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ing in watery places, were for many cen- \ a time, deprived of his senses. turies used for the purpose of reducing lated, that a dog, by taking five scruples, granulated flesh in ill-conditioned wounds, or less than a quarter of an ounce of its and for dispersing the collected matter in seeds, became convulsed, and died soon boils and imposthumes. To this end the after. Its dangerous qualities have prepounded leaves were mixed with lard, cluded its internal use; it is, therefore, and laid upon the part affected. Care, only applied to the surface of the body, however, was necessary, since this appli- where it proves efficacious in the cure of ance executed its task with so much ala- cutaneous eruptions. If a small quantity crity, lest it should do more than was as- of the powder be sprinkled upon the hair, signed it. Laguna, a physician of Sala- it becomes fatal to a certain little parasimanca, after saying that all the species of tic, which, amongst filthy people, is apt Ranunculus are extremely hot and biting, to thrive and propagate its kind in that caustic, and very corrosive, adds, that no situation ; whence it is called louse-wort. person ought even to taste or apply them Those who use it for this purpose, should to the surface of the body. And Apuleius remember that they are dealing with a tells his reader, that if he wishes to put poison, and, therefore, shape their caution the acrimony of the scelerata, under which accordingly. The whole seeds are not term several species of water crow.foot generally kept by chemists, though the were included, to the proof, he might do powder may be met with in larger it by tying å bruised piece of leaf to the shops. healthy part of his hand, when he would Aconitum napellus, monkshood. - We find that it began immediately to corrode conclude by mentioning this common garthe skin. The Sardonic laugh of anti- den flower, merely for the purpose of cauquity was, it seems, produced by eating a tioning parents against it. For it is not plant of this genus, which was, perhaps, only baneful when eaten, but even the vano other than the Persian, or garden ra- pour or smell arising from it, is said to nunculus, which has been so long an ob- have produced in children playing near it, ject of attention and delight among our all the fearful symptoms of poison. We curious florists. It was found by Dr. Sib. cannot vouch for the fact ourselves, but to thorp growing plentifully in the island of us the statement seems worthy of credit, Cyprus, where it is called Wild Parsley. and ought to put us on our guard, lest our The Spanish writer quoted above, says, it little ones should cultivate too free an acgrows very copiously in Sardinia. The quaintance with a plant so much to be terms Ranunculus and Batrachium de- avoided. As those minute particles which note a little frog, and seem to have been affect the organs of smell, cannot be seen given to these plants from a fancied re- by the eye, we are not always sufficiently semblance which their leaves have to the apprised of their active properties. But foot of a frog. We call the butter-cup when we happen to be closeted with a powcrow-foot, from an imaginary likeness erful odour, in a narrow room, as a ship's which the leaves have to the claws of that cabin, we then find to our cost, that smells, bird.

even when agreeable in open air, are by no Delphinium Staphisagria, Stavesacre. means harmless things. When the writer The stavesacre is of the same genus as was living in the Sandwich Islands, his our common garden larkspur, which is servant dressed up the room one afternoon,in familiar to every one who has looked but a very tasteful manner, with a native sweeta little into our rural improvements. It smelling evergreen, called maire. About resembles the larkspur in appearance, and four o'clock in the morning the sleepers were is found growing wild in the southern awakened by the agonizing feelings of inparts of Europe. It is a handsome plant, tense pain and sickness, and imagined they though less beautiful than some of its re- felt all the frightful effects of poison. The latives, the larkspurs. The medical use cause of all this was instantly guessed at; is confined to the seeds, which have been and the pretty garniture which had given used as a masticatory; for, on being the servant so much gratification in dischewed, they excite a copious flow of sa- playing, was dismounted without ceremony, liva, allay the toothache, and relieve other and thrown out of the window. The sashes painful disorders of the face. But relief remained up long enough to renew the conis thus sought at great risk, for Schultz, by fined air of the

room, and they lay down only keeping them in his mouth a few mi- and waked after a few hours, feeling as if nutes, to assuage the toothache, was, for nothing amiss had befallen them.

