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their honour from him; and they are for ever secured by him. No other nail will support them; but he is able to bear the stress of all those concerns which by faith are hung upon him. Let us then trust in him ourselves, and be earnestly desirous that our offspring and their interest

máy be hung upon him also ; that we may be able to say in life and death, I know in whom I have believed, and am persuaded he is able to keep what I have committed to him till that day.

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CH A P. XXIII. This chapter is a prophecy of the destruetion of Tyre by Nebu

chadnezzar, after a siege of thirteen years; the inhabitants all fled to sea with their best effeEts, so that there was only the neked city left, which he entirely destroyed; it was the most famous city for trade, merchandize, and naval strength, in the

world. IT HE burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tar

shish, all trading ships, especially those of Spain ; for it is laid waste, so that there is no houfe, no entering in; no house of business or entertainment, no sips entering into the harbour : from the land of Chittim it is

revealed to them; Greece and Italy have heard that it is 2 wasted. Be itill, ye inhabitants of the isle, or peninsula;

thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the 3 sea, have replenished. And by great waters the seed

of Sihor, the harvest of the river, [is] her revenue; 4 and she is a mart of nations. Be thou ashamed, o

Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, [even] the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, (nor) bring up virgins; even Sidon is depopulated by this event, and sends forth no more colonies, nor do any persons come to settle there, 5 As at the report concerning Egypt [fo] fhall they be

sorely pained at the report of Tyre; all Egypt fall be astonished at the downfall of Tyre, which Nebuchadnezzar

Mall Tyre was a colony of Sidon.

The products of Ég: pt, especially corn, were brought thither and carried to other nations by the Tyrians.

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6 Mall quickly after conquer; this was to be his wages. Pass

ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle. 7 [Is] this your joyous (city,) whose antiquity [is] of

antient days ? her own feet shall carry her afar off to 8 fojourn; her inhabitants shall fly from home. Who hath

taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning [city,]

whose merchants [are) princes, whose traffickers [are] 9 the honourable of the earth? The Lord of hosts hath

purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, [and] to

bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth. 10 Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tar

fhish; so called because enriched by its trade at sea; pass thro' thy territories, to save thyself in foreign countries, as

swift as a river, for (there is) no more strength; thou si hast no power to resist the enemy. He, that is, God,

stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms : the Lord hath given a commandment against

the merchant [city,] to destroy the strong holds thereof. 12 And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou op

pressed virgin, daughter of Zidon: 9 arise, pass over to Chittim; there also thou shalt have no reft; the Sido.

nians shall find no rest in the countries to which they flee." 13 Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not,

(till] the Aflyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised

up the palaces thereof; [and] he brought it to ruin.” 14 Howl, ye ships of Tarshish, or Tartessus, in Spain, a

place which they much frequented: for your strength is laid waste.

15 And

• In the time of Joshua (ch. xix. 29) it was called, the strong city Tyre. Many heathen writers speak of it as very antient.

P Tyre boasted of itself as the queen of cities; and its trade brought immense wealth to its inhabitants, *

9 Sidon was older than Tyre, and the mother of it; it is mentioned in Genesis, in Jacob's blefling, and called Great Sidon, in Joshua xix. 28.

Some of them Nebuchadnezzar conquered, and their own colonies were in an unsettled state, when Tyre was destroyed.

$ Babylon was a place of no note or eminence at the time of this prophet; the people lived in tents till the Assyrians built that city for their reception ; yet the Chaldeans, or Babylonians, should bring Tyre to ruin, tho' a strong, magnificent, and wealthy city.

15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall

be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king, or family of kings, namely Nebuchadnezzar, bis son and grandson: after the end of seventy years shall

Tyre sing as an harlot, that is, be restored and rebuilt." 16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast

been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs,

that thou mayest be remembered; se fall endeavour to 17 allure others to traffick with her as before. And it shall

come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the Lord will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication, that is, all traffick, with

all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth. 18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to

the LORD; she shall make a better use of her wealth than before : it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the Lord, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing; it Soall be brought to Jerusalem for the use of the priests; a prophecy that many should be converted to the jewish religion, and which had probably a further reference to their embracing the gospel, as many of them did. We have an account in Acts xxi. 4. of some disciples there, and Paul's interview with them; and we read in antient ecclesiastical history of many converts, and some martyrs there.





