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the little drop of beer she drank, so that I worth of the old proverb, « Strike the should pass for a prudent husband, and iron while the iron's hot,” had given get my own way after all.

himself the trouble to come all the way What poor foolish creatures we are when to our house, to finish up the conversawe willingly let our vain thoughts lead us tion that had been broken off between astray! Here was I, weakly and wickedly

yoni had seen me, you would have trying to deceive Madge and myself too; pitied me: on one side stood my wife, but I was throwing a stone in the air, that who knew that Peters was a waterwas to fall on my own pate. Well was it drinker, praising me up to the skies for said, “The heart is deceitful above all my great prudence and self-denial, in things, and desperately wicked."

having proposed to give up malt liquor, “Madge,” said I, about an hour after I and drink water; on the other hand stood got home,

I have been thinking how Sam Peters, expressing his great pleasure comfortable we have been since I became to hear of my determination : and I stood a. temperance man.” “Ay,” says she, between the two like a bear baited by two “ that was a blessed day, John; and we dogs, but with this difference, that the can't be too thankful for it." “But, baited bear expresses what he feels, but I Madge,” says I, our drink now costs us was obliged to keep what I felt to mytwo shillings a week; and if it wasn't for self. In five minutes it was settled by you and the children, poor things—if it Madge, for I couldn't say a word against wasn't, I say, for them and for you, may- | it, that no more barrels of beer, to the hap I might try to do without it; and five tune of six and twenty shillings a-piece, pounds, or five guineas a year, would be should darken our doors. Sam Peters no trifling matter to put by.” “ If it said a many handsome things about me, wasn't for me and the children!” said and my decision of character, in having Madge, looking at me with all her eyes ; so resolutely adopted the plan. He told “ What do you mean by that, John ? the me, too, that my having been the first to children hardly ever taste it, and as for me, propose it, showed my sincerity more I did without it when I had not such good than if it had been proposed by my wife, food as I now have, nor half the comforts. and that he did not at all doubt but that It will be no trouble to me, nor the chil- | I should stick to my purpose. After dren neither, and, therefore, if you think this, he spoke for some time on the sin you are strong enough to bear up at your of drunkenness, and said that the poverty work without it, but I am sadly afraid you brought about by a habit of drinking is will not, why let us give up the drink now only one of its evils. Drunkenness, the barrel is out, and you can have a new said he, “shows a departure from God, coat the sooner, for your sunday one be- and a liability to his heaviest judgments. gins 10 look rather shabby, and we can all There is a black cloud hanging for ever get a little more butcher's meat."

over the head of the drunkard; a curse “Well,” thinks I to myself, “never attends his bed and his board, his basket was a poor poacher caught faster in a and his store, his going out and his comsteel trap, than I am; and what makes ing in.” Sam then shook me heartily the matter worse is, that my trap has by the hand as a brother water-drinker, been set by myself.” I was quite dumb- and trusted I should never repent the foundered: not a word had I to say for praiseworthy step which I had so resomyself; so there I stood like a fool, lutely taken. biting the nail of my thumb, while Since then, I have thought a good deal Madge's tongue ran on, thirteen to the

on the subject of water-drinking; for dozen, all in favour of the plan I had though I was dragged to it like a bear to proposed. “ We can try it, John, we the stake, I begin to find the benefit of can try it, and time enough to give it the plan. Never was I in better health ир

when you find that it weakens you;” of body than I now am; never had I and then she rattled away about how many greater peace of mind; for things seem comforts five pounds a year would buy. to

around me, and that prevents Just as I had a little recovered myself, our anxiety, and enables me to enjoy my and was thinking what I could say to sabbaths, and receive greater comfort turn the tables a bit; just as I had drawn from God's holy word than I used to do. in my breath to stop Madge, some My Madge is as lively as a bird, and as body came in at the door behind me, and good-tempered as though no such thing on turning round, who should it be but as trouble ever crost her. My children Sam Peters himseli, who, knowing the are hearty as I could wish them to be; I


