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ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the op

preffor? it is ineffetual, vanished, and gone at once. 14 The captive exile hafteneth that he may be loofed, and

that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread

fhould fail; ke fball quickly be loosed, and not die; neither 15 fall his bread fail: and the reason follows; But I [am]

the LORD thy God, that divided the sea, whose waves 16 roared: The Lord of hofts [is] his name. And I

have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou (art) my people ; that I may disperse the clouds which hinder the light of the sun, moon, and stars, or even produce new constellations, or a new world. Grand and beautiful figures, to express a wonderful scene opening,

and great prosperity to be restored ! 17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast

drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs, the most bitter and nauseous

part, of the cup of trembling, (and) wrung (them) 18 out. [There is ) none to guide her among all the fons

(whom] she hath brought forth: neither [is there any) that taketh her hy the hand of all the fons [that] she

hath brought up; no human power can restore her prosi9 perity. These two [things) are come unto thee; whe

shall be sorry for thee? defolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the sword ; that is, desolation by famine, and destruction by the sword: by whom shall í

comfort thee? who hail lament for thee in such pathetic 20 strains as thy case requires ? Thy fons have fainted, they

lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the Lord, the rebuke of thy God; they are languishing, and get are quite furious

and desperate; as was the cafe when the city was taken andi 21 destroyed. Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and 22 drunken, but not with wine: Thus faith thy Lord the

LORD, and thy God (that) pleadeth the cause of hiş people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, [even) the dregs of the cup


ту. fury; thou shalt no more drink it again; thou shalt

23. drink of it no longer : But I will put it into the hand of

them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over; it shall be given to the Chaldeans, who iyrannized over thee, oppressed thy conscience, and to whoje insults thou haft 100 tamely submitted.


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be in the way

E are taught how useful it is to look back, and

contemplate our original, v. 1. We are born of the dust, (what an humble origin !) are in a feeble, helpless state, descended from degenerate parents, and have many corruptions and finful propensities. Let us often think of this, that we may be humble, adore the divine goodness in our formation and preservation, and especially his love to such mean and finful creatures in their redemption; that we may draw encouragement from hence to trust in him to fulfil all his promises, whatever difficulties may

. 2. We see the character and happiness of God's people, V. 7, 8. They know righteousness, have their minds enlightened, understand what is good, and what the will of the Lord is; they have his law in their hearts ; take pains to study and remember it, to feel its power, and obey its commands. They may be reproached and reviled, even for their piety and stedfastness; but these reproaches are not to be regarded. God will defend his cause, and those who adhere to it; it shall prosper, and they shall be happy; while scoffers and revilers Thall waste away, and be covered with everlafting thame and reproach.

3. We should learn, from former experiences of God's power and goodness, to trust in him for futurity, as they are a great encouragement to our faith. God often reminds his people of this, and particularly in this chapter. It shows the advantage of scripture histories, and the importance of recording past appearances of providence for us. It would encourage our prayers in seasons of danger, and tend. to filence that fear of man which bringeth a snare, which is often groundless, and always unbecoming. Our


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remembering the power, faithfulness, and goodness of God, would prevent any inordinate fear of what frail, dying man can do unto us. Let us then think less highly of man, and more highly of God, if we desire to be easy and happy.

4. We fee that God easily can, and at length certainly will, change the afflicted condition of his people. He is the Lord, and their covenant God; who will plead their cause, vindicate their character, confound their enemies, and show that his cause was a righteous one. a cup of affliction into their hands, and it becomes them to drink it with all submission; fenfible, that tho' it is not pleasant, it is wholesome, and will be exchanged for a cup of blessings. But those who are enemies to God's ways and people, shall drink the very dregs, and have no alleviation of their misery

He may put

CH A P. LII. This chapter refers to the happy change made in the state of the

jews by their return from their captivity, as illustrating the more important deliverance by the gospel.

