Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

THE DOUBTFUL AND THE CERTAIN.

make sure of my personal reign with thee

in heaven to all eternity.” It is much better for a christian ardently and steadily to pursue the certain advantages set before him in the gospel, than to

ETERNITY. lose time in the vain endeavour to clear up those doubtful points on which godly

« EVER,” a little word, but of immense minded men have entertained different signification! a child may speak it; but opinions. Sober-mindedness in reading neither man nor angel can understand it. God's holy word is of great value.

Oh, who can take the dimensions of “ We cannot,” says an eminent servant eternity? The whole space between the of God, “sink' too low in humility, nor creation of the world, and the dissolution yet rise too high in heavenly-mindedness ; of it, would not make a day in eternity; but we may soon be lost in the wilderness yea, so many years as there be days in of needless speculations. Such as are that space, would not fill up an hour in sober-minded will keep well within their eternity. Eternity is one entire circle, depth, and when the Lord directs us to beginning and ending in itself. This prelaunch forth, we may do it with safety. sent world, which is measured out by If we are wise according as it is written, such divisions and distinctions of time we shall be profitably wise; but if we is therefore mortal, and will have an end, want to be wise beyond what is written, 2 Cor. iv, 18. we shall smart for our folly.”

If eternity did consist of finite times, How many a disciple of the Redeemer though ever so large and vast, it would has robbed himself of comfort and peace not be eternity, but a longer tract of time by leaving the sure and certain hope of only; that which is made up of finite is eternal life in Christ Jesus, to enter into finite. Eternity is but one immense, inthe controversies of the professing world, divisible point, wherein there is neither about the doubtful points of less important first nor last, beginning nor ending, sucsubjects !

cession nor alteration, but is like God Surely this is tending swine for a stran- himself, one and the same for ever. ger, when we might live at ease in our Case. father's dwelling! This is feeding on husks, when the fatted calf is prepared for MEDICAL PROPERTIES OF CAPRIFOLIAour repast! The words of Bishop Hall, in reference to the reign of a thousand years by the Redeemer, are well worthy to

As the members of this order receive be remembered :

their general name from caprifolium, by “O blessed Saviour, what strange va- which the garden or Italian honey-suckle riety of conceits do I find concerning thy was long known, it would seem like a thousand years' reign. What riddles are piece of good manners to commence with there in that prophecy which no human a species of the same genus, (Lonicera,) tongue can read! Where to fix the be- which shall be our own most lovely woodginning of that marvellous millenary, and bine, or honey-suckle. It is reputed to be where the end; and what manner of reign of great service in coughs and asthmatic. it shall be, whether temporal or spiritual, disorders, whence it is said to be heating on earth or in heaven, undergoes as many and drying. These qualities are due, perconstructions as there are pens that have haps, to its purgative properties, by which undertaken it; and yet, when all is done, moisture is removed, instead of being dried I see thine apostle speak only of the souls up, according to the notion of older herbalof the martyrs reigning so long with thee, ists and lovers of simples. Dioscorides not of thy reigning so long on earth with ascribes the same drying properties to anthose martyrs. How busy are the tongues other species, probably the Lonicera Xylosof men, how are their brains taken up teum, which is found in Greece. He furwith the indeterminable construction of ther states that it abates the sense of fatigue this enigmatical truth, when, in the mean and weariness after much exertion, an effect time, the care of thy spiritual reign in their which may be attributed to a gentle purhearts is neglected ! O my Saviour, gative quality that it possesses. For after while others weary themselves with the long continued bodily effort, when the disquisition of thy personal reign here powers of nature are brought low, the conupon earth for a thousand years, let it be sequences that result from it may often be the whole bent and study of my soul to checked, if not prevented, by " taking a

CEOUS PLANTS AND SHRUBS.

