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shot out; it speaketh deceit : [one] speaketh peaceably

to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth 9 his wait, or, wait for him. Shall I not visit them for

these [things?] faith the Lord: shall not my soul be Io avenged on such a nation as this? For the mountains

will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness, or, the pastures of the plain, a lamentation, because they are burned up, fo that none can pass through (them) neither can (men) hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone, because there is no pro

vision for them, the Chaldeans Sall make the whole country și desolate. And I will make Jerusalem heaps, (and) a

den of dragons, a species of serpents which are only found

in desolate places; and I will make the cities of Judah 12 defolate, without an inhabitant. Who [is] the wise

man, that; may understand this? and (who is he] to whom the mouth of the Lord hath spoken, that he may declare it, for what the land perisheth (and) is burned up like a wilderness, that none passeth through? who can understand the law of God, which threatens such

things, or his prophets, who foretel them who can see the 13 cause of this calamity ? And the LORD saith, Because

they have forsaken my law which I fet before them,

and have not obeyed my voice, neither walked therein; 14 But have walked after the imagination of their own

heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught 15 them : Therefore thus faith the Lord of hosts, the

God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, [even] this

people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall 16 to drink. I will scatter them also among the heathen,

whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a sword after them, till I have consumed

them. 17 Thus faith the Lord of hosts, Consider ye, and,

as you yourselves are not sufficiently affeEted, call for the mourning women, which are used to attend as mourners at

funerals, that they may come; and send for cunning 18 (women,] that they may come: And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that their weeping


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may affe&t us, that our eyes may run down with tears, 19 and our eyelids gush out with waters. For a voice of

wailing is heard, that is, shall be heard, out of Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly confounded, be

cause we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings 20 have cast [us] out. Yet hear the word of the LORD,

O ye women, who are most easily impressed with grief and fear, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth, and teach your daughters wailing, and every one her neighbour lamentation; not artificial, but real lamentation; instead of bringing them up in gaiety and diversions,

teach them mourning songs, for they will have occasion to use 21 them. For death is come up into our windows, (and) is

entered into our palaces, neither palaces nor fortifications can defend us from destruction ; it enters every place, to cut off the children from without, [and] the young men

from the streets, in which they can play no more by reason 22 of the fury of the enemy. Speak, Thus faith the LORD,

Éven the carcases of men shall fall as dung upon the open field, and as the handful after the harvest man, and none shall gather (them;] they fball lie un

buried, and none fall think it worth their while to gather 23 them up. Thus faith the LORD, Let not the wise

(man) glory in his wisdom, as if he had found out a way to escape the desolation, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, as if he could resist it, let not the

rich (man] glory in his riches, as if they would be his 24 ransom in that day : But let him that glorieth glory in

this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I [am] the Lord which exercise loving kindness, or tenderness to the penitent, judgment in punishing my enemies, and righteousness, in the earth, in fulfilling my promises and defending my people : for in these [things] I delight, faith the LORD ; I delight in exercising these myself, and in

thofe who praetife then. 25 Behold, the days come, faith the Lord, that I will

punish all (them which are] circumcised with the uncir

cumcised, because they are as sinful and impure as they ; 26 Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all [that are) in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness; or, those that poll the corners of their hair, (referring to the Arabians, whe cut off their hair before, and left it long behind, to make them look. formidable) for all [these] nations Care) uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel (are) uncircumcised in the heart; therefore I will reckon with them all together, and they shall fáre alike.





T becomes us to be tenderly affected with the calamities of our fellow creatures.

The prophet here expresses himself in the most pathetic terms, in the view of those defolations which were coming upon his people. Thus should we be affected when we hear of the desolations of war; of multitudes slain in battle; tho' they should not be our own people, yea, tho' they are our enemies, for they are men. So many precious lives are lost ! and so many immortal fouls are gone into eternity!

