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then shall Ifrael be heir unto them that were his heirs,

faith the LORD; he shall take their possessions who have 3 taken his; which was the case under the Maccabees. Howl,

O Helhbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with fackcloch; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges to hide yourselves; for their king,

that is, Milcom, their god, shall go into captivity, [and] 4 his priests and his princes together. Wherefore glorieft

thou in the valleys, thy flowing, or fruitful valley, O backsliding daughter, (perhaps so called, as being de

scended from Lot) that trusted in her treasures, [saying,] 5 Who shall come unto me? Behold, I will bring a fear

upon thee, faith the LORD God of hoits, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up him

that wandereth, afford him smelter and habitation. 6 And afterward I will bring again the captivity of

the children of Ammon, faith the LORD. 7 Concerning Edom, or Idumea, thus faith the LORD

of hosts; [ls] wisdom no niore in Temın? is counsel

perished from the prudent ? is their wisdom vanished, 8 for which · Edom was once so famous ?" Flee ye, turn

back, dwell deep, in caverns, in which they should hide themselves, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring

the calamity of Eíau upon him, the time [that] I will 9 visit him. If grape gatherers come unto thee, would

they not leave (some) gleaning grapes ? if thieves by

night, they will destroy till they have enough, they 10 would leave something. But I have made Elau bare, this

fhall be an utter destruction, I have uncovered his secret places, where he hid his treasures and he shall not be able to hide himself: his feed is fpoiled, and his bre

thren, and his neighbours, the Moabites and Ammonites, II and he [is] not; there is none left to say, Leave thy

fatherless children, I will preserve (them) alive; and

let thy widows trust in me; tho' fome understand this as 12 God's word to his people. For thus faith the Lord;

Behold, they whose judgment (was] not to drink of
cup have assuredly drunken; that is, the Jews did

so Job's friends came from this country.


So, who had not deferved it so much as the Edomites; and (art] thou he [that] shalt altogether go unpunished ?

thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely 13 drink (of it.] For I have sworn by myself, faith the

Lord, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a re

proach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof 14 shall be perpetual wastes. I have heard a rumour from

the LORD, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, (saying,] Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle : God by his secret influence fall

gather them together, as if he had sent an ambasador 15 among them. For, lo, I will make thee small among 16 the heathen, [and] despised among men. Thy ter

ribleness, that is, thy secure situation, hath deceived thee, [and] the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou, shouldst make thy nest as high as

the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, faith 17 the LORD. Also Edom shall be a desolation : every

one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall 18 hiss at all the plagues thereof. As in the overthrow of

Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour (cities]

thereof, saith the LORD, no man fhall abide there, 19 neither shall a fon of man dwell in it. Behold, he,

that is, Nebuchadnezzar, shall come up like a lion from
the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the
strong; like a lion driven from its den among the thickets
when Jordan overflowed its banks, and thereby was rendered
inore fierce : but I will suddenly make him run away
from her, or, run upon her: and who [is] a chosen
(man, that] I may appoint over her ; or, I will give a
charge to him that is a choice one (Nebuchadnezzar) against
her: for who [is] like me ? and who will appoint me
the time? and who [is] that shepherd that will stand
before me? who will appoint a time to contend with me? .

he shall be no more able to do it, than a shepherd to oppose 20 an enraged lion. Therefore hear the counsel of the

Lord, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purpoles, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman : surely the least of the flock shall draw them


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out; the least of the soldiers Mall prevail against and destroy

them: surely he shall make their habitations desolate 21 with them. The earth is moved at the noise of their

fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red 22 fea; the neighbouring country was astonished. Behold, he

shall come up and fly as the eagle, and sprcad his wings over Bozrah : and at that day shall the heart of the mighty men of Edom be as the heart of a woman

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in her pangs.