WAKE, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion;

put on thy beautiful garments, o Jerusalem, the holy city ; resume thy former strength and dignity : for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the un

circumcised and the unclean; there fall be no more idal2 atry within thee. Shake thyself from the dust, where

thou haft fat as a mourner; arise, [and] fit down on thy throne, o Jerusalem : loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, o captive daughter of Zion; take all prudent

methods to recover thy liberty, and gain the favour of thy. 3 conquerors. For thus faith the LORD, Ye have fold

yourselves for nought; you have parted with your liberty only to enjoy your fins, and have got nothing by it; and ye

shall be redeemed without money; Cyrus shall deliver 4 you freely. For thus faith the Lord God, My people

went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there, and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause, and I de5 livered them from both. Now therefore what have I


here, saith the Lord, that my people is taken away for nought? what claim have the Chaldeans to keep my people in bondage, whom they have taken away without cause? they that rule over them make them to howl, faith the LORD; and my name continually every day [is] blaf

phemed; they are cruelly used, and God is blafphemed, as 6 if he had cast them off, or was unable to help them. There. fore my people shall know my name, my power,

therefore (they shall know] in that day that I [am] he that doth speak : behold, (it is] I, who am come to fulfil my pro

mise. 7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of

him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth falvation ; meaning the messengers that come from Babylon to bring the news of deliverance ; that faith unto Zion, Thy

God reigneth ! his providence and care of his church now 8 appear in performing his promises. Thy watchmen shall

lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they fing; the watchmen, seeing the messengers coming at a distance, shall begin a song of joy and praise : for they shall see eye to eye, when the Lord shall bring again Zion; they shall see face to face, that is, clearly and evidently see his

favour returning, and their glory dawning. 9 Break forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places

of Jerusalem : for the Lord hath comforted his 10 ple, he hath redeemed Jerusalem. The LORD hath

made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations ; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God; his power and holiness in their deliverance from

Babylon, shall be an emblem of, and serve to introduce the 11 great salvation by Jesus Christ. Depart ye, depart ye,

go ye out from thence, touch no unclean [thing;] go ye out of the midst of her ; go out of Babylon, cleanse yourselves from idolatrous defilements and ceremonial pollutions ; bring no idolatrous praftices out of Babylon, as ye did out of Egypt; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the

LORD; ye priests, that bear the holy vessels which Cyrus 12 restored. Ye shall have time to cleanse yourselves, For ye



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shall not go out with hafte, as ye did out of Egypt, in a diffident, distrustful manner, nor go by flight: for the Lord will go before you, and the God of Israel (will be) your rereward; he will defend you from enemies before

and behind. 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall con

duet himself in his office with integrity and wisdom, he shall

be exalted and extolled, and be very high ; men and 14 angels fball admire him, and God fall exalt him. As

many were astonished at thee; k his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the fons of men; they were astonished to see such an alteration made in his countenance by his sorrows and sufferings, and

such a change in his circumstances between the multitude fol15 lowing him in triumph, and his being crucified. So thall

he sprinkle many nations, by his blood, his word, and fpirit, and the ordinance of baptism; the kings shall shut their mouths at him; Mall attend to his do&trine in an humble, reverent manner: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see; and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider ; that is, his heavenly doctrine, such as human reason could not discover. This is applied in Rom. xv, 21. to the gospel,

E see how the glad tidings of salvation should

be received. The gospel brings us news of a greater deliverance than that of the jews from Babylon; a deliverance from the captivity of fin and Satan; a message of

peace with God, and the prospect of eternal life. We now see heavenly truths clearly, and enjoy the favour of God. How thankfully then should these glad tidings be received, and how welcome should christian ministers be who publish them! Rom. X. 15. How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of

good i Here another section begins, which contains a glorious pro. phecy of Christ, to the end of the next chapter ; this division Spoils the beauty and sense of the prophecy.

* Or, at him, as the Syrian, Chaldee,' and Vulgate versions sender it.


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