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Part Second.

PARTICULAR EXAMINATION OF THE INTUITIONS.

BOOK I.

PRIMITIVE COGNITIONS.

CHAPTER I.

BODY AND SPIRIT.

Page

119

122

Sect. I. The Mind begins its Intelligent Acts with Knowledge.

The Simple Cognitive Powers
Sect. II. Our Intuitive Cognitions of Body .
Sect. III. Some Distinctions to be attended to in regard to our

Cognition of Body
Sect. IV. The Qualities of Matter known by Intuition.
Sect. V. Our Intuitive Cognition of Self or of Spirit .

133

145

148

CHAPTER II.

ANALYSIS OF OUR PRIMITIVE COGNITIONS.

157

161

164

Sect. I. (Preliminary.) On the Nature of Abstraction and Gene

ralization
Sect. II. On Being
Sect. III. On Substance
Sect. IV. On Mode, Quality, Property, Essence
Sect. V. On Personality
Sect. VI. On Extension
Sect. VII. On Number

173

180

183

184

Sect. VIII. On Motion

185

187

Sect. IX. On Power
Sect. X. (Supplementary.) The Various kinds of Power known by

Experience

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THE EXTENT, TESTS, AND POWER OF OUR NATIVE BELIEFS

231

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279

Sect. I. The Appetencies, the Will, and the Conscience
Sect. II. (Supplementary.) On the Beautiful

288

CHAPTER II.

CONVICTIONS INVOLVED IN THE EXERCISES OF CONSCIENCE.

Sect. I. Convictions as to the Nature of Moral Good

290

297

Sect. II. On Sin and Error
Sect. III. Relation of Moral Good and Happiness

302

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Sect. I. On Knowledge

322 Sect. II. On the Origin of our Knowledge and Ideas

326 Sect. III. Limits to our Knowledge, Ideas, and Beliefs .

334 Sect. IV. Relation of Intuition and Experience

340 Sect. V. On the Necessity attached to our Primary Convictions . 345 Sect. VI. (Supplementary.) On the Distinctions between the Un

derstanding and the Reason ; between a priori and a posteriori
Principles; between Form and Matter; between Subjective and
Objective ; between the Logical and Chronological Order of
Ideas; between the Cause and Occasion of Innate Ideas

351

CHAPTER III.

ONTOLOGY.

358

362

374

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Sect. I. On Knowing and Being
Sect. II. On Idealism
Sect. III. On Scepticism
Sect. IV. On the Conditioned and the Unconditioned
Sect. V. (Supplementary.) The Antinomies of Kant.
Sect. VI. (Supplementary.) Examination of Mr. J. S. Mill's Me-

taphysical System

385

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388

390 BOOK II.

METAPHYSICAL PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN THE SCIENCES.

CHAPTER I.

Page

DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE DEMONSTRATIVE OR FORMAL AND

THE MATERIAL OR INDUCTIVE SCIENCES

395

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419

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427

441

446

Sect. I. Faith and Reason .
Sect. II. Natural Theology. The Theistic Argument
Sect. III. On the Immortality of the Soul
Sect. IV. Pantheism.
Sect. V. Christian Divinity
Sect. VI. Man as a Religious Being
Sect. VII. Rational Theology
Sect. VIII. Intuitional Theology

461

476

480

482

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Page 246, line 7 from head, for “A is not Aread A is not Not-A."

INTUITIONS OF THE MIND.

INTRODUCTION.

AIM OF THE WORK AND METHOD OF INQUIRY.

According to one class of speculators, the mind derives all its knowledge, judgments, maxims, from observation and experience. According to another class of thinkers, there are ideas, truths, principles, which originate in the native

power, and are seen in the inward light of the mind. These last have been called by a great number of names, such as innate ideas, intuitions, necessary judgments, fundamental laws of belief, principles of common sense, first or primitive truths; and diverse have been the accounts given of them, and the uses to which they have been turned. This is a controversy which has been from the beginning, and which is ever being renewed in one form or other. It appears to me that this contest is now, and has ever been, characterized by an immense complication of confusion; and confusion, as Bacon has remarked, is more difficult to rectify than open error. I am not, in this treatise, to plunge at once into a thicket, in which so many have lost themselves as they sought to find or cut a way through it. But my aim throughout is to ascertain what are the actual laws or principles in the mind denoted by these various

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