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Her Majesty's Inspector would confer with the trustees, and report to my Lords, as to the best mode of organizing the school so as to become an efficient institution for the daily instruction of children belonging to the labouring class of society, and attending school from their own homes; such schools only being those with which their Lordships' department is officially concerned.

It would be for the trustees, on a communication of the report, to consider whether their powers would enable them to act in the manner recommended.

The plan of allowing the master to take boarders of a superior class would place the school beyond the pale of their Lordships' administration; not so, however, if, in addition to the free boys (who are presumed not to be boarded), s certain number of other boys from the same rank in society were admitted at a rate of payment falling fairly within the means of a labouring man in the neighbourhood. The school would thus fulfil the purpose of an ordinary parochial school.

It is very undesirable in constituting a school of this description to engage a master who looks to children of the middle class as his proper pupils. The master of such a school should be one specially trained for the elementary education of the children of the poor. I enclose a list* of the institutions under Government inspection at which such masters are trained, and from the principals of which all information as to engagements may be obtained. You would not be likely to obtain a good master from one of those institutions for less than an assured income (from all sources) of 601. per annum, with a house rent-free. One of the best masters would expect something like 1001.

The apprenticeship of pupil-teachers is not offered primarily as the means of augmenting the master's emoluments, but of providing him with a better, because permanent, class of monitors than he could otherwise obtain, whom, in return for this assistance in the management of his school, he is expected to train and instruct specially in his own vocation of schoolmaster. The Government pays the apprentices' stipends, and a moderate gratuity to the master for instructing them out of school-hours.

The Committee of Council makes grants to those schools only which fall within the description already given.

The principal forms of assistance available for the maintenance of schools are set forth in the enclosed schedules, as well as the conditions on which such assistance is offered. The trustees, however, will do well to defer making any specifio application of this kind until after the visit of Her Majesty's Inspector.

I have the honor to be, &c. Sampson S. Lloyd, Esq.,

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Bank, Birmingham.

BUILDING GRANTS.

RESERVATION OF Mines. Form of Covenant and Declaration to be inserted in School Deeds containing

o Reservation of Mines. And this Deed further witnesseth that the said ( party in whose favor the Mines are reserverl] doth hereby for himself his heirs executors and administrators cover at with Ralph Robert Wheeler Lingen of Downing Street in the City of Westminster Esquire on the part of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's 'Treasury his executors and administrators that in the event of injury or serious inconvenience being occasioned to the use of the premises hereby granted or intended so to be granted for a school by the working of

Vide suprà, page 50.

f Broad Sheets” and Book Schedules.

the said Mines the said (party in whose favor the Mines are reserved) his heirs executors ad sinistrators and assigns will repay to the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury for the time being so much money in proportion to the injury done as shall have been advanced out of the Parliamentary Grant for the purposes of Education towards the erection of such School and that if full compensation for the injury done shall exceed the value of the money 80 advanced then the said [party in whose favor the Mines are reserved] doth hereby covenant for himself his heirs executors and administrators with the said (grantees) to pay over to them the difference And it is hereby further agreed and declared that all such sums so to be received whether by the said Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury or by the said [grantees ] shall be applied in effectuating the intent of these presents in such mannes as Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department for the time being shall by writing under his hand direct.

When this Covenant is inserted, the Deed must be executed in duplicate; and one part must be deposited in the Office of the Committee of Council on Education.

CONSTITUTION FOR SCHOOLS IN TRUST FOR MORE THAN ONE

PARISH. Extract from Letter, as regards superintendence of religious instruction, and as

regards general management. With reference to your letter enclosing a draft of the Deed whereby it is purposed to convey the site of a school in trust for two different parishes, I am to remark that, by the Deed as now framed, the superintendence of the religious instruction of the scholars is confided to the ministers of those two parishes indifferently. The Committee of Council on Education, in similar cases, and with a view to leave no disputable points upon the face of such instruments, has advised that the superintendence of the religious instruction should be assigned to the principal officiating minister of the parish in which the school is situated, and that the minister or ministers of the other parishes included in the trust of the schooi should be appointed to be ex-officio members of the committee of management.