OLD HUMPHREY ON HOUSEWIFERY.

wrote my initials on it with my finger, to

render any other admonition unnecessary Never am I put out of temper without Now, why could not the good lady of the sinking in my own estimation ; but, not- house have given a glance round the room withstanding this deserved punishment, it before I was shown into it? too often occurs, in spite of all my attempts I must acknowledge that I felt far from to the contrary, that my stock of patience is happy; but, “Come, come,” said I to exhausted, and I am angry. Willingly myself, “the best housewives are somewould I be employed, from the crowing of times a little negligent. I am an unexthe cock to sunset, in speaking in praise of pected visitor, and must not expect to find what is estimable, rather than in censuring things so orderly as if they had looked for what is faulty ; but, ever and anon, circum- me. stances occur that require more than the The day passed, and the night came, forbearance that Old Humphrey possesses, and once more I was shown into the chamto put up with them without a reproof. ber, which had then undergone consider

Mistresses of families, I have a word to able alteration. The slippers and the clothwhisper in your ear.

ing had been poked all together into a closet, The duties of a well-regulated house are the door of which was left half open. An many : some of these occur every day, and attempt had evidently been made to wipe others at periods more remote from each the dust off the looking-glass, for only a other. Among the latter, there is one that very small part of my initials could be seen requires considerable address. Most fami- upon it. The dirty water had been emptied lies have occasional visitors, that pass a few out of the wash-hand basin, and a clean days and nights with their friends, in a towel hung on the small clothes-horse. So sociable way, and then take their leave. far, so good; and I congratulated myself Now it is respecting the duties you have to accordingly. attend to, when you have a visitor in the Aged people generally attach a great house, that I wish to speak. I will not deal of importance to a good night's rest. indulge in a wearisome exhortation, but It is so wearisome to lie, hour after hour, merely mention the circumstances of a late listening to the ticking of a watch, or to visit of my own, from which I do trust you the clock as it lazily strikes the slow-footed will contrive to extract a hint or two that hours. For my own part, perhaps I am a may be useful.

little too particular in my preparation for Weary and worn, I arrived at the house the night's repose. A good long nightof a friend, and was received in the most gown, and a comfortable, clean, warm hospitable manner; I felt that I was wel night-cap are indispensable. Alas! alas !

But though the wife of my friend neither night-gown nor night-cap were had many excellent qualities, she was sadly placed in my chamber for my accommodadeficient in some departments of good tion. Now why could not my kind-hearted housewifery: she did not know how to make hostess have seen that these things were a visitor comfortable. At my time of life a provided for her aged visitor ? "Well,” little attention is absolutely necessary to my said I, “a happy turn of mind will make peace. I like to feel that there are those the best of every thing; with a little maaround me who are mindful of my comfort. nagement I shall do very well ;" so, tying We all have our little whims and peculiar- my silk handkerchief around my brows, I ities, and I have mine. A little attention looked forward, being very weary, to a wins me over directly, while the want of it hearty slumber. Turning first on one side, sadly disturbs my accustomed serenity. then on the other, I wrapped the bed

Soon after my arrival, I was shown into clothes around me, drew up my feet, and an up-stairs chamber, that I might wash tried all sorts of contrivances, but in vain ; my hands and face, adjust my cravat, and the night was cold, and the blankets scanty, pass an opening comb through my few re- and it was not till I had spread my coat maining grey hairs. And here I heaved a over the bed that I felt comfortable. sigh at the want of good housewifery on I was sure that the good mistress of the the part of my hospitable hostess. A piece house did not mean to neglect me, but it 0 soap lay soaking in dirty water in the would have been thoughtful of her to have wash-hand basin; a dirty towel lay on the seen that I had an extra blanket. dressing table; and dirty shoes, slippers, Bright were the sunbeams that welcomed ar d clothing of different kinds, occupied the me, when, on the morrow, I drew up my c'airs and floor at the far end of the room. window-blind, and approached the washThe looking-glass was so dusty that I hand stand to begin my ablutions. By

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some strange mishap, no water had been wife, that is absolutely alluring; but, if the put for me ; so, opening my chamber door, chairs are allowed to be all sixes and