23 Concerning Damascus, the capital of Syria, Hamath

is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil

tidings; they are faint hearted; [there is] sorrow on 24 the fea; as in a storm at sea; it cannot be quiet. Da

mascus is waxed feeble, [and] turneth herself to flee,

and fear hath - seized on [her :] anguish and sorrows 25 have taken her, as a woman in travail. How is the 26 city of praise not left, the city of my joy!" Therefore

her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men

of war shall be cut off in that day, faith the LORD 27 of hosts. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Da

mascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Ben-hadad,

king of Syria. 28 Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of

Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall fmite, thus faith the LORD ; Arise ye, go up to Kedar,

and spoil the men of the east; that is, part of Arabia. 29 Their tents and their flocks shall they take away ;

they shall take to themselves their curtains, and all
their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry
unto them, Fear [is] on every side; there hall be a

universal panick.
30 Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye

inhabitants of Hazor, faith the LORD; for Nebuchadrezzar king

of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath 31 conceived a purpose against you. Arise, ye Chaldeans,

get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, faith the LORD, which have neither gates

nor bars, [which) dweli alone; like shepherds in tents. 32 And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude

of # These are the words of the people, or of Jeremiah, who might. have made a visit there, and been pleased with the place.

of their cattle a spoil : and I will scatter into all winds them (that are) in the utmost corners ; and I will

bring their calamity from all fides thereof, faith the 33 Lord. And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons,

[and] a desolation for ever; there shall no man abide there, nor (any) son of man dwell in it; its inhabitants, if not fain, joll be totally driven out of their

country. 34 The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the

prophet against Elam, the Persians, in the beginning

of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, 35 Thus faith the Lord of hosts; Behold, I will break

the bow of Elam, famous for its archers, the chief of 36 their might. And upon Elam will I bring the four

winds from the foar quarters of heaven," and will fcat. ter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no

nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come. 37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their ene.

mies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, [even] my fierce anger, faith

the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till 38 I have consumed them : And I will set my throne, the

throne of Nebuchadnezzar, in Elam, and will destroy

from thence the king and the princes, faith the LORD. 39 But it shall come to pass in the latter days, [that] I

will bring again the captivity of Elam, faith the LORD; accordingly the Persians were afterwards famous under Cyrus, conquered Babylon, and became a powerful nation.




E are taught from hence, that God observes and cannot right themselves. Fraud in the least instances is displeasing to him; and he will punish them that deal deceitfully.

and resents the injustice of men to one another; as in the case of the Ammonites, who feized the land of the Jews, and for that reason were dispossessed of it again. He marks the injustice of those who defraud persons of their substance ; or even their heirs, tho' they know it not,

and • They fall be invaded by many enemies, the Scythians and Chaldeans in particular, at the same time, as history informs us that they were.

2. How absurd is it for those who forsake God, to glory in their poffeffions, like the Ammonites, v. 4. who had a fruitful country and great treasures, while they were refractory and wicked. Many thus boast of their families, their honours, and wealth, and make these their confidence, while they are destitute of religion: but God will bring a fear and terror upon them, which all their abundance cannot silence.

3. The eleventh verse suggests a comfortable leffon to widows and orphans. It intimates, that tho' it is a blessing and comfort to heads of families to have relations and friends who will take care of their dependants, when they are dead and impoverished; yet that God will take care of them, provide for them, and preserve them; that is, if they serve the God of their fathers, and trust in him.

4. If God sees it good to afflict his people, what have not his enemies to fear ! v. 12. His design is only to cora rect and improve them; and if his corrections are fo.painful, and their cup of affliction fo bitter, how dreadful must that be which he will put into the hands of the wicked ? We may

learn hence, what an evil thing and bitter fin is, and how angry God is with it.

5. From the whole chapter we are taught, how vain it is to think of escaping the judgments of God. Who can oppose his designs, or refift' his power, when he will punish a wicked nation ? not the fortifications of Rabbah, nor the wisdom of Edom, nor the palaces of Damascus, nor the obscurity of Kedar, nor the bows of Elam : he can appoint whom he will to execute his vengeance. Various as the characters, circumstances, situations, and religions of these several countries were, God appears as their supreme Lord and disposer. · We should therefore seek his favour, and trust only in him, in whose hand is the fate of nations,

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