I am directed to return the draft Deed for reconsideration with regard to the foregoing point, which, if left unsettled, might hereafter raise a question of powers as conferred by the Deed and as incident to the office of the parochial clergyman,

(Signed) R. R. W. Lingen.

BOOX GRANTS.

DEPÔT LIBRARIES. Letter inquiring as to a Grant of Specimen Copies of Books and Maps for

Libraries of a Training School. SIR,

Westminster, 16 June 1852. I am instructed to ask of their Lordships the favor of the grant promised in their Minutes of a specimen copy of each of the books named on their Lordships' list, to be deposited in the library appropriated to the use of the male students in our training institution.

And the favor of a similar grant on behalf of the library appropriated to the use of our female students. You are aware that our institution is designed for 40 female, as well as 60 male, students, and that the apartments of each branch of the institution are as independent and isolated as though they had been provided in separate buildings. The library, therefore, of the

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sale students is inaccessible to the female students, and for them ive have, of Brenssity, a distinct library for their sole use. We trust that on this ground wor female students will be allowed to participate in this very important donation of their Lordships.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) M. C. TAYLOR, The Secretary of the

Secretary Committee of Council on Education.

Reply to foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street, REVEREND Sir,

28 June 1852. ADVERTING to so much of your letter of the 16th instant as relates to specimen copies of the books and maps named in their Lordships' Schedules, I an directed to refer you to the correspondence (Minutes of 1850–1, Vol. i., Pp. lixiv-ix), in pursuance of which such grants are made.

From a perusal of that correspondence, you will see that these grants are made for the purpose of establishing depôts which the managers of schools and other promoters of education may be able to visit in their own neighbourhood.

When the training school is made the place of such a depôt, it is an additional advantage that the students, as well as the public, can make use of t; but the use, in both cases equally, is intended to be that of seeing what any particular work is, and not that of employing it in private study.

Students in training schools must be supplied conformably to the Minute of the 10th of December 1851.

My Lords could not grant duplicate copies to the Wesleyan College at Westininster, since one of the sets at least would in that case have been granted for the sake of the students only, and not for the sake of visitors.

At the same time My Lords will be happy to consider an application from the Wesleyan Education Committee, pursuant to the correspondence which is herein-before mentioned, for the establishment of one or more specimen depots, either at Westminster or in such situations as may be the most convenient for the local promoters of Wesleyan Schools.

I have the honor to be, &c. Rev. M. C. Taylor,

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Wesleyan Training School,

Westminster.

ANNUAL GRANTS.

Sir,

Pupil TEACHERS AND CERTIFICATED Teachers.

(No. 1.)
Kirkby Overblow, Wetherby, Yorkshire,

31 August 1852.
I shall feel greatly obliged by your informing me-
1. If any other persons than pupil-teachers or stipendiary monitors are

eligible for Queen's scholarships in the event of their entering at any of the training schools in connexion with the National Society,

or with Diocesan boards, &c. ? 2. What is understood by a pupil-teacher being "advanced a year ?. 3. Is the age reckoned from the preceding birth-day? E.g., would a

youth aged 16 on June 21 last be now ineligible to become a candidate at the succeeding examination?

E

4. Is it requisite that a candidate should have been under instruction

for any particular period of time in the school at which he presents himself for examination in order to become a pupil-teacher, or is it sufficient that he should have been long known to the clergyman and schoolmaster of the parish, and have already had some practice

in teaching ? 5. What are the rules and regulations under which persons are permitted to become candidates for a master's certificate ?

I am, &c. The Secretary of the

(Signed) R. F. WHEELER, Committee of Council on Education.

