« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
its water of crystallization, and falls into coffee shrub, while the widely circulated powder, it is said to be efflorescent. fame of the Peruvian bark and ipecacuanha,
Some salts have the power of mutually establishes its claim to the highest degree of destroying each other; an effect that is medical reputation. Nor is the elegance of always produced when the acid of one has the foliage and the fragrance of the flowers a stronger affinity for the base of the other less entitled to estimation. From those than for that to which it is united; or, in minute specks in the mighty expanse of the other words, when the two acids mutually Southern Pacific, the Gardenia breathes a attract their bases from each other. In this delightful perfume to welcome the sea-faring case two new salts must necessarily be pro- man as he approaches their coral shores; duced, and the operation itself is termed while every grove and thicket in the larger double decomposition.
islands presents fresh specimens of this never-ending family, to entertain and puzzle the botanist. For, though the characters which connect them with the family before
us, are easily read and understood, yet such Beg of God a meek and quiet spirit, which is their affinity with each other, that the colis of so great price in the sight of God; and lector fin
it extremely difficult to ascertain watch after your prayers, not only how the their differences, with that confidence which Lord answers, but how you endeavour. the mind feels when satisfied with its own He that prays against discontent, binds conclusions. We have thus taken a tranhimself to watch and strive against it, or else sient glimpse of the value of the rubiaceæ as his prayers are sin. Beg an humble heart of God; the humble man is seldom discon- yielding articles of diet, medicine, and pertented, he thinks that the least of mercies is
fumery; we may now add a fourth ground good enough for the chief of sinners. Here for that well-known dye, the madder, is the
of interest—their importance in the arts; is a poor house, coarse fare, hard lodgings, produce of the rubia tinctorum, which unkind usage ; but it is good enough for stands as the head and representative of the me: any thing short of hell is mercy; if I whole family, which takes its general dehave but bread to eat, and raiment to put on, nomination, rubiaceæ, from the relationship it is good fare for such an one as I. And then that the various members have to the beg a mortified heart to all that is in the rubia tinctorum. The general characters world. When the heart is dead to the consist in a calyx, which forms a crown world, worldly troubles do not trouble. He
the top of the germen; a corolla, comthat is dead to the world will save his bones posed of four or five petals
, sometimes whole: when crosses, straits, and troubles
more, united to each other below; for which come upon him; it may be said of such a
reason it is sometimes called a monopetaone, “ Yonder man is dead already to the lous corolla. The stamens are alternate world, his heart is crucified to it; he feels with and correspond in number with the nothing so as to be distempered by it.” When
The numbers of the essenwe strip dead men, they struggle not; we ay take all, they are not troubled at it. with the inferior position of the germen, lead
tial parts just stated, taken in company o beg such a heart, that God may do what the mind of the botanist, in surveying a he will with thee, that his will may be done; strange plant, to suspect that it belongs to and this prayer will procure patience and the rubiacea. For further satisfaction, he help against discontent.-Steele.
may next examine the seed; when, if he is right in his conclusion, an elegant little leaf will be found imbedded in the horny or fleshy substance of the seed. The seed of the coffee, when recent, affords a
beautiful example of this peculiar trait in This is one of the most copious and the history of the rubiacea. In the middle most interesting orders to be met with in of a horny substance, a little pale-coloured the whole compass of botanical science. leaf is found, of a very exact and finished A magnificent assortment of genera, distri- workmanship. This little leaf is no other buted over all the parallels of latitude within than what is called the embryo, which fosthe torrid and temperate zones, related to tering nature has lodged in a bed of future each other by points of great simplicity, is nourishment for its use in germination. here presented to us. It embraces shrubs This horny substance, which, in scientific which, in reference to households, are of the language, is called the albumen, forms the highest importance; as, for example, the material of which our coffee is made.
