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NEW PRINTING PRESS.

PRIDE.

sel, I had got a golden guinea, the good be, that his plea is not urged so much in opinion of my master, and the conscious- his own behalf, as in behalf of the species. ness of having acted properly.”

-Vaughan. This anecdote may serve as an encouragement to masters and servants : to masters who have principle enough to give good advice, and liberality enough

The “ Boston Mercantile Journal” deto reward good conduct; and to servants who are industrious enough to be diligent last fourteen months, by Mr. Otis Tufts, of

scribes a new press, invented within the in business, and prudent enough to take Boston, America. This power press apgood counsel.

proaches nearer perfection, says the journal, than any thing we have yet seen. It is ma

nufactured in the most neat and finished In general pursuits, pride will often style, and combines all the advantages of supply a stimulus to exertion. But there which have never before been introduced.

presses, with several improvements is much in its usual influence from which

In this press two friskets are used, by evil must result rather than good. It ever produces a dislike of obligation, which, in sheet at the same time that another one re

which means a person can be laying on a reference to the discovery of truth, must

ceives the impression. The modes also of ever be exceedingly detrimental. To be regulating the impression, and distributing proudly negligent of the labour of others, the ink with greater uniformity, are very is, in such cases, to be busied with the simple and ingenious. The machine is put alphabet of things, when we might be ac

in operation by turning a crank; and 800 quiring a mastery of their language. The

or 1000 impressions may be worked off in man, moreover, who has formed an extra

an hour. This press is one of the most vagant estimate of his own capability, will perfect specimens of mechanism which we probably under-rate the effort necessary to have seen, and is worked with but little success; and instead of profiting by the noise or friction, reproofs which his failures may call forth, will generally become indignant, warped in been in operation for about two months, at

The first press of this description has the future exercise of his judgment, and the printing-office of Munroe and Francis. wedded to his mistakes, however preposterous. The history of every people is pregnant with the ill effects of systems and enterprises, which have owed their origin chiefly to this passion; either in its palmy On ! there is a harmony in nature, inconstate, when swollen by conceptions of su- ceivably attuned to one glad purpose. perior power; or in its state of resentment, Every thing in the universe has a voice, with when wounded by opposition. In all which it joins in the tribute of thanksgiving. matters of opinion it has been the parent The whispers of the wind playing with the of innumerable errors, and in social life it summer foliage, and its fitful moanings has produced all possible disorder and through the autumnal branches, the broken suffering. Whatever presumption has done, murmur of the stream, and the louder gushit has done as the first-born of pride; and ing of the waterfall, and the wide roar of whatever tyranny has done, it has done as the cataract, all speak the praises of God to the favoured offspring of the same parent. our hearts. Who can sit by the sea-side, when

Viewed in its influence on christianity, every wave lies hushed in adoration, or falls it must be apparent that the tendency of upon the shore in subdued and awful pride will be to give plausibleness and cadence, without drinking in unutterable efficiency to every thing that may favour thoughts of the majesty of God? The loud those elated conceptions as to the present hosannas of ocean in the storm, and the condition of human nature, which persons praises of God on the whirlwind, awaken of this character are ever disposed to en- us to the same lesson ; and every peal of the tertain. When a man of this class is also thunder is an hallelujah to the Lord of a man of some benevolence, the flattering hosts. Oh! there is a harmony in nature. judgment which he has formed of himself The voice of every creature tells us of the may be the effect, in part, of a similar goodness of God. It comes to us in the misconception with regard to the intellec- song of the birds, the deep delicious tones tual or the moral power of the mind in in which the wood-dove breathes out its hapgeneral ; and his persuasion will perhaps piness, the gracefully melting descant of the

HARMONY OF NATURE.

nightingale, the joyous thrilling melody of ing to us, and, extending her hands, asks the lark, the throstle's wild warbling, and our pity and commiseration. She has a the blackbird's tender whistle, the soft piping heavy claim against us for injuries long conof the bulfinch, the gay carol of the wren, the tinued and severe. In common with a sinsprightly call of the goldfinch, and the gentle ful world, has our nation been guilty of twittering of the swallow.-Miss Graham. tearing their sons and daughters from her

coast, and leading them into dire captivity. Still is this horrible traffic in human blood

carried on by some nations. Scarcely can SCRIPTURE EXPLANATIONS.-NO.XXIX.

a spot be found from the Senegal to the “ As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so Congo, but what has been trodden by those panteth my soul after thee."-Psalm xlii. I.

monsters in human shape-dealers in the How ardent was the psalmist's desire bones and sinews of our fellow-men ; while after that Divine and holy intercourse, hardly any region has received the merciful “ which none but they that taste it know !" visits of the missionary of salvation. Would It was the fervent prayer of a gracious soul it rejoice your hearts to put an end to this after higher attainments in the Divine like. accursed traffic in human flesh ? Send ness, and after a closer intercourse with the the missionaries of Jesus to these regions Divine Redeemer. Let us all earnestly of darkness and of blood. The king of one desire this most excellent gift. To the hart, of the native tribes, in the interior of the when hunted by its merciless pursuers, western coast, literally walks to his throne whether by the larger beasts of the forest, in human blood. His palace is paved with or by men as cruel as they, the thirst and the skulls and bones of his enemies slain in exhaustion are intolerable. Under a tro- battle, and the walls and roof are omapical sun, mixing with dust and glare, life mented with the same horrid trophies. ebbs apace, the eyes forsake their office | The ruler of another nation sacrificed upon or present false images, and the feet, though the grave of his mother no less than three anxious to bear their load, fail through utter thousand victims, two thousand of whom exhaustion. The camel, which the Arabs were prisoners; and, not long since, at beautifully style “ the ship of the desert,” the death of one of their sovereigns, the is said by instinct to quicken its pace as he sacrifice was continued weekly for three approaches the place of water, though many months, slaying each time two hundred miles distant. How earnest was the desire slaves ! Do you wish to stop these horrid of Dives for a drop of cold water to cool his rites, and to convert the murderous cereparched tongue ! little less earnest is the mony into habits of civilized and christian poor traveller, on eastern sands and under society ? Send then the missionary of Jesus an eastern sun, for the precious reviving to these gloomy abodes, where no sabbath water-brooks, yielding only in sweetness delights, no gospel sounds, no bible enand importance to the water of life. Thus lightens Africa may thus be regenerated.” the simile of the psalmist is full of force and meaning. May we feel the power of this pious sentiment ! and we may be assured that our desires will be all realized. My Saviour. I am sure my Well-beW. Brown.

loved is God. And when I say Christ is God, and my Christ is God, I have said all things; I can say no more. I would I

could build as much on this, My Christ is While missionary exertions are being

God, as it would bear: I might lay all the

world upon it, John X. 28; John i. 49; made on a large scale for the benefit of the

Col. i. 16, 17.-Rutherford. emancipated negroes of the West Indies, it will be well to remember that the claims of Africa on christian sympathy are strong and one sin will destroy a sinner, Gen. ii.

One Sin.-One leak will sink a ship, and urgent. The following extract from an American missionary report is well cal- | 17.; Ezek. xviii. 4.- Bunyan. culated to convince the most sceptical, of the existence of that wretched ignorance and barbarous cruelty which missionary labours, attended with the Divine blessing,

JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London, are alone likely to remove.

Price dd. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five

Numbers in a Cover, 3d “Africa ! poor benighted Africa! is look

W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

AFRICAN MISSIONS.

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SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS._NO.XVIII.

mal and vegetable, was swept away by the

wild tornadoes to inevitable destruction. “ And a man shall be as a hiding place from the

wind, and a covert from the tempest; as riv of In vain were banks and ancient boundaries water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock opposed to the wide-spreading waters, in a weary land.”—Isaiah xxxii. 2.

urged on by the tremendous whirlwind The evangelical prophet, in this sublime which raged. O how sweet would then passage, has beautifully described in glow- have been a covert from the tempest! The ing imagery the exalted work and Divine next year's storm, equally dreadful, destroysufficiency of the Redeemer. This, like other ed every house in the town; not one escaped passazes, derives a point and an additional without injury. The judge's house, though force by travelling under the sun of an the strongest and best, withstood not the Indian climate. The prophet, in the first terrible hurricane. “ Men's hearts failing part of the passage, alludes to the terrible for fear, the seas and the waves thereof tempests which sometimes desolate these roaring.' “ As a river of water in a dry countries. In the year 1831, no less than place,” life-preserving streams, and the from fifteen to twenty thousand people were is shadow of a great rock in a weary land.” destroyed in Balasore district by the tem- Next to water and food there is nothing like pests of October. The ships on the coast a shade.

How it refreshes the weary pilwere some of them thrown upon the shore grim! Seldom do we find in Orissa such by the breaking in of the sea, and after- a shade as the “ shadow of a great rock;" wards left dry. Almost everything, ani- | the deep shade of a venerable tree whose

VOL. III.

N N

DRESS.

tough branches have borne storms of a cen- like a woman's stays, across a stomacher, tury, afford, nevertheless, an inviting retreat and their gowns were open in front, above from the broiling influence of the sun. This and below the girdle. The coxcombry of passage always recurs to my mind when the two preceding centuries was almost sitting in the much-desired recess. Often exceeded in the present. Beaux wore a whilst sitting under some shade, surrounded boot on one leg, and a stocking on the by the naked barbarians of these deep other; and winter mantles, with sleeves jungles, I thought myself as happy as any that hung down to the ground, and licked man could be. Let those who know spiri- up the dirt of the streets. The borders of tually this heavenly Rock, repose under its these habits were frequently embroidered shadow, secure from the tempest. May with verses of Latin, hymns or psalms in we build upon this Rock; and when the gold, and the garment itself was sometimes rain comes, and the floods descend, and of red and white silk. may beat upon our house, our house shall not Ainong the female fashions, were outer fall, for it is founded upon a Rock.-W. corsets or boddiced waists, and enormous Brown.

trains to the gowns, which were discontinued for borders about the middle of the century. There were two peculiar head

dresses: one was the horned, of two eleThe coxcombry of the thirteenth vations, like a heart in cards, with the botand fourteenth centuries must not be tom cut off, as shown on a monumental spared; since the clergy of the time in brass of Mand, wife of John Fosbrok,* in their pulpits, and the king in council, de Cranford Church, Northamptonshire ; claimed and decreed against its excesses. this lady having been nurse to King Henry Thus, the beaux had their long-pointed vi. The other extraordinary head-dress shoes cut on the front with the rich tra- was the steeple-fashion: so immoderately cery of a church window, and the points high and broad was this head-gear worn, fastened to their knees by gold and silver that we read of the doors of state apartchains. Their habits were of innumerable ments being raised and widened, in 1416, colours; the beard was worn long, and the that the head-dresses of the company might head was embroidered with figures of ani- have room to enter. The fabric was supmals, which, like lappets, buttoned beneath posted by a horn on each side, and from the chest, and were sometimes enriched each top was suspended a silken streamer, with jewels. The females also wore as which fluttered in the wind, or crossed the many colours as possible; little caps were breast, and was tied to the arm. fastened on with cords; and girdles with In this century should not, however, be short swords hung before the stomach. forgotten the common bonnet, that is, one

In the fifteenth century, gowns became with shades over the cheeks, which now less frequent, and the skirts of the tunic first appears. Shoes also were regularly more puckered. The sleeves were like manufactured, and the Cordwainers' Comthose of bishops; though few of our fair pany incorporated in 1410: the queen

of readers, and perchance once wearers of Richard 11. introduced the piked shoes, bishops' sleeves, are aware that they were with chains, &c., and Edward iv. proin fashion nearly three and a half centuries claimed that beaks of skin and boots ago. The cloaks, or appendages to tunics, should not exceed two inches in length, had large flaps. In this century the jacket, upon pain of cursing by the clergy, and a originally the same as the doublet, differed fine of twenty shillings; and any cordmaterially from it; for, at this time, both wainer that “shod” any man or woman on were often worn together; then the jacket the sunday was to pay thirty shillings. served as an upper tunic, and, like thc The piked shoe next gave way to the rodoublet, it eventually lost its proper name, sette fastening. Ribands of every colour, and is now called a coat. The breeches except white, the emblem of the depressor hose were tight, the sleeves of the ed house of York, were had in esteem; doublets were pinked to show the shirt, but the red, like the house of Lancaster, and the men wore their hair very long: held the pre-eminence; thus denoting the Strutt, however, says, at the end of antique origin of the rosette of our day, this century, the dress was exceedingly from the full-blown riband rose of the absurd and fantastical, so that it was difficult to distinguish one sex from the other. Ancestrix of the Rev. Tomas Dudle Fosbrok,

“Encyclopædia of Antiquities, The men wore petticoats over their lower

we are indebted for many of the leading facts of the clothing; their doublets were laced in front, present paper.

to whose valuable

CHEMISTRY.-No. XVIII.

SALTS. NO. II.

house of Tudor. Representations of ladies The Arsenic Salts, or ARSENIATES, in hunting-dresses at this period differ but when heated with charcoal, yield arsenic, little from the present riding-habit : one which may be known by its peculiar smeli, bears a bow in her hand and a quiver of resembling that of garlic. We have also arrows at her side, and another has a horn the arsenites, the tungstastes, the acetates, resembling a bugle, slung from the right the tartrates, the citrates, the camphorates, shoulder across to the left side.--Domestic and the prussiates. Many of the salts have Life in England.

been formed by the chemist, but can be applied to no particular use ; while others, with those that are of native production, are of the greatest importance in domestic

economy, medicine, the arts, and chemical The salts formed by carbonic acid are examination. called carbonates. If sulphuric acid be Salts are distinguished from each other poured on any of these salts, they will effer- by their taste, and their power of resisting vesce, and evolve carbonic acid. Many of or yielding to the effects of heat; but more them are found abundantly in a native especially by the form of their crystals. state; particularly carbonate of lime, of We may here make a few remarks in relawhich chalk, limestone, and marble are tion to the phenomena of crystallization. varieties. Among the carbonates we may All persons must have observed the variety mention that of potash, usually called salt of form assumed by different bodies when of tartar; the carbonate of animonia, the in a crystallized state; some having four, common smelling salt; and the carbonates others six, eight, or more sides. Crystalof soda, barytes, strontites, and magnesia. lization may be defined, in general terms, as The carbonic acid will also combine with the regular figures which bodies assume copper, tin, and other metals,

when their particles have full liberty to As the salts that are formed by chlorine combine according to the laws of cohesion. were not described when that substance An example of crystallization may be shown was treated of, they may be here mentioned. by a very simple experiment. Take a The chlorates are a remarkable class of small quantity of sulphate of soda, (Glauber salts, possessing properties that distinguish salt,) and after having dried it thoroughly, them from all others. When raised to a dissolve it in about three times its bulk of high temperature, in connexion with a com- hot water. When perfectly dissolved, set bustible body, they explode with great the solution aside to cool, and the salt will violence by friction, and sometimes without gradually separate itself from the superany mechanical force. When mixed with fluous water, and form itself into crystals ; sulphur and charcoal, they produce the or, if the water that has not combined with most dreadful explosions; while, in some the salt be evaporated, a solid crystallized instances, they have nearly proved fatal to substance will be presented. those who have experimented on them. Bodies are crystallized both by solution The chlorates are capable of being dissolved and by fusion. Some of them will dissolve in water. Chlorine combines with potash, only in hot water, others in water at any soda, lime, and magnesia.

temperature. The more gradually the proThe FLUATES, so named from their base, cess proceeds, the more regular will be the fuoric acid, are capable of decomposition form of the crystals ; but perfect rest will by sulphuric acid, and yield a vapour that sometimes prevent the formation of crystals. has the property of corroding glass. They The presence of atmospheric air is necesare not altered by the application of heat, sary during the act of crystallization ; and and are scarcely soluble in water. The even light has a tendency to accelerate the Auates of lime, soda, ammonia, and alum- process. The water that combines with nia, are the most important.

any substance, and forms part of the crys. The Boracic Salts, called borates, are tallized body, is called the water of crystalall capable of being melted into glass. By lization; and the residue is called mother mixing them with different metallic oxides, water ; some bodies combine with a small glass of various colours may be made. portion of water, while others unite with They are not subject to decomposition from considerably more than their own weight of heat. The borates of barytes, lime, mag- that fluid. nesia, and potash, and the sub-borate of When a salt has the property of absorbsoda, called in commerce borax, are the ing water from the atmosphere, it is said to most important.

be deliquescent; and when it parts with

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