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of Tehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the carrying away of Jerufalem captive in the fifth month, when the city and

temple were destroyed; so that he prophesied about forty two 4 years, and lived to see most of his prophecies fulfilled. Then

the word of the Lord came unto me in a vision, saying, 5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee, I had

thee in my view, and before thou camest forth out of the womb I fanctified thee, set thee apart for this office, [and] I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations, to

other sent some forces, joined by the Syrians and Ammonites, to com. mit depredations on his country. This they did for several years, always carrying off spoils and captives. Jehoiakim, -in attempting to repel one of their invasions, was lain without the gates of the city, and his body, after having been treated with much ignominy, was cast into the fields without the honours of a burial. His son Jeconiah, tho’ very young, succeeded him; and in rebel. lion and vice followed his example. After a reign of only three months, Nebuchadnezzar, who had come to Judea in perfon, carried him, and almost all the people of any note in the country, captive to Babylon. The golden vessels, that had remained in the temple, were likewise carried off at this time. Zedekiah, uncle to Jeconiah, was permitted to succeed him, on swearing allegiance and becoming tributary to the king of Babylon: but, relying on the assistance of Egypt, he revolted soon after, and drew on himself and on his country the full vengeance of the. Babylonian monarch, as related in the fifty second chapter. The subsequent transactions of the murder of Gedaliah (who was left governor in the country) and the retreat of the remaining jews into Egypt, (whither they were accompanied by Jeremiah, who is . said to have been there put to death) may be seen from chapter forty to forty four inclusively. Soon after the taking of Jerusalem, and the carrying of Judah into captivity, Nebuchad. nezzar brought on the Tyrians, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Philistines, and other neighbouring nations, that destruction which, the prophets of God foretold and threatened; he likewise ravaged Egypt, and either killed or enslaved all the jews who had Aed thither for refuge. Thus matters stood, till, at the precise period foretold by Isaiah and the other prophets, the Babylonian monarchy was overturned, and the jews restored to their liberty and, their country by Cyrus. This short view of the history of Jere. miah's times, may in some measure help us to understand his prophecies, of which the general subjects are the idolatry and other fins of the jews - the judgments that were impending on that account, together with their future restoration and deliver.


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6 other nations as well as to the jews.* Then said I, Ah,

Lord God! behold, I cannot speak: for I sam] a child ;

I cannot speak with drie gravity and authority before in great personages. But the Lord said unto me, Say not

I fam] a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send

thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak. 8 Be not afraid of their faces when they look big and angry:

for I sam with thee to deliver thee, saith the LORD. A necessary encouragement, as I was to reprove the princes

and priests for their faults, as well as the people : and, to 9 confirm me against my fears, he gave me a sign; Then the

LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth.
And the Lord said unto me, Behold, I have put my

words in thy mouth; I have given thee the gift of utter10 ance, and instruEted thee in my will. See, I have this day

set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant; I have commisioned thee to foretel the destruction of some kingdoms, and the preservation

and restoration of others. İl Moreover the word of the LORD cảme unto me,

faying, Jeremiah, what feeft thou? And I said, I see Vol. V.


a rod ance, interspersed with several intimations of the Messiah. From this account, however, we muft except the forty fifth chapter, which relates to his disciple Baruch, and the fix following, which respect the fate of other nations.

The style of Jeremiah is beautiful and tender to a high de. gree; especially when he has occasion to excite the softer passions of grief and pity, which is not seldom the case in the first parts of the prophecy. It is likewise on many occasions very elegant and sublime, especially towards the end, (ch. xlv-li.) where, this prophec approaches even to the majesty of Isaiah.--The historical narratives which are occasionally introduced, are written in a plain prosaic style, which is the ficteft for narratives.' · The chapters are not now arranged according to the order of time in which they were delivered : but of this notice will be taken in the course of the exposition.

* This was designed for his encouragement, and is exactly agreeable to the account St. Paul gives of himself Gal. i. 15, 16.

• The prophets are said to do what they declared God would do; and as it was customary with God to impress the minds of the prophets and people by certain figns or emblems, so he does here.

