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ing presents when they wait upon their superiors, is still retaina 17 ed in the east. [He that is] first in his own cause [feem

eth] just; but his neighbour cometh and searcheth him; one story is good till another is told, therefore we should not

be rash and hasty in our determinations, but hear both sides. 18 The lot causeth contentions to cease, and parteth be

tween the mighty. Solomon here advises to refer troublefome

matters to lot, and to sit down contented with the event; this 19 may be very useful still, if not superstitiously performed. A

brother offended [is harder to be won] than a strong city: and (their) contentions Care] like the bars of a castle: the nearness of the relation heightens the provocation,

therefore we fhould be careful not to offend or despise our near 20 relations or friends. A man's belly shall be satisfied

with the fruit of his mouth; [and] with the increase of

his lips shall he be filled; he shall have pleasure or uneasi21 ness, as he speaks well or ill. Death and life [are] in the

power of the tongue; a great deal of good or evil is done by it, and they that love it, that love life, and give

conversation a wife turn, shall eat the fruit thereof. 22 (Whoso] findeth a wife, or (as some antient versions

render it) a good wife, findeth a good [thing,) and obtaineth favour of the Lord, and he ought to acknow

ledge the goodness of God in giving him a suitable com23 panion. The poor useth intreaties, are forced to make

submisions and use intreaties, even for what is their due; but the rich answereth roughly; riches are a tempta

tion to haughtiness and arrogance, which very much lesen 24 the value of them. A man [that hath] friends must

show himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than å brother; friends are worth keeping, and may in any circumstances be more useful to us than near relations ; therefore they must be used well, we must love and ferve them, and behave friendly to them, if we desire they fhould behave fo to us.


ETTER [is] the poor that walketh in his in-

tegrity, than he that is) perverse in his lips, and is a fool; an honest poor man is more honourable, easy, and secure, than a sly wicked man, tho' he may get rich by his 2 artifices. Also, [that] the soul [be] without knowledge,

(it is] not good; the want of understanding and deliberation proves an occasion of great mischief: and he that hafteth with [his] feet finneth; if a man of good sense

runs raskly and inconfiderately on, it will be as fatal to hina 3 as the want of understanding. The foolishness of man

perverteth his way, brings him into troubles and straits:

and his heart fretteth against the LORD; he lays the blame 4 upon providence. Wealth maketh many friends, if not

to his person, yet to his circumstances ; but the poor is sepa.

rated from his neighbour ; is neglebied by those who should 5 help him. A false witness shall not be unpunished, and.

[he that] speaketh lies shall not escape; he who speaketh

lies privately, tho' 1.0t confirmed by an oath, hall not escape 6 the divine judgment. Many will intreat the favour of the

prince, because great things are in his power: and every man [is] a friend to him that giveth gifts; to a man whose circumstances enable him and whose temper inclines him

to be liberal. What a strong argument is this to seek the di, 7 vine friendship! All the brethren of the poor do hate

him, as a disgrace and burden to them: how much more do his friends go far from him, that is, those who professed themselves such ? he pursueth (them with] words,

he intreats them, and puts them in mind of former promises, 8 (yet) they [are) wanting [to him.] He that getteth

wisdom.loveth his own soul: he that keepeth under

standing, who conduets his life by prudent counsel, shall 9 find good. A false witness shall not be unpunished, and

[he that] speaketh lies shall perish; this is repeated be10 cause it is an important maxin, fee v. 5. Delight is not

seemly for a fool; he knows not how to behave in prosperity; he useth the delights of life to dishonour God, and for his own mischief; much less for a servant to have rule over princes; if such an one be in power, he is intolerable, and

a judgment

11 a judgment on mankind. The discretion of a man defer

reth his anger till he is cool, and has considered the matter : and [it is] his glory to pass over a transgression, not to

revenge it ; tho' the perverse judgment of the world is con12 trary. The king's wrath [is] as the roaring of a lion ;

but his favour [is] as dew upon the grass. This is design13 ed to promote loyalty. A foolish son [is] the calamity of

his father: and the contentions of a wife (are] a continual dropping; make the house uncomfortable and unfit to be inhabited, and so tempt a man to extravagance abroad.