called aloud to Sally, who came running, sevens; the table littered over with work; with a face ruddy with health, and lighted the fire without fresh coals; the hearth unup with good humour, to my assistance. swept, and the candles unsnuffed, until a No sooner did Sally know what I wanted, domestic attends to them, an air of neglithan down stairs went the willing but gence reigns around, that is forbidding. thoughtless girl to supply my wants; this Many a husband, of a quiet temper, walks she did with so much good humour, that I away from such a scene, not only seeing, heartily forgave her, or rather her mistress, but feeling, how little his happiness is atfor the neglect. I now prepared to wash tended to, to seek, in neater and livelier in good earnest, but not a morsel of soap habitations, that comfort which he finds not could I lay my hands on. Once more in his own. Sally was summoned, and once more did Old Humphrey, from the days of his she disarm me by her ready alacrity to do boyhood, was dependent on these things : my bidding Sally! Sally !” said I,“I an expiring fire, an unswept hearth, an unhave got no soap! and, stop a moment,” tidy room, and a candle burning in the for the girl was off like a shot," you may socket, are all sources of annoyance to him. as well bring me a little spring water to Come, ye mistresses of families ! see if a wash my mouth with, for I do not see any useful lesson cannot be learned from my on the table." Sally was very sorry,'

ir remarks. and winged her way down the stairs so There is one habitation at which I am an nimbly, that the soap and the spring water occasional visitor, that presents a pattern of were soon forthcoming. When I took up good housewifery. Kind, quiet, and thoughtthe water-bottle, however, to pour a little ful, without bustle, and without ostentation, water into the glass, no glass was to be found. the mistress, by her systematic and perseI used the bottle without a glass, managing vering attention to her friends, renders her matters as well as I could. “Surely, house one of the most comfortable and desurely,” thought I, “mine is a chapter of lightful in the world. All my wants are accidents; the lady of the household can- anticipated; all my peculiarities provided not always be so forgetful of her friends !” for; so that, whether I go out or come in, Breakfast passed off very well, but when I I have constantly the feeling that I am cared wanted my great-coat and shoes, neither for. There is no negligent servant in the the one nor the other had been brushed. establishment, and why? because the misSally ran off with them to John, who tress is a good housewife. She sees that hastily performed his task ; but why could the servants do their duty. She has kindnot it have been done before? It was not ness enough to desire to make her guests John's fault, nor Sally's fault, but that of happy, and industry sufficient to effect her their mistress ; a good housewife would not purpose. Mistresses of families ! again I nave left me to the care of negligent ser- say, listen to the admonitions of Old Humvants. No! she would have seen that they phrey, and be good housewives. did their duty. One glance of a kindhearted housewife is of great value to the order and comfort of every dwelling. I did not expect my friend's wife to carry me up water and soap; to prepare me a night- The intercourse of christians with the gown and night-cap; to clean my shoes, or world should resemble that of angels; to brush my great-coat; but surely it was who, when they have been sent on mesnot unreasonable to expect that she would sages from heaven, have discharged their see these things were done for me! duties with the utmost promptitude and

Mistresses of families, let me tell you a haste; and have then joyfully flown back plain truth; I know twenty households, that to their home in the presence of Him, have worthy beings at the head of them, whose favour constitutes the whole of who seem to have almost every other good their happiness. quality but that of good housewifery; and for the want of this, comfort, instead of being a stated inmate, is only an occasional

JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London. guest. There is a cleanliness, an order, a spright

Price 1d. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five

Numbers in a Cover, 3d. liness given to the abode of a good house. W. TYLER, Printer, 4, Ivy Lane, St. Paul's.

SEPARATION FROM THE WORLD.

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THE BUFFALO OF SOUTH AFRICA.

watered glens, and ravines among the hills;

and, like the rhinoceros, it is fond of wal(Bos Cafer.)

lowing in the pools or marshes. Most AfriEUROPE, Asia, Africa, and America, pos- can travellers, from Sparrman to Burchell, sess, each their own indigenous wild species have given some account of this remarkable of the genus Bos, (or that of the ox,)- animal, and all agree in describing it as which have never submitted to the domi- fierce and treacherous. The expression of nion of man. While the domestic ox, of its countenance is savage, daring, and malewhich the wild origin is unknown, the zebu, volent, an effect to which the character of the common buffalo, and the yack of Tibet, the horns not a little contributes. These have been reclaimed by his care; these, formidable weapons are so enlarged at their more untractable in disposition, and more base, that, like an impenetrable mass of ferocious in temper, have resisted his ef- iron, they cover the whole of the forehead; forts, and defied his power. The aurochs they then bend downwards, and somewhat of Lithuania, the arni, the gour, and the backwards, but are curved upwards at the gyal of India; the bison and the musk-ox points. The base is rugged, and the geof North America ; and the savage buffalo, neral colour black. Though not much taller of South Africa, have lived free and unfet-than the ox of Europe, the Cape buffalo is tered by the yoke of servitude.

much larger in bulk, and more robust in Of these wild and dangerous natives of all its proportions. Possessing amazing the mountains and the wilderness, one of strength, and no inconsiderable share on the most remarkable is the buffalo of Africa, fleetness, it tears its way through the thickets, (Bos Cafer.) It is found in troops, in and up the mountain sides, leaving the hunSouthern Africa, but not within the tropical ter in the distance, unless, indeed, as is line. The localities it frequents, are the often the case, it commenc 's the aggression,

VOL. III.

66

ripping open both horse and man, and wonderful frame-work of the body, should trampling their mangled bodies beneath its manifest so much apathy and ignorance refeet. This formidable species is covered specting the soul. always liked the sowith short black hair, thinly scattered ; that ciety of medical men, but for all that, Old on the under lip, and about the corners of Humphrey is not one that will tickle their the mouth, being elongated so as to form a ears with pleasant words when he sees an scanty beard. The ears are large and pen- opportunity of touching their hearts with a dent, the limbs short and thick, the shoul- salutary truth. There are many doctors ders high and muscular, the tail short and who are well versed in, and influenced by tufted. The hide is so dense as to be al- the holy scriptures, to their own advanmost bullet-proof. When duly prepared, it tage, and to that of their patients; but there is in high esteem among the colonists and are others who think neither of the souls of Hottentots, as it possesses great strength their patients, nor of their own. and durability, and is therefore preferred We were speaking of books, and of the for various purposes, where such qualities great influence they had over the minds of are requisite.

their readers, when the doctor unhesitatMr. Burchell observes, that the strength, ingly gave it as his opinion, that young ferocity, and treacherous disposition of the people should be permitted to read what Cape buffalo,“ render it dangerous to be books they pleased, good and bad, without attacked without caution, or without the restriction, to enable them to form a correct certain means of escape at hand.” At judgment respecting them. Bloem's Fountain, in the country of the Young persons,

,said he, “who are not Koras, his people roused a lion, a lioness, allowed to do this, are sure to form very and her two cubs, together with a buffalo, cramped and precise notions.” which latter was chased and shot; of this 'Well,” thinks I, “the doctor gives individual he gives the following account : his physic to those who want it, and why “ The present animal was a male, and ap- should not Old Humphrey ? A little dose parently not young ; as the points of its on this occasion cannot hurt the doctor, horns were much worn, and its ears exceed- and if it should do him no good, perhaps it ingly torn and cut, probably in forcing its may do some to the young people round way through the thickets, or in butting and me,” for they very naturally thought a good fighting with others of its species. The deal of what fell from the lips of their meHottentots say they are seldom found with dical friend. ears quite entire; and my own observations “Let us see,” said I, “how this princonfirm the remark. The meat was in taste ciple would work in common life; for my like coarse beef; but in younger animals it notions, I must confess, are so‘cran ped and is very palatable and wholesome, and free precise,' that I prefer, as a guide in such from any unpleasant flavour."

matters, the experience of a thoughtful paPowerful and resolute as the buffalo is, rent, to the inexperience of a thoughtless it falls a frequent prey to the lion, who, child. What say you to allow your own after satiating his appetite, leaves the rest children to roam about your own surgery, to the hyenas, jackals, and vultures. M. and to let them taste, without restraint,

what they like, to enable them to form a correct judgment respecting them ? The first packet might be magnesia, and it might do

them good; but if the second happened to The other day it happened that, while I be arsenic, which is not very unlike it, they was sitting in the midst of a family, with would infallibly be poisoned. If, instead several young people around me, the doc- of going to the substances, they went to the tor called, one of the party being a little liquids, the first phial might have in it tincailing. Now, the doctor is a friendly man, ture of rhubarb, an excellent stomachic, of good parts, and of a kind-hearted dispo- but the second might contain prussic acid, sition; but very unsound in his religious which, if highly concentrated, would inflict views, inasmuch as he is guided by his immediate death. own opinions instead of the scriptural re- “There is a difference between books and cords of eternal truth.

the contents of the surgery, certainly, and It has often puzzled me how it is that it is this—that the one is medicine for the some medical men, who so ardently seek to body, and the other for the soul. Books know, and who understand so much better and medicines are both influential, and the than others, every thing in reference to the prussic acid which destroys the life of the

OLD HUMPHREY ON READING.

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