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we are not preparing for eternity. Let the preaching of that man of God, Mr. the question be repeated, then, till it tin- Whitefield, at the Countess of Hunting gles in our ears, How do you use your don's house, and to convince her that time?

no situation, however high and elevated, How do we use the losses and crosses, can secure to its possessor uninterrupted the trials and afflictions of the world ? for felicity, and at the same time exhibited these are among the good things that we to her view the source of true and permaought not to abuse. Do we allow them nent happiness. Lady Chesterfield knew to sour our temper, to make us despond the world too well not to expect its hatred and repine ? Do we complain that God and reproach for a zealous and consistent deals hardly with us; or do these things profession of the faith once delivered to render us more humble, dependent, the saints; but the grace of Jesus renprayerful, and thankful ? Can we, and do dered this of small consequence in her we thank God that we have been af- estimation, enabling her, with all worldly flicted ? If we can, we are using, but if pleasures at her command, to cast her we cannot, we are abusing what ought to fortune, her honours, and her talents at be a blessing to us. Let us, at least, be the foot of his cross. In compliance close and honest in putting the inquiry to with the wishes of Lord Chesterfield, her our hearts.

ladyship sometimes went to court, and If “the fashion of this world passeth mixed with the gay and thoughtless; but away," there is the greater need to be found no pleasure in the fashionable folpreparing for another. How are we using lies of those around her. The last time our sabbaths, and our sabbath sermons ? she visited the royal circle, she was dressed How are we using our hours of reflection, in a manner so plain as to excite the atand seasons of devotion ? Are we using tention and ridicule of many of her gay them, as especial mercies, vouchsafed to acquaintances. Her ladyship had a suit us for especial purposes ? or abusing of clothes on with a brown ground and them by a worldly, cold-hearted, and silver flowers, which Lord Chesterfield selfish participation of the benefits they had obtained from the continent at a conafford? If we could answer this inquiry siderable expense. His Majesty, who it in a satisfactory way, it would be well for

well acquainted with the you, and equally well for Old Humphrey. proceedings at Lady Huntingdon`s coming

To sum up the whole matter. Is every up to Lady Chesterfield, first smiled, and faculty of our bodies and our souls de- then laughed quite out. Her ladyship voted to God? Is every thing we pos- could not imagine what was the matter. sess considered as His, and not as our At length his Majesty said, " I know own ? Do our gains and losses, our who chose that gown for you-Mr. pleasures and our pains unite us more Whitefield ; and I hear you have attendclosely to him? In one word, do we use ed on him this year and half.” Lady the things of this world, by regarding Chesterfield replied, “ Yes, I have, and them as helps to heaven, or abuse them like him very well ;” but after she came by allowing them to enchain our hearts to her chair, was grieved she had not said and affections to the earth? No questions more, when she had so favourable an opcan be put plainer than these have been portunity. put to you, and they have not been put Lady Chesterfield frequently prevailed plainer to you than to Old Humphrey's upon the earl to accompany her to Lady own heart.

Huntingdon's, with the hope of his being led to embrace those blessed truths, which she had proved to be the power of God

to the salvation of her own soul. LADY CHESTERFIELD was born to On Tuesday,” says Mr. Whitefield, wealth, and allied to a rich and noble “ I preached twice at Lady Huntingdon's house, was fitted to make a distin- to several of the nobility. In the mornguished figure among the great, and to ing the Earl of Chesterfield was present ; shine at court. Her various accomplish- in the evening, Lord Bolingbroke. All ments attracted general admiration; and behaved quite well, and were in some she was for many years fascinated with degree affected. Lord Chesterfield thanked the splendour and allurements of high me, and said, “Sir, I will not tell you life, which seemed to absorb all her what I shall tell others, how I approve thoughts, and gratify her utmost wishes. of you,' or words to this purpose.

He But it pleased God to lead her to attend conversed with me frequently afterwards.

seems

was

LORD AND LADY CHESTERFIELD.

THE LOVE OF GOD.

Lord Bolingbroke was much moved, and ( effectual support under natural decay and desired I would come and see him the next pain. No attack of an enemy could have morning: I did ; and his lordship be- degraded his character so much as the pubhaved with great candour and frankness. lication of his “ Letters to his Son;" which, All accept of my sermons, and seem sur- if they do not quite deserve the severe reprised, but pleased."

prehension of Dr. Johnson, that they It appears Lady Huntingdon had at " inculcated the morals of a strumpet times some favourable hopes of Lord with the manners of a dancing master,” Chesterfield. In a letter to Dr. Dod- certainly display a relaxation of princidridge, written at the same period as the ple, for which no talents can makeamends, above, she says:

and which prove him to have been a man “ I must just tell you that I have had in whose mind the applause of the world two large assemblies at my house, of the was the great, and almost the sole, gomighty, the noble, the wise, and the rich verning principle. His amiable countess to hear the gospel by Mr. Whitefield ; survived him but a few years. She died and I have great pleasure in telling you September 16, 1778, without issue ; they all expressed a great deal of pleasure whereby her titles are extinct.—Evangein hearing him. Sometimes I do hope lical Register. for even Lord Chesterfield, and Lord Bath, Mr. Stanhope, and one of the privy council of Denmark, with a great many

No where doth the incredible love of ladies and people of fashion, as well as of quality. I know your warm heart will God towards miserable sinners more evi

Jesus Christ, rejoice at this, and your prayers will help dently display itself than with ours for an increase to our blessed which is suited to melt the heart frozen even Lord's kingdom, even among

these.'

into ice, and to kindle into ardent flames of Had the preaching of Mr. Whitefield mutual love; for the love of Christ conbeen attended with any lasting effects on

straineth us, 1 Cor. v. 14, 15. Who, swalthe mind of this votary of Aattery, he might, lowed up by the meditation thereof, doth not perhaps, have been spared some of those cry out,

« Art thou, O most loving Jesus, gloomy and heart-appalling reflections scorched no less with love to me than with which made the close of his days bitter to the flames of Divine wrath against my sins ? him. Instead of looking upon

his entrance

and shall I grow lukewarm in my love to upon another state of existence as a leap

thee again? Hast thou died for my salvain the dark,” Lord Chesterfield might have tion, and shall I not live to thy glory? left the world, which he had so long and so and shall I not give up myself to thee,

Didst thou deliver thyself to be tormented, faithfully worshipped, with a hope blooming and full of immortality, exclaiming to bear thy yoke which is light, and thy

Though I walk through the valley of burden which is sweet?” It is inexpresthe shadow of death, I will fear no evil: sible how the pious soul, intent on such for thou art with me; thy rod and thy meditations, is displeased with its own lukestaff they comfort me.” “ O Death: warmness ; desiring and wishing for itself

, where is thy sting? O Grave! where is that a mind a hundred times more capathy victory?” The latter years of his cious might be given, that it might be life wore a cast of melancholy, and almost wholly filled with the love of Christ. Psa.

cxix. 32.-Witsius. of despondency. His excellent sister, Lady Gertrude Hotham, frequently visited him during this period, and with mingled fidelity and tenderness set before him those solemn truths which can alone

This is a precious stone; probably chase away the gloom of the most de- named from its likeness to both the sardius jected mind, and ill it with that joy which bluish white, black, and red, lying in cir

and the onyx. It is dark, variegated with is unspeakable and full of glory. She persevered in her exertions, till he put

cles, as if inlaid by art. It is only menprohibition on her addressing him on

tioned in Rev. xxi. 20; appearing to be the those subjects, which seemed to harrow fifth row of stones on which the heavenly up every remaining feeling that he

city in John's vision seemed to rest.

posbessed. He lived, with increased infirmities, to the 24th of March, 1773; and in JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London, his last moments exhibited a melancholy Price £d. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five picture of a mind destitute of the only W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street,

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SARDONYX.

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Of all the trees which have adorned “noble palm,” that rears its lofty tuft the pages of history and poetry, the date over the wild waste which spreads around palm stands pre-eminent. It has lent its it. It is from this circumstance in its name to a magnificent and multiform or- history, that the palm, with that elegance der of trees, which, though differing from of choice for which the ancients were so each other in the structure of their fruc-remarkable, was selected as the approtification, are grouped together under the priate emblem of victory and distinction. common appellation of palmæ, or the On the ancient coins we often see the palms. Nor is the palm more distin- palm branch, or more properly speaking guished in history, than conspicuous in its leaf displayed, sometimes in the hand the forest; for while in the distant land- of a genius, or the allegorical figure of a scape the other trees lose their particula- city, at others placed in those beautiful rities in one continuous surface of undu- representations of urns which form the lating verdure, the eye singles out the highest decoration of antique medallions.

VOL III.

YY

In the latter instance a palm leaf, set in an sheath of leathery texture, which, by urn, denoted some kind of public games, bursting on one side, makes way for the in which the candidates contended for the emergence of the flower. The calyx, or mastery. The Roman coins often exhi- the leaves that compose the flower, are, bit, especially those struck in the time of as usual in the palms, six in number. The Hadrian, types or symbolic representa stamens, or the threads, which are surtions of cities and countries, which were mounted by heads or anthers replete with female figures, with a picture of that pro- fertilizing dust, are six. In the fertile, or duction for which the country was most fruit-bearing flowers, there are also six remarkable. As, for example, Alexandria leaves, forming the calyx or perianth. is represented by a female with some ears The fruit, or date, is superior, that is, of corn in her hand, to denote the abun- placed above the point at which the calyx dance of choice grain produced in that and the stamens grow. Into a small ring, neighbourhood. While Judea is inti- at the base of the fruit, the stamens are ininated by the similitude of a palm tree; serted; and they, in the early stages, comsince it was noted as the region of pose a small circle of palisades about it. palm trees. And it is not unworthy the All the palms bear a fruit which partakes attention of the christian reader, that the more or less of the drupaceous character, well-understood symbol of victory thus by which we understand a nut placed represents a country whose inhabitants within a pulpy or softish substance. were Israelites, to whom pertaineth In the date palm the shell is rethe adoption, and the glory, and the co-markable for its membranous or filmy venants, and the giving of the law, and texture; which may be split into threads the service of God, and the promises ; adhering to the fleshy pulp at the top and whose are the fathers, and of whom, bottom. The fruit is ripened in clusters as concerning the flesh, Christ came, who of prodigious size, and in various parts of is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.” the east it forms one of the staple articles

of diet. It is gathered with particular care and ceremony, expressive of that dependence which man has upon it for his subsistence.

The palm is of tardy growth, but in process of time it reaches to a great height. The trunk is single, as in all other palms, with one exception, the urna palm of Egypt, and is roughened by the scars of fallen leaves.

The natives of the South Sea islands often ascend the cocoa-nut trees by embracing the stem with their hands, while the feet advance from ring to ring; but in the palm, the many eminences upon the trunk, in addition to the rings, offer a natural ladder of very easy ascent. In the illustration at the head of this article, these inequalities are strongly represented. The apparent ease with which the Pitcairn islanders climbed the cocoanut tree, tempted the writer of this paper

to try the experiment; but it proved easier f in theory than in practice, and showed

the superiority of early habit, when im

pressed upon us by the calls of necessity. (a, cluster of fruit; 6, barren flowers ; c, fertile The tuft of leaves which form the beauflowers; e, barren flower; d, when opened display: tiful and stately crown of the palm, exemtheir early stage; , fertile flower with six imperfect plifies the unceasing bounty of Heaven; for, stamens.)

as fast as the outer leaves fall off below, In the date palm, the barren and pro- fresh ones sprout forth at the top, so that we ductive flowers occur in different trees. have an uninterrupted pedigree of leaves : In the barren tree, the expanded clusters like the generations of men, the old ones die of Aowers are wrapped up in a simple' away, and younger ones grow up to fil

[graphic]

INCONSISTENCY OF INFIDELS.

their places. From the bosom of each of the only stream on that side of the island, these leaves a sheath protrudes itself, which nearly all the palms growing there were in time bursts and discloses a large cluster found by this party, while the others found of flower-buds. The pollen-bearing flowers nothing except when any one happened disperse their fine powder in that vast re- unthinkingly to approach the stream. pository of seminal life, the atmosphere,

L. for the use of the fertile tree, while the latter, after receiving this necessary help to vivification, ripens its clusters into thickly The Rev. Mr. Carlile of Dublin says: studded bunches of a wholesome and There are two objections which are agreeable fruit.

sometimes brought against the Scriptures, The notion alluded to by Plutarch, that which seem to neutralize one another. the palm rises with accelerated force against When the minute and affectionate interest any weight that can be placed upon it, which the Bible represents the Deity as seems to have arisen from observing that manifesting in the affairs of mankind is to while other trees bend their boughs under be discountenanced, the world is reduced the swelling harvest of yellow autumn, the to a mere speck in creation, altogether unpalm still continues to ascend higher and worthy of his particular regard. But if any higher, unchecked by the cumbrous load of those miracles recorded in the Bible are of fruit that clusters about its top.

to be disputed, which imply absolute power In Psalm xcii. 12, it is said that “the

over this our planet and the whole planerighteous shall flourish like a palm tree.” The tary system, the world assumes an extragood man is thus likened to a tree, which in ordinary importance; the arresting its stature soars above all the inhabitants of rotatory motion, or turning it back into the forest, is ever crowned with leafy ho another direction, or even the drying up of nours of reviving green, and surpasses all

a few fathoms of water on the surface of it, other trees in value and utility.

not amounting to one hundred thousandth The palm selects those little spots in the

part of its diameter, are represented as sandy waste, which are rendered fertile by operations on so extensive a scale as to be a spring of water, so that the

appearance of

altog her incredible. a palm tree becomes an indication to the

Both of these objections are equally inway-wom traveller that some refreshing consistent with the modern principles of draughts are at hand, which may be ob- philosophizing. If God be infinite, and tained by digging a short depth below the the world or the universe be finite, the surface of the earth. This well-known comparative bulk of any part of the universe fact illustrates what we are told in Exod.

can never have any value in any calculaxv. that when the children of Israel came tion in which his power is concerned. A to Elim, they found twelve wells of water, universe and a point bear the same proporand seventy palm trees; where, exhausted tion to him. It is as easy for him to change with drought, labour, and impatience, they the motion of a world as of a gnat : to dry pitched their camps, and experienced one of the most pleasing vicissitudes to be He is as intimately acquainted with a nest

up an ocean as to exhale a drop of dew. found in the sphere of earthly enjoyments. of ants as with the solar system, and takes It has grown into a maxim among travel

as deep an interest in the welfare of each in lers, that " where you see a palm tree, proportion to their respective value. We there you will find water, if you take the

have a right, therefore, to demand that a pains to dig for it.” When at the island

man who adheres to either of these objecof Bonin, a few days' sail from Macao in tions, shall, at the same time, abandon all China, the writer inverted this rule in re- science which is founded on mathematical ference to the cabbage palm. For in quest demonstration. of the delicious vegetable, which consists of the budding and unexpanded leaves and flowers borne at the top of the tree, various foraging parties were sent by the different It is more than probable that from the messes on board of one of his Majesty's earliest period of human existence, the ships, who wandered at large through the magnificent spectacle of the heavens, bewoods with little success. The writer met spangled with brilliant orbs, attracted the one of these parties who were complaining attention of mankind. The regular vicissiof their ill luck : he advised them to fol. tudes of day and night must early have led low a stream of water, and not to diverge him to observe the path of that great lumififty yards from its banks. As this was 'nary, the “ ruler of the day,” with whose

ON THE TELESCOPE.No. I.

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