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without their influence in bringing about this result, but I am disposed to attribute it chiefly to the reasons here given. The students were all under the age of twenty, and appeared to be favourable examples of the class of persons who seek the office of schoolmaster, not having been first apprenticed as pupil-teachers.

We examined them orally, and can bear an unqualified Oral examitestimony to the careful and judicious way in which they had been instructed, and, considering the short time of their residence, to the good progress they had made. They all seemed to hold out a fair promise of becoming useful teachers ; and our examination afforded to us ground for confidence, that, if your Lordships should decide to admit this into the number of training schools where Queen's scholars may be appointed, Recomas we cordially recommend, full

. justice will be done to their mended as a instruction, in that practical spirit to which you are accustomed training

Queen's to attach its due importance.

scholars. The great number of pupil-teachers who will complete their apprenticeships at Christmas next renders it desirable that there should then be numerous vacancies in training schools for their reception. This institution will offer fifty-five such vacancies, at a time when they will probably be easily filled up,—when, at any rate, the vacancies in the other training schools will not be nearly sufficient to receive the pupilteachers who will be desirous to enter them.

It is gratifying to know that the appointment of fifteen Queen's scholars, for which the Worcester Training School will have a claim, will largely supplement its funds, and that, together with a permanent income of 5481. 8s. 6d. arising from subscriptions, and of 1051, from exhibitions, besides the fees of students, and your Lordships' grants consequent on certificates, the managers will have ample funds placed at their disposal to minister to the educational wants of such an institution.

I have the honor to be, &c.

HENRY MOSELEY. To the Right Honorable

The Lords of the Committee of Council on Education.

Special Report, by Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, the

Rev. HENRY MOSELEY, M.A., F.R.S. &c., on the Church of England Training School, at Winchester, for Schoolmasters for the Dioceses of Winchester and Salisbury.

MY LORDS,

Wandsworth, 6 October 1852. In compliance with your Lordships' instructions communicated to me in a letter dated the 8th of June, I visited the Winchester Diocesan Training School on Thursday the 30th of September, accompanied by Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, the Rev. W. H. Brookfield. On the first day of our inspection we were present at the lectures then being delivered to the students, and on the second day we examined them orally.

The building is the ancient palace of the Bishop of Winchester, called the Wolvesey Palace. It is the property of the bishop, who has granted it for the use of the school, during the term of his episcopacy. A portion only of the original palace remains, but it includes the chapel, a suite of apartments used as class-rooms &c. by the students, and a range of dormitories. It affords ample accommodation for fifty students.

The site covers apparently five or six acres. It includes a large garden, pleasure grounds, and a plot covered by the ruins of a more ancient palace; affording to the students space for exercise. The whole is surrounded by a high wall. It is situated near the banks of the river Itchen, and is within the city of Winchester, communicating by a

gateway with the cathedral close. Object of The institution was first formed in the year 1840, to educate and present

national schoolmasters for the dioceses of Winchester and Salisbury. It has sent out, from its commencement, 115 masters. During the last year thirteen left it. The salaries of none of those who left it last year to become masters exceed 501., with a house, and one of them has only 35l. without a house. No higher salaries than these, we were informed, can, under present circumstances, be provided in a larger proportion of the schools of the two dioceses; and it is the object of the institution to educate masters for such schools. The prescribed period of training is three years. The average time of residence of the masters who went out last year was,

however, only one year and ten months. Income. The fee is 231. per annum for each student. The funds arise

from the fees of the students, and from subscriptions or donations specially for the support of the training school. The income from January to Christmas 1851 arose as follows:

institution;

results.

By subscriptions, donations, &c.
By fees of 25 students
By fees of yeoman's school

£ s. d. 403 4 6 305 4 6 82 17 4

791 6 4

.

The expenditure for board, tuition, &c., was 7731. 68. 6d. ExpendiThe cost per head for the board, washing, &c., of the ture. students, including servants' wages, amounted to the very moderate sum of 231. 1s. 7d., and the tuition per student to 331. 78. The cost of medical attendance was at the rate of 78. 5 d. per student. A yeoman's school of twenty day scholars is taught in the building by the principal and other masters, assisted by the students. The following are the officers of the institution :

Officers, The Rev. John Smith, M.A., of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, Principal.

Mr. John Blain, certificated schoolmaster, class 1, division 3, late student at Battersea, Vice-Principal.

Mr. Edward Sheppard, late student at Battersea, industrial master and assistant teacher.

Vocal music is taught by Dr. Wesley, the organist of the cathedral; and Mr. Weaver, a scientific gardener employed by the Warden of Winchester College, whose garden adjoins, instructs the students in horticulture.

In addition to these regularly appointed teachers, the insti- Lectures. tution has had the benefit of occasional courses of lectures, delivered in the evening, by the Rev. Canon Woodroffe, the Rev. Dr. Maberley, Head Master of Winchester School, the Rev. Professor R. C. Trench, the Rev. C. Walters, the Rev. W. Williams, the Rev. N. Midwinter, and the Rev. G. A. Seymour. The lectures of the Rev. Chevenix Trench on the “Study of Words ” have been published in three successive editions.

The subjects of instruction are those usually taught in subjects of training schools, together with the elements of the Latin and instruction. Greek languages. The schools were examined at Midsummer by the Dean of Hereford, the Archdeacon of Surrey, and the Rev. N. Midwinter ; and the reports of these gentleinen have been placed in my hands.

