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The legend inscribed on these medals | Rachel in the village of Rama, adjacent to is, “ JUDÆA CAPTA.” The lamentation of Bethlehem, as described by the prophet and
the evangelist, illustrates this subject, Jer. ( seph seventy days, and Josiah was mourned ix. 1, Matt, ii. 18. Had not such lamenta- for, 2 Chron. xxxv. 25. Lastly, a prophet tions over the dead been the practice in mourned a certain number of days, on acthe east at the time, those who came count of the conflagration and destruction to the house of Lazarus, to administer of Jerusalem, and captivity of the Jews, consolation to his sisters, would not have | Neh. i. 2-4. formed the idea that Mary had departed In consequence of part of the earth from it to repair to his tomb, in order to being thrown over the body, I did not see mourn over it, John xi. 31, 35. Our Lord if there was a coffin or not; and this leads himself wept over the tomb of Lazarus. to a remark, that many persons of the Further, we find that women mourned for lower orders in Judea are interred in their Josiah. Lamentations was also made for symarer, or shroud, without a coffin. Of Stephen at his burial, Acts viii. 2; and old, the body was placed uncovered on a many other instances of a similar descrip- bier, which might have a resemblance to a tion might be mentioned. It appears, in- coffin, or bed, in order to be conveyed for deed, from one of the sacred historians, burial. For instance, on one of these was that when any one met a funeral procession, carried forth the widow's son of Nain, it was expected that he should mingle his whom our compassionate Lord restored tears and mournful songs with those who to life. It was the same in the case of bewailed, Luke vii. 32.
Ananias, Acts v. 6, 2 Chron. xvi. 14; In some parts of our own country, it and the body of Christ himself was in this frequently happens that persons are em- manner committed to the tomb, Jolin xix. ployed to play on doleful instruments, and 40. walk in procession to the grave, those who meet them joining the company
CHRISTIANITY AND MOHAMMEDANISM I may also remark, that at the present day, similar public exhibitions of grief on occa
CONTRASTED. sion of the extinction of life are observed Go to your natural religion, set before in Greece. This is expressed by loud her Mohammed and his disciples, arrayed cries, and extolling the virtues of the de- in armour and in blood, riding in triumph ceased. If it be a female, or an unmar- over the spoils of thousands and tens of ried person of the male sex, the funeral thousands, who fell by his victorious sword. train consists of women, who utter pierc- Show her the cities which he set in flames, ing shrieks as they go along. At this time the countries which he ravaged and deI did not learn the definite period to which stroyed, and the miserable distress of the such lamentations extended, though we inhabitants of the earth. When she has find that, in general, there was anciently no viewed him in this scene, carry her into his fixed interval for them. At the same time, retirements : show her the prophet's chamthe scriptures state, that for the death of a ber, his concubines and wives; let her see father this was to be seven, Gen. 1. 3, 10, his adultery, and hear him allege revelaJob ii. 13, and sometimes even so long tion and his divine commission to justify as seventy days, and for a wife the former. his lust and his oppression. When she is The children of Israel wept for Moses tired with this prospect, then show her the thirty,Deut.xxxiv. 8; the Egyptians, for Jo- blessed Jesus, humble and meek, doing
good to all the sons of men, patiently in him in the stocks;" till one morning, as I structing both the ignorant and perverse. sat in my piazza, he appeared before the Let her see him in his most retired pri- window. There he stood—I have his vacies : let her follow him to the mount, image now before me—he was hand-cuffed, and hear his devotions and supplications to barefoot, unable to wear his clothes, from God. Carry her to his table, to view his his yet unhealed back ; his wife had fastpoor fare and hear his heavenly discourse. ened some of her garments round his laceLet her see him injured, but not provoked : rated body. I called him in, and said, let her attend him to the tribunal, and con- “ David, David, what have you done ? sider the patience with which he endured “With a look of resignation I shall never the scoffs and reproaches of his enemies. forget, he replied, Lead her to his cross, and let her view him "Don'ı ask me, ask him that bring me, in the agony of death, and_hear his last massa.' prayer for his persecutors : “ Father, forgive “Turning to the negro who had him in them, for they know not what they do!" charge, I said, When natural religion hath viewed both, “? Well, what has this poor man done ? ask, “Which is the prophet of God ?" But “ Him pray, massa,' was the reply, her answer we have already had; when she and Buchra sending him to the workhouse saw part of this scene through the eyes of for punishing.' the centurion who attended the cross; by “I gave him some refreshment, for in the him she spoke and said, “Truly this man state I have described he had walked thirwas the Son of God.”—Bp. Sherlock. teen miles under a burning sun, and fol
lowed him to that den of cruelty, properly
designated a Jamaica inquisition. He was DAVID, THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE.
