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In order that the State bounty may, in this important matter, be available and easily attainable by every one who may need it and is unable to be cared for by private aid, I would recommend that buildings be constructed or purchased suitable for a State Insane Asylum, urging the same not only upon the ground of humanity and comfort to the class to be benefited, but in the interest of economy to the people.


At present our prisons are ill-suited to the purposes and objects to be attained by what is known as a penitentiary or state prison in other States. I would advise that a substantial prison. be constructed and arranged so that convicts from each of the counties can be received and employed in such occupations as will conduce most to the correction of vice, reformation of the convict, and the protection of society.

If the prisoners were compelled to labor at regular systematic work, the necessary expenses consequent upon their confinement might be met in whole or part, so that while the penalty for crime is suffered by the prisoner, the public would be relieved of the burden of his support.


The report of the Superintendent, which is herewith transmitted, is valuable for its many suggestions.

With our advanced Free School system, I heartily join in recommending, as an important factor in the work, a normal or training school for teachers. This matter has long been considered in this State, and I believe the time is propitious for adoption as a fit complement to our plan of public education. The proposition is a simple one, that to maintain good schools there must be thoroughly trained teachers. Already, in many of the large towns of the State, the public graded schools have supplanted what are familiarly termed academies or classical schools. Now, to enable this high grade of instruction to be sustained, a training school is essential. Our guide is the example set in almost all the States of the Union. The plan submitted by the Superintendent must commend itself. He says: "A training school, with a course of study prescribed by the State, with the Superintendent and Assistant Superintendent and the Principal

of the School as a Board of Examiners, should be established— the graduates should be allowed to teach for a term of two or three years without extra compensation, at the expiration of which time, if they have proved successful teachers, they should be granted a certificate, good for five years, without further examination." A successful training school of this kind would cause a just pride in the profession of teaching, and the people would feel certain of obtaining more competent and faithful teachers.


I am happy to report, with other Trustees and friends of this institution, that the generous appropriation of your predecessors was most gratefully received. The same has been judiciously expended in the renovation and improvement of the College buildings and surroundings, and now, as the State has done its duty, let the Trustees apply their energies, and, by persistent effort, supplement this timely aid and devise plans for a high development in scholarship, so that the College may be pointed to with pride, in fact, as a State institution. The State, having extended the helping hand, will, I hope, coöperate with the friends in assisting from time to time, but the work of building up the College, and making it worthy of the patronage of the public and continued munificence of the State, must depend upon the management of the Trustees, who are its lawfully constituted agents and guardians.


By a communication addressed to me by the efficient and faithful State Librarian, it is clear that provision must soon be made for increased accommodation for the reception of books. The State can boast of one of the best law libraries in the country, and one that is rapidly growing. There are now nearly nineteen thousand volumes, a large increase in the last two years. The present building, containing the library, is not, as you are aware, fire-proof, and so valuable is the collection of books and State papers-many that cannot be replaced-that the expenditure for a new fire-proof building, I feel, is in every sense justifiable, and an additional and weighty reason why another place should be provided. I would suggest that the property purchased by the State some time since, and known as the "Jump property," be


utilized, in part, for the purposes of a library, and that an apartment in said building be provided for the safe-keeping of the enrolled bills and other valuable papers in the office of the Secretary of State.


Since the meeting of the last General Assembly, I have received several communications from the United States Department of Agriculture, through its Bureau of Animal Industry, urging the coöperation of this State with the General Government in the suppression of the contagious disease known as pleuro-pneumonia in cattle. As your executive, upon request of said bureau, I appointed the State Veterinary Surgeon as a representative on the part of the State to meet like representatives of the several States, in the city of Philadelphia, in August last, to consult in regard to details of coöperation between the Department of Agriculture and the State authorities in an effort to control this disease during the past year. I also attended the convention and advised concurrence on the part of our State, of course being guided by the provisions of our recent enactments on the subject. I am happy to report that the disease has been stamped out of our midst by coöperation with the General Government, which could not have been done with the limited means provided by our own State.

The rules and regulations forwarded to me by the U. S. Department of Agriculture are herewith submitted.


The fourth biennial report of the Board is herewith presented. More than usual attention has been given to this important interest throughout the State. By the examination of the report of the Secretary, and letter of the President, accompanying the same, I entertain no doubt that you will be convinced of the necessity of an increase in the appropriation, adequate to the wants of the Board, and also compensation sufficient to remunerate the Secretary for extraordinary services in visiting every section of the State, in compliance with the law and orders of the Board.


As we have no organization in this State charged with the collection of information on these important subjects, and constantly, during my administration, inquiries have been made by the General Government and the several States for facts and statistics pertaining thereto, and but meagre information could be furnished, I would advise the establishment of a State Board of Agriculture and Labor, with such powers as the Legislature shall deem proper.


At a meeting of the Governors of the original thirteen States, in the city of Philadelphia, in June last, it was decided that there should be a celebration of the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, on the 17th of September, A. D. 1887.

In pursuance of the recommendations of this meeting, I appointed John H. Rodney, Esq., to represent this State on the commission, which met in Philadelphia on December 2d, last, to perfect the programme for said celebration. I would recommend that the Legislature take such steps as may be necessary to coöperate with the General Government and our sister States in the ceremonies to commemorate the memorable historic event.

Your attention is invited to the communications, herewith submitted, in relation to the American Exhibition, at London, commencing May 2d, 1887, of the Arts, Inventions, Manufactures, Products, and Resources of the United States; also in relation to the Permanent Exposition of the Three Americas, at Washington, in 1889.

The reports of the Adjutant-General and of the State Chemist are herewith submitted, and their recommendations commended to your consideration.

A list of reprieves and pardons granted by me is herewith transmitted, together with the reasons for my action in the premises.


In a short time my official term as the Executive of the State will expire. I avail myself of this opportunity to express most grateful acknowledgments to my fellow citizens, whose support has been of great encouragement under all circumstances. the administration of the affairs of the State, I could not expect to be free from error. To err is incident to our imperfect nature. I assumed the responsibilities of the office with great diffidence in my ability to discharge its duties satisfactorily to the people, yet with a firm resolve to be guided in all things by a desire to do right. I have steadily adhered to that determination, and have done no official act which, under the same circumstances, I would not do again. Entering upon my official career free and unpledged, either directly or indirectly, I close it with the consoling and proud reflection that my conscience upbraids me for no official injustice or wrong, and that the advancement of the rights and interests of the people of Delaware, without regard to race, or color, or party, has been the constant motive of my every act. In retiring, I shall not cease to implore the aid of the Beneficent Being, to whose providence we are so signally indebted, for the continuance of His blessings on our beloved little State.

DOVER, January 4th, 1887.


Mr. Cooper offered a joint resolution appointing a special committee to whom the message of the Governor should be referred,

Which, on his motion, was read,

And, on his further motion, was


The Speaker appointed Messrs. Cooper and McWhorter said committee on the part of the Senate, and ordered the resolution to the House for concurrence.

Mr. Ferguson offered a resolution, which, on his motion, was read, as follows :

Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor, the Secretary of State, the Attorney-General, ex-members of the Senate, and all ladies who may visit the Senate during the sessions, be privileged to seats on the floor of the Senate.

And further, on his motion, was


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