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OAST not thyself of to-morrow, what thou wilt

do, or expectest to receive; for thou knowelt not what a day may bring forth; it may render fruitlefs all thy:

designs and expectations; death, of a thousand accidents, 2 may do it. Let another man praise thee, and not thine

own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips; to praise thyself is indecent and imprudent; it disposes others to

undervalue thee, and defraud thee of thy just commendation. 3 A stone [is] heavy, and the fand weighty; but a fool's

wrath [is] heavier than them both; he can neither correll it himself, nor can another restrain it by any rational considerations, till.it break out in the most insatiable cruelty. Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy? A man can better guard

against the effects of anger than envy, as that works fecretly 5 to do another an injury. . Open rebuke [is] better than

secret love; a friend who reproves is better than one who

may have an equal degree of love, but doth not show it that 6 way. Faithful (are) the wounds of a friend; Sharp re

proofs therefore ought to be thankfully received; but the

kisses of an enemy (are) deceitful ; compliments and flat7 tering expreffons ought therefore to be suspected. The full

soul loatheth an honeycomb; but to the hungry soul

every bitter thing is sweet: this shows the advantage of 8 poverty, and the vanity of riches. As a bird that wan.

dereth from her nest, and leaves her eggs to be broken or her young ones to be destroyed, so [is] a man that wandereth from his place, who forsakes the station in which providence hath placed him. When heads of families are needlessly absent from home, their domestick affairs take a bad

turn, and the love of pleasure and of gadding abroad often 9 exposes young people to temptation and ruin. Ointment and

perfume rejoice the heart: fo [doth) the sweetness of a 10 man's friend by hearty counsel. Thine own friend, and

thy father's friend, whom thou and he have found fincere, forsake not; neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity: [for] better [is] a neighbour (that.is] near, than a brother far off; we often meet


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with more kindness in trouble from friends than from near relations ; therefore be friendly, get and keep good friends, and

how some regard to the antient friendships of the family. 11 My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may

answer him that reproacheth me, and charges thy mis12 carriages. upon my want of care in thy education. A pru.

dent (man] foreseeth the evil of fin and future misery, (and) hideth himself from it; [but] the fimple pass on,

[and] are punished. This is applicable to this world and 13 another. Take his garment that is surety for a stranger,

and take a pledge of him for a strange woman; if a man be bound for others, he knows not who, especially per

fons of bad charaEter, do not trust him without good fe. 14 curity, for he is in the way to ruin. He that blesseth his

friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him; there is an excess and

officiousness of complaisance, which instead of serving and 15 pleafing hurts and disobliges

. A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike; a

man cannot go abroad with comfort, or stay at home with 16 quiet. Whosoever hideth her hideth the wind; he who

would keep her tongue under government or conceal her foame, may as well undertake to keep the wind from blowing; and the ointment of his right hand, [which] be. wrayeth (itself;] a man may grasp a perfume in his hand,

and think thereby to conceal it, but growing warm, it will 17 smell the more. Iron sharpeneth iron; fo a man sharp

eneth the countenance of his friend; friendship if rightly managed is of the greatest use; wise friends whet one

another's minds, and increase each other's piety and useful18 ness. Whoso keepeth the figtree shall eat the fruit

thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured; he who is diligent in his business, and watcheth

over his master's reputation and substance, shall be respected 19 and rewarded. As in water face [answereth) to face,

so the heart of man to man: there is a great resemblance runs thro' human nature ; by knowing one's own heart, we may

make a good guess at others; therefore let us take pains to 20 know our own. Hell and destruction, or the grave, are never full; so the eyes of man, that is, the desires of

a worldly


a worldly man after worldly things, are never satisfied. 21 [As) the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold,

for its trial and examination ; fo [is] a man to his praise; a man of vanity and little worth is elevated and intoxicated with it, but a man of a truly worthy and valuable character will not be fo; he will dire at all to God, make allowances

for the partiality of his friends, and use it with caution. 22 Though thou shouldīt bray a fool in a mortar among

wheat with a pestle, (yet) will not his foolishness depart from him; tho' you should use the most violent methods for his reformation, and to reproof and chiding add rebukes

and blows, yet they will have no good effeet upon such an ob23 stinate creature. Be thou diligent to know the state of thy

flocks, [and] look well to thy herds. An admirable rule, not only for husbandmen, but for all masters and mistresses :

they should look to their affairs themselves, and not trust to 24 servants. For riches (are] not for ever: and doth the

crown (endure) to every generation? The greatest plenty and the largest estate may be lost for want of prudence and

good æconomy; even a princely fortune may be sunk without 25 care. The hay appeareth, and the tender grass show

eth itself, and herbs of the mountains are gathered; these grow, and there is a time for gathering them, after which they will be spoiled; therefore make hay while the sun

shines, and gather herbs in their season, then they will turn 26 to a good account. The lambs (are] for thy clothing,

and the goats (are] the price of the field, to pay the rent, 27 yea, by good management, to purchase the estate. And

