The Collected Works of Dugald Stewart, Esq. F.R.SS.: Elements of the philosophy of the human mind ... to which is prefixed introduction and part first of the Outlines of moral philosophy (1854)
Thomas Constable and Company; Hamilton, Adams, & Company, London, 1854
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according analogy analysis appear applied argument Aristotle attempt attention axioms bodies called causes circumstances common concerning conclusions consequence consideration considered definitions demonstration discovery distinction doctrine effect Elements employed equal Essay essential evidence examination example existence experience expressed fact faculties former geometry give given human idea illustration important individual induction inference instance intellectual judgment knowledge known language latter laws learned less light logical manner mathematical means method mind moral nature necessary Note notions object observation occasion opinion original particular passage phenomena philosophical physical possible precision present principles probable proof proposition question readers reasoning reference Reid relations remark respect rest result rules says seems sense speculations step sufficient supposed theory things thought tion true truth understanding universe various volume whole writers
Σελίδα 71 - For if we will reflect on our own ways of thinking, we shall find, that sometimes the mind perceives the agreement or disagreement of two ideas immediately by themselves, without the intervention of any other : and this I think we may call intuitive knowledge.
Σελίδα 271 - As in mathematics, so in natural philosophy, the investigation of difficult things by the method of analysis, ought ever to precede the method of composition. This analysis consists in making experiments and observations, and in drawing general conclusions from them by induction, and admitting of no objections against the conclusions, but such as are taken from experiments, or other certain truths.
Σελίδα 80 - I demonstrated the proposition of the abstract idea of a triangle. [And here it must be acknowledged that a man may consider a figure merely as triangular, without attending to the particular qualities of the angles, or relations of the sides. So far he may abstract; but this will never prove that he can frame an abstract, general, inconsistent idea of a triangle.
Σελίδα 6 - There wanted yet the master-work, the end Of all yet done ; a creature, who not prone And brute as other creatures, but endued With sanctity of reason, might erect His stature, and upright with front serene Govern the rest, self-knowing ; and from thence Magnanimous to correspond with heaven...
Σελίδα 144 - If a straight line meet two straight lines, so as to make the two interior angles on the same side of it taken together less than two right angles...
Σελίδα 270 - And although the arguing from experiments and observations by induction be no demonstration of general conclusions, yet it is the best way of arguing which the nature of things admits of, and may be looked upon as so much the stronger, by how much the induction is more general.
Σελίδα 220 - There are men whose powers operate only at leisure and in retirement, and whose intellectual vigour deserts them in conversation; whom merriment confuses, and objection disconcerts; whose bashfulness restrains their exertion, and suffers them not to speak till the time of speaking is past ; or whose attention to their own character makes them unwilling to utter at hazard what has not been considered, and cannot be recalled.
Σελίδα 107 - When a man deliberates concerning his conduct in any particular affair, and forms schemes in politics, trade, economy, or any business in life, he never ought to draw his arguments too fine, or connect too long a chain of consequences together. Something is sure to happen, that will disconcert his reasoning, and produce an event different from what he expected. But when we reason upon general subjects, one may justly affirm, that our speculations can...
Σελίδα 371 - You would perceive, by the sample I have given you, that I make Cleanthes the hero of the dialogue. Whatever you can think of to strengthen that side of the argument, will be most acceptable to me.
Σελίδα 401 - Can you pretend to show any such similarity between the fabric of a house and the generation of a universe? Have you ever seen nature in any such situation as resembles the first arrangement of the elements? Have worlds ever been formed under your eye, and have you had leisure to observe the whole progress of the phenomenon, from the first appearance of order to its final consummation? If you have, then cite your experience and deliver your theory.