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THE SOLAR SYSTEM.
THE JOYFUL PROSPECT IN THE MIDST
seldom equalled, and whose name will
panied with an interesting account of their
these subjects, more especially as relates to
When we hear of bodies like our earth Think, O tried believers, of your eternal being several millions of miles from the home, to which Jesus, your Captain, sun, we ought to endeavour to form somewill soon conduct your souls, and in due thing like an accurate idea of the number time your bodies also. You have a Fa- denoted by the word million. It is not, ther there, the most gentle, gracious, and perhaps, difficult, having the idea of a mile, affectionate, that ever bore that name of to conceive of a 100 miles. It is not, howa love. You have brothers there and sis. ever, easy to conceive, except we have ac ters also, even all that ever lived who, tually passed over the distance, of a 1000 through grace, repented of sin, believed miles; and it is only by a very powerful in Christ, and fought the good fight. effort of a mind accustomed to judge of You have friends there, whom you have great distances, that 25,000 miles, the cirnever seen in the flesh, but who long to cumference of our planet, can be adequately see you with them in that pleasant land. presented to the mind's eye. Now it And there, they are all so loving, so
would take more than forty times the cirpure, so gentle, and so gracious; they cumference of the earth to make one milare all of such kindred minds and con- lion of miles! Or, to show this in another genial spirits; they will all welcome you light, let a line be drawn of such a length 80 gladly, telling you their gracious his- that every inch shall represent a mile; then tory, and listening to yours, and adoring a million miles on this scale would require with you your common Saviour; that the line to be more than a mile and a half / 3 the very thought of that happy meeting, long! Or, if a person were to attempt to in that land of peace, should re-animate count the number, and were to count 120 the most fainting among you, to go on every minute, without ceasing, it would praying, believing, wrestling, with holy take him six days, all but about five hours, perseverance, till his or her turn to enter to accomplish his task ! allowing not a into rest shall in due order come.
single moment's cessation from the comAnd then, no more conflict! Ye an- mencement to the completion of his labour. gels, write that upon the jasper walls ! Now Mercury, the nearest of the planets Spirits of the just made perfect, chaunt yet discovered, is thirty-seven millions of that with your golden harps ! Ye that miles from the sun ; while the most disare to wear garments made white in the tant, Herschel, is not less than 1800 blood of the Lamb, and to carry palm- millions ! * branches in your hand, anticipate that
• A million sovereigns, placed singly in a line,
so as to touch one another, would reach more than song now. There shall be no more con- fifteen miles in length; placed one upon the other, flict ! There is no war in heaven now! they would form a column nearly a mile in height,
wanting only about twenty-four yards. The weight Flesh and blood, in their present state, of such a number would be 7 tons, 16 cwts., 3 qrs., shall not enter there! No law in the 15lbs., or a full load for two wagons, drawn by four members shall militate against the law A million leaves of paper, of about the same the mind there! No evil world, no quality as the reader now holds in his hand, would crafty tempter there ! Blessed, my bre- be more than one hundred yards in thickness, or if
laid upon the ground, would be more than half as thren, whatever our selfish, ignorant high again as the monument ! A million pages of minds may sometimes object, thrice the same size as those in this book, if spread out “ blessed are the dead, which die in the
singly, but close together, so as to lose no space be.
tween them, would occupy nearly 7} acres, or oneLord." - Hambleton.
fourth larger than Grosvenor-square!
Now, let us again have recourse to the 100 yards diameter. Jupiter, which is method of representing the distance of 1400 times larger than the earth, would Herschel by a line drawn upon some occupy a circle less than one-tenth of an given scale. We shall find it impossible inch in diameter; his orbit would be above to represent it to the eye in one view, with eighty feet in diameter ; while at the outer out making use of so minute a scale as to circumference of this circle would be placed lose all proportion in the relative sizes and Herschel, one twenty-eighth of an inch in distances of the other planetary bodies. A diameter, and invisible to our eyes when well-known lecturer on astronomy used to we were placed in the centre ! say, that when he was a boy, in the infancy Here let us pause and adore. Let us of his astronomical knowledge, he attempted endeavour to view in the immensity of a to draw a plan of the solar system, in which part, and but a small part comparatively, all their sizes and distances should be cor- of the celestial regions, the marks of infinite rectly proportioned to each other. As he power and infinite skill. Let us trace His proceeded, he found his paper too small. hand who makes “the heavens to display He tried again, and again failed. He then his glory, and the firmament to show his set about calculating how large his paper handywork.” Let us adore Him who must be, to confine his plan in as small a bringeth out the stars by number, who compass as possible, and found that it calleth them all by name; for that he is would require a sheet of paper six miles strong in power, not one faileth.” square! Nor will this appear improbable We shall endeavour, in our next paper, upon a little calculation. We showed be to give some account of the astonishing fore, that a line, an inch to the mile, would distances of some of the fixed stars. E.