chained to a fellow-slave by the neck, and MR. KNIBB says :
sent to work on the public roads. “A few years ago, a plantation-slave, one next day I went to visit him again, when I of the members of the baptist church at was informed by the supervisor of the workMontego Bay, was banished from his home, house, that he had received orders to have and sent to the estate where a slave named him flogged again as soon as his back was David lived, to be cured of his praying, well enough to bear it. In these chains By the pious conversation of this exiled David remained for months; frequently I christian negro, David was brought under
saw him, but never did I hear one murmur serious concern for his soul, which ended
or one complaint, except when he heard that in his conversion to God. Acting up to the the partner of his joys and sorrows was ill christian negro's motto, that " what good on the estate, and he was forbidden to go for one negro, good for him brother too,” and see her. David spoke to his fellow-slaves about Je- “ At the end of three months he was libesus, and his love in dying for poor sinners. rated, and returning to the estate, was God, who despiseth not the humblest in- asked, strument, blessed the efforts of this poor “Now, sir, will you pray again ?' negro, and, in a short time, about thirty on « « Massa,' said the persecuted disciple, the estate began to pray, and at length built you know me is a good slave, but if troua small hut, in which, after the labours of ble come for dis, me must pray, and me the day, they might assemble and worship must teach me broder to pray too.? God. Tidings of these things reached the Again he was immured in a dungeon, ears of the white persons employed on the and his feet made fast in the stocks.”estate, and David was summoned before From the Bow in the Cloud. his attorney, and asked whether he was teaching the slaves to pray. On replying in the affirmative, the hut was demolished
EXAMPLES and burnt, and David was stretched upon the earth, and Aogged with the cart-whip till his flesh was covered with his blood. As the examples of this family are very Next Lord's-day I missed David at the numerous, we must content ourselves with house of God. His afflicted wife came and describing such as are most commonly met told me the sad tale of his sufferings, and with in our wastes and hedges. These, informed me, that his hands were bound, if their structure be compared by an oband his feet made fast in the stocks. Often serving eye, with the concise descriptions did I inquire after him, and for him, and which will be here given, divested, as the same answer was returned, “Massa, much as possible, of botanical refinements,
will serve to exercise the student in the de- ! when expanded it does not peer above the tails of this most interesting study. When calyx. The stem of this variety is round, we speak of divesting the subject of its whereas in the common variety it is an. refinements, we must be understood as only gular. A change in the blossom is followed referring to what is artificially refined in or preceded by a change, we see, in the language. For to withhold any thing from stem. the attention of our readers, which is scien- The various species of the trifolium, tific and curious, would be to them a trefoil and clover, are examples of this manifest injustice, and afford us but little family. In the genus trifolium, the pod is credit. Since the commencement of these short, scarcely presenting itself beyond the papers, we have often cast in our minds calyx; but the head of these trim little whether it would not be possible to convey flowers, the three-fold leaf, and the tender a good deal of solid science, with a far less habit, when united, form a character, which copious use of those terms in which we is very obvious, and is, perhaps, as philohave been long accustomed to express our sophical as any that could be drawn from selves, but which have a tendency to per considerations that require deeper research. plex and puzzle the general reader, and The trifolium pratense, purple trefoil, or thereby oppose a stumbling-block in the clover, is among the most common and way of his inquiries, instead of facilitating the most useful of plants. A copious dishis improvement. How far we shall suc- persion of it among the grassy sod is.conceed in the work of plainness and simpli- sidered by the farmer as the most essential fication, these papers will determine. ingredient in a good pasturage.
The first example we shall select as il- The trifolium repens, or Dutch clover, is lustrative of leguminous plants shall be not only distinguished from the foregoing one that is well known to every eye, the by the whiteness of its flowers, but by a uler Europea. This is that thorny shrub, mark of a more certain, though, perhaps, which we call, in plain English, furze, and of a less striking description, namely, its sometimes whin, in allusion, it would creeping stem. A creeping stem, in the seem, to the piercing thorns which it bears. language of botany, is one, which, at its For whin, as we infer from its use in the joints, throws out fresh roots instead of term whin-yard, a sword, or tuck, signified branches. We have sometimes seen the to pierce, or a piercing instrument. The heads of this clover in a state which is appearance of a heath covered with furze, called prolific; that is, the flower-buds, when, amidst the stern embraces of mid- instead of becoming blossoms, seem inwinter, it clothes the barren waste in one clined to turn into little plants, and thus continuous sheet of gayest blossoms, is derive their nutriment and support from said to have so struck the attention of the the parent, instead of drawing them from celebrated Linnè, that he fell upon his the earth. knees in admiration. If the mind on this The trifolium arvense is often met with occasion ascended, with feelings of awe in our summer walks, and its singular reand love, through the creature to the semblance to a hare's-foot, whence it Creator, such an attitude was not unbe- is called the hare's-foot trefoil, does not coming a zealous explorer of nature. fail to engage our curiosity. Upon exa
In the ulex all the ten stamens are united mination we find, that the calyx is clothed into a single bundle, or brotherhood. But, with a close array of soft points, which in addition to
this circumstance, the botanists, as well as anatomists, call villi. chief characteristics are the simplicity of The shaggy appearance of the head of the calyx, and the shortness of the pod. flowers is increased by the divisions of the The former is divided into only two leaves, calyx, which are thin, and pointed like while the latter scarcely exceeds. it in bristles. length. Absolute size is liable to many In the trifolium fragiferum, we encounter variations in plants, but the comparative another metamorphosis of the calyx; here size will sometimes afford a ready and cer- instead of being soft or leafy, it is expanded tain mark for distinction. For the length into a filmy or membranous ball. The and diameter of one part, when com- head being thickly paved with these inpared with the length and diameter of an- Alated cups, puts on an appearance which other, is an element in a plant or shrub's very much resembles a strawberry, whence proportions. There is a variety of this it is called the strawberry trefoil. shrub, which some consider a distinct spe- The last we shall mention, is the trifocies. It is remarkable for having the lium procumbens, or hop-trefoil. The hopcorolla, or coloured part, so small, that trefoil has a small head of minute yellow Aowers, which, instead of falling, are face, and bearded beneath. The pod also changed into thin parched films of a very is generally roughened by knot like protudelicate texture. The permanency of these berances. withered, but still adhering blossoms, serves These marks will assist him in identito arrest our observation, and mark out the fying the vicia cracca, or tufted vetch, a trifolium procumbens, or hop-trefoil. pretty plant, found in our hedges during
It has been usual to consider the melilot, the summer months. The flowers of this melilotus officinalis, as pertaining to the plant grow in a kind of spike, are of a genus trifolium; from which it is chiefly purple colour, and bend one over the distinguished by having its flowers in other, like tiles upon the roof of a house. a loose spike, (raceme.) The melilot, how- One of the most frequent ornaments of ever, recommends itself to the eye of the road-sides and common pastures, is the passing observer, by its conspicuous yellow bird's-foot clover, lotus corniculatus, known Aowers, its erect stem, and the powerful, by its level tuft of bright yellow flowers, but pleasant odour, which it diffuses around and the curious little pods, which are it. It is always very much corroded by black when ripe, and range themselves so insects, to which it seems to be a very that the hşad resembles the claw of a bird ; choice morsel ; so that it is not easy to whence, in some places, they are known find a nice specimen for preservation. It by the provincial name of "crow-toes.” is sometimes found growing by road-sides, The principal characteristic of this genus where it presents an interesting object to must be looked for in the position of the one who delights to mark the beauties and two side petals or wings, which have their singularities of nature.
edges so directed as mutually to point toThe genus medicago seems to rank after wards and approach each other. The the trifolium in a natural sequel, as pos- leaves are divided, like those of the clover, sessing many points of mutual affinity, both into three leaflets, and are clothed with in respect of form and quality. Of the soft hairs. The stem leans forward, and medicago we have a common example in partly rests upon the ground, as if unable the sativa, or lucern, which has long been to support its own weight. an object of cultivation among our farmers. The last example we shall cite shall be But notwithstanding their outward resem- the ornithopus perpusillus, or common blance, a nearer view discloses a difference bird's-foot. This is one of the prettiest which cannot fail to interest the student of little plants to be found upon our island. nature. In the trifolium, the pods are plain Its minute and delicate white flowers, and simple, but in the medicago they are streaked with red, adorn our pathways more or less bent into a spiral form, with over heaths, and other waste grounds. wrinkles, sharp points, or some kind of ine- The most ready character for botanical quality upon the surface. When we meet, description, is the jointed nature of the therefore, with a plant resembling trefoil
, pod. The leaves are in pairs, upon a comwe must examine the pod ; which, if we mon stalk or midrib, and contribute to find bent into a curious form, or covered form that model of elegance in miniature with points, we may consider that it belongs which the whole plant possesses. Should to the medicago. Some of the species the reader ever stray alone across Hampmost frequently, met with, resemble the stead Heath, during the summer months, hop-trefoil in their little yellow head of he may supply the lack of good company flowers, but may always be discriminated by conversing with the beauties and chaby a reference to the form of the pod. racteristics of this little plant. These pods in the yellow medick, (me- We have fulfilled our promise of dedicago falcata,) are bent like a sickle, or scribing only a few: the diligent collector the new moon ; while in the trefoil medick, will find many, not mentioned here, but (medicago lupilina,) they resemble a kidney, which will not fail to please his sight, and The vicia sativa, or common tare, culti- gratify his curiosity.
L. vated as a common article of fodder, is a native of this country. The lover of botanical research should gather a piece of the tare in the corn-field, or snatch a flower from the loaded cart, as it passes by him The Bible does not lay down before us to replenish the crib of the useful depend this rule of faith and duty in the form of ants of man, If the pistil, or central dry dogmatical positions, like the rules of thread, be disengaged from the rest, it will an artificial grammar, or an analysis of some be found to be smooth on the upper sur-| philosophical system; lifeless skeleton of
THE BIBLE AND THE CREATION.
the truth ; but it presents that truth in its | sands of people try to make themselves living freshness, its native and lovely form, appear somebody," but it is a very rare breathing the spirit of the living God. The case to hear any human being acknowledge revelation contained in the Bible resembles himself or herself to be “nobody" the revelation, as it may be justly called, It set me thinking, not only of others, which the same God has made of himself but of myself; for I felt conscious, that in the fields of nature, Rom. i. 19, 20. though the young woman had thought herThe Creator has not disposed his works self to be “nobody," my proud and deceitaccording to the arrangements of human ful heart had persuaded me to consider myscience. He has not spread out the self . somebody," all my days. vegetable world in the style of a botanic How is it with you ? Are you garden ; nor has he given to us a ready- body or " nobody?" Can you say in made system of zoology, or of the particular sincerity to the Searcher of hearts, “ Lord, anatomy of our own bodies : but he has my heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes filled the earth with his magnificence in lofty : neither do I exercise myself in great bounteous profusion, and in what a frigid matters, or in things too high for me?' pedant might call inextricable disorder ; Psa. cxxxi. 1. and he, as it were, says to us, “ Go forth It is said that the trees and plants of the into the woods and the fields, collect plants earth are continually striving for air and and animals, observe living nature, study light; that they are constantly trying to your own framne in its healthy action, as get above one another. Do you not think well as by aid from the dissection of the it to be the same with mankind ? Do you dead; and thus form your system.” So not think that this is the case with us all ? also has he composed the book of revela- If you feel guiltless of this, so does not Old tion. In it are presented to us all the Humphrey. He can call to mind many positions of truth and all the applications instances wherein he has tried to pass himto experience and practice, which are suited self off for “somebody," but he cannot to our present capacity and necessity ; but remember one in which he has willingly they are scattered in a various and appa- represented himself as “nobody." rently irregular profusion. Our duty is to “I am as good as he is, any day;" “She "search out of the book of the Lord, and shall not hold up her head above me;" read;" to employ our best faculties and and, “We are company for our betters,” capacities ; and to bring every means of in- are expressions common enough: but, I tellectual excitement and improvement, to question, if we were to travel through all draw from this inexhaustible fund of hea- England, from Newcastle to the Isle of venly knowledge and holy delight. Let us Wight, and from the South Foreland to the not spare our endeavours to become more Land's End, whether we should hear one accurately and extensively acquainted with single human being advisedly confess that the Divine rule of faith and practice, and he was “nobody. then we shall be the better enabled to make Pride is the ruin of one-half of mankind. a proper application of it to others.— Even children, when they get together, J. P. Smith.
boast of their fathers and mothers; and old men, with hoary hairs, speak with pride of
the great things they have done, and the OLD HUMPHREY ON SOMEBODY AND
great people they have known : so that
young and old wish to be thought "someA few days ago I overheard a modest- body.” looking young woman, seemingly a respect- There are in God's word a great number able servant, speak the following words in of precious promises to the humble, and a giving an account of a lady whom she had great number of awful threatenings to the known. “She used to take a deal of no- proud. I will give you one of a sort, by tice of me, which was very kind of her : way of sample. “Humble yourselves in why should she notice me at all, for I was the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you nobody?”
up”—“Every one that is proud in heart is Another person might not have thought an abomination to the Lord ; though hand this worthy any attention ; but I, who am join in hand, he shall not be unpunished." frequently taken with trifles, was not only Now the promises are made to the “ struck, but also much pleased with the ob- bodies," and the threatenings to the“ someservation. It was the first time that I had bodies of the world : have a care then to heard the expression, and most likely it will which class you belong. be long before I shall hear it again. Thou- You have heard of the rich man, who was