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power and

maxims of the ancient kings, and igno- nefit, which the example of our country rant of the domestic relations, are clothed has produced, and is likely to produce, with the leaves of plants, eat wood, dwell on human freedom and human happiness. in the wilderness, and live in the holes of And let us endeavour to comprehend, in the earth : though born in this world, in all its magnitude, and to feel in all its such a condition, I should not have been importance, the part assigned to us in the different from the beasts of the field. great drama of human affairs. We are But now, happily, I have been born in placed at the head of the systems of rethe middle kingdom: I have a house to presentative and popular governments. live in; have food and drink, and elegant If, in our case, the system ultimately furniture; have clothing and caps, and fail, popular governments must be proinfinite blessings. Truly, the highest feli- nounced impossible. No combination of city is mine.”—Teen Kesheih.

circumstances more favourable to the

experiment can ever be expected to occur. ENGLAND.

The last hopes of mankind, therefore, « No cloud in summer was ever more

rest with us; and if it should be profully surcharged with electricity than claimed, that our example had become an England is with moral energy, which

argument against the experiment, the needs but a conductor to issue out in any knell of popular liberty would be sounded given direction. England has become

throughout the earth. * * * * Let us, the capital of a new moral world: the then, cultivate a true spirit of union and eminence on which intellectual light harmony. In pursuing the great objects, strikes before it visits the nations ; the which our condition points out to us, let fountain-head of the rivers that are going forth to water the earth : and it is at her habitual feeling, that these twenty-four

us act under a settled conviction, and an option to have well-wishers in every states are one country. Let our concepcountry.

* The the resources of Britain, pent up at ties. Let us extend our ideas over the

tions be enlarged to the circle of our duhome, will spread themselves as wide as

whole of the vast field in which we are the winds and waves can carry them, called to act. Let our object be our and will cause the branches of English

country, our whole country, and nothing population and literature to spread over

but our country.'Daniel Webster. every soil. Every country will be pre

Who is there that does not know that all pared for the reception of English as the the nations of the earth are of one blood, standard of literature, and the medium and the workmanship of one hand ? In by which it may be transmitted or pro- the best sense of the word, therefore, they moted, when they feel the superiority of

“ brethren." What then ought to be the English brought home to them in all their feelings, and their conduct towards the productions of life, and in the value

one another? For the Chinese, and others which their industry confers upon every like them, there may be some shadow of species of manufacture; but, above all,

excuse for treating others as barbarians, England has shot ahead of all other na-(though in fact there is nothing that can tions, and is more rapidly carried along free them from guilt in this case ;) yet who by the current of events, and the influ, will undertake to justify those who know ence of the times, and has anticipated and are bound by the rule of the New those changes and meliorations, of which Testament, “ Thou shalt love thy neighother nations begin to feel the necessity; bour as thyself ?" and those improvements in which they all acknowledge her to be their precursor and model : this priority of progress, and the belonging, as it were, to a more advanced age, will contribute to the eager: ness with with all nations will be brought to the study of English, as the key to denomination, taken from the malva syl

This family, though bearing a humble modern discoveries, and the storehouse of those truths which are to be beneficial vestris, or common mallow, embraces a to mankind.”—James Douglas.

magnificent and an extensive array of

plants and shrubs. AMERICA.

In our own country we have four or “ And now, let us indulge an honest five species of the malva or mallow, of exultation in the conviction of the be- I which the most remarkable is the musk

are

BOTANY.-No. XX.

MALVACEÆ.

mallow (malva moschata) denoted by its | in discriminating the different genera. large red flowers and musky scent. On the The internal structure of the seed is very sea-shores, the sea-tree mallow, (lavatera curious; for the leafy portions are folded arborea) is sometimes met with; which is, and doubled together in a most compliin general appearance, so handsome, that cated manner. it occasionally finds a place in our gardens. If an artist was required to fold two

A frequent ornament in salt marshes, is thin sheets of paper, cut in a way to rethe marshmallow, (althæa officinalis,) semble a fire-screen, so that they could known by its straight tomentous or be stowed in a case a little bigger than a downy stems, and its large red flowers. walnut, he would find the operation more

Under this genus, (althæa,) is now embarrassing than a Chinese puzzle ; not ranged the hollyhock, seen almost in for want of room, but for want of knowing every garden. It has been so long in a how to double the paper, so that no room state of cultivation with us, that its native might be wasted. But such an operation country is at present unknown. Should is performed in every seed belonging to any one of the examples just glanced at this family. At first the seed is filled be within reach, or the hibiscus rosa si- with nutritive matter, (albumen) and mensis, that splendid inmate in some these leafy portions (cotyledons) very flowery enclosures, the inspection of a small; but as the albumen is absorbed, blossom, compared with the following the cotyledons expand, and all the twistoutline, will be sufficient to impress upon ings and turnings which perplex the exathe minds of the attentive a general miner, are only efforts which are made notion of incidents which constitute a to adapt themselves to the case that conplant or tree a member of this order. tains them. The calyx is usually accompanied by In reference to utility, we may mention, additional leaves, which are sometimes that several species of hibiscus furnish very numerous, and serve to distinguish materials for cordage, in their tough one genus from another. There is fibrous bark, which the writer often saw nothing remarkable in the form of the applied to that purpose in the islands of petals ; but the curious manner in which the South Seas. But to show, by one they are folded up, while budding, will instance, that this order has a claim upon not fail to engage the attention, after us for its usefulness, we need only say, it has been pointed out. The petals ap- that the gossypium indicum, whose seeds pear, in this state, as if any one had taken are wrapped in that snowy tomentum, hold of the bud, and given it a twist with or down, which yields the material spun the thumb and finger. The manner in into cotton, is a member of this family. which the parts of a flower are applied to each other previous to expansion is called their æstivation, which, in the instance before us, is said to be spiral. The stamens are united into a tube, enclosing the pistil, and are seen running side by side, ALMIGHTY God, in his merciful proviin a spiral direction, like

dence, seeing both what lacked in the threads in a rope. In fact, these form so

or we strands or

church, and how also to remedy the same, obvious a character, as at once to strike for the advancement of his glory, gave the the eye of the inquirer. Anthers, in most understanding of this excellent art or instances, have two cells, and open by science of printing, whereby three singutwo chinks, but, in the malvaceous family, lar advantages at one time came into the they have only one cell, and open by a

world :

: first, the price of all books is disingle transverse chink. The last essen- minished ; secondly, the speedy help of tial is not so conspicuous as the rest, but reading more furthered; and, thirdly, a magnifier, and a little patience, will make the number of all good authors enlarged. the matter clear and intelligible. The seeds or seed-vessels, as they in all instances ought to be called, are ranged | OLD HUMPHREY about a centre, like spokes in a wheel,

ABUSING THE THINGS OF THE WORLD. which is easily seen by looking at the It sometimes happens that, in reading holly or the mallow, after the blossom the word of God, Old Humphrey meets has fallen off. The number and nature with a text that seems exactly to suit the of these seed-vessels (carpella) assist us case of some neighbour or friend. It

EXTRACT FROM JOHN FOX ON

PRINTING

ON

USING AND NOT

reproves an error, or consoles an afflic- to Him whose are « the silver and the tion, that wanted just such correction or gold, and the cattle on a thousand hills ?" consolation; and then Old Humphrey is or are you labouring unduly to add shilquick to apply it. If the text be a re- ling to shilling, pound to pound; field to buke, he takes it up, and applies it to field, and house to house ? Does the love others. If it be a cor he pours it of money, and what money will obtain, out with a willing hand and heart. This never enter into your heart, and render is an occurrence that not unfrequently you, for a season, more desirous to get the takes place.

gold that perishes here, than the treasure It happens, too, at times, and, perhaps, that will endure for ever ? as often as the other case, that Old Hum- Are you quite sure that you are using phrey meets with a text that seems written what you possess of this world's wealth, on purpose for himself. It comes like a and not abusing it? This question ought sharp arrow, aimed at one of his own faults, to be answered honestly and faithfully, or, like the voice of a faithful friend and not only by you, but by Old Humphrey. counsellor, to direct him in a season of To what use are you putting your difficulty. I have just been reading a health and strength, your reputation and chapter in Corinthians, wherein are the influence in the world? for these ought words, “ And they that use this world, not to be abused. Are you employing as not abusing it; for the fashion of this them for mean and selfish ends, or devot. world passeth away." Now, who is he ing them to high and holy objects ? The that uses the things of this world without fashion of this world passeth away, and abusing them? Whoever he may be, I you are passing away, too, and should, feel at this moment that he is not Old therefore, while you possess them, proHumphrey. The words, therefore, come mote the glory to God in the highest, home to me; and, as it is possible they and goodwill among mankind. Is this, may come home to you likewise, let us then, the case ? I ask you, and I also ask give them a little consideration.

Old Humphrey. We need not trouble our heads about It is a much easier thing to ask such the unlawful things of the world, because questions, than to reply to them; and yet we are not permitted to use them at all the reply is as necessary as the question. without disobedience and sin. When we The sun, the moon, and the stars, that so meddle with them it is all abuse, when we gloriously adorn the heavens ; the mountouch them it is all defilement. The tains and valleys, the fields and the foliage, lawful things of the world are those which the fruits and flowers, that beautify the we will consider.

earth, are grateful to look upon, and the We may venture to lay it down as a Father of mercies has given us intellect rule, that when our earthly desires darken to enjoy them, but are we using or abusing our heavenly hopes ; whenever the love this intellect? Do we regard these of any created thing lessens our love to created things as the express workmanGod and his Son Jesus Christ, that we ship of God, and seek, through a knoware not merely using, but that we are also ledge of them, to glorify him more, whose abusing the things of the world. And goodness and whose mercy endureth for now, then, to this standard let us bring ever? or do we merely regard them as ourselves.

beautiful objects of the creation, calcuDear as our relations and friends may | lated to afford us pleasure ?

What is be, they are too dear when they draw our your reply, and what is the reply of Old hearts from God. How is it with you? | Humphrey ? do you use these good things without How are we using our time? Not abusing them ? Is there no wife, no hus- our years, our months, our weeks, and band, no child, no friend, that has an un- our days only, but our hours, our minutes, due portion of your affection ? Are none and our moments; for moments are more of these idols that interfere with the su- precious than diamonds. How are we preme, unmingled devotion of your hearts using our time? What is called a long to the King of kings and Lord of lords ? | life soon runs away; and a short one is This is a home question ; but it shall be short indeed. You may not have so put as plainly to Old Humphrey as to many grey hairs on your head as Old yourselves.

Humphrey, but your lives are uncertain How is it with you, as to your worldly like his. However profitably we may appossessions ? Can you commit yourselves pear to be using our time, we are abusing and all belonging to you, without anxiety, | it, and spending it unprofitably, if therein

we are not preparing for eternity:. Let the preaching of that man of God, Mr. the question be repeated, then, till it tin- Whitefield, at the Countess of Hunting gles in our ears, How do you use your don's house, and to convince her that time :

no situation, however high and elevated, How do we use the losses and crosses, can secure to its possessor uninterrupted the trials and afflictions of the world ? for felicity, and at the same time exhibited these are among the good things that we to her view the source of true and permaought not to abuse. Do we allow them nent happiness. Lady Chesterfield knew to sour our temper, to make us despond the world too well not to expect its hatred and repine ? Do we complain that God and reproach for a zealous and consistent deals hardly with us; or do these things profession of the faith once delivered to render us more humble, dependent, the saints; but the grace of Jesus renprayerful, and thankful ? Can we, and do dered this of small consequence in her we thank God that we have been af- estimation, enabling her, with all worldly flicted ? If we can, we are using, but if pleasures at her command, to cast her we cannot, we are abusing what ought to fortune, her honours, and her talents at be a blessing to us. Let us, at least, be the foot of his cross. In compliance close and honest in putting the inquiry to with the wishes of Lord Chesterfield, her our hearts.

ladyship sometimes went to court, and If “ the fashion of this world passeth mixed with the gay and thoughtless; but away," there is the greater need to be found 110 pleasure in the fashionable folpreparing for another. How are we using lies of those around her. The last time our sabbaths, and our sabbath sermons ? she visited the royal circle, she was dressed How are we using our hours of reflection, in a manner so plain as to excite the atand seasons of devotion ? Are we using tention and ridicule of many of her gay them, as especial mercies, vouchsafed to acquaintances. Her ladyship had a suit us for especial purposes ? or abusing of clothes on with a brown ground and them by a worldly, cold-hearted, and silver flowers, which Lord Chesterfield selfish participation of the benefits they had obtained from the continent at a conafford? If we could answer this inquiry siderable expense. His Majesty, who it in a satisfactory way, it would be well for seems well acquainted with the you, and equally well for Old Humphrey. proceedings at Lady Huntingdon's coming

To sum up the whole matter. Is every up to Lady Chesterfield, first smiled, and faculty of our bodies and our souls de- then laughed quite out. Her ladyship voted to God? Is every thing we pos- could not imagine what was the matter. sess considered as His, and not as our At length his Majesty said, “ I know own? Do our gains and losses, our who chose that gown for you—Mr. pleasures and our pains unite us more Whitefield; and I hear you have attendclosely to him? In one word, do we use ed on him this year and half.” Lady the things of this world, by regarding Chesterfield replied, “ Yes, I have, and them as helps to heaven, or abuse them like him very well;" but after she came by allowing them to enchain our hearts to her chair, was grieved she had not said and affections to the earth? No questions more, when she had so favourable an opcan be put plainer than these have been portunity, put to you, and they have not been put Lady Chesterfield frequently prevailed plainer to you than to Old Humphrey's upon the earl to accompany her to Lady own heart.

Huntingdon's, with the hope of his being led to embrace those blessed truths, which she had proved to be the power of God

to the salvation of her own soul. LADY CHESTERFIELD

On Tuesday,” says Mr. Whitefield, wealth, and allied to a rich and noble “ I preached twice at Lady Huntingdon's house, was fitted to make a distinto several of the nobility. In the mornguished figure among the great, and to ing the Earl of Chesterfield was present ; shine at court. Her various accomplish in the evening, Lord Bolingbroke. All ments attracted general admiration; and behaved quite well, and were in some she was for many years fascinated with degree affected. Lord Chesterfield thanked the splendour and allurements of high me, and said, “Sir, I will not tell you life, which seemed to absorb all her what I shall tell others, how I approve thoughts, and gratify her utmost wishes. of you,' or words to this purpose. He But it pleased God to lead her to attend | conversed with me frequently afterwards.

was born to

was

LORD AND LADY CHESTERFIELD.

THE LOVE OF GOD.

Lord Bolingbroke was much moved, and ( effectual support under natural decay and desired I would come and see him the next pain. No attack of an enemy could have morning: I did; and his lordship be- degraded his character so much as the pubhaved with great candour and frankness. lication of his “ Letters to his Son;" which, All accept of my sermons, and seem sur- if they do not quite deserve the severe reprised, but pleased.”.

prehension of Dr. Johnson, that they It appears Lady Huntingdon had at & inculcated the morals of a strumpet times some favourable hopes of Lord with the manners of a dancing master,” Chesterfield. In a letter to Dr. Dod- certainly display a relaxation of princidridge, written at the same period as the ple, for which no talents can make amends, above, she says :

and which prove him to have been a man “ I must just tell you that I have had in whose mind the applause of the world two large assemblies at my house, of the was the great, and almost the sole, gomighty, the noble, the wise, and the rich verning principle. His amiable countess to hear the gospel by: Mr. Whitefield ; survived him but a few years. She died and I have great pleasure in telling you September 16, 1778, without issue ; they all expressed a great deal of pleasure whereby her titles are extinct.-Evangein hearing him. Sometimes I do hopę lical Register. for even Lord Chesterfield, and Lord Bath, Mr. Stanhope, and one of the privy council of Denmark, with a great many ladies and people of fashion, as well as of

No where doth the incredible love of quality. I know your warm heart will God towards miserable sinners more evirejoice at this, and your prayers will help dently display itself than in Jesus Christ, with ours for an increase to our blessed which is suited to melt the heart frozen even Lord's kingdom, even among these.”

into ice, and to kindle into ardent flames of Had the preaching of Mr. Whitefield mutual love; for the love of Christ conbeen attended with any lasting effects on

straineth us, 1 Cor. v. 14, 15. Who, swalthe mind of this votary of flattery, he might, lowed up by the meditation thereof, doth not perhaps, ha been spared some of those cry out, “ Art thou, O most loving Jesus, gloomy and heart-appalling reflections scorched no less with love to me than with which made the close of his days bitter to the flames of Divine wrath against my sins ? him. Instead of looking upon his entrance

and shall I grow lukewarm in my love to upon another state of existence as “a leap thee again? Hast thou died for my salvain the dark,” Lord Chesterfield might have tion, and shall I not live to thy glory? left the world, which he had so long and so

Didst thou deliver thyself to be tormented, faithfully worshipped, with a hope bloom- and shall I not give up myself to thee, ing and full of immortality, exclaiming, burden which is sweet?” It is inexpres

to bear thy yoke which is light, and thy Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: sible how the pious soul, intent on such for thou art with me; thy rod and thy meditations, is displeased with its own lukestaff they comfort me.” “ O Death: warmness ; desiring, and wishing for itself, where is thy sting? O Grave! where is that a mind a hundred times more capathy victory?”. The latter years of his cious might be given, that it might be life wore a cast of melancholy, and almost wholly filled with the love of Christ. Psa. of despondency. His excellent sister,

cxix. 32.-Witsius. Lady Gertrude Hotham, frequently visited him during this period, and with mingled fidelity and tenderness set before him those solemn truths which can alone

This is a precious stone; probably chase away the gloom of the most de- named from its likeness to both the sardius jected mind, and fill it with that joy which and the onyx. It is dark, variegated with is unspeakable and full of glory. She bluish white, black, and red, lying in cirpersevered in her exertions, till he put a tioned in Rev. xxi. 20 ; appearing to be the

cles, as if inlaid by art. It is only menprohibition on her addressing him on those subjects, which seemed to harrow fifth row of stones on which the heavenly up every remaining feeling that he pos- city in John's vision seemed to rest. bessed. He lived, with increased infirmities, to the 24th of March, 1773; and in JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London, his last moments exhibited a melancholy Price fid. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five picture of a mind destitute of the only W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street,

SARDONYX.

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