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owe no man any thing, and let rent day come when it will, my money is ready “ But he giveth grace," pours it out for my landlord.

plentifully upon humble hearts. His sweet Now, all these things are much in dews and showers of grace slide off the favour of drinking water, but I don't mountains of pride, and fall on the low inean to say, that it would suit every valleys of humble hearts, and make them one; I only know that it suits me. Some pleasant and fertile. The swelling heart, work harder than I do, though I stick puffed up with a fancy of fulness, hath no pretty close to it, too; and if a draught room for grace. It is lified up, is not halof beer is now and then taken by them,

lowed and fitted to receive and contain the they will never hear me condemn them graces that descend from above. And, for it ; but if I were to give my downright again, as the humble heart is most capaopinion on the point, I would say, that cious, and, as being emptied and hollowed, where one man hurts himself by drinking can hold most, so it is the most thankful, too much water, a thousand injure their acknowledges all as received, while the health by drinking too much beer. When proud cries out that all is his own. The drinking men say they can't give up return of glory that is due from grace, their pleasures, they seem to think that comes most freely and plentifully from an drunkenness makes a man happier than humble heart : God delights to enrich it temperance; but “the proof of the pud- with grace, and it delights to return him ding is in the eating.” I have tried them glory. The more he bestows on it, the both, and find the plain state of the case more it desires to honour him with all; to be this— Temperance, though it costs and the more it doth so, the more readily a little at first, is a continual blessing; he bestows still more upon it; and this is and drunkenness, while it gives men

the sweet intercourse betwixt God and the short-lived pleasure, leads them on to humble soul. This is the noble ambition present and never-ending wretchedness. of humility, in respect whereof all the as

pirings of pride are low and base. When all is reckoned, the lowliest mind is truly

the highest ; and these two agree so well, Among the living creatures with which that the more lowly it is, it is thus the man is conversant, we know of none higher; and the higher thus, it is still the that presents so fit an example of con

more lowly.-Leighton. tentment as the Redbreast. It matters not whether the day be gilded with sunshine, or overcast with clouds, the notes of the robin salute you at every turn. If the weather be bright, you see him perched

Tue mildness of Sir Isaac Newton's upon the topmost branch of a tree or shrub; temper, through the course of his life, if the rain be descending, he takes shelter commanded admiration from all who knew under the awning provided for him by a than the following :-Şir Isaac had a fa.

him, but in no one instance, perhaps, more song: as if in the little head of a robin vourite little dog,which he called Diamond; there was a perpetual spring of joy, which and being one day called out of his study, outward circumstances could not influence.

.Diamond was left behind. When Sir When we are uneasy, dull, or melancholy, Isaac returned, having been absent but we ascribe all the blame to outward cir- find, that Diamond having thrown down

a few minutes, he had the mortification to cumstances, and our imagination sketches many things that would make us happy, nearly-finished labours of many years

a lighted candle among some papers, the not remembering that it is the vessel, as Lucretius says of the heart, that is tainted.

were in flames, and almost consumed to This is what spoils the relish of all enjoy- ashes. This loss, as Sir Isaac had no ments here ; it is this tainted vessel that copy of the papers, was irretrievable: yet, corrupts the wine of our choicest earthly him, with this exclamation, “o Diamond !

without striking the dog, he only rebuked comforts; it the mortal poison that lurks in the heart which speedily kills by contact

Diamond! thou little knowest the mischief

thou hast done!” every flower of enjoyment. All the sweets of a terrestrial paradise, or all the glories of heaven, could not make us happy, unless JOHN DAVIS, 56, Pateryoster Row, London. this heart was cleansed from its pollutions Price ft. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five in the fountain which was opened for sin and uncleanness.

W. TYLER, Printer, 4, Ivy Lane, St Paul's.


Numbers in a Cover, 3d.

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THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, GREENWICH. much attention at this time, and

many No. 1.

schemes were contrived for its accomplishThe above engraving represents the present ment; and amongst others was that of a Royal Observatory, in Greenwich park, Frenchman, named St. Pierre, who pro(coinmonly known as Flamsteed House,) posed employing the distance of the moon which occupies the site of an ancient castle, from the fixed stars, in the solution of this erected by Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, important problem. The subject was reand of which we gave some account, ac- ferred to the opinion of men of science, companied with an engraving, at page 1 of more particularly to Mr. Flamsteed, a clerour present volume. It is now our intention gyman, who was afterwards appointed one to give a brief history and description of of the commissioners of longitude, when a this very important establishment.

reward of 20,000l. was offered by the goDuring the reign of Charles 11., the na- vernment for an easy solution of the val and commercial interests of the king- problem. dom received more attention fro.n the go- Mr. Flamsteed, upon examining the fovernment than they previously had done ; reigner's claims, found that the knowledge the monarch particularly encouraging every astronomers at that time possessed of the improvement in nautical science that tended elements of the lunar motions, as well as of to benefit the maritime concerns of the na- the positions of the fixed stars, was too tion. That great desideratum, the deter- scanty to enable him to determine beforehand mination of the longitude at sea, occupied (or predict) the place of the moon with



respect to the other heavenly bodies, this began to be printed, under his own direcbeing essentially necessary in the method tion, during his lifetime, and were afterproposed ; and, therefore, until a correct wards completed under that of his friends knowledge of these important elements could and former assistants, Mr. Abraham Sharpe be obtained, the method was not practicable. and Joseph Crosthwait: the former perThis was communicated to the king, who, formed much of the necessary computation, at the same time, being informed of the proper and laid down the position of the stars upon course to be pursued to supply this defi- the maps, and Sir James Thornhill (the ciency, namely, the establishment of a na- painter of the dome of St. Paul's cathetional observatory, he at once determined dral, and the Hall of Greenwich Hospital) upon its adoption; and upon the recommend volunteered his services in drawing thé ation of Sir Jonas Moore, a principal officer figures of the constellations. The whole of the board of ordnance, his majesty ap- was finally published in 1725, in three vopointed Mr. Flamsteed to be his first astro- lumes, folio; under the title of Historia Cenomer royal, directing him, in his appoint- lestis; a truly grand monument of his tament, more particularly to apply himself to lent and industry. the rectifying the tables of the motions of the moon, and the places of the fixed stars,

FREE JUSTIFICATION. with a view of perfecting the art of navi- In the free justification of the sinner begation.

fore God, and giving him acceptance and The first thing to be done was the selec- peace of conscience, the gospel displays its tion of a suitable spot on which to establish power unto salvation. It comes to the pethe observatory; in this he received the nitent transgressor as a ministration of assistance of the celebrated Sir Christopher righteousness, as a word of reconciliation Wren, (the architect of St. Paul's cathedral,) and peace. It opens the prison doors, and who recommended the site of Greenwich bids the captive go free. The power of the castle, on account of its elevated and com- law was great, as represented in the mighty manding situation. The castle being no thunderings with which it was given ; but, longer a favourite resort of royalty, was in comparison with the gospel, the law was granted by the king, with liberty to employ weak, and could make nothing perfect. the materials of the old building, together The power of the law was for destruction. with a quantity of bricks from Tilbury Fort, The power of the gospel is a life-giving (opposite Gravesend,) in the new erection; | power. The law could only hold down towards defraying the expense of which, he the man who was down before; it could granted the sum of five hundred pounds. never give him life again. But the

power The old castle was accordingly pulled to give life is far greater than the power to down, and the first stone of the present kill. The gospel is thus mighty to pass by building (which was erected, we believe, transgressions and sins, to set at liberty the from the design of Sir Christopher Wren) souls that are bound, and to give boldness was laid on the 10th of August, 1675. in the presence of the King of saints to the During its erection, Flamsteed made his poor captives of Satan. observations at Pelham House, then called When the sinner's heart is brought unthe Queen's House, and now forming the der the influence of the gospel by the power central building of the Royal Naval Asy- of the Holy Spirit, it takes away the burlum. This edifice was designed by Inigo den of guilt; it silences every accuser ; it Jones, and erected by Charles I., as a resi- fills the believer with the confidence of dence for his queen, Henrietta, the sister hope; it forbids every weapon to prosper of the King of France.

