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SCRIPTURE EXPLANATIONS.-No XXX, from that state of hopeless poverty into And the key of the house of David will I lay upon

which they would otherwise have been his shoulder.”—Isa, xxii. 22.

plunged. How much was I delighted when I first saw the people, especially the Moors, going along the streets with each his key on his shoulder. The handle is generally made of brass, (though sometimes of silver,) and

The Rev. J. S. Meissner, Moravian is often nicely worked in a device of filigree. The way it is carried is to have the have known what it is to mourn over the

missionary in Labrador, observes, “ We corner of a kerchief tied to the ring; the loss of beloved children, having accompakey is then placed on the shoulder, and nied two to their resting place during our the kerchief hangs down in front. At other service in this distant land. I was once times they have a bunch of large keys, and then they have half on one side of the standing by the grave of my departed

children, under a brilliant sun and cloudshoulder, and half on the other. For a less sky, when suddenly a light shadow man thus to march along, with a large key

passed over

the on his shoulder, shows at once that he is a for the cause, I beheld a snow-white gull

green turf. Looking up person of consequence.

“ Raman is in

winging her lofty flight through the air. great favour with the Modeliar, for he now carries the key.” “Whose key have you Thus it is with the dear objects of my

The thought immediately struck megot on your shoulder ?”

“I shall carry mournful remembrance. Here indeed my key on my own shoulder.”

lies the shadow, but above is the living The key of the house of David was to be on the shoulder of Eliakim, who was

principle. Nor was the reflection without

comfort to my wounded spirit.” type of Him who had the có

government upon his shoulder; the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.”. Roberts.

THE CREATOR. By Him were all things created that are in heaven and in earth, visible and in

visible, Col. i. 16, 17. And because of the A most laudable union has been entered great notions and apprehensions that were into by forty labourers, who hold allotments then in the world, especially among the of land of Bolton King, Esq., M.P., in Jews, (unto whom the apostle had respect the parish of Tamworth, in Warwickshire, in this epistle,) of the greatness and glory the form of which we insert :

of the invisible part of the creation in 6 We, the undersigned, agree to dig and heaven above, he mentions them, in parplant, each according to our share, either ticular, under the most glorious titles that by labour or by a subscription in money, any other could or then did ascribe unto the ground of any of us who may be unable them: “ whether they be thrones, or doto do it for himself on account of sickness, minions, or principalities, or powers; all and for the widow of any of us for two things were created by Him and for years after the death of her husband."

Him :" the same expression that is used (Signed by all of them.)

of God absolutely, Rom. xi. 36, Rev. iv. The proprietor of these allotments has 11, John i. 1-3. And those that are lately stated, that, during two years, two not under the efficacy of spiritual infatuaonly of his tenants have applied for paro- tion, cannot but admire at the power of chial relief, and those were cases of acci- unbelief, the blindness of the minds of dent, by which they were disabled ; and men, and the craft of Satan in them who that at present there are two widows left deny the Divine nature of Jesus Christ, with large families, whose allotments are 2 Cor. iv. 4.--Owen. cultivated for them according to the agreement, they and their children doing the lighter work. These widows, of course, receive parish relief; upon which, with JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London, their own labour, and the advantage of Price fd. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five their gardens, they can maintain their fami

Numbers in a Cover, 3ds lies decently and comfortably, very different W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.


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pears on the margins of brooks and CARYOPHYLLEÆ.

other moist places, in the early part of This order has for its representatives the spring. The border of the petals is culovely pinks and cloves of our gardens. riously jagged; which, with the conspiBut as cultivation often increases the cuous redness of their dye, cannot fail to beauty of a plant, at the expense of its render it a matter of easy recognition to botanical properties, by changing the the botanical inquirer. The seed-vessel parts more immediately concerned in pre- is generally simple; that is, without diparing the seed into petals, which are vision, with a central pillar, which is more showy but less essential, it is better studded with many rows of seeds. to look for a general outline of the cha- Many, who have looked but a little racters which connect the members of this into the subject, are aware, that the ingroup with each, in the lychnis, or catch- troduction of the pollen into the seed Ay. "The calyx is divided into four or while growing, is necessary, in order to five segments, which are often united render it fertile. into a tube, as in the pink and soapwort, In the caryophyllexe, since the seeds (saponaria officinalis.) The petals are are supported by a pillar, which ultifour or more, frequently five in number, mately becomes free at the top, it is inserted at the base of the germen, or essential that a communication should be nascent fruit. These have their borders established between the style, which is sometimes variously divided; as we see the conductor of this fertilizing material, in the meadow pink, a flower that ap- and the seeds ; this is done by a number


of threads, which seem as if let down , doubts about its identity with the chickfrom the roof of the capsule to the seed-weed, he has only to examine the stem, bearing pillar below it.

when he will find, if it be truly the herb There is nothing more striking, in a in question, that a crest of hairs runs diligent contemplation of the works of along one side of the stem, from its God, than the depth of the resources, and summit to its base. By this singularity the choice of expedients, which the the plant is easily determined. Creator has been pleased to employ, A There is a tall red flower, very com. right philosophy leads us to conclude, mon in our hedges, the lychnis dioica, or that the Deity is infinite in wisdom, as campion, which may be known by its well as in power; the believer has the agreement with the general characters highest possible proof of it in his own given of this order, and by having the salvation ; but the student of vegetable top or mouth of the tube formed by the nature finds a never-ending, variety of petals, crowned with little coloured proinstances, which exemplify and press upon cesses, like stunted petals. The singuhim the conviction, that there is no limit larity of this plant consists in this, that to the multitude of those processes by one plant furnishes stamens, and another which he can bring about any of his a seed-vessel; whence it is said to be purposes.

That countless number of diæcious. forms exhibited by flowers, whether they Amidst the standing corn, the cornembroider the meadow, adorn the sloping cockle (lychnis githago) often forms a sides of our hills, or grow in the retirement conspicuous object, distinguished by the and moisture of the wood or the rill, have hoary appearance of its leaves, red all the same object to effect; namely, to flowers, and the length of the divisions serve in the protection and maturation of of the calyx. the seed. In fact, the science of botany, The mouse-ear chickweeds (cerastium when considered fundamentally, is but viscosum and vulgatum) are ever at hand the reckoning up of the various methods as we are passing through the fields, by which the Creator has thought fit to the side of the footpaths. The small make use of in bringing a seed to per- white flower, and small rough leaf, somefection.

what resembling a mouse-ear in shape, But, to cite a few more instances, to will distinguish them. The capsules illustrate this order, let us imagine our burst at the top, and form a circular ring selves walking by the side of some ditch, of ten teeth, which are bent back. This under the shelter of a hedge, in the pretty little circumstance is the diagmonth of April. We may observe, that nosis, or distinguishing trait of the under the covert of the bushes there is a cerastium. copious display of snow-white flowers, On heaths, and by the sea-side, we ornamenting the bank without intermis- may pick up the sand-worts, (arenaria,) sion. These flowers, we see, are borne known by their narrow fleshy leaves ; by slender stems, which, at intervals, are and, in connexion with the general chafurnished with pairs of narrow leaves. racters of this order, by the capsule parting A closer observation shows that it has into from three to six valves points five petals, deeply cloven, ten stamens, at the top. three styles, and a capsule, which en- The last example we shall mention, closes a column paved with seeds. This and of which we have given a figure, is the stellaria holostea, or greater stitch- is the chickweed breakstone, (sagina prowort, If, after surveying the flowers, cumbens,) an humble plant, which may we examine the leaf, we shall find one of often be seen growing in sandy places. its specific distinctions is the delicate The stem, by leaning upon the ground, is teeth, which may be felt by passing the tempted, by the moisture of the earth, to hand along the edge of the leaf. throw out additional roots; hence it pre

The chickweed, which grows so abun- sents itself as a small tuft of branches, dantly in all cultivated ground, and in all closely attached to the ground. The situations where the soil is good, belongs stamens in this plant are reduced to four, to the genus stellaria. It may easily be but the seed-vessel, opening at the top, known by the small fresh green leaves, and the general habit, connects it with and its small white flowers, which corre- the order before us. The collector should spond in structure with the species just arrange these plants in a book by themdescribed. If the collector, when he has selves, which would afford him an opporgathered a plant, should entertain any ) tunity of tracing their common points of


similitude, as they are varied with the , and if you have ever climbed up a mounrespective tokens of generic and specific tain half as high and as steep as he found distinction.

the Skiddaw to be, you will know that the undertaking was not an easy one. Oh, how

many times did I turn my back to the OLD HUMPHREY, ON THE APPEARANCE mountain, to rest myself, before I had

clambered half-way up its rugged sides ! Things are not exactly what they ap- I did reach the cloud at last, but had pear in any case; but, in some cases they not much reason to congratulate myself. are as different from what they appear as one That which appeared from Keswick vale thing can be from another. To know this in a beautiful blue cloud, was, when I apage is well ; but could we know it in youth, proached it, nothing more than a thick it would be invaluable. This, however, mist. Not only was it without beauty, cannot be expected : it is experience, and but it hindered me from seeing any thing sometimes bitter experience only, that can that was beautiful. The lovely valley, correct our mistakes in this particular. and the magnificent lake below me, were Our very outward senses lead us astray, completely hidden from my view ; and I until they are assisted by knowledge and came down from the Skiddaw in a much judgment, from the days of our infancy: a worse temper than I went up. I was very child thinks that the sun and the moon are silly for thus being put out of temper ; no larger than they look to be. In his and must confess that since then, often has estimation, they are about the size of a Old Humphrey got into a mist in followpot-lid, or a wooden trencher. You may ing out the foolish inclinations of his heart. tell him, if you will, that they are bigger How has it been with you ? than the house ; but you must tell him so

What a world of trouble we give ourmany times over, before he will believe selves to attain what is of little value ! you.

and disappointment works no cure; the A counterfeit looks very much like a failure of yesterday prevents not the exgolden coin, but there is a great difference pectation of to-day, and the blighted between them, and when we have mis- promise of to-day destroys not the hope taken the one for the other, we feel sadly of to-morrow. disappointed. It is so with a thousand things Again, I say, that things are not what in the world : they are not half so valuable they appear, and we willingly allow ouras they seem to be.

selves to be cheated from childhood to In the days of my youth, when playing old age, by running after or climbing to with half a dozen of my companions, we obtain what is any thing but the thing saw something at a distance that shone as we take it to be. Oh that we could use bright as a diamond ; and a pretty scamper this world as not abusing it, remembering

had to get hold of it. A high that the fashion of it passeth away! but hedge, a deep ditch, and a boggy field, lay no ! In vain the wise man tells us of between us and that which had so much the things we seek, that “all is vanity excited our attention ; but had the hedge and vexation of spirit.” In vain an been higher than it was, the ditch deeper, apostle exhorts us " to set our affections and the field ten times more boggy, they on things above, not on things on the would not have hindered us from obtaining earth.” Disbelieving the assertion of the the prize. After tearing our clothes, splash- one, and disregarding the exhortation of ing ourselves up to the neck, and running the other, we still, like children, run after till we were out of breath, we found that bubbles, that lose their brightness the which glittered in the sun's rays like a moment they are possessed. diamond to be nothing more than a bit of Old Humphrey is ashamed to think glass; a piece of an old broken bottle ! how keen a relish he has for the very Now I will venture to say, that you have things which have deceived him again many a time given yourself as much trouble and again. The glittering will-o'-theas I did, and got nothing better than a wisps that surround him, look so like piece of a broken bottle for your pains. friendly tapers in hospitable dwellings,

When a young man, Old Humphrey that he still follows them, till the bogs they once saw. a beautiful olue cloud resting on lead him into convince him of his misthe side of a very high mountain in Cum- take. We may safely conclude, that berland, called the Skiddaw, and he thought“ all is not gold that glitters," nor all pure it would be a very pleasant thing to climb that looks like snow. up close to it; so he made the attempt : But while we thus complain that things


are not what they appear, are we our- which she traverses until she reaches the selves what we appear to be? Though opposite spot to that where she fixed her I have been speaking of other matters, thread; all this time she was drawing out this is the question that I wanted to her line, keeping it distinct by one of her come to. This question, brought home hind feet, so as to prevent its being glued to our hearts, is like cutting the finger to the threads along which she walked : nail to the quick; taking a thorn out of this thread she now fixes; it crosses the a tender part; or, indeed, touching the middle of the area. She now alters her apple of the eye; but it is worth while plan, and begins at the middle of this putting it for all that. Other people may diagonal thread, where she fastens another, pose us, but the closest method of ques- carrying it to the nearest part of the outline, tioning is, to question ourselves. Are we, to be there secured. From the same spot, then, what we appear to be ? For if we which is to be the centre of the net, she are either ignorant of the evil of our again carries another thread to the outline, own hearts, or railing against others when and so on until the number of radii are we are more guilty than they are, it is completed ; generally from twenty to thirty. high time that such a state of things Having assured herself that each thread is should be altered.

sufficiently strong, which she does by pullWere the Searcher of all hearts to ing at each separately, and replacing such put the inquiry to you and to me, Art as may be found faulty, the spider next thou what thou appearest to be ? would proceeds to form the concentric circles ; not the reply be, "If I justify myself, beginning at the centre, she spins a ring, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if attached to each radius at a little distance I say I am perfect, it shall also prove me from the centre point ; this is followed by perverse. Behold, I am vile ; what shall others at a very small interval from each I answer thee? I will lay my hand upon other : the interval, however, increasing as my mouth.”

she proceeds from the centre to the circum

ference. The whole of these circles being SPIDERS AND THEIR WEBS.--No. III.

finished, she now returns to the centre, and Tue geometric spider of our gardens bites off the point at which all the radii were (epeira diadema) is as remarkable for the united, so as to make their security depend beauty of its markings as it is for the light- the elasticity of the net is most probably

on the circular threads alone; by this mode ness and filmy delicacy of the webs it con-, structs. Who, that has walked abroad on

increased. In this central spot the spia fine autumnal morning, with his senses

der takes her station, on the watch for prey. alive to nature's thousand charms, can have This is, however, by no means an invariable failed to notice the threads and circular rule; for she always spins a cell in some net of this artist, laden with pearly drops of retired spot, in which to lurk unobserved, dew, hanging in profusion along every having threads of communication from her hedge-row and on every bush, and noticing, retreat to the centre of the net, the vibracan have failed to reflect on 'Him who has tions of which serve to inform her of the taught

capture of her booty. “The wild bird how to build its nest,

So far all is tolerably plain; but we

have yet to account for those long lines, The mode in which the geometric spider stretched to distant points, which it was imconstructs its net is very curious ; and some possible for the spider to have personally points, connected with the subject, are not visited. These lines sometimes pass from yet quite understood. Its first object is to the web to distant branches; sometimes construct the outline, which it does by pass- from one branch to another ; we have seen ing from one leaf or sprig to another, fixing them yards in length, passing from a hedgeits threads as it proceeds, and thus encir- row to trees a considerable distance, and cling a considerable area. This outline it at various degrees of elevation, from the strengthens by fresh additions, until a due ground. degree of toughness is produced, keep- The explanation of the fact is thus

solved ing the whole in the requisite degree of by Mr. Blackwall, who says,

“ I have tension, by securing the line to every thoroughly satisfied myself, by observation possible object.

and experiment, that in such instances The outline thus formed, the next step spiders invariably avail themselves of curis to fill it up by radii, like the spokes of rents of air, by which their lines are somea wheel. To do this, the spider fixes a times carried to a surprising distance. If thread to a convenient part of the outline, the geometric spider be placed on twigs, set

The insect weave its web!"

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