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their posterity back, and fix them in a state of prosperity. y And I will give them an heart to know me, that I
[am] the Lord: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart; they ball know God practically, renounce their idolatry, return to their duty, and live in the fear of God, and in obedience to his commands.
And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are fo evil; surely thus faith the Lord, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and
them that dwell in the land of Egypt, that went to settle 9 in Egypt for security: And I will deliver them to be re
moved into all the kingdoms of the earth for (their) hurt, (to be] a reproach and a proverb, a taunt, and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them; they shall be fignal
. instances of God's displeasure, and become for contemptible and miserable, that the common form of curfing 10 shall be, God make you like them.' And I will send the
sword, the famine, and the peftilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers ;. I will jend one calamity after another upon them, so that neither they nor their pofterity Mall ever return to their own land.
HIS short chapter is exceeding useful, as it gives
us a key to some of the most mysterious dispensations of providence. We learn,
1. That one event in this respect happens to all. The good and the bad alike are carried captive; there is no knowing good or evil by any thing that happens under the sun. Therefore we must not censure or judge our brethren, when they meet with great calamities, nor reckon their sufferings to be divine judgments.
2. We • Their former calamities had no such effect, but seemed rather to harden them; this therefore could not be a conjecture of Jeremiah's, for it was a most unlikely thing ; but the spirit of prophecy plainly appears in it.
2. We see how differently the same afflictions work upon the good and bad. These first captives seemed to be in very deplorable circumstances; they were driven from their country; lost their estates, their substance, and liberty ; and were carried into a heathen land, among strangers, enemies, and oppressors'; far from their friends, and the house and ordinances of God. Yet this was all for their good; to cure them of idolatry, and bring them to know and serve the God of Ifrael: while their countrymen, tho' spared for a time, were at length carried away for their hurt and ruin. Thus afflictions are still different in their effects on the righteous and on the wicked. God's intentions to his people are most kind when his judgments feem most severe : but to his enemies they are not the correction of a father, but the sword of an executioner.
3. We are here taught the design of afflictions, v.7. viz. to bring us to know God, to return to him with our whole heart, and so become his people. Tho' afflictions are adapted to answer this end, yet they will not do it without divine agency; therefore God promises, I will give them enheart to know me, that I am the Lord. This therefore should be the subject of our prayers, especially in seasons of distress, that God would give us such an heart : and then will he fulfil that glorious promise, that all things fall work together for our good.
CH A P. XXV.
the neighbouring countries by Nebuchadnezzar.
the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoi.. akim the son of Josiah king of Judah, when he reigned with his father, that (was] the first year of Nebuchad
rezzar king of Babylon, and then the seventy years of cap2 tivity began; The which Jeremiah the prophet fpake
unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants 3 of Jerusalem, laying, From the thirteenth year of
Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that [is] the three and twentieth year, the word of the Lord hath come unto me, and I have fpoken
unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not 4
hearkened. And the Lord hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending (them ;]
but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to 5 hear. They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of
your doings, and dwell in the land that the Lord hath given unto you 6 and to your fathers for ever and ever: And go not after.
other gods to serve them; and to worship them, and
provoke me not to anger with the works of your 7 hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not
hearkened unto me, faith the LORD; that ye might i provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to
your own hurt. 8 Therefore thus faith the Lord of hosts; Because ye 9 have not heard my words, Behold, I will send and
take all the families of the north, faith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, whom I will make use of as a scourge upon the nations, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them
an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desola10 tions. Moreover 1 will take from them the voice of
mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the found of
the milftones, and the light of the candle; they fall I have neither trade nor pleasure. And this whole land
shall be a desolation, (and) an astonishment; and these
nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are
accomplished, [that] I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, faith the Lord, for their iniquity, and
the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual 13 desolations. And I will bring upon that land all
my words which I have pronounced against it, [even) all that is written in this book, whịch Jeremiah hath pro.
14 phefied againft all the nations. For many nations and
great kings shall ferve themselves of them also; or, for of them, even of these, fall many nations and great kings exact service"; that is, Cyrus and Darius, the Medes and Persians, and their allies: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works
of their own hands. 15
For thus faith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause
all the nations, to whom I fend thee, to drink it, that 361 is, prophesy against them. And they shall drink, and
be moved, and be mad, they shall be intoxicated, lofe
their understanding, and act like madmen, becaufe of the 17. sword that I will send among them. Then took I the
cup at the Lord's hand, and made all the nations to drink, to whom the Lord had sent me ; an allupon to
the custom of drinking round in company; and the prophets 18 are said to do that which they foretold God would do: [To
wit] Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hisling, and a curfe; as
[it is] this day; the judgment is already begun in Judea, 19, and some are carried captive; Pharaoh king of Egypt,
and his servants, and his princes, and all his people; 20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the
land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philiftines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, or Gaza, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod, a mingled people
near the Red fea, governors of little states, and heads of 21. clans, Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon, 22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of
Zidon, and the kings of the isles which Care] beyond
the sea, or, regions by the sea side, which lay on the mid23 land sea, what we call thě Levant, Dedan, and Tema,
and Buz, and all (that are] in the utmost corners, that
have their coast infulated, or their hair polled, that is, the 24 Arabian clans, And all the kings of Arabia, and all
the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the 25 defert, And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings 26 of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes, And all the
kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which (are] upon the face of the earth; the whole, empire of Nebuchadnezzar, who had conquered almost all the earth: and the king
of Shethach, that is, Babylon, fhall drink after them. 27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus faith the
LORD of hosts, the God of Israel ; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spew, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you; that
is, ye shall do so, and be fo confounded, that ye shall not be 28 able to do any thing, either by skill or force. And it shall
be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to
drink, then shalt thou say unto them. Thus faith the 29 LORD of hosts, Ye shall certainly drink. For, lo, I
begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword
all the inhabitants of the earth, faith the Lord of hosts,
for learning your idolatry, and therefore certainly upon you 30 who taught them. Therefore prophesy thou against them
all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a fhout, as they that tread [the grapes,] against all the inhabitants of the earth; that is, he fall
make himself known by denouncing and executing dreadful 31 judgments. A noise shall come [even] to the ends of
the earth ; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will judge their
and set himself against them; he will give them (that are] 32 wicked to the sword, saith the LORD. Thus faith the
Lord of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from na
tion to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up, 33 from the coasts of the earth. And the flain of the
LORD shall be at that day from [one] end of the earth even unto the (other) end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they fhall
be dung upon the ground. 34 Howl, ye shepherds, ye princes and magiftrates, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes,] ye principal