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from under thefe heavens ; their idols shall perish, as the 1 2 antient idolatry has done. 9 He hath made the earth by
his power, he hath established the world by his wildom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion; consequently, his wisdom and power infinitely exceed
When he uttereth his voice, [there is) a mul. titude of waters in the heavens, clouds and rain, and he caufeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth
forth the wind out of his treasures, as if it was laid up 14 in fome secret storehouses till he had occasion for it. Every
man is brutish in [his] knowledge, or, for want of knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven
image: for his moltep image [is] falsehood, and there 15 is] no breath in them. They (are] vanity, [and] the
work of errors, men make them and worship them, because they have wrong notions of God, in the time of their visi
tation they shall perish, their idols are not able to help 16 them; they and their gods fhall perish together. The por
tion of Jacob, that is, Jehovah, who hath chosen Jacob for his portion, [is] not like them: for he [is] the former of all [things ;] and Israel [is] the rod of his inheritance; he divided their inheritance by a line or rod:
the Lord of hosts [is] his name. 17 Gather up thy wares, or effects, out of the land, O
inhabitant of the fortress, ye who dwell in Jerusalem and
Sion, or in other strong places, and think yourselves secure ; 18 for thus faith the LORD, Behold, I will sling out the
inhabitants of the land at this once, and will distress them, that they may find [it fo;] behold, I will send the king of Babylon against you, and ye shall be all destroyed or carried away at once ; ye shall surely find it as I have threatened. The people are then introduced as lamenting their calamity.
9 This verse was not written in the Hebrew, but the Chaldee language, that the captives might tell the Chaldeans in their own language, of their faith in Jehovah, and remonstrate against the folly of idolatry, Dr. BLAYNEY thinks this verse interrupts the course of the argument, and that probably some publick teacher, during the captivity, deducing it by direct inference from the prophet's words, had it inserted in the margin, for the reasons mentioned above.
19 Woe is me for my hurt ! 'my wound is grievous :
but I said, Truly this [is] a grief, and I must bear it; 20 this denotes a sullen, not a submisive filence. My tabernacle
is spoiled, and all my cords are broken; an allusion to their dwelling in tents: my children are gone forth of me, and they (are] not; they are slain, dispersed, or carried captive, to return no more : (there is none to stretch
forth my tent any more, and to set up my curtains. 21 For the pastors, the princes, governors, and priests, who
should have guided the flock, are become brutish, and
have not fought the LORD: therefore they shall not 22 prosper, and all their flocks shall be scattered. Behold,
the noise of the bruit' is come, and a great commotion out of the north country, to make the cities of
Judah defolate, [and] a den of dragons. 23 O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in
himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his
felves without thy 24 providence. O Lord, correct me, but with judgment,
with mercy and moderation; not in thine anger, left thou 25 bring me to nothing. Thou wilt Pour out thy fury
upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name, but ascribe their succefs to their idols : for they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have made his habitation desolate.
REFLECTION S. 1. THE people of God have need of TH!
that they do not learn the ways of sinners, when they live among them. The Israelites are exhorted not to learn the ways of the heathen. To consult astrologers, stargazers, and conjurors, is learning the ways of the heathen, and very wicked in those who profess to believe the providence of God. To be dismayed at lights in the sky, comets, eclipses, or any extraordinary appearances in the heavens, is very unbecoming those who profess to know
God, 'An old english word, which fignifes clamour, or alarm.
God, and who enjoy his gospel. Let us reverence him and his providence, and guard against all superstitious observances and fears; for they are displeasing to God, as well as mischievous to ourselves.
2. Let us observe how infinitely superior the name, wifdom, and power of the Lord are to idols, which are all vanity and a lie. We ought to entertain the highest and most honourable thoughts, of him. Let us reflect upon his infinite goodness and glory, his power over all nature, his command over all the elements, and his goodness to the whole creation. The variety of storms and changes of the weather, prove his being and providence. All the wisdom and skill of men are derived from him. Who then would not fear him, and seek his friendship. Let the people of God rejoice in him, be fully satisfied, and think themselves happy in having him for their portion; for happy indeed is the people who have this great and glorious Being for their God.