The English plants, which belong to this growing in the open glades and grassy pathfamily, are in appearance of a humbler de ways of our woods and copses. The leaves scription. The flowers are small, white or are placed like eight radiating spokes round yellow. The divisions of the delicate co- each joint of the stem. The flowers are rolla form a cross, and alternate with four small, and arranged in straggling clusters. minute stamens. The leaves are narrow, and An agreeable perfume is breathed from the placed in whorls about the joints of the whole plant. stem, like the spokes of a wheel. The We shall subjoin a short list of exmost common example is the cleavers or amples of such as occur most frequently. clivers, found on every ditch-bank through- They may be known from members of out the summer. It is often employed any other family in this country by the in medicine by the London practitioners, position in which the leaves grow; and, who send messengers to collect it in the as we have before stated, the cross-shaped fields. It has obtained the name of cleavers, flower. A spontaneous effort to make ourfrom its propensity to lay hold on the skin selves familiar with the particular forms or clothes, by means of the little hooked and differences of this group of obvious points with which its external surface is over- but interesting plants, would often dispel the spread. There are twelve other species be- vapours, and drive unprofitable thoughts longing to this genus, which may all be and anxieties from the mind. Experience known by the whorl of narrow leaves at the teaches us that there is nothing so wholesome joints, which vary in number according to the for a jaded understanding as a change of species, and the little cross-shaped blossom. employment; and, independent of the intelAmong them is the yellow bedstraw, (gali- lectual gain, it is generally far more refreshum verum,) known by its profusion of yellow ing than any merely idle amusement that can flowers, and its narrow thread-like leaves. In be devised to entertain it. fact, the shape of the flower and the posi- Galium aparine, cleavers or clivers.tion of the leaves will always point them Stem, leaves, and seeds adhere to the clothes out to the collector. The following is a when the plant is touched. representation of the asperula odorata, or Galium cruciatum, yellow-crossed wort.
-Flowers golden-yellow, leaves and stem rough. Leaves in fours.
Galium saxatile. - Remarkable for its
weak, straggling, and its numerous milk10
white flowers; on heaths.
Sherardia arvensis, little field madder.--Minute blue and purple flowers; found amongst springing corn.
Rubia tinctorum.-Flowers yellow and berries black; in the south of England.
One monday morning, as I had just poured out my aunt's second cup of coffee, a note was brought to me from Mrs. Selwin, entreating my assistance to purchase a mangle for a poor woman, whose husband had lately died of the cholera, and who was left with five little children. I closed the note with feelings of sorrowful regret; for my quarterly allowance was reduced to two sovereigns, and with them I was going that morning to buy my winter dress. Without speaking, I gave the note to my aunt; who, after she had perused it, gave me ten shillings. How
sorry I am, aunt, that I cannot give ten more!”
“ Well, my dear, you must give what sweet-scented woodroof; it is often found you can."
“ I have it not in my power to give any ! but he that doeth the will of God, abideth thing, aunt."
for ever,' 1 John ii.15–17:— Be not conI then explained the state of my finances. formed to this world, but be ye transformed She made no remark, while the servant re- by the renewing of your mind,' Rom. xii. 2. moved the breakfast things. As usual, I In 1 Tim. ii. 9, there is this command, then placed the work-table before her, and " That women adorn themselves in modest was preparing to answer Mrs. Selwin's apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety;' note, when my aunt, suddenly laying down mark the expression, Ellen,—not with the scissors, (with which she was cutting out broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly the sleeve of a baby's frock for the Friendly array.' Note, again, child, the word costly, Society basket,) said, “ Ellen, I have but (which becometh women professing just thought of a way in which you can godliness) with good works. And you help this poor widow.” I turned from my ought not to shrink at the thought of being desk in joyful surprise, “What is it, aunt ?” | particular, when you read in scripture, that
“ How many yards of silk will you re- the Lord's people are to be a peculiar peoquire for your dress, Ellen ?”
ple; very peculiar. Listen, Ellen. Again “ Thirteen : but what has that to do she read, “For thou art a holy people unto with the mangle, aunt?":
the Lord thy God, and the Lord hath “ Thirteen! that is a vast quantity for chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto a slight figure such as yours.”
himself,” Deut. xx. 14. Again, · Who “ I cali't possibly do with less, aunt.” gave himself for us, that he might redeem “ How much was necessary two years us from all iniquity, and purify unto him
self a peculiar people, zealous of good works.' “ About nine or ten would have been Tit. ii. 14. Again, in 1 Peter, ij. 9, · But sufficient then."
ye are a chosen generation, a royal priest“ Well, Ellen, instead of buying thir- hood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that teen yards, make ten do: and calculating ye should show forth the praises of him who it at three shillings and sixpence per yard, hath called you out of darkness into his you will have ten shillings to give for the marvellous light.' Ellen, our religion is mangle."
but name, unless it has a transforming “ Dear aunt, indeed ten will never power, a practical influence on our habits, do."
our tastes, our tempers, our desires ; it is Why not?”
only a form unless body, soul, and spirit “ You were as tall three years ago as are brought into obedience to the gospel of you are now: it is only putting a yard less Christ.” in each sleeve, and a breadth less in the “ I think, aunt, you are too strict; you skirt; and it will do very well.”
require too much.” Why, aunt, I should be quite a fright: My child, it is not what I require, it I should be ashamed to show my face.' is what God, your Saviour, requires."
