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trants who, in addition to a four-year high-school course, have had a three-year normal-school course or its equivalent. In this group should be placed college graduates who have had no professional training.
The probationary period for teachers in subdivision one should be two years; for teachers in subdivision two, four years.
It is recommended that the salary of teachers in subdivisions (1) be $1,500, and that the salary of teachers in subdivision (2) be $1,200, with a yearly increment of $100 until a maximum of $1,500 is reached.
All teachers in the probationary group should be elected annually upon the recommendation of the committee on personnel.
2. Group A.- Teachers in subdivision (1) of the probationary group should be advanced into group A by the personnel committee upon the recommendation of the principal and of the assistant superintendent in charge. Teachers in subdivision (2), before becoming eligible to group A, should have the recommendation of the principal and of the assistant superintendent in charge, and show evidence of having received credit for at least one year of college work above the sophomore class.
Teachers from outside the school system of the District of Columbia, who satisfy the personnel committee that the foregoing qualifications have been met, should be assigned to group A, and their status therein fixed upon the recommendation of the personnel committee, except that all such teachers new to the department should be on probation for one year.
All teachers in the probationary group not eligible for promotion to group A should be dropped or retained in the probationary group upon recommendation of the personnel committee.
It is recommended that the minimum salary for group A be $1,650, and that this salary be increased by yearly increments of $150 for four years until a maximum of $2,250 is reached.
At the end of the four-year period three options in regard to teachers of group A should be open to the board, upon recommendation of the personnel committee: (1) Dismissal; (2) retention at the maximum salary of the group; and (3) promotion to group B.
3. Group B.-It is recommended that upon the recommendation of their principal and assistant superintendents, teachers may be promoted to group B, who shall have satisfied the personnel committee
(1) That in addition to a four-year high-school course, or its equivalent, they have completed a four-year college course, or its equivalent, and have had two years of professional training in a normal school, or in a school or college of education in a university, or the equivalent of such a course;
(2) That study has been continued and unusual success in teaching has been achieved.
It is recommended that the minimum salary of this group be fixed at $2,400, and that this be increased by yearly increments of $150 for six years until the maximum of $3,300 is reached.
It is further recommended that, at thy expiration of the six-year period necessary to reach the maximum salary, teachers in this group may, upon the recommendation of the personnel committee, be elected on indefinite tenure at the maximum salary of the group.
4. Condition of tenure.It is recommended that the tenure of the teachers in each of the foregoing groups be conditioned as follows:
That at the end of each school year principals of elementary schools and high schools, directors of special subjects, and assistant superintendents shall file with the personnel committee the names of those teachers under their supervision or direction who are doing unsatisfactory work, and that the names of the persons who are thus reported two years in succession shall be dropped from the list of teachers in the schools of the District.
5. Group C.-It is recommended that the minimum salary of persons in this group shall be $3,300, and that this be increased by yearly increments of $150 for six years until the maximum of $4,200 is reached, and that to this group there be assigned the group principals of elementary schools, the principals of atypical schools, vocational schools, and other special subjects; the directors and supervisors of special schools; principals of junior high schools; principals of high schools having an enrollment of less than 1,000 pupils; assistant principals in the larger high schools; and other officers having directive or supervisory duties in connection with the purely educational activities of the school system.
6. Group D.—It is recommended that the minimum salary of this group shall be $4,000, and that this be increased by an annual increment of $150 for six years until the maximum of $4,900 is reached, and that to this group there be assigned the principals of normal schools and the principals of high schools having an enrollment of 1,000 pupils or more.
7. Classification of nurses, librarians, and attendance officers. It is recommended that graduate nurses be classified in group B; assistant nurses in group A ; librarians in high schools and normal schools in group B; assistant librarians in group A; attendance officers in group B; and assistant attendance officers in group A.
The responsibilities of nurses, librarians, and attendance officers who rightly perform their duties are of equal importance with those of teachers in the schools.
8. Salaries of superintendent and assistant superintendents. It is recommended that the salaries of assistant superintendents of schools be not less than $5,000 and not more than $7,500, and that the salary of the superintendent of schools be not less than $9,000.
PART III.—A SUGGESTION FOR A MORE ADEQUATE BASIS
FOR PAYMENT FOR JANITOR SERVICES.
In so far as special requirements in regard to engineers will permit, it is recommended that the plan of determining the salaries of janitors used in the school department of Boston be adopted. According to this plan, compensation is allowed on five items: 1, Cleaning; 2, heating, ventilating, and superintendence; 3, washing of windows; 4, care of yards and sidewalks; 5, care of lawns.
In fixing compensation for cleaning, the cubic content of a building is computel in accordance with the rule of the National Association of School Accounting and Business Officials and indorsed by the American Institute of Architects. Compensation, based on this item, is reckoned at the rate of $0.004 for the first 10,000 cubic feet; $0.0038 for the second 10,000 cubic feet; $0.0036 for the third 10,000 cubic feet; and so on as per schedule up to the total cubic contents of the building.
In fixing compensation for the second item, “Ileating, ventilation, and superintendence," the cubic content of the building is also used as a basis, except that buildings are classified into three groups, depending upon the type of heating system used, some requiring more attention and skill than others. For class A buildings the compensation runs $0.005 for the first 10,000 cubic feet, $0.0047 for the next 10,000 cubic feet, and so on with the item of “ cleaning.” The heating, ventilation, and superintendence of class B and class C buildings are compensated for at a lesser rate.
Compensation for “washing of windows,” the third item, shall be on the basis of the total area of the sashes, and at the rate of $0.0055 per square foot for one washing on both sides. Additional washing per year when ordered by the board shall be at the same rate, which also applies to all windows, transoms, doors, and doors in permanent bookcases in the building.
The fourth item: “ Care of yards and sidewalks” shall be on the basis of their total area and at the rate of $0.003 per square foot. So also with the item, “ Care of lawns," except that the rate allowed is $0.0033 per square foot.
The annual salary of each janitor shall be arrived at by applying the rates of compensation for cleaning, heating, ventilation, and superintendence to the cubic content of the buildings, and by applying the rates of compensation for washing of windows and the care of yards, sidewalks, and lawns to the several areas. The total of the amounts shall constitute the annual compensation for janitor service.
This schedule does not include compensation for evening schools, school centers, vacation schools, playgrounds, and lectures or concerts, for each of which additional compensation is allowed.
A schedule of salaries worked out in accordance with some such plan as this would be much fairer than the usual haphazard method of determining the amount; furthermore, such an analysis of the duties of janitors as the plan entails would make it easy for the board to determine the amount of help which each needs in order properly to care for his building.