3. We may learn what our behaviour should be under affliction, v. 19. It is very common to say, 'I cannot help it, and must do as well as I can;' without any regard to God and his providence. Let us own his hand in diftress; resolve to bear it patiently and cheerfully, because God does it, and will overrule all for our good. But it is perfectly consistent with this patience, to pray that God would moderate his stroke, correct us with judgment, and in mercy; not in angry severity, for who then could stand before him? and especially to pray, that he would not deal with us after our sins.
4. We have here the character of the heathen. They are spoken of as nations; and families are represented as constituent parts of them. The heathen know not God; take no pains to trace and reflect upon his being and perfections. How lamentable is it, that so many who are called by the christian name, with all their advantages, are willingly ignorant of him. They say to God, Depart from us. There are many families in this land that call not on his name, do not use family prayer, have no appearance of religion in their houses, and therefore are as bad or worse than heathens. Upon fuch, whatever wealth and finery be in their houses, God's fury will be poured out; and well may the heads of prayerless families tremble to think of it! To avoid this dreadful fury, and secure the divine blessing, let them resolve with Joshua, that whatever others do, they and their houses will serve the Lord.
C H A P. XI. In order to reclaim the people, their attention is here called to
the covenant made with their fathers. HE word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, Hear
the words of this covenant, and speak unto the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants 3 of Jerusalem; And say thou unto them, Thus faith the
Lord God of Israel ; Cursed [be] the man that obey4 eth not the words of this covenant, which I command
ed your fathers in the day [that] I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, out of their heavy afflictions, saying, Obey my voice, and do
them, according to all which I command you: fo shall 5 ye be my people, and I will be your God: That I
may perform the oath which I have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is] this day. Then answered I, and said, So be it, O LORD, I, for my part, consent; as if he had faid, Whatever they do, I will be obedient; or rather, it may express the readiness with which the people consented to
the covenant at first; all that the Lord hath spoken we will 6 do, Exodys xix. 8. Then the Lord said unto me, Pro.
claim all these words in the cities of Judah, and in the
streets of Jerusalem, saying, Hear ye the words of this 7 covenant, and do them. For I earnestly protested
unto your fathers in the day [that] I brought them up
out of the land of Egypt, (even) unto this day, rising 8 early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice. Yet
they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all the words of this cove
nant, all the threatenings denounced in it, which I com9 manded (them) to do; but they did (them) not. And
the Lord said unto me, A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to introduce idolatry and banih true religion : fome
Steps toward a reformation were taken in Josiah's time, but 10 they are now relapsed into their former idolatry: They are
turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them : the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.
Therefore thus faith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to
escape ; and though they shall cry unto me, I will not 12 hearken unto them. Then shall the cities of Judah
and inhabitants of Jerusalem go, and cry unto the gods
unto whom they offer incense: but they shall not save 13 them at all in the time of their trouble. For [accord
ing to) the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah, and [according to] the number of the streets of
Jerusalem have ye set up altars tọ [that] shameful 14 thing, (even) altars to burn incense unto Baal. There
fore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear [them) in the time that they cry unto me for their trouble; I am de
termined not to hear; I see they are incorrigible, therefore 15 I would not have thy prayers be loft. What hath my
beloved to do in mine house, (seeing] she hath wrought lewdness with many, and the holy fesh is passed from thee? thy sacrifices shall not be acceptable; or rather, • Shall vows and holy flesh be allowed to come from thee?' s
when thou doest evil, then thou rejoicest; when thou art 16 malignant, shalt thou then rejoice? The Lord called thy
name, A green olive tree, fair, [and] of goodly fruit; he expected fruit from thee, but as thou art unfruitful, therefore with the noise of a great tumult he hath kind
led fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken ; 17 thou shalt be utterly ruined by the Chaldeans. For the Vol. V.
LORD s Dr. BLAY NEY.