Curate of Kirkby. (No. 2.) Reply to foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street, REVEREND SIR,

2 September 1852. I HAVE the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated the 31st of August 1862. 1. Upon reference to the passages marked on the first and second pages

of the enclosed letter (Form 35)*, you will perceive that those only are eligible to compete for Queen's scholarships who have completed their apprenticeship as pupil-teachers, or are within a limited time

of doing so. 2. In certain cases in which a pupil-teacher's proficiency and other

reasons render it advisable, his term of apprenticeship may be shortened by a year, or in other words he may be advanced a year. This advancement may take place at the end of any year of his apprenticeship. When advanced, a pupil-teacher is conditionally credited with a larger sum for each of the following years than would otherwise have been the case, but is not entitled to any increase

of stipend for the year preceding the date of his advancement. 3. Candidates for the office of pupil-teacher should have entered on

their fourteenth year, but should not have completed their sixteenth ; that is, their age on the birth-day previous to the date of their desired admission should be not less than thirteen nor more than

sixteen. 4. It is not absolutely necessary that a candidate for the office of pupil.

teacher should have been under instruction for any particular period of time in the school in which his engagement is desired, if the parochial clergyman and school-managers have sufficient knowledge of the candidate and his parents to be able to sign the

required certificates. 5. Any master of an elementary school may become a candidate for

a certificate of merit, if the circumstances of the school I are such as in the event of the master's success to entitle him to the receipt of the annual grant, which is promised under certain conditions to every holder of a certificate. The conditions are stated in the enclosed broad sheet. The application for the admission of a schoolmaster to the examination

as a candidate for a certificate of merit should be made by the managers of the school in which he is engaged.

I have the honor to be, &c. The Rev. R. F. Wheeler,

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Kirkby Overblow, Wetherby, Yorkshire. Minutes of 1850-1, vol. i. p. xvii. † Ibid., p. xcvi. # Ibid., p. xcv.

$ Vide“ Augmentation Broad Sheet,” page 71.

66

(No. 3.)
Circular Letter to Her Mojesty's Inspectors of Schools, 8c.

Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street, SIR,

2 January 1852. I au directed to transmit to you, for your information, the enclosed Services to copy of a letter which I have been directed to address to the authorities of a be required

of Certiti. sehool receiving annual aid, reminding them that the salaries on which

cated Teachaugmentation grants are claimed for certificated teachers must include only ers. the sums paid bonâ fide for services rendered by them as school teachers.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, &c.

Enclosure in foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street, REVEREND SIR,

31 December 1851. I Am directed to inform you that the mistress of the girls national school, in representing to the Committee of Council certain circumstances in extenuation of the remarks made from this office upon the last report of Her Majesty's Inspector concerning her school, has inter alia) complained that the grant paid in augmentation of her salary has been made the occasion of discontinuing an allowance of 161. per annum which she had previously received as organist.

Their Lordships are concerned with such questions only to the exten stated in their Minutes of 1850–1, pages lxxxvi-vii, in pursuance of which they would consider that the minimum salary required to meet an augmentation grant is paid for teaching only, and that no other services are to be compulsory on the master or mistress receiving such a salary; e.g.

If a schoolmistress's augmentation grant of 101. was met by a minimum salary of 201., with a residence rent-free, the Committee of Council would not regard the requisite conditions as fulfilled if the teacher (against his or her consent) were required to act as organist in a church or chapel; and so on for grants of other amounts.

I have been directed to make these remarks in the present instance for your information only, as no payments are immediately depending.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN,

Sir,

(No. 4.)
Circular Letter to Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools, 8c.

Committee of Council on Education,
Council Office, Downing Street,

May 1852. I beg leave to enclose, for your information, a copy of a circular Date at letter in course of being addressed, by their Lordships' direction, to all teachers which Aug holding certificates of merit who are known to be engaged in schools under Grants will inspection. An attentive perusal of that letter and of the enclosed augmen- in future bo tation broadsheet will sufficiently indicate the nature of the arrangements tipicated cra recently made for the more convenient payment of augmentation grants. Teachers,

It only remains to ascertain the months which Her Majesty's Inspectors would appoint for their annual visit to those schools taught by certificated teachers, in which pupil-teachers have not yet been apprenticed. I beg leave

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