be above a smile and a hallong to represent a million miles. Now let us
SCRIPTURE EXPLANATIONS.-No. XXV. suppose an inch divided into ten equal parts, and each of those divided again into
(Continued from page 142.) ten parts : this will be as small a division as PHILADELPHIA, a city of Asia Minor, can be readily perceived by the naked eye: derived its name from its founder, Atif each of these divisions denoted a mile, talus Philadelphus, and is situated about which would be upon the scale of 100 miles twenty-seven miles to the south-east of to the inch, it would require a line more Sardis, on a rising ground, beneath the than 280 miles long to represent the dis- snowy mount, Tmolus.. The houses are tance of Herschel ! If we decrease the embosomed in trees, which gives pleasing scale tenfold, and assume 1000 miles to the effect to the scene. Not long before the inch, then an equivalent line would be date of the apocalyptic epistle, this city more than twenty-eight miles in length. If had suffered so much from earthquakes, a map of England were constructed upon that it had been in a great measure dethe same scale, the whole length and breadth serted by its inhabitants; which may in of the kingdom, from the border to the chan- some degree account for the poverty of nel, and from the North Foreland to the this church, as described in this epistle. Land's End, would be included in less And its poverty may also in some degree space than half an inch square! If we de- account for its virtue, which is so highly scend a hundred-fold lower in the scale, commended. Philadelphia appears to and instead of a line a mile and a half have resisted the attacks of the Turks in long to represent a million miles, denote 1312, with more success than the other that distance by a single inch, then it will cities. At a distance from the sea, forbe necessary to make use of a line 150 feet gotten by the emperor, encompassed on in length, or fifty yards, to express the dis- all sides by the Turks, her valiant cititance of Herschel from the sun. On this zens defended their religion and freedom scale, the earth must be represented by a above fourscore years, and at length cacircular dot, the one hundred and twenty- pitulated with the proudest of the Ottofifth part of an inch in diameter, while the mans (Bajazet) in 1390. In these words 1.500th of an inch would suffice to repre- Gibbon, the sceptical historian, bears a sent the size of the moon! Our sight testimony, perhaps unconsciously, to the would require the assistance of glasses to truth of scripture : he states, that among discern so small an object; and yet, were
the Greek colonies and churches of Asia, the solar system drawn even upon this di- Philadelphia is still erect; a column, “a minished proportion, in the same manner pillar," in a scene of ruins. Whatever as the sketch we have alluded to, page 113, may be lost of the spirit of christianity, vol. i., it would require a circular space of there is still the form of a christian
church in this city, which is now called utter rejection as a church. “ Its crime “ Allah-Shelah,” or the “ City of God.” was pride; its punishment, desolation. It contains about 1000 christians, chiefly Infidelity itself must confess that the meGreeks, most of whom speak only the nace of the scriptures has been executed Turkish language. They have twenty- and accomplished; it now stands rejected five places of public worship, five of of God, and deserted of men ; its glory a which are large and regular churches, ruin, its name a reproach.”— From Hartwith a resident bishop and inferior clergy, ley, Arundell, Emerson, and Horne. and in twenty others of a smaller description, the Greek liturgy is read once ayear. The lamp still exists, but where is THE OBEDIENT PUBLICAN. its oil ? When the very epistle to their The jewish “publicans” were tax-gaown church is read, they understand it therers. These persons were thoroughly not! The remains of antiquity here are hated by the jews, both on account of not numerous, but a few beautiful sarco- their extortions, and of the government phagi may be seen used as troughs. whose officers they were. And yet from
LAODICEA is about forty-two miles to this class of men the Saviour chose Matthe south of Ephesus, and in the vicinity | thew to be a disciple, an evangelist, and an of Colosse and Therapolis. Its earlier apostle. God is no respecter of persons. name was Diospolis or Cesarea, but after He can select and qualify individuals for being enlarged by Antiochus 11., it was his service from all ranks. The circumcalled Laodicea, in honour of his wife stances of Matthew's conversion are interLaodice. This city was often damaged esting and remarkable. by earthquakes, and restored either by He was busily occupied at the customthe opulence of its inhabitants, or by the house, collecting taxes. Jesus, passing by munificence of the Roman emperors. while he was thus engaged, called to him, From the researches of modern travellers, and said, “Follow me.” At the utterance it appears to have been seated on a vol- of these words, Matthew felt an irresistible canic hill, of moderate height, but of con- impulse to rise from his seat, quit his desk, siderable extent. Its ruins attest that it and follow the Saviour. What power acwas large, opulent, and splendid ; and companied these two words !