2. Prevailing falsehood is a proof of national degeneracy, and a symptom of national ruin. This seems to have been the reigning vice of Israel in Jeremiah's time. He represents them as almost all treacherous and deceitful, studying falsehood, and every method to overreach and undermine one another. It is very fad with a nation when there is falsehood in judicial proceedings, in trade and commerce, and in common conversation. Too much of this character may be observed in our nation; the many shameful bankruptcies among us show it. But let us be valiant for the truth. It requires courage to defend an honest cause, when it is much run down; or to speak for a worthy character, -when it is generally aspersed; and more especially when speaking truth would expose us to sufferings and reproach. Nevertheless let truth be ever sacred with us; for God sees and abhors all deceit, When once men violate the truth, they generally proceed from evil to evil, till at length they have their portion in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone for ever.

3. We learn what should be the subject of our glory and confidence. Not our wisdom, might, or riches; for they


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are of uncertain continuance, nor can they defend us in time of calamity, much less in the time of death. Let us glory in the knowledge of God, and trust in his perfections. He is righteous, just, and kind. He makes himself known by these attributes; he delights in the exercise of them, and in those who endeavour to resemble him. To have an acquaintance with this God, and an interest in him, will be a support and comfort to us in every evil day; and in him we may tafely confide. Let us therefore be followers of God as dear children.

4. Wicked christians are no better than heathens. It is really_melancholy to see that Judah is put upon a level with Egypt and Edom, Ammon and Moab, as being as bad as they, and sharing in their fate. What signifies it to us to be baptized, without purity of heart and complying with the terms of the covenant ? to have the sign, without the thing signified ? to be christians in name, and heathers in heart and life ? None will fare the better for these exter. nal advantages ; nay, if they do not improve them, their punishment will be heavier than their's who never enjoyed them. He is not a christian who is one outwardly, and baptism is not that which is outward in the flesh; but he is a christian who is one inwardly, who is baptized of the spirit and walketh in truth,

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C H A P. X.
Some suppose that this chapter was written after the first cap-

tivity in Jehoiakim's time, when Daniel and others were
carried captive, and is an address to those captives concerning
the heathen among whom they were settled, v. 1-17. and
that the rest of the chapter concerns those who remained in the
land, and might think themselves safe.

EAR ye the word which the Lord speaketh

unto you, O house of Israel : Thus faith the LORD, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven : for the heathen are dismayed at them; the Chaldeans are noted astrologers,





they pretend by eclipses, the conjun&tion of the planets, and other signs in the heavens, to foretel future events, to deter

mine lucky and unlucky days, and the like ; learn not these 3 things of them, nor be dismayed at them ;. For the customs

of the people are vain : for (one) cutteth a tree out of

the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with 4 the ax. They deck it with silver and with gold; they

faften it with nails and with hammers, that it move 5 not. They (are] upright as the palm tree, but speak

not: they must needs be borne, or carried, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also [is it] in them to do good. The prophet, being struck with a sense of God's infinite

greatness and glory, compared with idols, turns to him, and 6. Says, in a noble apostrophe, Forasmuch as [there is) none

like unto thee, O Lord; thou (art] great, and thy 7 name [is] great in might. Who would not fear thee,

O King of nations ? for to thee doth it appertain ; or rather, when he shall approach unto thee : o forasmuch as among all the wise (men) of the nations, and in all

their kingdoms, (there is) none like unto thee ; none 8 of their wise men or kings, whom they have deified. But

they are altogether brutish and foolish : the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities ; or, the very wood itself, being a rebuker of vanities, (that is, idolaters) and reproaching the Nupidity of those who imagined that some divine power was 9 lodged in it. Silver spread into plates is brought from

Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the workmen, or silversmiths, and of the hands of the foun,

der : blue and purple [is] their clothing : they [are] to all the work of cunning (men.!] But the LORD [is]

the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlast. ing king, the author of life and being : at his wrath the

earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to 11 abide his indignation. Thus shall ye say unto them,

The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, Feven] they shall perish from the earth, and

from o Dr. BLAYNEY. p They dressed their images often in coltly robes and different suits, as the lady of Loretta, who had one for every day in the year.

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