E E here an instance of the awful and melancholy

change that may be brought on the most wealthy and powerful state. It is a thought that often occurs; yet there is none that is more necessary to be attended to. The rich, populous, and flourishing city of Tyre was destroyed, and its inhabitants forced to flee. This joyous city, full of mirth and diversions, was overwhelmed with sorrow and

sadness. * Probably when Cyrus delivered the Ifraelites, he released the Tyrians, and many of them settled near the old city, which was then to return to her former state of prosperity and traffick.

" A rich city may be compared to an harlot on that account; but perhaps here is an allusion to their lewdness, and debauchery, and their being killed in the arts of fraud and luxury.

fadness. We may learn hence the vanity of the world ; and
let those who live in wealth and splendour obferve how foon
it may fink and wither, and they lose their all, and be glad
to fly any where for rest. Since wealth increases luxury
and debauchery, we have need to be particularly watchful.
But the principal ground of God's controversy with Tyre
was its pride, v. 9. Men are very apt to increase in pride
as their substance increases; and therefore it is needful to .
charge those who are rich in this world, that they be not
high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, since this instance
fhows how soon they may make themselves wings and fly

2. We learn how to employ our substance to the best advantage, namely, to confecrate it to God. Let the merchandize of the tradesman, and the hire of the labourer, be holiness to the Lord, devoted to him, and employed for him in works of piety and charity, in relieving the necesfitous, and supporting and encouraging the gospel. We fee by v. 18, that when it is treasured and laid up it is not holiness to the Lord; neither is it so when it is extravagantly fpent. As God gives us our substance, it becomes us to employ it for him, then it will turn to the best account. By being rich in good works, ready to distribute, and willing to communicate, we shall lay up in store a good foundation against the time to come.

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This chapter contains a general description of the miseries brought

upon Israel and the neighbouring nations, first by Sennacherib,
king of Asyria, and then by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.

EHOLD, the Lord maketh the earth empty,

and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof; there shall

be a general confufion, as at first when the earth was with. 2' out form. And it shall be, as with the people, so with

the priest; as with the servant, fo with his master; as with the maid, fo with her mistress; as with the buyer,



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so with the seller; as with the lender, fo with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, fo with the giver of usury to him; there shall be a general defolation, and all

ranks and order's Mall be involved in the fame calamity. 3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: 4 for the Lord hath spoken this word. “The earth

mourneth [and] fadeth away, the world languisheth [and] fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth

do languish; who have most to lose, and are least able 5 to bear sufferings. The earth also is defiled under

the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed, or neglečted, the ordinance, broken

the everlasting covenant, either the Mosaic law, or the 6 covenant with Noah. Therefore hath the curse devour

ed the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate

by fire, sword, or pestilence : therefore the inhabitants of 7 the earth are burned, and few men left. The new wine

mourneth, the vine languisheth, and is spoiled by the 8 enemy, all the merry hearted do figh. The mirth of

tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the 9 joy of the harp ceafeth. They shall not drink wine with

a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink 10 it; they shall have no relish for their former delights. The

city of confusion, either Samaria, or Jerusalem, is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may

come in; the inhabitants are all gone, either dead, or in II captivity. [There is] a crying for wine in the streets; 12 all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone. In

the city is left defolation, and the gate is smitten with 13 destruction; the enemy may enter when they please. When thus it shall be in the midft of the land among


people, there shall be] as the shaking of an olive tree, [and] as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.

Nevertheless a remnant Mall be left, and these mall be 14 serious and devout ; They shall lift up their voice, they

shall sing for the majesty of the Lord, they fhall cry 15 aloud from the sea, over which they have fled. Where

fore glorify ye the Lord in the fires, in the greatest distress and the heaviest afflictions, [even] the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea,

16 From

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