little medicine.” The maxim that we have , safety. A mixture of this tea and spirits of often heard, namely, that hard labour re- wine has been recommended as a fomentaquires good eating, must be accepted with tion in the erysipelas. The purple juice many grains of allowance, and can only of the berries proves a useful aperient and apply where labour is not followed by las- resolvent in recent colds, and in sundry situde. In treating of the medical proper- chronical diseases, gently loosening the ties of certain related plants, we labour bowels and promoting perspiration. This under considerable disadvantages, for in juice might be most conveniently preserved, very few instances have we a sufficient by the lover of domestic good, in the simple number of trials on record to afford all the form of a jelly, and would, without doubt, certainty that is to be desired, especially be found to be a very grateful and effectual when we are anxious to show that a certain remedy for subduing the obstinacy of a cold. similarity of property accompanies a corre- If turnips and cabbages, and even fruitspondence of structure. Under this point trees, be whipped with the green leaves of view their medical qualities become mat- and branches of the elder, the insects will ters of science, which are equally interest- not attack them. ing, whether we may or may not have re- Sambucus Ebulus, or Dwarf Elder, or course to them. Several species of the loni- Danewort, which is found by the road sides cera,or honey-suckle, are found in California. and in neglected churchyards, has, in the Most persons are aware that honey is secreted estimation of Dioscorides, the same qualiin the tube of the honey-suckle, but it may ties as the preceding, which is confirmed not be wholly uninteresting to state, that by modern experience. It is easily recogone of the species found in California, was nised by its resemblance to the black or observed to have a distinct organ for the common elder; and the colour of its anoffice of secretion in the shape of a little thers, which are of a deep red or blood. bag at the base of the flower.

The stem of a specimen which we observed Sambucus nigra, Common Black Elder. growing near a churchyard at Wingfield, in -The leaves, boiled like pot herbs, purge Suffolk, was dyed with the same colour. phlegm and bile, as Dioscorides asserts ; The seeds of the Ebulus yield an oil, and it appears from modern trials that the which Haller applied with success in paininner bark of the stalk, when recent, is ful affections of the joints. The leaves very powerful in evacuating the prima viæ, boiled in wine, and formed into a cataor principal passages of the body. Syden- plasm or poultice, have been recommended ham directs that three handfuls of the re- in France as a discutient application for cent bark should be taken and boiled in a bruises and tumours. The root was forquart of milk and water, till only a pint merly much employed in dropsies, which remains, of which one half is to be taken shows that our forefathers esteemed it as a night and morning, and repeated for several powerful diuretic. The odour of the green days; it operates both as an emetic and ca- leaves drives away mice. The Silesians thartic. Upon these evacuations its utility strew it as a bed for their swine, deeming depends. Among those who enjoy an aver- it as a charm to keep away diseases. age state of good health, with an occasional Viburnum Opulus, Guelder tree. — A interruption from what some people call name which seems to be a corruption of "bile,” or a disordered stomach, the adop- water elder-tree, since it prefers the banks tion of Sydenham's advice would prove a of ditches and damp. places. The inner cheap and easy course physic, without bark is recommended in dropsical cases. the apprehension of any untoward conse- The young shoots and buds, used as a quences. The flowers, when distilled in pickle, are said to have the same effect in large quantities with water, yield a small a lesser degree. But a wine made of the portion of butyraceous (buttery) essential juice of its berries, mixed with white wine, oil. Infusions of the fresh flowers are is reported to produce the same result with gently laxative and aperient : when dry, increased activity. The flowers are sudothey are said to promote the cuticular ex- rific and anodyne, that is, when an infusion cretion, or that discharge which passes or tea is made of them, it promotes perspithrough the pores of the skin, and to be ration and allays pain. peculiarly serviceable in erysipelatous and Viburnum Lantana, Wayfaring-tree, or eruptive disorders.

In cases, therefore, of pliant mealy-tree. This term mealy is apSt. Anthony's fire, and other derangements plied to it in consequence of the hoary and of the skin, a tea made of the dried flowers downy nature of its long pliant branches. would be found to have a good effect, and The berries are said to have an astringent might always be administered with perfect I and drying quality, which may be imputed

In the
Year Inhab.

In the
Year

Inhab.

[ocr errors]

.

