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I PROPose in this short paper to direct the attention of turners, wood carvers, and others interested in wood work, to a few of our colonial woods suitable for ornamental work. For those who, like myself, have a mania for lathe work, there is a good number of native woods, for the most part easily obtainable, which would amply repay the trouble of getting them. Being an appropriator of inconsiderable trifles, whenever I am in a fresh locality I keep my eyes open for the acquisition of fresh specimens, and as the shrubs which furnish them are mostly of small growth, a tomahawk, plus a little muscular Christianity, soon furnishes me with a supply. But now comes the difficulty. These small, more or less round specimens show a surprising spirit of unanimity in their readiness to crack; and it is truly exasperating to find, on examining your collection a week or two after gathering, that, for the most part they are useless. This may be remedied in two ways, each of which has certain disadvantages connected with it. First: as soon as you reach home with your specimens, saw the ends square, and at once glue them, either using glue alone, or else gluing a piece of brown paper to them. Probably a coat or two of paint would effect the same purpose, as the object is to exclude the air, and so prevent too rapid shrinkage. Then stack in cool shed with good ventilation. As the time of seasoning varies from 6 months to a couple of years, according to diameter of the wood, this method is rather trying to one's patience.

The foregoing remarks apply to the small dimensions say from it to 4-5 inches. With larger specimens I find it better to get my log at once to the mill, and have it sawn into planks of a suitable thickness; or else have the log quartered. Then stack as before.

H. THACKER, Printer, Lithographer, Bookbinder and Paper Ruler, &c.,


All Orders receive prompt attention, combined with cheapness.

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A second method is practised by the professional wood turners in England when time is an object. The green specimens sawn into short lengths are placed in a boiler of cold water into which a handful of wood ashes has been stirred. The whole is then boiled, say, for an hour, and then allowed to cool. When quite cold, but not before, the pieces of wood are taken out, and dried and stacked under cover. If this is properly carried out, the wood when dry will be found ready

for use.

Of the woods suitable for ornamental and turning purposes I may mention the following :-(1) Murray Pine; (2) Myall; (3) Quandong; (4) Beech ; (5) Pittosporum; (6) Musk; (7) Blackwood; (8) Sheoak; (9) Wattle; (10) Honeysuckle ; (11) Red Gum; (12) Bursaria; (13) Hakea ; (14) Pomaderris; •(15) Callestemon salignus; (16) Eucalyptus melliodora.

(1) Murray Pine (Frenela verrucosa ). Cabinet work turnery. Panels. Very pretty in figure and grain.

(2) Myall (Acacia homalophylla). Sweet violet scented. Turnery; stock-whip handles ; pipes'; Heartwood very dark.

(3) Quandong (Santalum Acuminatum). Wood yellowish, rather soft, close grain. Suitable for carving. Engraving.

(4) Beech (Fagus cunninghami). Wood reddish, often beautifully marked. Cabinet work ; panels ; carving; turns and screws well.

(5) (Pittosporum undulatum). Wood yellowish white, very hard, often with pretty grain, very tough. Turnery. Engraving.

(6) Musk (Aster argophyllus). Wood reddish, speckled, very hard; Polishes well : used as veneer; turns well.

(7) Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon). Well known to cabinet makers. A variety of this found in Gippsland, and known as “Fiddleback,” is perhaps our most handsome wood. The grain requires a lot of filling in polishing, but amply repays for the trouble.


Jewellers, Engravers, Designers, ,






(8) Sheoak (Casuarina). Small panels; tool handles ; fishing rods (in joints); flexible ; tough.

(9) Wattle (Acacia). Any of the varieties make tough handle; screws fairly well.

(10) Honeysuckle (Banksia marginata). For tool handles that have to stand end blows, as the wood bruises in.

(11) Red Gum (Eu. Rostrata). Well known. Some of the curly specimens of grain are very handsome, and furnish small articles of turnery. Very fair tobacco pipes.

(12) (Bursaria spinosa). Grows along creeks; shrubby ; 4-5 in. dm. Very close in grain ; cuts cheesy; very suitable for small boxes with ornamented cover. Carves well. One of the best woods for turning. Engraving blocks. Wood whitish with handsome figure.

(13) (Hakea). A hard, reddish wood somewhat like the Banksias, but with smaller figure. Polishes well. Small panels. (Wimmera district.)

(14) (Pomaderris apetala). Shrub only. Grows along watercourses in southern portion of the colony. Easily known by its soft green foliage above, and greyish woolly below. Wood very close in grain; screws well ; whitish colour ; hard when seasoned. Carves and turns excellently. One of the best. Engraving blocks (small). Small cogs.

