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not hearken unto me; they have cherished and encouraged 13 those lufts which lead them from God: Therefore will I caft

you out of this land into a land that ye know not, [neither] ye nor your fathers; and there shall ye serve other gods day and night ; where I will not show you favour ; ye fball be tempted to do it, and some shall comply ; but they shall not gain the favour of the Chaldeans thereby; accordingly those were most efttemed who had the courage to oppose these things. Then follows the promise of mercy in

the midst of judgment. 14 Therefore, or nevertheless, behold, the days come,

faith the Lord, that it shall no more be said, The

LORD liveth, that brought up the children of Israel 15 out of the land of Egypt; But, the Lord liveth, that brought up

the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the lands whịther he had driven them : and I will bring them again into their land that I gave unto their fathers; tho this deliverance be not so great and miraculous as the other, yet they shall be more impressed with it, as brought about by the immediate influence

of God upon Cyrus. But at present, 16

Behold, I will send for many fishers, faith the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every moun

tain, and from every hill, and out of the holes of the 17 rocks. For mine eyes (are) upon all their ways: they

are not hid from my face, neither is their iniquity hid from mine eyes; I will send armies against you, which

you shall be no more able to refift, than fishes and beasts can 18 refijt fibers and hunters. And first, before that happy

time comes, I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double, that is, largely, or double to my usual severity: because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things, with wounded beasts offered to heathen deities, such as swine and mice; perhaps human facrifices may be referred to. - Then, in order to aggravate the stupidity of Israel

, the prophet refleets with pleasure on 19 the time when the heathen shall be converted; O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the


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day of affliction, the gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein (there is) no profit; they fall be ashamed of the gods of

their fathers, turn to Jehovah, and be obedient to him. 20 Shall a man make gods unto himself, and they (are] no 21 gods? what can be more absurd than this? Therefore,

behold, I will this once cause them to know, I will cause them to know mine hand and my might, in bringing them beck and thereby awakening the heathen ; and they shali know that my name [is] The Lord; the effeEl of their captivity shall be to cure them of their idolatry. Accordingly they have never fince relapsed into it.





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W wretched is the case of those from whom

God takes away his peace ! It is often the case of nations and of particular persons. Nations lose their prosperity and quiet, and have little comfort in


of their enjoyments; and particular persons lose, not only external blessings, their substance, health, and friends, but the composure of their minds. Their hearts meditate terror, and that oftentimes when there is no ground for it. May we be thankful for our peace while it is continued, and be careful to keep ourselves in the love God; for without that we can have no true peace. Then, tho' we walk for a while in darkness, light and gladness will quickly fuc. ceed.

2. Let us often reflect on God's perfect knowledge of our ways and hearts; our conduct and principles, and our iniquities, v. 17. Many forget him; their eyes are never toward the Lord; they think him such an one as themselves; but he fees all things; our secret fins are in the light of his countenance. All are observed and remembered by him; and for all these things he will bring us into judgment.

3. We are taught not to undervalue the favours and mercies shown to us, because they are not in some respects equal to those of our fathers, v. 14, 15. We see how much the Israelites were affected with their deliverances,


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tho' it was not so miraculous as the deliverance of their fathers. The former and later appearances of providence are to be kept in remembrance, and gratefully acknowledged. Let us give God glory for the mercies shown to our

fathers, for we reap the benefit of them ; nor fay, the former days were better than these. Tho' our deliverances and favours on some accounts are less wonderful, yet they may be equally important; and therefore God should be devoutly praised for them.

4. Let the disappointments and vexations which others have found in the ways of fin, engage us to depart from them, v. 19. We are not to do any thing because they did it, but to confider whether it be right and good. If wrong, let no veneration for antiquity and custom influence our minds, more especially in matters of evident duty. Sin is attended with sorrow, shame, and misery. Instances of this we ourselves may have seen. Let us therefore fly from it, and turn unto the Lord, for his service is reasonable. Those that wait on him shall never be ashamed; and in keeping his commandments there is great reward.

The former part of the chapter, v. 1-18, shows the fatal con-

sequences of idolatry, the happiness of the man that trusts in
God, and the vanity of riches, which often diseppoint the
owner ; the prophet appecls to God for his sincerity, and
prays that the evil intended by his enemies may revert on their
own heads; the remainder relates to the due observance of the.
I THE fin of Judah [is] written with a pen of iron,

[and] with the point of a diamond : [it is] graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars, where the blood of their idolatrous facrifices is poured out, which is a proof of the wickedness of their hearts, plain and legible both to God and man; they

are so confirmed in sin that there is no hope of reclaiming 2 them; Whilst their children remember their altars and


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their groves by the green trees upon the high hills ;
even their children can show the way to their altars, and

understand their worship, it is so common and prevalent.
3 O my mountain in the field, that is, Jerusalem, a moun-

tain, or a heap of mountains in a plain, I will give thy
substance [and] all thy treasures to the spoil, [and] thy

high places for fin, or, on account of thy fin, throughout
4 all thy borders. And thou, even thyself, shalt discon-

tinue from thine heritage that I gave thee; and I will
cause thee to serve thine enemies in the land which
thou knowest not; a very beautiful allusion to the seventh
year, when the land was to lie untilled and the servants were
to be released; for the neglect of this thou shalt be released
from thy poljefion, and turned out of thy heritage: for ye
have kindled a fire in mine anger, (which) shall burn

for ever, that is, till you are consumed.
5 Thus faith the LORD; Cursed [be] the man that

trusteth in man, and maketh flesh, that is, frail, mortal
man, his arm, or confidence, and whose heart departeth

from the LORD; referring to their alliance with Egypt
6 and dependance upon it. For he shall be like the heath

in the desert, a very worthless Shrub, and shall not see
when good cometh ; but shall inhabit the parched
places in the wildernefs, [in] a falt land and not in-

habited; they fall not enjoy the good and safety they hoped
7 for, but be exposed to the evils they feared. Blessed [is]

the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope

the Lord is, who useth no fenful means for his safety.
8 For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, in op-

position to the heath before mentioned, and [that] spreadeth
out her roots by the river, and fhall not see, or fear,
when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and
fhall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall
cease from yielding fruit, which shall not be destroyed by
drought, but have a constant supply of moisture, and be

always fruitful.
9 The heart [is] deceitful above all (things,] and def-

perately wicked : who can know it? A general remark;

which seems principally to refer to their foreign alliances, by 10 which they would be deceived. I the LORD search the


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heart, [1] try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, (and) according to the fruit of

his doings; I alone know the heart, and can by my pro11 vidence turn and influence it. [As) the partridge, or kore,

(a bird which frequents the mountains, i Sam. xxvi. 20.) sitteth (on eggs,] and hatcheth (them) not; or fitteth on eggs she did not lay, and the brood from which foon run from her and join with birds of their own kind, or are frequently and easily destroyed ; [fo] he that getteth riches, and not by right, Thall leave them in the midst of his days, when he thinks them secure, and promises himself pleasure in them, and at his end shall be a fool, because he

has laboured for and trusted in what is so transitory. 12 A glorious high throne from the beginning [is] the

place of our fanctuary; God made it so from the beginning, that is, fince David contrived and Solomon built it;

and this is an aggravation of our folly in forsaking the Lord 13 and serving idols, while his temple is among us. O LORD,

the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee for other confidences Thall be ashamed, [and] they that depart from me, from thy words delivered by me, shall be like characters written in the dust of the earth, which are easily blown

away, because they have forsaken the Lord, the foun14 tain of living waters. The prophet prays, Heal me, O

Lord, and I shall be healed; relieve and comfort me under persecutions and afflictions ; fave me, and I shall be

faved: for thou (art) the obje&t of my praise. 15 Behold, they say unto me, Where [is] the word of

the Lord ? let it come now; infidels and libertines doubt 16 the truth of it, and defy it's threatenings. As for me, I

have not hastened from [being] a pastor to follow thee:? neither have I desired the woeful day; thou knowest; I have taken no pleasure in denouncing these judgments, I have never wished for them, tho' necessary to accomplish my

prophecies ; I have kept close to my instručtions: that which 17 came out of my lips was

my lips was [right] before thee. Be not a terror unto me, while my adversaries are fo: thou (art] 18 my hope in the day of evil. Let them be confounded,

that 2 Some read it thus, I have not thruft myself into the pastoral ofice, nor have I declined it when called to it.

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