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good things! They should be esteemed highly in love for their work's fake ; and we should earnestly pray that they may be spread over the whole world, that all the ends of the earth may see the salvation of the Lord.

2. We see what is necessary to our being partakers of this falvation. We must roufe and exert ourselves, put on our strength, endeavour to break the chains of fin, and regain our liberty. The same exhortation is addressed to us that was to Israel, 2 Cor. vi. 17. Come qut from among them, and be ye separate, faith the Lord: touch not the unclean thing, and I will receive you : have no communion with the un. fruitful works of darkness. Let all God's people, especially his ministers, be holy; then shall we enjoy the divine protection, be cleansed from all our iniquities, and at length fee the everlasting falvation of our God.


CH A P. LIII. This is a remarkable prophecy of Christ, the most illuftrious in all

the old Testament; it describes his sufferings as exactly as if it was a history of them.

HO hath and

is the arm of the LORD revealed ? The prophet, speaking in the name of Christ and his apostles, laments that fo fece among the jews believed the report of the gospel, or were influenced by those miracles which were wrought by the

arm or power of God; and suggests one reason, viz. Christ's 2 mean appearance. For he Thall grow up before him,

under the eye and care of God, and in the fight of all the people, as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground; as a fucker, or tender branch, in a thirsty foil, that is, from the house of David, which was now Junk into obscurity: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, '(there is) no beauty that we should desire him; he hath no extraordinary comeliness, no external pomp, no

thing to fuit the carnal expectations of the jews; therefore 3 He is despised and rejected of men ; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; he shall have a variety of for


rows, and the griefs of his intimate acquaintance shall be quite familiar to him: and we hid as it were four] faces from him; or, as in the margin of our bibles, he hid as it were his face from us; he was despised, and we esteemed him not; we treated him with contempt and abhorrence;

we, who above all others should have most esteemed him. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our for

rows; he hath healed our diseases by his miracles, and borne the penalty of our sins : yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted; we thought him justly

punished, as a blafphemer, and considered him as a monu5 ment of divine vengeance. But he (was] wounded for

our transgressions, (he was] bruised for our iniquities : the chastitement of our peace (was) upon him : and with his stripes we are healed; our peace was made with God, and we were healed of our spiritual disorders, by his fufferings, whereby he made an atonement for sin, and ob6 tained the holy spirit for us. All we like sheep have gone

astray; we have turned every one to his own way; have followed our sensual and sinful inclinations; and the Lord

hath laid on him the iniquity of us all; by the appoint7 ment of God he suffered to expiate it. He was oppressed,

and he was afflicted, by the weight of his sufferings, and his deep and tender sense of them; tho it may be rendered,

it was exacted of him, and he answered the demand; yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, lo he openeth not his mouth to express any re

venge or impatience, to complain of heaven, or revile his 8 persecutors. He was taken from prison and from judg

ment; or, taken away by distress and judgment; he was distressed in judgment, that is, had not a fair trial: and who Thall declare his generation? who can describe the wickedness of that nation by whom he was crucified? or, who would ever have thought he had been the son of David, who was described in fcripture by such illustrious chara&ters?"

for he was cut off out of the land of the living : for the 9 transgression of my people was he stricken. And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, he was buried, by permission of the Roman governor, near the place of execution ; yet with a rich and honourable burial, with fine linen and spices, and in a rich manos sepulchre, Matt. xxvii

made · Bp. Lowth translates the passage thus; By an oppressive judgment he was taken off; and his manner of life who would declare ?