(thou shalt have) goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and (for) the maintenance for thy maidens. The meaning of these verses is, that as in husbandry men must look to their affairs, attend to the proper season of doing business, fowing, reaping, searing, &c. so must all others be diligent to know the state of their affairs, prudent in the management of them, and punctual in the dispatch of business and payment of debts; then, with the blessing of God, they will prosper. These cautions are very necessary, since we see so many reduced to distress for want of attending to them, from whose calamities we should learn wisdom.



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HE wicked flee when no man pursueth; an

evil conscience makes men cowards: but the righ-
teous are bold as a lion; they proceed with resolution in

the most hazardous undertakings ; what reason then is there
2 to pray that our soldiers and sailors may be righteous! For

the transgression of a land many [are] the princes
thereof; many changes are in the government, at least in
those that administer it: but by a man of understanding
[and] knowledge the state (thereof ] shall be prolong-

ed; one wise and upright minister may reduce every thing to
3 order, and secure its prosperity. A poor man that oppreff-

eth the poor [is like) a fweeping rain which leaveth no

food; like a violent torrent destroying the fruits of the 4 earth, instead of refreshing them. They that forsake the

law praise the wicked; finners keep one another in counte

nance : but such as keep the law contend with them : it
5 is a hign of real piety to oppose the wicked. Evil men un-

derstand not judgment; their minds are depraved, and
they cannot judge between right and wrong: but they that

seek the LORD understand all (things ;] they that seek
6 direction from his word and Spirit will not err. Better [is]

the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than [he that
is] perverse (in his] ways, though he [be] rich; who

gains his riches by dishonest pra&tices, or by fufling ways,
7 which is' the proper sense of the word. Whoso keepeth the

law, who obferves the rules of sobriety, temperance, and
other virtues, [is] a wise fon, and his parents have honour
and comfort in him: but he that is a companion of riotous

(men) shameth his father, who ought to have restrained
8 him and taught him better. He that by usury and unjust

gain encreaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him

that will pity the poor, who will exercise the charity he 9 has neglezted. He that turneth away his ear from hear.

ing the law, even his prayer [shall be] abomination,
10 instead of making up the deficiency of his ačtions. Whoso

caufeth the righteous to go aftray in an evil way, wha
attempts to seduce upright inen into dangerous pra{tices, he
shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall

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have good [things] in poffeffion; the peculiar reward of

that virtue, which triumphs' over the fnares of a seducing I world. The rich man [is] wise in his own proud con

ceit, but the poor that hath understanding searcheth

him out; in his discourse he finds him to be but a fool. 12 When righteous (men) do rejoice, [there is) great

glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden;

men are glad to conceal themselves for fear of ill usage. 13 He that covereth his fins, who excuses or lessens them,

shall not prosper : but whoso confesseth and forsaketh

(them) shall have mercy; confession and reformation must 14 go together. Happy [is] the man that feareth alway;

who has an habitual awe and reverence of the divine Being

and his own conscience : but he that hardeneth his heart 15 shall fall into mischief. (As) a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; (so is] a wicked ruler over the

poor 16 people, who are not able to refift his power. The prince

that wanteth understanding (is) also a great oppreffor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his)

days; a maxim applicable to private as well as publick life. 17

A man that doeth violence to the blood of (any) per. son shall flee to the pit ; let no man stay him; he shall be so universally abhorred that his neighbours shall not endeavour to save him. It is wrong to intercede for such per

Sons, and it is the glory of a king not to pardon them, tho' 18 of the highest rank. Whoso walketh uprightly shall be

faved: but [he that is) perverse (in his) ways shall fall at once; he who thinks to save himself by artifice and deceit Shall sometime or other fall

, so that nothing can preserve 19 him. He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of

bread ; prudent, frugal persons shall thrive: but he that followeth after vain [persons,] frequents idle and loose

company, to the negle&t of his business, shall have poverty 20 enough. A faithful man, both in word and deed, shall

abound with blessings from God and man: but he that maketh hafte to be rich shall not be innocent; he brings

misery upon himself: it is impossible to be very eager after 21 riches, without violating integrity and a good conscience. To

have respect of persons [is] not good; for for a piece of bread [that] man will transgress; he will get such a



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