12 a rod of an almond tree. Then said the Lord unto

me, Thou hast well feen, or judged right : for I will hasten my word to perform it; as an almond is one of the first trees that blojoms in the spring, and hastens as it were

to seize the first opportunity to blossom, so I will haften the 13 accomplishment of thy prediEtions. And the word of the

LORD came unto me the second time, saying, What seeft thou? And I said, I see a seething pot, a boiling pot, or furnace; and the face thereof [is] toward the north; the mouth of the furnace, into which the fire was put, opened to the north; or rather, (as in the margin of

our bibles) from the face of the north, from whence the evil 14 was to come. Then the Lord said unto me, Out of the

north, that is, from the Babylonians and Chaldeans, an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the

land; they all throw the city and country into all the 15 agitation and confusion of a boiling furnace. For, lo, I

will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, faith the Lord; the king of Babylon and his allies, a numercus army; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates at Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about,

and against all the cities of Judah; they all encamp 16 against and take posesion of their cities and palaces. And

I will utter my judgments, pass fentence and execute judge ii ment against them touching all their wickedness, who

have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands;

my judgments shall declare their wickedness, and my indigna17 tion confirm the truth of thy prophecies. * Thou therefore

gird up thy loins, and arise, go about it vigorously and refolutely, and speak unto them all that I command thee :

be not dismayed at their faces, lest I confound thee be .. fore them; left I make thee ashamed of thy cowardice, and 18 bring upon thee that which thou fearest. For, behold, I

have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brazen walls against the whole land, I have made theç like a city fortified with pillars of iron and walls of brass, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, who mall batter thee with their power, against the

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· priests thereof, who will thunder their church censures

against thee, and against the people of the land, who will shoot out their arrows, even bitter words. And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I [am] with thee, faith the LORD, to deliver thee; they shall not be able on the whole to hurt thee.

REFLÉCTION S. 1. W HOMSOEVER God commissions for any

W service, he will qualify and help. He knows what use to make of every man, fees what services they are fit for; and if he calls them out to difficult work, they may expect, and, if they follow his providence, may depend upon, peculiar assistance. Tho' a modest diffidence is very becoming in all, especially in young persons, yet there is a false modesty which ought to be avoided. This prevents many from praying in their families, or with their friends, and from speaking of divine things. But when God calls us out to difficult services, we must not make excuses, but cheerfully undertake them, in a dependance on that help of his Spirit which he has promised; so that as our day is, 'our strength ball be.

2. We see that courage and zeal becomes the Lord's prophets and ministers. They are to speak all that he commands; and not foun to declare the whole counsel of God. They áre to reprove and admonish faithfully and tenderly; and this requires great resolution. If they fhun their duty for fear of the reproach and contempt of men, God will make them contemptible. If they are faithful, he will bear them up, and make them honourable in the eyes of all that are wise and good...

.-3. The fear of man bringeth a fnare. This was the prophet · Jeremiah's infirmity, and it prevails upon many to neglect their duty, and to comply with sinful, dangerous customs. The fear of being reproached or laughed at, leads many young persons in particular, into guilt, shame, and ruin. The best preservative against this snare is the fear of God; 2 reverence of his authority, a sense of his presence, and a



dread of being confounded and condemned by him. It is therefore excellent advice of our Lord, which we should always remember and act upon, Fear not them who can kill the body; but fear him, who can kill the body and cast the foul into hell; I fay unto you, Fear him.

CHA P. II. 1—20. We had the prophet's commission in the former chapter; here he · enters on his work; and in this part of the chapter represents

to the jews their ingratitude to God, their unparalleled wick. edness, and the dishonour and ruin they were bringing on themselves by it. N OROEVER the word of the LORD came to me, 2 I saying, Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem,

saying, Thus faith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine efpoufals, when thou wenteft after me in the wilderness, in a land (that was not fown; I remember thy obedience and fub. jection, when thou wast first formed into a people, and entered into a covenant with God at mount Sinai, when thou

followeds the cloud, and attendedf the service of the taber3 nacle. Ifrael (was) holiness unto the LORD, (and) the

firft fruits of his increase, like the first fruits, they are w peculiarly valuable in his fight : all that devour him thall

offend, evil shall come upon them, faith the LORD; I 4 will feverely punish all that shall attack them. Hear ye the

word of the Lord, O house of Jacob, and all the fa. 5 milies of the house of Israel: Thus faith the LORD,

What iniquity have your fathers found in me, what injustice, unfaithfulness, or unkindness, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are

become vain ? that they have praetifed idolatry, and are 6 become like the heathen? Neither said they, Where [is]

the Lord that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, they forgat the kindness I showed to their fathers, that led

us • Or rather, according to Dr. BLAYNEY, I have called to mind in thy behalf the kindness shown thee in thy youth, &c.

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