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47 the land, ruler against ruler." Therefore, behold, the
days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be con.
founded, and all her flain shall fall in the midst of her. 48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that [is] there
in, shall fing for Babylon : for the spoilers shall come 49. unto her from the north, faith the Lord. As Baby
lon (hath caused) the slain of Israel to fall, so at Baby50. lon shall fall the slain of all the earth. Ye that have
escaped the sword, go away, stand not ftill: remember the LORD afat off, and let Jerufalem come into your
mind; think not of Babylon, but return to Jerusalem. 51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach:
shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the Lord's house; it is å re
proach to us that the sanctuary should continue waste, when 52 we may go and rebuild it. Wherefore, behold, the days
come faith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon
her graven images : and through all her land the 53 wounded shall groan. Though Babylon should mount
up to heaven, and though fhe should fortify the height
of her strength, (yet) from me shall spoilers come unto 54 her, faith the LORD. A sound of a cry [cometh] from
Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the 55 Chaldeans : Because the Lord hath spoiled Babylon,
and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her
waves do roar like great waters, a' noise of their voice is 56 uttered: Because the spoiler is come upon her, [even]
upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, every
one of their bows is broken : for the LORD God of 57 recompenses shall surely requite. And I will make
drunk her princes, and her wise (men,] her captains, and her rúlers, and her mighty men: and they shall
sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, faith the King, 58 whose name [is] the Lord of hosts. Thus faith the
Lord of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with
fire, "When war began in the country, in the first year Bellhazžar's army was beaten, in the second year the city was besieged, and in the third year it was taken.
fire, tho' the walls are fifty feet broad, and three hundred feet high, full of towers and strong brazen gates ; and the people shall labour in vain to save themjelves, and the
folk in the fire, and they shall be weary 59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded
Serajah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And [this] Seraiah (was) a quiet prince; or rather, the chief chamberlain,
who was charged with some present or tribute to the king of 60 Babylon. So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that
should come upon Babylon, (even] all these words 61 [that are) written against Babylon. And Jeremiah
said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and
fhalt fee, and shalt read all these words to the captive 62 jews; Then shalt thou fay, O LORD, thou haft spoken
against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain
in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate 63 for ever. And it shall.be, when thou hast made an end
of reading this book, [that] thou shalt' bind a stone to 64 it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates : And thou
fhalt say, Thus fhall Babylon sink, and shall not rise
to be acknowledged in the publick affembly,
Those benefits in which many share, ought to be owned with united hearts and tongues, especially the blessings of peace and national prosperity.
2. It becomes us to concern ourselves in the interests of the church ; to have Jerusalem in our mind, tho' at a distance from it. Whether in prosperity, or in trouble, still the concerns of the church should affect our hearts ; and we should seek the things of Jesus Christ.
3. When we are hearing the declarations of God's word,
we ought to acknowledge the truth and justice of them,
Babylon was now flourishing, its strength and populousness made it unlikely that it should be taken and destroyed; but Seraiah is directed to own, after reading the predictions against it, that they were God's declarations, and would certainly be fulfilled, and thus should we acknowledge, O Lord, thy words are true, thy judgments are right.
4. The accomplishment of this prophecy should confirm our faith in the downfall of mystical Babylon, the church of Rome ; which is described in images like these ; the mother of harlots, the seat of idolatry and persecution. Many passages in the Revelations are taken from this chapter ; particularly the angel taking a milftone and casting it into the sea, is an allusion to the prophet's casting the book into Euphrates ; and we may rest assured that it shall be fulfilled in its season. Let us pray for its accomplishment; and in the mean time, as God hath granted us deliverance from Babylon, let us declare in Zion the works of the Lord.
CH A P. LII.
by Ezra, after Jeremiah's time, to throw light upon the pro-
EDEKIAH (was) one and twenty years old
when he began to reign, and he reigned elever years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name (was : 2 Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. Ani
he did [that which was) evil in the eyes of the Lord, 3 according to all that. Jehoiakim had done. For through the
anger of the Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem ani Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, thł presence of his providence in the land, and of his grace in the
temple, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, [that] Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it,
and built forts against it round about, to prevent relief 5 and to batter the city. So the city was besieged unto the 6 eleventh year of king Zedekiah. And in the fourth
month, in the ninth [day] of the month, the famine was fore in the city, so that there was no bread for the
people of the land, many having fied out of the country 7 into it. Then the city was broken up, and all the
men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which (was] by the king's garden ; (now the Chaldeans [were] by the city round about :) and they went by the way of the plain.
But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho ; 9 and all his army was scattered from him. Then they
took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Ba
bylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath ; where he gave ro judgment upon him as a rebel. And the king of Baby
lon New the fons, the young children, of Zedekiah before
his eyes : he flew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. 11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah ; and the king
of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day, of his death.
Now in the fifth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, which was ] the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzar adan, captain
of the guard, [which] served the king of Babylon, into 13 Jerusalem, And burned the house of the Lord, and
the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great (men,] burned he with fire; the temple having been spared when the city was taken, a
cruel * We have a dreadful description of this in the book of the Lamentations.
cruel resolution was formed a month afterwards to destroy 14 both it and the city : And all the army of the Chaldeans,
that (were) with the captain of the guard, brake down
all the walls of Jerusalem round about, that it might 15 make no further resistance. Then Nebuzar adan the
captain of the guard carried away captive [certain] of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell
to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude. 16 But Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard left (cer
tain] of the poor of the land for vine dressers and for
husbandmen. 17 Also the pillars of brass that [were) in the house of
the LORD, and the bases, and the brazen sea that (was]
in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and 18 carried all the brass of them to Babylon. The cal
drons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the
bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass 19 wherewith they ministered, took they away. And the
bafons, and the fire pans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups ; [that] which (was] of gold (in] gold, and
[that] which (was) of silver (in) silver, took the cap20 tain of the guard away. The two pillars, one sea, and
twelve brazen bulls that [were) under the bases, which
king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the 21 brass of all these vessels was without weight. And (con
cerning] the pillars, the height of one pillar [was] eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did com
pass it; and the thickness thereof (was] four fingers : 22 [it was) hollow. And a chapiter of brass (was) upon
it; and the height of one chapiter (was] five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters
round about, all [of] brass. The second pillar alfo and 23 the pomegranates [were] like unto these. And there
were ninety and fix pomegranates on a fide ; [and] all the pomegranates upon the network (were] an hundred
round about. 24
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief