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BOTANY.No. XI.

JASMINEA.

two distinct plates ( cotyledons.) The white fleshy substance (albumen) in which the

embryo is embedded, is intended to nourish This interesting and natural group of the seed in germination, till it is able to shrubs and trees take the general name provide for itself. The reader is probably from the jasmine or jessamine, that favour-aware, that whilst the white of the egg and a ite of oriental poetry. It is composed of part of the shell are, by the vivifying operathe privet, the olive, the ash, and the lilac, tion of nature, transformed into the various and a few others of less notoriety. They are fluids and solids which compose the frame allied to each other by the presence of a of a chicken, a part of the yolk is lodged single pair of stamens in each flower, and within the body to supply its wants, till by a calyx and corolla, if present, divided such time as it can provide for itself. There into twice that number of segments. The is, therefore, a beautiful analogy between privet and the lilac are generally,' during the white substance just described and the the early part of summer, within reach; yolk of an egg, inasmuch as both are desand will readily furnish subjects for com- tined to supply the wants of the future inparison, which will prove to the observer, dividual, till it is able to shift for itself. It that the same general characters apply to was customary in the times portrayed by them both. The small flowers of the ash Homer, for the host to entertain the stranger contain only two stamens with a calyx, with the best his house could afford; and then which, when present, is divided into four to dismiss him with some valuable present segments. The paucity of seeds in this or presents, as a pledge of his kind and family corresponds with the fewness of hospitable feeling. Such is the hospitality the stamens, for the number rarely exceeds of nature, that not only bestows upon her two. The fruit is sometimes pulpy, as in nurslings what is necessary for their present the olive and privet; at others merely a cap- condition; but at parting gives them cersule or dry case, as in the ash. In the last tain remembrances of her kindness, to keep mentioned, the curious manner in which them at the commencement of their future the capsules are expanded into a wing-like journey. Those who feel but little relish process, is a matter of common observation, for a minuter contemplation of nature, may though the progress of the expansion, from find a lesson and repoof in Ps. xcii., “O its earliest commencement to its final de Lord, how great are thy works! and thy velopement, would not be unworthy of a thoughts are very deep. A brutish man careful and enlightened attention. Soon knoweth not; neither doth a fool underafter the appearance of this article, the stand this.” Amongst the most interestprivet will have ripened its berries; when the ing subjects of this group are the followstudent of botany and the inquisitive reader ing : will have an opportunity of examining the The common jasmine, (jasminum officiposition and structure of those parts, which nale,) the ornament of the cottager's garden, are destined for the reproduction of the spe- which still retains its Persian and Arabic cies. This examination, in many instances, name, indicating from whence it was brought requires a well-practised eye; but in the to us. privet, the elements of increase are so The sambac, (mogorium sambac.) The obvious and convenient, that a happier op- flowers of this highly scented jasmine are portunity cannot offer itself of teaching our strung and worn by females in India as uninitiated friends how to ascertain and chaplets, in the same way as the blossoms distinguish them. After the dark pulpy por of the gardenia are in the islands of the tion of the berry has been removed, a white Pacific. ball will be found, which, when opened, will The ash, (fraxinus excelsior,) the stately present a little body, somewhat in shape and favourite tree of the painter. Before the like a fire-screen or a fan, with a short handle. introduction of Peruvian bark, the bitter This minute member of the seed just de- and astringent bark of the ash was used for scribed is no other than the embryo. When the same purposes. the seed is deposited in a suitable bed of The manna ash (f. ornus,) common in earth, the handle of the little fan (radicle) the south of Europe, and especially in Calais prolonged into a root, to collect nourish- bria, yields the manna of the shops. The ment for the springing plant; while the wood of this tree was famous in antiquity broad part of the fan is extended into a pair for yielding the material of which the warof seed-leaves. A slight effort, requiring no rior's javelin was made. great delicacy of hand, will separate it into Privet (ligustrum vulgare.) The pulpy

As you

A SABBATH WELL SPENT IS A FORE

part of the berries is employed to give a sin, brought to repent and believe the colour to some wines.

gospel, are justified by faith in Christ, are Lilac (syringer vulgaris.) This most regenerated and gradually sanctified by the charming shrub is a native of Persia, and Holy Spirit. Yes; heaven is a place of still preserves its Persian name. It was in- holiness. Sinners, ye who refuse to keep troduced into Europe in the sixteenth cen- holy the sabbath, must be made holy, or no tury, since which time it has spread over heaven hereafter for you. But you cannot all the gardens of Europe. The generic make yourselves holy. You may try it, name indicates a tube, for the stem is hol- but you cannot do it. “ Ye must be born low, and is therefore applied by the Turks again,” John iii. 7; receive a new nature, to form tubes for their tobacco-pipes. be made holy by the Holy Spirit; and for

this, ask of God in Christ's name.
would not be shut out of heaven, pray and
beg of God, “Create in me a clean heart,
O God,” Psalm li. 10.

Heaven is also a place of gladness. And
TASTE OF HEAVEN.

the sabbath, rightly observed, is eminently St. Paul, in his epistle to the Hebrews, a day of gladness-a day of joy and praise. iv. 9, writes, “ There remaineth therefore The worldly-minded, not understanding a rest” (literally, a sabbatism, or keeping true spiritual joy, resort to their sports, of a sabbath)" for the people of God." pleasures, amusements ; hence, in France, We do not know very much respecting they open their theatres; hence, in heaven. We are not able to understand it christian England, the rich crowd to here. But I often think that a sabbath, parks, the poor to tea-gardens and duly sanctified, gives us perhaps the best public-houses : and thus they observe idea we can have on earth of the blessed the sabbath. Alas! they understand not ness of heaven. The sabbath is a day of spiritual joy, they have no idea of the joy rest: after the toils, cares, anxieties of the of heaven. It is, to rejoice in the Lord, to week, on this day you are invited to rest delight in God, to see the beauty of holifrom them all, to come anew to Jesus for ness, to admire the perfections of Jehovah : rest, to repose the soul upon the promises it is to sing and wonder, to adore and of God. Heaven is certainly a place of praise, to grow in moral likeness to God, rest : “ I heard a voice from heaven, say- to have the love of God more and more ing, Write, Blessed are the dead which die shed abroad in the heart by the Holy in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith Ghost. This is joy, well worthy of the the Spirit, that they may rest from their name. And this joy may be yours, dear labours," Rev. xiv. 13. Oh, what sweet brethren, more and more all through life. thoughts may we have every sabbath morn- Lastly: heaven is a place where Christ, ing! Now, heaven and rest are one week the Lamb that was slain, is the bond of nearer : six more days of toil are over: last union, the object of admiration, the theme week's sufferings are gone: I am getting of adoring love to all the redeemed, gathered nearer my home, even my Father's house ! together from all classes, kindreds, lanFurther : the sabbath is also to be a guages among men.

And so on earth, day of holiness. And if we know nothing on every Lord's day, to Him is “the else of heaven, we know this, that it is a gathering of the people," Gen. xlix. 10; pure and holy place. The wicked hardly in his house, high and low, rich and poor dare to deny or dispute that. The common meet, or ought to meet, on the same level, conscience of man revolts against the idea as sinners looking to him for salvation. of an unholy heaven, a mohammedan para- Then he is continually magnified in his dise of sensuality, a place resembling the people. True christians forget not their Elysian fields of pagan antiquity. You Lord on the Lord's day. Christ crucified know what the scriptures say: “Without is the theme of our preaching, the sum and holiness no man shall see the Lord,” Heb. substance of our doctrine, the motive to xii. 14. “ There shall in no wise enter your faith and practice from sabbath to into it any thing that defileth, neither what- sabbath. Every believer loves to praise soever worketh abomination, or maketh Christ and meditate on him on this day. The a lie; but they which are written in more he studies his person, character, and the Lamb's book of life," Rev. xxi. 27 : work, the more he sees of the fulness and and all, those whose names are written glory of Christ.-Hambleton. there, are here, in this life, called out of

GREENWICH FAIR:

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At the foot of the bridge, at that time, there were

some water-works, and I The other day the following interesting leaned over the bridge to look at them; fact was told me by one in affluent cir- | but, though I thought of the crowds of cumstances.

people, of Greenwich fair, and of the “ When I was a young man,” said he, water-works that I was looking at, I I worked five years at one place without thought more of what my master had ever asking for more than one holiday, said to me, than of all put together. and that one I shall have reason to remem

When words once get a firm hold of you, ber all my days. When I applied for it, it is a very hard matter to get rid of my master, who was one of the society of them. Here had I a half-day's holiday; Friends, usually called quakers, said to

victuals and money in my pocket, the me, “ Thomas, I have no objection to thy sun shining, and crowds of people hashaving a holiday; but I should like to tening on to enjoy themselves, and yet I know how thou dost intend to spend thy could not go on. The advice of my time ?

master was uppermost in my mind, and I Why, sir, I have heard a great deal thought that I should do better to attend of Greenwich fair, and never having seen

to it, and go back to my employment, it, I intend to go there.'

rather than go forward to Greenwich fair. Ay, Thomas! so I thought; but it is

“I cannot say but that it cost me a great my duty to tell thee, thee hadst better not deal to give up the point. I looked one go. In the first place, thou wilt lose half way, and the other way, and the scales a day's wages ; in the next, thou wilt spend were so nicely balanced, that it seemed at the least two days' wages more; and it as though a feather would have turned is not very unlikely that thou wilt get into them. When I thought of Greenwich, kad company. What mischief bad com- it seemed impossible to give up the fair ;

any will do thee it is impossible to say, and when I thought of my master's adbut it often leads young men to their ruin. advice, it was impossible to go on. At Thou mayest run into sorne excess, and if last, prudence won the day, and I made thou thinkest rightly of the follies and ac

the best of my way back to my work. cidents that excess brings about, sometimes Why, Thomas! is that thee?' said ill health, and sometimes sudden death, my master, when he saw me, 'why, I thou wilt be persuaded, and wilt not go.' thought thee wert junketting at Green

'Why, sir, I mean to walk there and wich : what has brought thee back again?' back again, and that will cost nothing ; I told him, that in stopping on Londonthen I can take a bit of bread and cheese bridge to look at the water-works, I had in my handkerchief, and need not spend thought over the advice he had given any thing; and as to bad company, I think me, and had made up my mind to come that I am proof against any temptation of back to my work.

i Thee beest a pruthat kind.'

dent lad, Thomas,' was the remark he "No doubt thee thinkest so, Thomas, made to me; and I set to work a great but thee dost not know what Greenwich | deal more comfortable in my mind than fair is. If thou hast made up thy mind I had been since I first set off for Greento go, we will have dinner at one o'clock, wich. that thou mayest be off at two; but again “Nothing more was said about it during I tell thee that thou hadst better not go.' the week, but when saturday night came,

Why, sir, I have set my heart upon my master paid me my it, and shall think it rather hard not to go then put down a guinea by itself. There, there once in my life.”

Thomas,' said he, take that; thou hast Very well, Thomas, at two o'clock acted prudently in following thy master's thee mayst go.'

advice, and not going to Greenwich, and Exactly at one o'clock my master or- I trust thou wilt never have occasion to dered in dinner, and no sooner did the repent it.' clock strike two, than he told me I was at

“I verily believe that this was a turn in liberty. It took me but a short time to get my life. Had I gone to Greenwich fair, ready, and to set off for Greenwich with it is not unlikely that things would have my little stock of provisions, to prevent happened just as my master said ; and if my spending money. A great many nothing else had occurred, perhaps it people were going over old London would have been the beginning of bad bridge; for all the way to Greenwich, on habits, which might have clung to me all a fair-time, the road is like a market. my days : whereas, by taking good coun

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NEW PRINTING PRESS.

PRIDE.

sel, I had got a golden guinea, the good be, that his plea is not urged so much in opinion of my master, and the conscious his own behalf, as in behalf of the species. ness of having acted properly."

-Vaughan. This anecdote may serve as an encouragement to masters and servants : to masters who have principle enough to give good advice, and liberality enough

The “ Boston Mercantile Journal” deto reward good conduct; and to servants scribes a new press, invented within the who are industrious enough to be diligent last fourteen months, by Mr. Otis Tufts, of in business, and prudent enough to take Boston, America. This power press apgood counsel.

proaches nearer perfection, says the journal, than any thing we have yet seen. It is manufactured in the most neat and finished

style, and combines all the advantages of In general pursuits, pride will often other presses, with several improvements supply a stimulus to exertion. But there which have never before been introduced. is much in its usual influence from which evil must result rather than good. It ever which means a person can be laying on a

In this press two friskets are used, by produces a dislike of obligation, which, in sheet at the same time that another one rereference to the discovery of truth, must ceives the impression. The modes also of ever be exceedingly detrimental. To be regulating the impression, and distributing proudly negligent of the labour of others, the ink with greater uniformity, are very is, in such cases, to be busied with the simple and ingenious. The machine is put alphabet of things, when we might be ac

in operation by turning a crank; and 800 quiring a mastery of their language. The

or 1000 impressions may be worked off in man, moreover, who has formed an extra

an hour. This press is one of the most vagant estimate of his own capability, will perfect specimens of mechanism which we probably under-rate the effort necessary to have seen, and is worked with but little success; and instead of profiting by the noise or friction. reproofs which his failures may call forth,

The first press of this description has will generally become indignant, warped in been in operation for about two months, at the future exercise of his judgment, and the printing-office of Munroe and Francis. wedded to his mistakes, however preposterous. The history of every people is pregnant with the ill effects of systems and

HARMONY OF NATURE. enterprises, which have owed their origin chiefly to this passion ; either in its palmy On ! there is a harmony in nature, inconstate, when swollen by conceptions of su- ceivably attuned to one glad purpose. perior power; or in its state of resentment, Every thing in the universe has a voice, with when wounded by opposition. In all which it joins in the tribute of thanksgiving. matters of opinion it has been the parent The whispers of the wind playing with the of innumerable errors, and in social life it summer foliage, and its fitful moanings has produced all possible disorder and through the autumnal branches, the broken suffering. Whatever presumption has done, murmur of the stream, and the louder gushit has done as the first-born of pride; and ing of the waterfall, and the wide roar of whatever tyranny has done, it has done as the cataract, all speak the praises of God to the favoured offspring of the same parent. our hearts. Who can sit by the sea-side, when

Viewed in its influence on christianity, every wave lies hushed in adoration, or falls it must be apparent that the tendency of upon the shore in subdued and awful pride will be to give plausibleness and cadence, without drinking in unutterable efficiency to every thing that may favour thoughts of the majesty of God? The loud those elated conceptions as to the present hosannas of ocean in the storm, and the condition of human nature, which persons praises of God on the whirlwind, awaken of this character are ever disposed to en- us to the same lesson; and every peal of the tertain. When a man of this class is also thunder is an hallelujah to the Lord of a man of some benevolence, the flattering hostş. Oh! there is a harmony in nature. judgment which he has formed of himself The voice of every creature tells us of the may be the effect, in part, of a similar goodness of God. It comes to us in the misconception with regard to the intellec- song of the birds, the deep delicious tones tual or the moral power of the mind in in which the wood-dove breathes out its hapgeneral ; and his persuasion will perhaps piness, the gracefully melting descant of the nightingale, the joyous thrilling melody of ing to us, and, extending her hands, asks the lark, the throstle's wild warbling, and our pity and commiseration. She has a the black bird's tender whistle, the soft piping heavy claim against us for injuries long conof the bulfinch, the gay carol of the wren, the tinued and severe. In common with a sinsprightly call of the goldfinch, and the gentle ful world, has our 'nation been guilty of twittering of the swallow.-Miss Graham. tearing their sons and daughters from her

coast, and leading them into dire captivity. Still is this horrible traffic in human blood

carried on by some nations. Scarcely can SCRIPTURE EXPLANATIONS.-NO.XXIX.

a spot be found from the Senegal to the “ As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so Congo, but what has been trodden by those panteth my soul after thee."-Psalm xlii. 1.

monsters in human shape dealers in the How ardent was the psalmist's desire bones and sinews of our fellow-men ; while after that Divine and holy intercourse, hardly any region has received the merciful “ which none but they that taste it know !" visits of the missionary of salvation. Would It was the fervent prayer of a gracious soul it rejoice your hearts to put an end to this after higher attainments in the Divine like. accursed traffic in human flesh ? Send ness, and after a closer intercourse with the the missionaries of Jesus to these regions Divine Redeemer. Let us all earnestly of darkness and of blood. The king of one desire this most excellent gift. To the hart, of the native tribes, in the interior of the when hunted by its merciless pursuers, western coast, literally walks to his throne whether by the larger beasts of the forest, human blood. His palace is paved with or by men as cruel as they, the thirst and the skulls and bones of bis enemies slain in exhaustion are intolerable. Under a tro- battle, and the walls and roof are ornapical sun, mixing with dust and glare, life mented with the same horrid trophies. ebbs apace, the eyes forsake their office The ruler of another nation sacrificed upon or present false images, and the feet, though the grave of his mother no less than three anxious to bear their load, fail through utter thousand victims, two thousand of whom exhaustion. The camel, which the Arabs were prisoners; and, not long since, at beautifully style “ the ship of the desert," the death of one of their sovereigns, the is said by instinct to quicken its pace as he sacrifice was continued weekly for three approaches the place of water, though many months, slaying each time two hundred miles distant. How earnest was the desire slaves! Do you wish to stop these horrid of Dives for a drop of cold water to cool his rites, and to convert the murderous cereparched tongue ! little less earnest is the mony into habits of civilized and christian poor traveller, on eastern sands and under society ? Send then the missionary of Jesus an eastern sun, for the precious reviving to these gloomy abodes, where no sabbath water-brooks, yielding only in sweetness delights, no gospel sounds, no bible enand importance to the water of life. Thus lightens! Africa may thus be regenerated.” the simile of the psalmist is full of force and meaning. May we feel the power of this pious sentiment ! and we may be assured that our desires will be all realized.-- My Saviour. I am sure my Well-beW. Brown.

loved is God. And when I say Christ is God, and my Christ is God, I have said all things; I can say no more.

I would I

could build as much on this, My Christ is AFRICAN MISSIONS. While missionary exertions are being world upon it, John x. 28; John i. 49;

God, as it would bear: I might lay all the made on a large scale for the benefit of the Col. i. 16, 17.-Rutherford. emancipated negroes of the West Indies, it will be well to remember that the claims of Africa on christian sympathy are strong and one sin will destroy a sinner, Gen. ii.

One Sin.-One leak will sink a ship, and urgent. The following extract from an American missionary report is well cal- 17; Ezek. xviii. 4.-Bunyan. culated to convince the most sceptical, of the existence of that wretched ignorance and barbarous cruelty which missionary labours, attended with the Divine blessing,

JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster R"w, London, are alone likely to remove.

Price ld. each, or in Monthly Paris, containing Five

Numbers in a Cover, 3d “ Africa ! poor benighted Africa ! is lcok- W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

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