“ No one thought you a fright three Again she opened the sacred volume: years ago, Ellen; and we need not be • Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If ashamed of anything but n."
any man will come after me, let him deny But, my dear aunt, you seem to forget himself, and take up his cross, and follow that the fashion is so entirely changed.” me,'” Matt. xvi. 24.
“ Fashion, Ellen! What has a christian But, aunt, this is a thing of so little woman to do with fashion ?”
importance; such a trifle !" “ You would not surely, aunt, wish me * The more easy for you to perform : to be so particular, so singular in my ap- were you, like many of the primitive chrispearance ; so very unlike the rest of the tians, obliged to change your soft attire, world ?"
and to be clothed in sheep-skins and goat“ The world! what have you to do with skins, there would be stronger cause for rethe world ? Does not the Bible say, 'They luctance.” are not of the world, even as I am not of Well, aunt, I will consult with the the world, John xvii. 14 : ‘Love not the dress-maker, and ask her if she cannot world, neither the things that are in the contrive to world. If any man love the world, the love “Ask your own heart, consult the word of the Father is not in him. For all that is of God, child. Dare you be unfaithful to in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the your duty, wound your conscience, and lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not deprive yourself of the holy joy of relieving of the Father, but is of the world. And the a poor fellow-creaturem-nay, more, a disciworld passeth away, and the lust thereof; ple of Christ--for the paltry, the despi
HINTS TO TRAVELLERS.
cable consideration of having a few more impatient till they have opened their chagathers in your sleeve, or a few more folds racter; they give awful evidence that they in your petticoat?”
are children of darkness. Why then should Hush ! hush! dear aunt, say no more, we be ashamed of being known as the childI entreat; you have conquered."
ren of light ? Their consciences tell them No, Ellen, not I; but if the grace of that ours is the most honourable characGod has triumphed over worldly lusts and ter; and yet we are afraid of receiving the vanity, give the glory to Him to whom honour they are obliged to give us. We alone all praise is due.” And as she spake may assert our characters, by politely she pressed her faded lips upon my glow- checking the first improper remark, or reing cheek, and tenderly folded me to her proving the first swearer we hear. If we aged bosom.
were to begin singing hymns, or talking (To be concluded in our next.)
directly on religion, when we entered into company, how many a reproof, and oath too, should we have for our pains ! and yet we let sinners play their parts with
impunity! Whole companies have been How may a professing christian best silenced by a well-timed reproof. If defend himself against the danger of evil a rebuke loses its effect, which is seldom company ?
the case, have the manliness to quit the The writer of the following remarks company as soon as convenient; and the has to regret not having always acted sooner the better, for this will put a keener upon the principles he recommends, yet, edge upon your reproof than staying when he has done it, he has uniformly among them. found them availing.
Lastly. Be beforehand with your com1. Look to God in secret prayer. pany, when it can be done with propriety. Pray to be kept from the contagion of Take an early opportunity of dropping the
company that you are in. Beg that a moral or serious remark, and it will opeyou may “have no fellowship with the rate in the way you wish it.
A person unfruitful works of darkness ; but rather was once in a coach, when it stopped to reprove them.”. By fellowship, the apos- take up a gentleman, who had the appeartle means friendly and cordial intercourse ance of being a clergyman. Silence was and pleasure. We are cautioned against observed for some time, particularly by “ foolish talking, filthiness, and jesting ;" a loquacious swearing passenger. At and, “if sinners entice thee, consent thou length the supposed clergyman began to
Now, prayer will enable us to act talk; and, at intervals, introduced imagreeably to these exhortations. Prayer proper words into his discourse. This is our best weapon; and can be success- opened the lips of the other; and he could fully used when our companions are not then swear and talk nonsense with all aware of it.
the sanction he required. Another in2. Never be ashamed of your profes- stance was this : A gentleman in a sion. You are not ashamed of telling coach began his conversation by boasting what your secular profession or trade may of the plenty and prosperity we enjoyed be; then, why be ashamed to say that as a nation; adding, “ We want for you profess christianity ? If others see nothing." No, sir,” said a minister you sneak, as they call it, and that you pleasantly, we want nothing but gratiwish to conceal your real character, it iude to God.” This timely hint took the will only make them the more impudent company by surprise ; and he found them and wicked. How often have christians, very decent companions till they separated. in some companies, permitted a succession I cannot conclude without recommendof indecent songs, toasts, and volleys of ing to travellers to carry a parcel of relioaths, merely because they wanted a gious tracts with them; such as A Dialittle timely courage in cherking them at logue between a Traveller and Yourself,” first! The righteous shouli ? as bold as “ On the Sabbath," “ On Swearing,” &c. a lion !