. 57. because, or, altho' he had done no violence, neither (was any]. deceit in his 10 mouth. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he

hath put (him] to grief; it was a wife and gracious appointment of God; and he took pleasure in his sufferings, as making an atonement for sin: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for fin, he shall see (his] feed, he shall prolong [his] days; he shall have many converts, or spiritual children, by whom his name and religion shall be kept up, and the pleasure of the LORD, that is, the salvation

of souls, which is God's pleasure, shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall fee of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be

satisfied; he will refleet upon the success of his labours and sufferings with joy: by his knowledge, or by the know

ledge of him, shall my righteous servant justify many; 12 for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide

him [a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; he shall be a successful conqueror, and, like a strong man armed, divide his spoils ; or, he shall divide the spoils of the strong, of sin and Satan, and lead captivity. captive; because he hath poured out his soul, or blood, like a drink offering, unto death : and he was numbered with the transgressors; treated like one of them in his trial and death: and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors; he prayed for his murderers, and ever liveth to make intercession for transgreffors.


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ET us adore the spirit of prophecy, that fo plain

ly described the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. How absurd is it to apply this to Jeremiah, or any other sufferer but Christ! It is remarkably plain and strong; it has converted many jews, and fome learned Rabbies, when they compared the prophecy


and the correspondent events; and also a celebrated infidel of our own country. Let it therefore confirm our faith in the gospel, and our steady adherence to Jesus Christ, the Meffiah that should come.

2. Let us admire the love of Christ in bearing all these sufferings for finful men. In what a variety of awful language are his sufferings described, and how just is the defcription ! How frequently are we informed, that he died for our fins, and not for his own. Who, that carefully reads this chapter, can deny the doctrine of Christ's facri. fice, and proper expiation ? Let us therefore cherish a lively gratitude to hiin, who suffered for our sins, the

just for the unjuft.

3. Let us be careful that we do not reject this Saviour, It was strange that the Jews Should do it, when they had this prophecy in their hands, which fo plainly foretold his sufferings. But they did it, and their obstinacy and unbelief confirms our faith; for here that also is plainly foretold. We hear the report of the gospel, and have not the fame prejudices against it as they had. Let us believe it; and never hide our faces from Chrift; but receive him as the Messiah, the Son of God, and the Saviour of the world; and rather fuffer any thing, than give up faith in him and a good conscience.

4. Let us rejoice in the extent of the redeemer's kingdom, and earnestly pray for its increase. This part of the prophecy has likewise been fulfilled : Christ has a numerous seed; his cause has profpered amidst a thousand difficulties; and shall fill prosper, for it is God's pleasure. Let us pray that he may yet see of the travail of his soul, and justify multitudes more, even to the ends of the earth, and till the end of time: and may every one of us be the Redeemer's willing captives now, and his eternal glory and




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The prophet, having foretold the sufferings of Christ, proceeds to

describe the glory and increase of the church.
N G, O barren, thou (that) didst not bear

break forth into finging, and cry aloud, thou
[that] didst not travail with child: for more (are) the
children of the desolate than the children of the married
wife, faith the Lord. This is applied by Paul to the call-
ing in of the gentiles; they shall be more numerous than ever

the jews were, thoʻ before they had not stood in a covenans ? relation to God. Enlarge the place of thy tent, and lee

them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations :
fpare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy
ftakes; an allusion to God's people as formerly dwelling in

tents, which they are called upon to enlarge and strengthen 3 for their numerous children; For thou, my church, fhalt

, break forth on the right hand and on the left, far beyond thy present bounds: and thy seed shall inherit the gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited

those who know not God, and are therefore defolate, fall 4 become wise and holy. Fear not; for thou shalt not be

ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, thy small beginnings, when in a persecuted state, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more; when thou hadft no covenant re5 lation with God. For thy Maker [is] thine husband;

The Lord of hosts [is] his name, he will manifest
his affection to thee, tho ke might seem to have cast thee off;
and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Ifrael; The God

of the whole earth shall he be called; that is, the God 6 of the whole gentile church, as well as of the jews. For

the Lord hath called thee as a woman forsaken and
grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast
refused, faith thy God, as a wife put away from her
husband for unfaithfulness, who remembering the tenderness

of her youthful days, and seeing marks of repentance, re7 ceives her again. For a small moment have I forsaken


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