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(Pædobaptists) are admitted to be a part of the universal church, ' and he (Mr. Kinghorn) still contends for their exclusion, this is
formally to plead for a schism in the body. On this principle, the . pathetic exhortations to perfect cooperation and concord, drawn • from the beautiful analogy betwixt the mystical and natural body, • insisted upon in the first Epistle to the Corinthians, are completely
superseded; and one member, instead of being prohibited from • saying to another, I have po need of thee, is taught to shrink from • its contact as a contamination.' p. 192. Let this principle be
once established and fairly acted upon, and there is no question but • that divisions will succeed to divisions, and separations to sepa. • rations, until two persons possessed of freedom of thought will
scarcely be found capable of walking together in fellowship; and • an image of the infinite divisibility of matter will be exhibited, in • the breaking down of churches into smaller and smaller portions. • An admirable expedient, truly, for keeping the unity of the Spirit • in the bond of peace! p. 178. Once more, . The true state • of the question is, whether that 'Article of the Apostles' Creed which asserts the communion of saints, is to be merged in an exclusive • zeal for baptism, and its systematic violation to remain unchecked . in deference to party feelings and interests.' p. xiv.
The Reviewer ventured to say, that we can only cease to wonder at such a tenet's obtaining advocates among good men, when we recollect that Pascal believed in transubstantiation, and Fenelon in the authority of the Pope, Mr. Hall has used similar language. . Let him (Mr. Kinghorn) reflect on the enormous impropriety of
demanding a greater uniformity among the candidates for admission • into the church militant, than is requisite for a union with the • church triumphant,- of pretending to render a Christian society • an enclosure more sacred and more difficult of access, than the « abode of the Divine Majesty,--and of investing every little Baptist • teacher with the prerogative of expelling from his communion, • a Howe, a Leighton, or a Brainerd, whom the Lord of Glory would • welcome to his presence. Transubstantiation presents nothing more revolting to the dictates of common sense.' p. 265.
The Reviewer has characterised the spirit of the cause as both an intolerant and a malignant spirit. Stronger language has been used by Mr. Hall on this point. I cannot,' he says, speaking of the abettors of strict communion,' sufficiently express my surprise at the . loftiness of their pretensions, and the arrogance of their language. • lo their dialect, all Christians besides themselves, are “ opposed to • "a Divine command," " refuse subjection to Christ, and violate the <“ laws of his house." ' p. 21. He cites from Mr. Kinghorn the following astonishing and appalling sentiments: ““ What is the meaning
of the term condition? In whatever sense the term can apply to • the commission of our Lord, or to the declarations of the Apostles
respecting repentance, faith, and baptism, is not baptism à con• dition either of communion, or of salvation, or of both ? Do the • conditions either of salvation or of communion, change by time? • Are they annulled by being misunderstood ?”. Here, as Mr. Hall remarks, it is plainly intimated, that baptism is as much a condition of salvation as faith and repentance. But further, Mr. Kinghorn contends that the mere absence of a ceremony, or, if you please,
an incorrect manner of performing it, is of itself sufficient, exclusive • of every other consideration, to incur the forfeiture of Christian • privileges, -of the privileges in general which arise from faith.
is not, according to him, merely the forfeiture of a title to the • Eucharist which it involves ; that, he informs us, is not more affected • by it than any other privilege : it is the universal privation of Chris• tian immunities which is the consequence of that omission.' p: 90. In perfect unison with the sentiments here cited by Mr. Hall from Mr. Kinghorn, are the following declarations respecting the duty of excommunicating all pædobaptists, from another pen.
• If Christ has given such a power (of disciplíne) to his churches, • they must have an undoubted right to exercise it, and be culpable • in neglecting it; and so, the whole church at Corinth are blamed • for tolerating the incestuous person. If a single private trespass • committed against a brother, must, without repentance, exclude • from the communion, according to Matthew xviii. 17., by what ' rule are we to receive into our communion such as neglect or despise ' a plain and public institution of the Lord Jesus Christ? This ! would be to assume a dispensing power, to connive at their neglect, • and to become partakers of their sin; nay, in many respects, we • should be more guilly and inconsistent than they. More guilty, as • knowing more of the obligation, nature, and importance of baptism • than they are supposed to do.'* It is added in a note to the next page : Several Baptist congregations admit unbaptized persons into
their communion. Mr. Booth has fully exposed the absurdity and • inconsistency of such a heterogeneous communion, especially on • the part of the Baptists ; though I think he pays too great a com• pliment to their sincerity, conscientiousness, and integrity.
Shall we, then, be thought to have used too strong language, in describing the spirit manifested towards those Baptist churches that have dared to act upon the principle of Christian communion, as both intolerant and malignant?
At p. 272. line 19. there is an inaccuracy which ought to have been noticed as an erratum : the designation particular, is used in opposition to national churches. The remark applies to congrega tional churches generally ; but the words should have run, and & strict Baptist churches.
One word more, with regard to that part of Mr. Hinton's life which suggested the Reviewer's observations. Would it not be a happy circumstance for our churches, if their pastors were exposed to no severer trials than those which arise from the deprecated union of Baptists and Pædobaptists? Had Mr. Hinton accepted the call which he received from the London church referred to, might he not have had to contend with sources of uneasiness far more serious than any which he experienced at Oxford? Let the history of the two churches supply the answer, and decide which system is most conducive to the prosperity of a church, and the promotion of the interests of religion.
* M‘Lean's Works, Vol. III. p. 356.
GENERAL INDE X.
VOL. XXII. NEW SERIES.
Abbey, Westminster, Mr. Burke's reflec- on the ill effects of not preaching
tions on first visiting il, 317; his remarks fully the doctrine of justification by
distinguishing feature of antinomia-
nism pronounced by Mr. Fuller to be
along the banks of il, 390; see Brazil. from a sermon of Mr. Fuller's, 526, 7,
Aurora-Borealis, Capt. Parry's fine de-
misapplication of the term, 509; 103, 4.
he late Mabratta war, 528,
Bullock's six months' residence and tra-
vels in Mexico, 140, et seq.; describ-
of their suppression, 482,3; charace
the ter of Charles I. as given in a restored
with other passages in the printed
political principles at a later period
that place, 276.
portant subjects in religion, 87. Cary's birds of Aristophanes, 217, et
ing, 339; of the literature of the translation of Aristophanes, 218, 19;
character of his comedies, 219; plan
of the Athenian theatrical speciacles,
921; materials of the modern drama, Pharaohs, 337; those of the Greek and
of, 84, et seq.
blished, and unconditional reproba- Cleveland, Mr., monument raised to his
Coke, Sir Edward, his character, 195, 6.
ory of comets, 423, el seq. ; great un-
John's, Glasgow, 154, el seg. ; cha- of astronomical calculations, 424 ; re-
the materialism of the new Comets, Cole's philosophical remarks
on the theory of, 423, et seq.
the ancient Egyptians, 330, el seq. ; Dibdiv, 417, et seq.