These, offered to fellow-travellers, left at 3. Imitate the frankness and zeal of the inns, given to waiters, &c, might be atwicked. As soon as some inen get into a tended with great good, and help to coach, or arrive at an inn, they almost im- counteract the prodigious evil communi. mediately display their colours, and avow cated by profane and wicked men on their themselves the servants of sin; they are journeys. A Fellow.TRAVELLER.
WEB FEET OF WATER FOWL.
be expected to operate, in their full force, The web-foot of a water-fowl is an ini- with regard to christianity. Among the mitable paddle; and all the ingenuity of systems of opinion, or codes of obligation the present day, exerted to improve our which man has devised, there is no one steam-boats, makes nothing to approach it. that has not been grossly misinterpreted The flexor tendon of the toes of the duck and misapplied, nor that has not been is so directed over the heads of the bones considerably mutilated and mixed
with of the thigh and leg, that it is made tight foreign and contradictory matters; in other when the creature bends its leg, and is re- words, corrupted. And when the philolaxed when the leg is stretched out. When sopher shall have detected and examined the bird draws its foot up, the toes are all the causes producing this effect on the drawn together in consequence of the bent systems originating with men, we are preposition of the bones of the leg pressing on pared to show, that to the whole influence the tendon. When, on the contrary, it of every one of these christianity is expushes the leg out straight, in making the posed; and to contend, as a consequence, stroke, the tendons are relieved from the that nothing can be more at variance pressure of the heel-bone, and the toes are with sound philosophy, or with the word permitted to be fully extended, and at the of God, than to make that a reason for same time expanded, so that the web be- scepticism in one of these cases, which tween them meets the resistance of a large is never so admitted in the other.volume of water.—Lord Brougham. Vaughan
CORRUPTIONS OF CHRISTIANITY.
THE SENSES FALLIBLE WITNESSES.
IF in the heat of summer, we descend into That the corruptions of christianity
a cave, we become sensible that we are have been injurious to its interests, is but surrounded by a cold atmosphere; but if too manifest, whether we look to the past in the rigour of a frosty winter we descend or the present. Men who distinguish be into the same cave, we are conscious of the tween other things and their abuses, presence of a warm atmosphere. Now a bring not their wonted fairness and dis- thermometer suspended in the cave, on each crimination to the history and circum- of these occasions, will show exactly the stances of our holy religion. They do not hold astronomy responsible for the the cave maintains nearly the same tempe
same temperature; and, in fact, the air of frauds of the astrologer, nor chemistry for rature at all seasons of the year. The body, the dreams of the alchemist. They admit however, being in the one case removed that a science may be sound in its prill- from a warm atmosphere into a cold one, ciples, while many of its yotaries are and in the other case from a very cold atdeficient in intelligence; and that a system mosphere into one of a higher temperature, may be pure, while many who profess it
becomes, in the latter case, sensible of are far from immaculate. But with respect warmth, and in the former, of cold. to revealed religion, anoth would seem to have been tacitly agreed upon. Here the fault of the professor is commonly assumed as belonging to the thing FAITH. — All my hope as to freedom professed ; and a degenerate community, from that darkness which is niy burden, is bearing the christian name, becomes a from Christ's prophetical office, and my sort of demonstration against the preten- hope of freedom from the guilt, pollution, sions of christianity. Many also, whose and power of sin, and acceptation with sense of justice is not so depraved as to God, arises from his kingly and priestly admit that they should become examples offices. In one word, I have no hopes of of this disingenuousness, are, nevertheless, any mercy, in time or eternity, but only often influenced by it, and to a degree through Him: it is through Him I expect which they little suspect.
all, from the least drop of water, to the imNow, we take strong exception to this mense riches of glory, Luke xxiv. 45 ; conduct, and on the obvious ground, that
1 Cor. viii. 6; Heb. ix. 28.-Halyburton. the causes, deep-laid in human nature, and inwrought with all the forms of social
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