(15) Callistemon salignus. (Bottle brush). One of the ti-trees found along watercourses. Wood slightly reddish, and exceedingly hard, often called “Stonewood.” Carving and engraving.

. (16) Euc. melliodora. (Yellow box.) Wood of greasy nature ; hard, close grain. Cogs; large wood screws.

(17) Exocarpus cupressiformis. (Native Cherry). Wood reddish brown, close grain, rather soft, the best wood for carving;' turns well. Very handsome when polished. Much used by turners for hydrant handles.

Much yet remains for the enthusiast of the nature of many of our woods to discover. The above is only a short resumé of my own experience with a few, supplemented by information gathered from miscellaneous sources, chiefly Timbers of Victoria, Cosmo Newberry, Esq.

Opticians, and Lapidaries,

LITTLE RYRIE ST., GEELONG. Crophies, Badges, Gold & Silver Jewellery in stock, or made to order. AND


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By H. E. HILL.

It having been decided to send a party out from this institution last Christmas, four o'clock on the 24th December finds us at the college amidst a miscellaneous assortment of goods, consisting of rugs, tents, provisions, &c.

After packing all the paraphernalia in the smallest possible space, we sit down on the steps waiting for our coach, which is not so punctual as Cobb and Co usually are, so that we do not actually make a start till half past five. The morning is cold and drizzly-an inauspicious opening for our trip.

Near Winchelsea we see a novel sight-a man cutting a crop with a scythe. I am not sure whether he has finished yet.

At 11 o'clock we reach the Barwon again, and stop for breakfast. Numbers of laughing jackasses and magpie larks enliven us, and we move on again. Cross the Barwon for the fourth time at Murroon (near Birregurra), and the monotonous flat country disappears; in its place we travel over a series of sandy rises covered chiefly with grass trees.

This continues till we reach Yaugher, when an abrupt change takes place in the nature of the land. The rises we have been crossing are replaced by the hills which form the outskirts of the ranges. About a mile further on we reach Forrest, cross the Barwon for the sixth and last time, and pitch our tents. Notice great numbers of mudlarks (Grallina picata, Lath.) about the river here. Having made a stage of sixty miles we feel a bit tired, and turn in almost at once. Just as we are getting to sleep, a local gentleman who wishes to clean our boots, pays us a visit. This appearing rather superfluous in a camp-out, we decline with thanks.

JOHN BUCHANAN, Sail, Tent, Tilt, and Tarpaulin Maker, MOORABOOL ST., GEELONG.


25/12/94. We take things rather easily, as we have only 24 miles to do, and do not make a start till eight o'clock. We keep a look-out for a man who was seen by a party from the Museum doing the Otway trip three years ago, driving a bullock and a horse together. We do not see him, but are informed that he now drives the horse and three bullocks tandem.

We get into pretty heavy country, and have to do most of the road on foot. By the time we reach Barramunga we are in the midst of a very heavy fog, which grows worse as we advance, and it gradually condenses on the trees. There is a steady drip all the way. About eight miles from Forrest we reach a very awkward turn of the road, round a spur of Mt. Sabine, bearing the particularly happy name of “ Comical Corner.” The hill comes sharply down here on the road, and slopes away again below for seven or eight hundred feet; in fact the road is a mere cutting in the hillside. It is of the shape of a note of interrogation turned backwards, thus: 4 The scenery, as in fact everywhere in the ranges, is something wonderful.

At last we reach the top of Mt. Sabine—the highest point of the ranges—and spell for a while, and then on again. We had intended to have dinner here, but finding that it is only six miles more to the Bay, we decide to push through. We find corduroy abundant, and unpleasant, and greasy, and where the corduroy is absent there is about a foot of thick mud. We plough along-on foot, and at about five o'clock we set the first glimpse of the sea, and at the same time find the worst hill of the trip ahead of us, but fortunately it is the last. This hill, known locally as “Gentle Annie," is a spur of the well-known “ Burst-my-gall,” on the old track. It is about two miles long, and there is a drop, as measured by the aneroid, of 700 feet in the first half mile. The total height is about 1000 feet. Fortunately the hill is dry, and we reach the bottom all right, and find ourselves to our great joy on the sandy beach and out of the fog which has hung about us

Four miles along the beach brings us to the township, and we at once cross a rise behind the houses, and fix our camp in an elbow of the Barrum (? Barham). It being now six o'clock, and we having been on the go since eight in the morning, are glad to get some tea and turn in.

all day.



CASH Purchaser in any quantity of Rabbit and Opossum Skins, Hides, Calfskins, Sheepskins,

Horsehair, Beeswax, Tallow, and Wattle-bark. Highest Cash Prices given.

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