A wicked son and a scolding wife, are two of the saddest 14 plagues in a family. House and riches [are] the in

heritance of fathers: and a prudent wife (is) from the

Lord, she does not come by hereditary right; his providence 15 therefore should be acknowledged in this favour. Slothful

ness casteth into a deep sleep; it has a stupifying faculty,

and makes men unfit for business; and an idle soul shall 16 suffer hunger; shall be reduced to poverty and want. He

that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; secures his peace and happiness ; [but] he that despiseth his ways

Thall die, he that never thinks or minds how he acts, who follows his own inclination and the fashion, goes 17 the dire&t way to destruction. He that hath pity upon the

poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he

pay him again; it is in a safe hand, and he sball have good interest. A delightful thought, and of more

force than a thousand volumes to recommend liberality. 18 Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy

soul spare for his crying; it should be rather rendered,

Do not lift up thy soul to his destruction, that is, correct 19 him, but not immoderately.' A man of great wrath shall

suffer punishment; he will have a deal of perplexity and uneasiness, quarrels, and law suits: for if thou deliver (him,] yet thou must do it again; he will soon bring him

self into some other scrape by his passion and perversiness. 20 Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest

be wise in the latter end; consider the final consequences of 21 things; such wisdom will be wisdom indeed. [There are]

many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord, that shall stand in spite of them all

. A comfortable 22 comfortable thought to a good man at all times. The desire

of a man [is] his kindness; it is agreeable when persons mean well, tho it is not in their power to do much : and a poor man [is] better than a liar ; a poor man who gives good evidence of a kind, benevolent disposition, is more esteemed and respeEted than a liar, that is, than a rich man who makes great professions and promises, and does not answer them,

has nothing at the service of his friends but compliments. 23 The fear of the Lord (tendeth] to life: and she that

hath it] shall abide satisfied; he shall not be visited with 24 evil, with any destručlive evil. A slothful (man] hideth

his hand in [his] bosom, and will not so much as bring

it to his mouth again ; when Noth prevails it makes a man 25 unwilling to do the most necessary things. Smite a scorner,

a profligate finner, and the simple will beware; if it does him no good it may be a warning to others : and reprove

one that hath understanding, (and] he will understand 26 knowledge; a wise man will be better for reproof. He

that wasteth [his] father, [and] chaseth away [his] mother, [is] a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach to his parents and himself; but we very seldom see

such things in children who have been wisely and religiously 27 educated. Cease, my son, to hear the instruction (that

causeth] to err from the words of knowledge; do not

hearken to any who would prejudice you against religion, or 28 weaken your regard to it. An ungodly witness scorneth

judgment, that is, reason, equity, scripture, and the judgment of Ged against perfidious persons : and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity; he swallows down greedily

the greatest crimes, and is glad of any opportunity of com29 mitting them. Judgments are prepared for scorners, and

stripes for the back of fools; they are sometimes punished in this world, but small certainly be so in another. --This should engage us to seek wisdom, that we may avoid these judgments, and obtain security, peace, and everlasting happiness.




INE [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging:

and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise; it makes a man abusive and quarrelsome, leads him to say and do foolish things. Let him have ever so much sense, he reduceth himself to a level with an idiot; yea, with a brute. It is strange that drunkenness Mould be the fault of so many senfible people, whom one would think pride should keep from it, 2 if they had no religion. The fear of a king, an arbitrary

monarch, [is] as the roaring of a lion: (whoso) provok

eth him to anger sinneth (against] his own soul, exposes 3 his life to manifest danger. [It is] an honour for a man

to cease from strife, cautiously to avoid it, and be the first

to give it over: but every fool will be meddling where he 4 has no business, and so stir up strife. The sluggard will

not plough by reason of the cold; the most inconsiderable difficulties affright him from labour: (therefore] shall he

beg in harvest, and (have) nothing when others have 5 plenty. Counsel in the heart of man [is like] deep

water ; but a man of understanding will draw it out by

prudent discourse and diligent observation, as human industry 6 finds methods to fetch water out of the earth. Most men

will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faith

ful man who can find ? the generality pretend to great 7 generosity, but it is difficult to find common honesty. The

juft (man) walketh in his integrity: his children (are] blessed after him; he entails, a blefing on his posterity; it 8 is happy to be the children of such a parent. A king that

fitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes; a man of integrity will have a natural authority in any superior relation. If a king, he will exert

himself as he ought; iniquity will fly before him, and scarce 9 bear his look, for it is a cowardly thing. Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure



fin? I em free from guilt in heart and life? Therefore let us be

humble before God, and not expect perfe&tion in others. 10 Divers weights, [and] divers measures, both of them

[are] alike abomination to the Lord; they are very detestable to him, tho' men may think it a small matter to


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