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that is, they shall be so, that persecute me, but let not me be confounded: let them be dismayed, but let not me be dismayed: bring upon them the day of evil, and destroy them with double destruction ; thou wilt utterly destroy them, that they may no longer insult thy prophet and

defy thy threatenings. 19 Thus faith the Lord unto me; Go and stand in the

gate of the children of the people, whereby the kings

of Judah come in, and by the which they go out, and 20 in all the gates of Jerusalem, in all publick places; And

say unto them, Hear ye the word of the LORD, ye

kings of Judah, and all Judah, and all the inhabitants 21 of Jerusalem, that enter in by these gates: Thus faith

the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no

burden on the sabbath day, nor bring [it] in by the 22 gates of Jerusalem ; Neither carry forth a burden out

of your houses on the fabbath day, neither do ye any

work, but hallow ye the fabbath day, as I commanded 23 your fathers; as a sign of my covenant with them. But

they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made

their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive 24 instruction,

And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto me, faith the LORD, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the fabbath

day, but hallow the fabbath day, to do no work 25 therein; Then shall there enter into the gates of this

city kings and princes fitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of

Jerusalem: and this city shall remain for ever; the court, 26 the city, and the country Mall flourish. And they shall

come from the cities of Judah, and from the places about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the south, bringing burnt offerings, and facrifices, and meat offerings, and incenfe, and bringing facrifices of

praise, unto the house of the LORD; They fall bring 27 their sacrifices from all parts of the land. But if

But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the fabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of

Jerusalem

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Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched; a threatening which was literally fulfilled, and which this very prophet lived to see and lament.

REFLECTION S.

1.

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E here see how cautious we fhould be of putting

too much trust in man. To depend upon human wisdom, skill, and power, to the neglect of God, (that is, while we disregard his providence, and restrain prayer before him) is an affront to him; it is impious and profane. Men are all of them weak and frail, many of them are false and deceitful; therefore it is foolish to truft in them, and the way to have our expectations disappointed. In like manner, it is also foolish to trust in our own hearts, and lean to our own understandings, without feeking and acknowledging God. Take heed therefore, brethren, left there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God.

2. We see how safely and comfortably we may trust in God. If we faithfully do our duty, and trust in him to guide, support, and deliver us, he will do it. He knows

the heart; knows what we intend; and what those with whom we have any concern intend; and can influence us and them as he pleases. If we trust in him, we fhall flourish in honour and comfort, and abound in the fruits of righteousnefs. He will not be our terror, but our comfort, in the day of evil, when men fail us, and our expectations from the creatures are disappointed.

3. We are taught the. vanity of those riches which are unjustly gotten. All are vanity; but these are especially so. A man may get rich by oppression, fraud, and artifice. This is sometimes the case; and it encourages men of no principle to practise injustice. But fuch riches often leave a man in the midit of his days, when he wants them most, and pleases himself with the thought of their continuance and increase. They will certainly leave him in the end of his days, when he can carry nothing with him but the

guilt, shame, and remorse of having gotten them unjustly. Then he will see himself to have been a fool; however proud he may have been of his fagacity and sụccess, and of the Aattery of others. O let integrity and uprightness preserve us: and let us be rich in good works. By acting thus we shall foow ourselves wise, and lay up in store for ourselves a good foundation against the time to come.

4. Observe how necessary it is to san&tify the fabbath, if we defire the favour of God, and the prosperity of our country. This is required of kings and rulers, as well as others. No burdens are to be borne, no common work to be done, no labouring, travelling, carrying out, or fetching in, (even provisions) except in case of absolute necessity. We see what stress God lays upon this duty; he charges the neglect of it as a crime which would bring ruin upon the state. The religious observation of the fabbath will support other branches of religion, v. 21, therefore let us take heed to ourselves. Great caution is needful in a degenerate day, and amidst so many bad examples. Those who, merely to save time on working days, contrive to take journeys, to visit their friends, or follow their business on the fabbath, and, by so doing, deprive themselves of religious advantages, do at least (however their thoughts may be employed) set a bad example to others, and encourage them to profane the fabbath. Those who do this should attend to the prophet Jeremiah's admonition: and how they can imagine such a conduct to be confiftent with the divine authority and law, the design of the fabbath, the solemnity of a christian profeffion and engagement, or even with seeking the true interest of their country, is astonishing. How they will vindicate it before him, who will give to every man according to his ways and the fruit of his doings, they will do well to consider.

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CH A P. XVIII. God here, under the type of a potter, shows his absolute power in disposing of nations, and threatens judgments to Judah.

HE word which came to Jeremiah from the

Lord, saying, Arise, and go down to the potter's house, and there I will cause thee to hear my 3 words. Then I went down to the potter's house, and,

behold, he wrought a work on the wheels, or, was at 4 work upon the stones. And the vessel that he made of

clay was marred in the hand of the potter: fo he made

it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to 5 make [it.] Then the word of the LORD came to me, 6 saying, O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this

potter? faith the Lord. Behold, as the clay [is] in the potter's hand, fo (are) ye in mine hand, house of Israel ; I have absolute power over thee to do as I please,

yet I am not inclined to deal with thee in Ariêt righteousness 7 according to thy true charaEter ; for (At what] instant

I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, either by my prophets, or in the course of provi

dence, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy 8 [it;] If that nation against whom I have pronounced,

turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I

thought to do unto them; I will change my way of dealging with them. And (at what) instant I shall speak con

cerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build 10 and to plant (it;] If it do evil in my fight, that it obey

not my voice, then I will repent of the good wherewith I said I would benefit them; according to their different behaviour, they shall become the objects of my favour ar difpleasure.

Now therefore go to, speak to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus faith the LORD; Behold, I frame evil against you, and devise a device against you ; I intend to punish you : re

turn ye now every one from his evil way, and make 12 your ways and your doings good. And they said, There is no hope: but we will walk after our own

devices,

11

devices, and we will every one do the imagination of

his evil heart; they were stubborn and would not be reform13 ed. Therefore thus faith the LORD; Ask ye now

among the heathen, who hath heard such things; none among them were so stupid, as to say they would not reform when judgments were coming upon them, especially when they actually felt them; the Ninevites, for instance, repented at the preaching of Jonah, but the virgin of Israel hath

done a very horrible thing ; Israel, that ought to be a 14 pure, chaste virgin to the Lord, is worse than they. Will

[a man] leave the snow of Lebanon (which cometh] from the rock of the field ? [or] shall the cold flowing waters that come from another place be forsaken? Will the snow leave Lebanon before any rock of the field? Will men dig for Strange waters perversely, in preference to such as flow? Will a thirsty traveller in het weather leave

cool water, that trickles down from Lebanon, or fine spring 15 water, for a standing, muddy lake ?°* Because my peo

ple hath forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity, to idols, and they have caused them to stumble in their ways (from) the antient paths, to walk in paths, [in] a way not cast up; their false prophets and

idolatrous priests have led them from the good old way, to 16 walk in a miry dangerous rood; To make their land

desolate, [and] a perpetual hisling; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, and wag his head;

the consequence will be that some will pity, and others will 17 triumph in their calamities. I will scatter them as with

an east wind before the enemy; I will show them the

back, and not the face, in the day of their calamity. 18 Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices

against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet; we shall do well enough since we have so many priests, wise men, and prophets on our fide. Come, and let us smite him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his words ; let us lay things to his

charge that may blaft his character, and even take away his (19 life. Give heed to me, O LORD, and hearken not to the

voice a Dr. BLAYNEY,

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