What a there are still to be seen the remains of change of views and desires must have an amphitheatre, an aqueduct, and many been instantaneously produced! His conother buildings. In the primitive time of version was sudden, preceded by no conchristianity, as appears from Saint Paul's victions, and attended with no painful, Epistle to the Colossians, in which the doubting, trembling apprehensions. He Laodiceans are frequently mentioned, heard and believed. He heard and obeyed. this place possessed a flourishing church. The Saviour's look penetrated his soul. But the doom of Laodicea seems to have The Saviour's love melted his heart. He been more severe and terrible than that instantly becomes the humble, willing, and of the other six apocalyptical churches, devout follower of the Redeemer. as its state was more degraded; and its The promptitude with which he obeyed present condition is in striking confor- the Saviour is truly admirable. He “rose mity with the rebukes and threatenings up, left all, and followed him.” Here was of God. Not a single christian resides no parleying with conscience: no excusing at Laodicea! No Turk, even, has a fixed himself on the ground of his occupation. residence on the spot. A fox, discovered He left his all, and joined the throng who by its ears peeping over a brow, was the were pressing around the Lord. only inhabitant seen by Chandler. It is But what became of Matthew's credieven more solitary than Ephesus : the tors ? and how did he dispose of his office ? latter has a prospect of a rolling sea, or a Does religion warrant the instant abandonwhitening sail
, to enliven its decay : the ment of business, whether its accounts are former sits in widowed loneliness. Its settled or not? By no means.
Nor does temples are desolate; the stately edi- it appear that this was the case with Matfices of ancient Laodicea are now peopled thew. When he had attended the Saviour with wolves and jackals. The prayers a short time, perhaps only a few hours, it of the Moslem are the only prayers heard is probable that he was allowed to return near the still splendid ruins of the city, home, and arrange and settle his affairs. on which the prophetic denunciation This being done, Matthew made a great seems to have been fully executed in its feast” in honour of his Lord and Master.
At this feast he bade farewell to his old greater injuries than the seeming despifriends and companions, whom he had in- cable creatures, weevils, wire-worms, vited to meet the Saviour. On this occa- thripes, aphides, or those atoms which we sion, he doubtless gave a statement of the denominate blight. The feeble aphis, reasons which had induced him to abandon
now crawling over my paper, with limbs his “ calling,” and to become a disciple exceedingly slender, seems yet endowed of the despised Nazarene; and finally re- with every requisite for a larger body; linquished his employment.
joints, integuments, circulation of fluids, It would have been a suspicious and and every mechanical activity requisite hazardous meeting for Matthew, if Jesus for its well-being ; and yet the whole is so had not been there. But as the entertain- fragile as to be overturned by the puff of ment was in honour of his illustrious Mas
my breath. But smallness of bulk is no ter, he felt no hesitation in sending his criterion of inferiority of power: an apple invitation to his former associates, for such tree, several feet, perhaps, in its circum. were frequently the attendants of the Sa- ference, spreading its branches over a rood viour. “ This man receiveth sinners."
of land, sickens and dies, from the puncThere was another reason which might ture of the aphis lanata, a creature so have influenced this newly converted and small as to leave the distinction of joint obedient tax-gatherer, in the selection of and limb imperceptible to the naked eye. his guests. His heart was burning with love to Christ, and hence to the souls of men. Saved himself, he wished to bring all to salvation. And how could he better show his love to his friends, and how hope FENELON, Archbishop of Cambray,author to benefit them at his parting, more than of Telemachus, when his illustrious pupil by introducing them to the Redeemer? the Duke of Burgundy lay dead in his He hoped and prayed, that as Jesus had coffin, on coming into the room where
snatched him as a brand from the burn- the nobles of his court stood weeping ing,” so he would display his matchless around the corpse-fixing his eyes upon grace, in saving many of his companions. it, broke out, at length, in terms to this Nor is it improbable, that many were saved effect: “ There lies my beloved Prince, at that interview.
for whom my affection was equal to the This conjecture is supported by the con
Nor was my affection versation that arose betwixt Jesus and the lost; he loved me in return, with the pharisees, who, either as guests or specta- ardour of a son. There he lies, and all my tors, had expressed surprise and disgust worldly happiness lies dead with him. that Jesus should “ feast with publicans But, if the turning of a straw would call and sinners.” His reply was cutting to him back to life, I would not, for ten the proud pharisee, and cheering to the thousand worlds, be the turner of that trembling publican : “ I came not to call straw, in opposition to the will of God.” the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” What joy must have beamed in Matthew's countenance, at these words of Christ. His prayers would now ascend for the conversion of his guests; his hope would be By a sparingness in diet, and eating as elated to the greatest degree, that as the much as may be what is light and easy of very persons were assembled whom he digestion, I shall, doubtless, be able to specially became incarnate to save, so he think more clearly, and shall gain time. would bestow on them his mercy and love. First, by lengthening out my life. Secondly,
“Nothing too hard for the Lord;” Mat- I shall need less time for digestion after thew, the publican, is saved ! His prompt meals. Thirdly, I shall be able to study and cheerful obedience, and his endeavours more closely, without injury to my health. to bring others to Christ, are the evidences Fourthly, I shall need less time for sleep. of his conversion. Blessed evidences ! Fifthly, I shall more seldom be troubled May every reader possess them.
with the head-ache.-President Edwards.
EATING AND DRINKING.
THE POWER OF ANIMALCULÆ.
JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster-Row, London. VORACIOUS beasts, says the Journal of Price fd. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five a Naturalist, might ravage our flocks and
Numbers in a Cover, 3d. our herds, but could scarcely accomplish W. TYLER, Printer, 4, Ivy Lane, St. Paul's.
THE CAPE ANT-EATER, OR AARDVARK. The singular animal which we now pre- | is scanty, especially about the head, and sent to our readers, is a native of Southern approaches bristles in its texture, being Africa, where in some districts it is very coarse and stiff; the toes are four in numcommon, and from its habits has acquired ber before, and five on each posterior limb. the name of Aardvark, or Earth Hog. For The tongue is extensible, though not to so a long time it was considered by naturalists great a degree as in the American ant-eater. as a species of the great South American The food of this animal consists exclusively ant-eater, (Myrmecophaga jubata,) of of the ants, whose dome-like buildings are which we have previously given a figure so numerous in the places adjacent to the and description. See Weekly Visitor, vol. Gariep river, and in other localities, in the i. p. 137. It differs, however, essentially thinly-peopled districts of South Africa. from that animal, in the possession of molar Mr. Burchell, returning from the river teeth, the structure of which is not a little alluded to, says, “We travelled over a singular. They are of a cylindrical form, plain of boundless extent, producing much perforated, longitudinally, with an infinite grass in some places, and a few bushes of number of minute tubes, such as we ob- tarconanthus and rhigozum.
Inserve in a piece of cane, to which they bear numerable ant-hills, of large dimensions, a close resemblance. Their surface is interrupted the evenness of the surface; nearly flat, and well adapted for the bruis- they were of an obtuse conical form, and ing of the soft insects upon which the crea- so hard and firm as to bear the weight of a ture feeds. The nails are hoof-like, strong, man, yet the wheels of a loaded wagon and well adapted for the purpose of exca- easily cut through them. vating the ground. The head is elongated, “Sometimes, however, they are found to the limbs are short and powerful; the hair resist even this weight, and, in such cases,