Anti-smuggling Act: Hearings Before the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Seventy-fourth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 5496. March 8 and 13, 1935
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1935 - 24 σελίδες
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12-mile limit American answer appear apply authority BACHARACH bill boat bound Britain British cargo carry CHAIRMAN claim coast Commander PARKER commerce committee Congress COOPER course Court customs customs control customs waters customs-enforcement area distance effect enact enforcement engaged established evidence exercise existing extend fact foreign vessels forfeiture give Government HESTER high seas HILL hour's sailing hovering hovering acts indicated international law involved jurisdiction Justice leagues legislation liquor Marshall matter McCORMACK means measures merchandise miles nations necessary offenses officers operations opinion particular penalty persons practice present President principle prohibited proposed protection provisions question reasonable reference regulations relating respect revenue laws rule Secretary seized seizure ship shore smugglers smuggling statute taken Tariff Act territorial waters thing tion trade treaty understand uniformity United violation visitation YNTEMA zone
Σελίδα 61 - States" includes all territories and possessions of the United States, except the Philippine Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the island of Guam.
Σελίδα 103 - The authority of a nation within its own territory is absolute and exclusive. The seizure of a vessel within the range of its cannon by a foreign force is an invasion of that territory, and is a hostile act which it is its duty to repel. But its power to secure itself from injury may certainly be exercised beyond the limits of its territory.
Σελίδα 110 - ... rights and obligations, the prevention of breaches of the revenue and fishery laws, and, under particular circumstances, to cases of collision. In the two first the legislation is altogether irrespective of the three-mile distance, being founded on a totally different principle, namely, the right of a state to take all necessary measures for the protection of its territory and rights, and the prevention of any breach of its revenue laws.
Σελίδα 62 - For this purpose, where there is no treaty, and no controlling executive or legislative act or judicial decision, resort must be had to the customs and usages of civilized nations; and, as evidence of these, to the works of jurists and commentators, who by years of labor, research, and experience, have made themselves peculiarly well acquainted with the subjects of which they treat.
Σελίδα 109 - ... its territory not exceeding two marine leagues in width at the mouth are within this limit ; and that included in this territorial jurisdiction is the right of control over fisheries, whether the fish be migratory, free-swimming fish, or free-moving fish, or fish attached to or embedded in the soil. The open sea within this limit is, of course, subject to the common right of navigation ; and all governments, for the purpose of self-protection in time of war or for the prevention of frauds on...
Σελίδα 90 - ... of the United States, or within four leagues of the coast thereof, if bound to the United States, whether in or out of their respective districts, for the purposes of demanding the manifests aforesaid, and of examining and searching the said ships or vessels...
Σελίδα 107 - It would be monstrous to suppose that our revenue officers were authorized to enter into foreign ports and territories for the purpose of seizing vessels which had offended against our laws. It can not be presumed that Congress would voluntarily justify such a clear violation of the laws of nations.
Σελίδα 5 - Any person owning in whole or in part any vessel of the United States who employs, or participates in, or allows the employment of, such vessel for the purpose of smuggling, or attempting to smuggle, or assisting in smuggling, any merchandise into the territory of any foreign government in violation of the laws there in force, if under the laws of such foreign government...
Σελίδα 95 - It ought, at least, to be insisted that the extent of the neutral immunity should correspond with the claims maintained by Great Britain around her own territory...