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mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will furely perform our vows that we have vowed to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink
offerings unto her : ye will surely accomplish your 26 vows, and surely perform your vows. Therefore hear
ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, faith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord God liveth; you say you will perform your vows, and think they are, tho' unlawful in themselves, an obligation upon you to do so; therefore I will fulfil mine ; as I have vowed your utter deftrućtion, so it sball
come to pass; ye shall lose all your religion, and be 27 given up to utter apostacy and ruin. Behold, I will watch
over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that (are) in the land of Egypt shall be con
sumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be 28 an end of them. Yet a small number that escape the
sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the
know whose words shall ftand, mine, or their's.
that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know
that my words shall surely stand against you for evil : 30 Thus faith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaoh
hophra king of Egypt, or, Apries, from whom they hoped for proteétion, into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon his enemy, and that fought his life.:
Accordingly forn after this he was conquered and Nain in his own palace by Amasis his rival. Herodot US, b. ii, ch. 169.
ET us seriously consider and reflect upon the view
here given us of sin, v. 4. Every transgression of the law of God is odious and abominable in its own nature, and highly displeasing to God; he hates it, and will punish it. From a tender concern for the happiness of men he diffuades them from it ; saying, Oh, do it nat. We should learn from hence how we ought to think and speak of sin; what fools they are, and how unlike God, who make a jest of it. This should be a motive to us to hate it with a perfect hatred; and also with great seriousness and carnestness to warn others against it.
2. God's judgments upon others are intended for our warning, v 2-6. He expoftulates with this rebellious
people; Have you not seen what your brethren and country have suffered ? It was an aggravation of their guilt that they were not impressed and reformed thereby. The judgments of God upon other nations and persons, are intended to awaken us; to engage us to a holy fear and caution ; left, partaking of their fins, we should also partake of their plagues.
3. See what a false judgment men ofren make of their prosperity. These people argued, that because all was well with them while they practised idolatry, therefore their idolatry was the cause of their prosperity. Thus sinners argue ; because they enjoy health, ease, and plenty, God is not displeased with their fins. This shows great ignorance of God, of his word, and of a future state, and is a great abuse of his goodness; which was designed to lead them to repentance. But their arguings are false in fact, as well as those of the jews : for the uneasiness of their spirits, which they cannot always prevent, and the forebod. ings of future wrath, which they cannot always stifle, show that fin is not the way to happiness, and that God is angry with them.
4. See the sad progress and dreadful consequences of difobedience. These impudent sinners before they left Judea showed some respect to the prophet and to God's word, and promised to hearken to it; but they grew worse and
worse, worse, and now tell the prophet, plainly and flatly, that they would not hear: God might say what he would, and they would do what they would. This is the language of every wilful finner ; the genuine language of a carnal rebellious heart. But God has sworn by his great name that he will destroy fuch rebels. They say they shall have peace, and escape damnation ; God says they shall not; and a little time will show whose word shall stand, God's, or their's. May God deliver us all from hardness of heart, and a contempt of his word and commandments.
CHA P. XLV, XLVI. 1--13. This chapter refers to the thirty sixth, and should have been
placed after it. Baruch having written and read Jeremiah's prophecy, the king, being displeased, sent a warrant to apprehend both of them.
HE word that Jeremiah the prophet spake unto
Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the mouth of Jeremiah, in the
fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of 2 Judah, saying, Thus faith the Lord, the God of Il3 rael, unto thee, O Baruch ; Thou didst say, Woe is
me now! for the Lord hath added grief to my sorrow; personal troubles to the sorrows I endure an account of the
publick ; I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest, 4 Thus shalt thou say unto him, The Lord faith thus;
Behold, [that] which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up, even
this whole land; I will ruin this whole country, which hath 5 formerly been so beautiful and fruitful. And seekest thou
great things for thyself? seek (them) not; do not in. dulge the secret ambition of thy heart : for, behold, I will bring evil upon all flesh, faith the Lord, upon all ranks and ages: but thy life will I give unto thee for a prey in all places whither thou goeit; thou shalt escape with thy life, and let that content thee; thou hast reason to rejoice in that, as a conqueror when he divideih the spoil,
CHAP. XLVI. The word of the LORD which came 2 to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles ; Against
Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh-necho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon (mote in
the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of 3 Judah. Order ye the buckler. and shield, and draw
near to battle ; go, take up your arms, and march against 4 the Chaldeans ; Speaking ironically. Harness the horses ; and
get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with [your] helmets ; furbish the spears, [and] put on the brigan5 dines, or, coats of mail. Wherefore have I seen them
dismayed [and] turned away back ? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are filed apace, and look not
back: [for] fear (was] round about, faith the Lord. 6 Let not the swift flee away, por the mighty man escape;
or, the swift Mall not fly away, but be taken; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Eu.
phrates.—Then, in order to raise an expectation of some 7 mighty, enterprise, the prophet asks, Who [is] this [that]
cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the 8 rivers ? Egypt riseth up like a flood, and (his] waters
are moved like the rivers ; a beautiful allufion to the overflowing of the Nile, which made Egypt fruitful; and he faith, I will go up, [and] will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof; he threat
ens to bear down all before him, and to destroy every oppos9 ing city. Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots;
and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and] bend the bow; the inha
bitants of Africa, the neighbours and allies of the Egyptians. 1o For this [is] the day of the Lord God of hosts, a day
of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adverfaries : and the sword shall devour, and it shall be fatiate and made drunk with their blood : for the Lord VOL. V.
GOD The first verse of this chapter is an introduction to the pro. phecies in it and the following ones. In the beginning of this Jeremiah foretells the overthrow of Pharaoh's army at Euphrates, when he went against Nebuchadnezzar, in the first year of his God of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by
the river Euphrates ; representing their deftru&tion as a sasi crifice of justice to the Lord. Go up into Gilead, and take
balm, virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain falt thou vse many medicines; (for) thou shalt not be
cured; the Egyptians fall never recover themselves after 12 this defeat. The nations have heard of thy shame, and
thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man bath stumbled against the mighty, [and] they are fallen both together, they are destroyed by one another in the hafte of their flight. Accordingly we read in 2 Kings xxiv. 7. the king of Egypt came no more out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken, from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates, all that pertained to the king of Egypt.
R E F L E C TI O N.
HE practical instructions to be drawn from this pro
phecy against Egypt, will be more properly introduced under the latter part of the chapter. We shall therefore at present observe what may be learned from chapter xlv. namely, that we should restrain a spirit of ambition at all times, especially in times of publick trou. ble.' Baruch was afraid he should lose his favour at court; he thought himself in the way of preferment, by being introduced to the king with Jeremiah's prophecies; but when he found that he was fought for to be punished, he began to grow fretful and uneasy. This God took notice of, and ordered Jeremiah to admonish him for it. God is witness to the secret thoughts of vanity that are in our hearts, and all the discontent and fretfulness which we express or feel when our schemes are disappointed, or likely to be so. God commanded Baruch, and he commands us, not to seek great things for ourselves; to be humble and content in our stations, and to maintain a temper suited to the dispensations of providence. It is our unreasonable fond. ness for great things that makes us impatient under evil things, and less solicitous about good ones. Baruch's conduct is reproved from this consideration, that the nation would soon be ruined, and that therefore it was ridiculous to