.

to their tendency to remove offending mat- the principal towns, is copied from the ters which disorder the bowels. They are Edinburgh “ New Philosophical Journal.” recommended also in glandular swellings The mortality of the under-mentioned about the mouth. We see by these few places is as follows:examples that there is a correspondence of medical properties between those plants

Paris . which botanists have grouped together, and

. 1650 1 in 25, 1829 1 in 32

London . 1690 1 in 24, 1828 1 in 55 that the common points of union are not

Berlin merely matters of artifice and curiosity.

. 1755 1 in 28, 1827 1 in 34

Geneva If, for instance, we landed on an island,

1560 1 in 18, 1821 1 in 43

Vienna and found a plant which recommended it

1750 1 in 20, 1829 1 in 25

Rome self to the eye as good for food, and

. 1771 1 in 21, 1828 1 in 31

upon trial it proved grateful to the taste, a refer- Amsterdam . 1770 1 in 25, 1829 1 in 29 ence to its Natural Order would inform us Cambridge . 1811 1 in 41, 1821 1 in 58

Norfolk whether it might be eaten with safety or

1811 1 in 50, 1821 1 in 59 not. In ships of discovery it often hap- Manchester . 1757 1 in 25, 1821 1 in 58 pens that the seamen pick up some plant Birmingham. 1811 1 in 301, 1821 1 in 43 when they come ashore on some new island: Liverpool . 1773 1 in 27, 1821 1 in 41 the herb tastes like a good salad, but they Portsmouth . 1800 1 in 28, 1811 1 in 38 doubt its wholesomeness. If they refer Petersburgh . 1768 1 in 28, 1828 1 in 48 their doubts to the naturalist, he is able, Stockholm . 1763 1 in 19, 1827 1 in 26 from a botanical examination, to satisfy

Total Deaths 15 4093 15 620 their doubts, though he may have never seen the plant before.

MANKIND.
VANITY OF VANITIES."

What the condition of mankind would

have been, apart from the peculiar ground An affecting .illustration of the truth of on which they are placed by the intervenSolomon's remark, is furnished in the his- tion of the work of Christ, is a speculation tory of Combe, the unhappy author of “ Dr. on which we need not indulge. Our great Syntax in search of the Picturesque.” “We business should be, to avail ourselves of find,” says a reviewer, in the “ Compa- the best means of providing against the nion to the Library,” this improvident man, evils which actually press upon us, and and all within a few years, figuring as a not to waste our time or capacity in imaboy at Eton, a scholar at Oxford, a student gining circumstances that were not to exist, in the Temple, with a very handsome in- or in conceiving of remedies and means of dependent fortune; a barrister pleading alleviation that were never to be needed. with success; a man of fashion intimately It would seem, however, to be unquestionassociating with lords and ladies, and calling able, that if our condemnation be a prohimself, (from his courtly dress and splen- ceeding of strict equity, our redemption did liveries,) “ The Duke ;" and then an must be a matter of pure favour. If we outcast spendthrift ; a private soldier ; a have deserved to find our home in the novice in a French Monastery, playing the abodes of darkness, we cannot have been Monk, to get his bread for the time being ; entitled to a place in the realms of light. a strolling player ; a gentleman's servant ; This may sound very like a truism, yet and a waiter at an inn at Swansea. It was how much is in it! after all these metamorphoses that he turned himself into an author. His last scene of all was the King's Bench ; there he wrote

PRAYER.—He who prays as he ought, “Syntax," and some other works; and will endeavour to live as he prays, Prov. there he died, not very long ago, after an

XV, 8.

He that can live in sin, and abide imprisonment (for debt) of twenty years." in the ordinary duties of prayer, never

We learn from this history, that talents prays as he ought. A truly gracious praywithout religious principle often will prove ing frame is utterly inconsistent with the a snare, and often lead to misery.

love of, or reserve for any sin, Ps. Ixvi. 18. -Owen.

DIMINISHED MORTALITY IN TOWNS.

JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London. The following table, illustrative of the Price fd. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five

Numbers in a Cover, 3d. increased longevity of the inhabitants of

W. TYLER, Printer, 4, Ivy Lane, St. Paul's.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small]

The sagus belongs to the natural order of genera of palms, we look chiefly at the palms, having a calyx of six leaves, and as fruit, which in the sagus is a nut, with many stamens with dilated filaments in scales imbricated backwards. the barren flowers. The fertile and barren Scales are imbricated when they are flowers are sometimes united in one placed one over the other, like flat tiles Characters derived from the calyx and upon the roof of a building, or like feastamens are often ambiguous, and, therefore, thers upon the breast of a bird, which in discriminating the different kinds or by hawkers were called the mail-feathers,

vos. 1

[ocr errors]

inasmuch as they resembled, by their posi- of its farinaceous materials may be lost. tion, plates laid upon a breast-plate or The inhabitants sometimes resort to the ex

periment of cutting a hole in the tree, out of which they take some of the pith for examination. If it proves unripe, they either close the hole, or sell the tree immediately. When the tree has been thus felled, it is cut into two or three pieces, and the hard bark is split asunder by the application of wedges. The sago is thus laid bare and scooped (poekeled) out with an instrument resembling an adze.

The raw sago, after having been reduced (Fruit of Sago Palm.)

to the appearance of saw-dust, is put by

portions into a trough, like a canoe, and coat of armour. This fruit is pictured water is poured upon it, and well mixed above, with the scales pointing towards the with the sago, by which means the meal is base, which is denoted by a pair of calyx disengaged from the filaments, or thready leaves on which it is resting. At the top parts. These filaments are called ela, and is seen a small point, which is the relic of are used to feed pigs, poultry, &c. The the style. In this fruit we have a testimony water thus impregnated with the sago-meal, to the unsparing goodness of God, who, to after standing still for some time, till the a tree of such extensive usefulness, has meal has subsided by its own weight, is annexed these marks of beauty and recog. poured off, and replaced by a fresh quannition, by which the eye is delighted, and tity for further purification. After this the the judgment directed. The mailed nut, wet meal is laid upon flat wicker baskets of which we have been speaking, is about to dry, and is then kneaded together, and the size of a pigeon's egg, and contains formed into little cakes of three inches only one seed.

long, two inches broad, and half an inch The sago palm supplies a universal arti- thick. These cakes are lastly put into cle of food to the inhabitants of Amboyna, moulds of a corresponding size, and baked Ceram, Celebes, and the surrounding is- over the fire. lands east of the Celebes, as well as those God, who is rich in bounty, is also rich of Borneo. This tree propagates itself by in means, and has therefore lodged the nuoffsets, or shoots from the roots, which fortritious farina or meal in the sago and maa long time appear only like bushes at nioc, as well as in the wheat and the rice. the bottom of the full-grown trunk. The However varied his works may be, they stem, when it begins to form itself out of all agree in ministering to the wants, the the bush just mentioned, shoots up as enjoyments, and the instruction of mankind. straight as an arrow, to the height of 40 or The sago vies with the wheat in utility, 50 feet, forming a handsome tuft at the and the plantations of that stately palm, top, which gives an agreeable shade. These where all is freshness and luxuriance, surtrees, when arrived at maturity, consist of pass in goodliness the waving corn-fields of nothing but a spongy substance. This old England, when the ripened honours of spongy or cellular substance is penetrated yellow autumn invite us to joy and thankby a number of tubes, or at least what have fulness. the appearance of tubes, which become The dried fruit and scaly fruit branches like tough threads in time, and conse- of this tree may be sometimes seen in the quently separated from the spongy nutri- collections of the curious, and then the tive substance of the cells. A grove of tiles upon the former are pressed close, and these trees presents a very charming ap- present a surface embrowned with a lovely pearance, and affords a most delicious re- chestnut colour, and smoothed with a beautreat from the mid-day sun. They flourish tiful polish. We saw, but a day or two bein wet, morassy situations, where abund- fore these observations were written, a dried ance of nutriment is at hand to supply fruit branch of another species of this genus, their prodigious wants. A tree is chosen, the sagus ruffia, which was eight or nine the pith of which has arrived at full matu- feet in length, and beautifully clustered rity, which is ascertained by a yellowish with these polished nuts. If the inquisiwhite cast that is then seen. just below the tive reader should at any time be shown a foliage. The stem is then cut through as brown, shining, and hard nut, with various close to the ground as possible, that none risings upon it, he will not guess wrong if

[graphic]
« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »