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c H A P. L. This and the next chapter foretell the fall of Babylon and the

restoration of Israel and Judah, who were to survive their oppressors; and this long and sublime prophecy was sent to Babylon for the encouragement of the Jewish captives in that place.

HE word that the Lord spake against Babylon

[and] against the land of the Chaldeans by 2 Jeremiah the prophet. Declare ye among the nations,

and publish, and set up a standard; publish, [and] conceal not; publish the good news to those nations that are oppressed by the Chaldeans: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces ; her

idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. 3 For out of the north there cometh up a nation against

her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they fall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast, 4 In those days, and in that time, faith the LORD,

the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping : they shall go, and seek the LORD their God with genuine contrition,

they shall apply to Jehovah as the true God, and not to 5 idols. They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces

thitherward, [saying, ] Come, and let us join ourselves

to the Lord in a perpetual covenant [that] shall not 6 be forgotten. My people hath been lost sheep: their

Shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away [on] the mountains : they have gone

from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their resting 7 place. All that found them have devoured them: and

their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have finned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers; because God did not cast them off, but they reje&ted him, their adver

saries thought this was a sufficient reason for devouring them. 8 Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks ; let the great men lead the way,

goats

set a good example, and go on resolutely. 9

For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country; the Persians and Medes. and they shall set themselves in array against her ; from thence the shall

be taken : their arrows [shall be] as of a mighty ex10 pert man ; none shall return in vain. And Chaldea

shall be a spoil : all that spoil her shall be satisfied, faith 11 the Lord; they shall have abundance of plunder. Be

cause ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls; because ye exceeded the divine commision, took pleasure in the destruction of my

people, and became luxurious by the plunder of so many 12 other nations ; Your mother shall be fore confounded;

The that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hindermost of the nations [shall be] a wilderness, a dry

land, and a desert; or rather, it Mall be the hindermost 13 of the nations, contemptible, and a wilderness. Because of

the wrath of the Lord it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her

plagues. 14 Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about :

all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: 15 for she hath sinned against the Lord. Shout against

her round about: she hath given her hand, she hath surrendered herself: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down : for it [is] the vengeance of

'the Lord: take vengeance upon her: as she hath 16 done, do unto her. Cut off the sower from Babylon,

and him that handleth the fickle in the time of harvest: (referring perhaps to the great quantity of land within the walls :) for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every one

to his own land. 17 Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven

(him] away : first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones; made an utter destruction of R92

him

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18 him as a nation. Therefore thus faith the Lord of

horts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the

king of Babylon and his land, as I have punished the 19 king of Allyria. And I will bring Ifrael again to his

habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Baihan,

and his foul shall be satisfied upon mount Ephraim and 20 Gilead. In those days, and in that time, faith the

LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be fought for, and (there shall be) none; and the fins of Judah, and they shall not be found : for I will pardon them whom I reserve ; there shall be no more idolatry, their fins shall be pardoned, and God perfectly reconciled. The next verse is

God's commiffion to Cyrus.
21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, [even] a-

gainst it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod : waste
and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD; or,

against the land of bitternesses go up, that is, against
Babylon, so called because it had proved such to the Jewish
nation; upon it and its inhabitants visit, Ofword, and
utterly destroy their pofterity ;'° and do according to all

that I have commanded thee.
22 A found of battle [is] in the land, and of great

de. 23

struction. How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a defolaamong

the nations! I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou waft not aware ; the city shall be taken by surprise: thou art found,

and also caught, because thou haft striven against the 25 Lord. The LORD hath opened his armoury, and

hath brought forth the weapons of his indignation :

for this [is] the work of the Lord God of hosts in the 26 land of the Chaldeans. Come against her from the

utmost border, open her storehouses ; or fattening Stalls :

cast her up, or trample upon her as heaps, and de27 ftroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left.

Slay all her bullocks, the great men; let them go down to

the slaughter: woe unto them ! for their day is come, 28 the time of their visitation. The voice of them that

flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, and who are glad to bring the tidings, to declare in Zion the ven

geance • Dr, BLAYNEY,

24 tion

1

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geance of the LORD our God, the vengeance of his 29 temple. Call together the archers against Babylon;

the Perfians, who were famous archers : all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape : recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her : for

fhe hath been proud against the LORD, against the 30 Holy One of Israel. Therefore fhall her young men

fall in the streets, and all her men of war shall be cut 31 off in that day, faith the Lord. Behold, 1 [am]

against thee, [Othou] most proud, faith the Lord

GOD of hosts : for thy day is come, the time (that) 32 I will visit thee. And the most proud fhall stumble

and fall, and none shall raise him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all round

about him. 33 Thus faith the LORD of hosts; The children of

Ifrael, those of the ten tribes who settled in Judea after the captivity of Israel, and the children of Judah (were]

oppressed together, and all that took them captives 34 held them faft; they refused to let them go. Their

Redeemer [is] strong; the LORD of hosts [is] his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he hè may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabi

tants of Babylon. 35 A sword (is] upon the Chaldeans, faith the Lord,

and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her 36 princes, and upon her wise [men.] A fword [is]

upon the liars; and they shall doté upon their astrologers, who yet could not foresee their own ruin: a sword

[is] upon her mighty men ; and they shall be dif37 mayed. A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon

their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are) in the midst of her; and they Thall become as

women: a sword [is] upon her treasures ; and they 38 shall be robbed. A drought [is] upon her waters; and

they shall be dried up; (referring to the taking of Babybylon by draining the river :) for it [is] the land of

graven images, and they are mad upon (their) idols, 39 as if they had lost the understanding of men. Therefore Q 4 3

the

the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell (there,) and the owls shall dwell therein : and it shall be no more inhabited for ever ;

neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to genera40 tion. As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and

the neighbour (cities] thereof, saith the Lord; [fo]

shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man 41 dwell therein. Behold, a people shall come from the

north, and a great nation, and many kings shall be 42 raised up from the coasts of the earth. They shall

hold the bow and the lance: they (are) cruel, and will not show mercy : their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, [every one] put in

array, like a man to the battle, against thee, O daugh43 ter of Babylon. The king of Babylon hath heard the

report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish

took hold of him, [and] pangs as of a woman in 44 travail. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the

swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who [is] a chosen [man that] I may appoint over her ? for who [is] like me? and who will appoint me

the time? and who [is] that shepherd that will stand 45 before me ?! Therefore hear ye the counsel of the

LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans : Surely the least of the flock shall draw

them out: surely he shall make (their) habitation deso46 late with them. At the noise of the taking of Babylon

the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.

REFLECT.

Accordingly it was afterwards made a park for the kings of Perfia, and by degrees quiţe ruined, so that the remains of it are not now to be found.

9 What had been said in the former chapter of Nebuchadnezzar's ruining Edom, is here said of Babylon ; a beautiful contraft; the king of Babylon, who was before represented as a lion, is now a helpless thepherd.

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