In our oral examination, which was strictly limited to the Oral Examisubjects of elementary instruction, the students answered very nation. fairly in religious knowledge, and extremely well in English grammar and arithmetic. They did not acquit themselves so well in geography and English history as in these subjects.

The national school of St. Michael's parish is the prac- Practixiug tising school of the institution. It is a good example of a small parochial school. The master of it is an efficient teacher,

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and the clergyman of the parish, the Rev. N. Midwinter, devotes to it, and to the instruction of the students in the art of teaching, a great deal of time and attention. All the students attend there on Monday afternoon from two to four o'clock. Those who are in the last four months of their residence attend every afternoon.

The hours of study begin at twenty minutes past six in the morning, and end at nine, with intervals for exercise and recreation.

The number of students resident at the time of our inspection was thirteen, and the average time of their residence had been ten months. There were, however, five who had not resided more than three months.

As the general result of our inspection, I have to report, that the building is of ample dimensions, and, on the whole, well adapted to its use, or capable of such adaptation. A portion of it remains yet unfurnished; and furniture, fittings, and apparatus are but sparingly provided for the rest. The rooms are of a good height, but apertures are needed for ventilation in the ceilings of the dormitories, and in the passages which lead to them.

There being three resident teachers, besides others occasionally employed, the opportunities of instruction for so small a number of students as thirteen are great. The VicePrincipals certificate bears testimony to his knowledge of the subjects he has to teach ; and his manner of teaching appeared to us to afford a model on which the students might with advantage form their own. We heard the third master deliver a lecture on the geography and history of the United States, which showed a very complete knowledge of the subject, and considerable power and judgment in treating it. On the whole, the duties of these officers appeared to be very faithfully and efficiently performed. The experience of this institution, as of others, appears, indeed, to show that the best officers for training schools will eventually be found among the men who have themselves been educated in them.

The Principal, the Rev. John Smith, M.A., graduated, we are informed, with some distinction in the University of Oxford. He is devoted to his work, appears to maintain the discipline of the institution successfully, and having a taste for experimental science, and some knowledge of it, it is in his power to encourage and cultivate among the students a department of study which will be very useful to them when they become schoolmasters.

I have the honor to be, &c.

HENRY MOSELEY.
To the Right Honorable
The Lords of the Committee of Council on Education,

Principal.

Special Report, by Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, the

Rev. H. MOSELEY, M.A., F.R.S., on the Church of England, Training School for Schoolmasters at Caernarvon.

SIR,

Wandsworth, 30 July 1852. In compliance with their Lordships instructions, communicated to me in your letter of the 20th of March, I visited the Caernarvon Training School for masters on the 25-26th of May, accompanied by the Rev. H. Longueville Jones, Her Majesty's Inspector for Wales ; and I beg leave to report, for the information of their Lordships, that this training school originated in the year 1844, under circumstances which are detailed in a memorandum which I have appended to this Report, and which was communicated to me by the vicar of Caernarvon, the Rev. T. Thomas, a gentleman who was among the most active of its founders, and to whose constant, intelligent and active support, it owes a large measure of its success.

It presents the remarkable example of a successful effort on the part of a body of gentlemen (chiefly laymen), resident in a remote part of the country, to provide for its educational wants, and, with that view, to work out for themselves the hard problem of a training school for teachers. I will venture to express a hope that their Lordships may consider that attempt worthy of their approval, and that they will extend to it their sanction and support.

The committee of management is composed of the beneficed clergy of the dioceses of Bangor and Saint Asaph's, who are subscribers, and of certain of the laity.

The officers of the Institution are the Rev. B. J. Binns, B.A., of Trinity College, Dublin, formerly curate of Caernarvon, principal ; Mr. James Foster, master of the Caernarvon National School, normal master ; Mr. R. S. Hayden, music and singing master; H. P. Manley, Esq., honorary secretary.

It possesses no property in buildings or lands.

A room erected for a private school serves it for a lecture-room, being rented for that use; to which it is well adapted by its situation, its dimensions, and the character of its architecture.

But if a vice-principal be hereafter appointed a second lecture-room will be required.

The students reside in lodgings in the town. We visited some of these lodgings. They appeared for the most part to be kept by respectable persons in the grade next above the working classes. We were assured that the utmost circumspection is used in the selection of the lodgings, and that the freedom from 'restraint implied in this arrangement has been attended with no result unfavourable to the morals of the students; not a single case of immorality having been brought under the notice of the authorities since its commencement. The charge usually made in such lodging-houses is 28. 3d. per week to each student for lodgings and tea ; every thing else is purchased by the students for themselves ; the whole cost of their board and lodging being from 55. 6d. to 6s. per week each.

They manage, we were informed, at this small cost, to eat meat daily, veal being only 3d. per pound, and mutton 6d.

Towards the expense of their board the institution allows each student 2s. 6d. per week. Two students receive from the institution 48. per week.

No charge is made to them for tuition. The whole cost to the student, answering to the fee of other training schools, is, therefore, about 3s. 6d. per week, which (as they reside forty-three weeks) is at the rate of 71. 108. 6d. a year.

Besides the allowance of 2s. 6d. per week, made by the institution towards the board and lodging of the students, there are five exhibitions--three of 5s. a week, and two of 2s. 6d.--paid out of an annual grant of 1001., placed at

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