Those who live in had so much done for them as the Irish. We ob- towns should carefully remember this, for their own serve by the third Report that the few Friends resid-sakes, for their wives' sakes, for their children's sakes. ing in the city of Hereford contributed 431. 5s. to- Never lose an opportunity of seeing anything beauwards the Relief fund above specified, and those of tiful. Beauty is God's handwriting--a wayside saLeominster, 81. 13s. 6d. There are three dona-crament; welcome it in every fair face, every fair tions of 201. each, two of 107., and six of 5l.

sky, every fair flower, and thank for it Him, the fountain of all loveliness, and drink it in simply COMPANIES IN THE CITY OF LONDON.-There are and earnestly, with all your eyes: it is a charmed eighty-three City Companies; forty-one of which-draught, a cup of blessing.-Politics for the People. nearly a half-are without halls. Some exist mere. ly for the sake of the charities at their disposal-or THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF LONDON have for the annual dinners on the 9th of November, issued a manifesto, in which they consider what which the bequests of members, anterior perhaps to measures it is expedient to adopt with a view of prethe Reformation, enable them to discuss. Others venting the spread of the disease and of otherwise exist but nominally-like the Bowyers, Fletchers, mitigating the evils of the cholera. This commitand Long Bowstring-makers; and some, like the tee have drawn up some remarks and instructions Patten-makers, owing to the sinallness of the fees for the information of the public. They say: That which they exact from those who are obliged to in a district where cholera prevails no appreciable take up the freedom of the City. Of the twelve great increase of danger is incurred by ministering to companies, as they are called, upwards of two-thirds persons affected with it, and no safety afforded to are rich,-not from what they make, but from what the community by the isolation of the sick. The they possess. The acting companies are really disease has almost invariably been most destructive very few in number. The Goldsmiths' (one of the in the dampest and filthiest parts of the town it has twelve great companies) is perhaps the chief; and visited. The committee therefore recommend all after the Goldsmiths', the Stationers'-a company persons during its prevalence to live in the manner rather low in point of time (for printing was a late they have hitherto found most conducive to their invention), but certainly one of the most important. health; avoiding intemperance of all kinds. A All our great stationers and printers and booksellers sufficiency of nourishing food, warm clothing, and were members of this company,-Tottell and Okes, speedy change of damp garments, regular and suffiMoseley and Herringham, Tonson and Lintot, Curli cient sleep, and avoidance of excessive fatigue, of and Cave, Ben Tooke and Ben Motte, Dodsley and long fasting, and of exposure to wet and cold, more Andrew Millar, Bowyer and Richardson, Dilly and particularly at night, are important means of promoJoseph Johnson, Cadell and Newbery, John Mur-ting or maintaining good health, and thereby afford ray and Thomas Longman; and all sent their books protection against the cholera. The committee do to be" entered at Stationers' Hall."-Extracts from not recommend that the public should abstain from the Register of the Stationers' Company, by J. Payne the moderate use of well-cooked green vegetables, and of ripe or preserved fruits. A certain proportion of these articles of diet, is, with most persons, nePOLITICAL PARTIES IN 1751.-The incipient op-cessary for the maintenance of health. The composition at Leicester House was overthrown by the mittee likwise think it not advisable to prohibit the death of the Prince of Wales; and its ostensible use of pork, or bacon; or of salted, dried, or smoked leader, Bubb Doddington, and others, tried to sell meat or fish; which have not been proved to exert themselves at the highest price they could to the peo-any direct influence in causing this disease. Nople in power. All the great political questions which thing promotes the spread of epidemic diseases so had so long agitated the country seemed, indeed, much as a want of nourishment; and the poor will now to have become extinguished, and to have given necessarily suffer this want, if they are led to abstain place to a far less honorable partizanship of private from those articles of food on which, from their jealousies and private interests, in which it was the comparative cheapness, they mainly depend for object of the minister to strengthen himself, by giving subsistence.


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