which is formed against him, and conAbout a year after the commencement of demns every tongue which rises up in judgthe observatory, Flamsteed removed his in- ment against his soul. The justification struments to their destination, where he which the gospel gives is a perfect and encontinued making a series of very import- tire one. The sins of a life, however accuant observations during a period of forty- mulated, however aggravated, are biotted five years. In the seventy-fourth year of out in one moment, and that for ever. А his age, this eminent astronomer was re- new and perfect righteousness is bestowed moved from the scene of his labours, after upon the pardoned sinner; and he' stands a severe illness of four days, on the 31st of before God, not only without a stain of December, 1719; he was buried at the guilt, but with a character as perfect, and a parish of Burslow, in Surrey, of which he title to an inheritance of glory as entire, as possessed the living.

if he had never transgressed against God. The results of his long and useful labours In the justification of the believer, the gospel makes every thing sure. “Who | in, he begged them not to take what they shall lay any thing to the charge of God's did not like, as he had plenty more in elect? It is God that justifieth ; who is the cellar.” he that condemneth? It is Christ that Every now and then he ran

backdied, yea rather, that is risen agair ; who is wards, to fetch some part of the stores he at the right hand of God for ever.' And had withheld ; his customers concluding, where he is, his. followers are also to be. on such occasions, that he had descended In this total change in the relation of a sin- to his vaults below for his supplies ; for ner towards God, the gospel shows its though there was in reality no cellar to the power; it turns aside the edge of judg- house, no one doubted the observation so ment, and rejoices in a victory over con- frequently made by him, “ I have plenty demnation ; and relieving a soul from fear, more in the cellar!” Now, I commend from danger, and from death, it shows itself his anxiety to make the best of his stock; to be the power of God unto salvation.- but his boasting and his falsehood cannot Dr. Tyng.

be too severely censured.

Alas ! my friends! there are crowds of people in the world acting exactly in the

same manner. They begin and carry on OLD HUMPHREY ON CAPITAL; OR,

their concerns, of whatever kind they may “ PLENTY MORE IN THE CELLAR."

be, with very little capital. They make Many things surprise me in this won- large pretensions; they carry an air of imderful world, and, among them, I am portance, and pass for what they are not ; amazed at the small capital with which in other words, like the vender of cheese, some people begin and carry on business. butter, and bacon, they crowd all they have Were we to judge by the magnificent into the window, and boldly declare, that names that are given to many trading con- they have plenty more in the cellar." cerns, we might be led to suppose that Do not suppose that I am speaking of they must produce a princely return. shopkeepers only, for I allude to all classes

Original Establishment,” “Grand De- of society. Whatever may be the profession pôt,” “Metropolitan Mart,” and “National and calling of men, who overrate their Institution,” so amplify our expectations, means and endowments, who pass for posthat we are not, all at once, prepared to sessors of great capital, either in goods, witness the slender stock, the "beggarly riches, or talents, when their resources in account of empty boxes,” that too fre- all are slender; who occupy imposing poquently compose them. We might almost sitions which they know that they are not think by their hand-bills, that some small qualified to sustain, they all come under grocers, who have hardly a chest of tea on the same description. You may speak of their premises, had opened a regular ac- their conduct in what way you will, but if count with the merchants at Canton. I attempt to describe it in my homely way,

There is a deal of outside in this world, I shall say, that all crowd the little they both in persons and things.

possess into the window, and try to perI happened to know a civil young man, suade people they have “plenty more in who, anxious to make his way in the the cellar. world, opened a shop for the sale of cheese, Again I say, there is a deal of outside butter, soap, candles, and such like things; in the world. If we knew the little wisbut not possessing ten pounds of his own dom that is possessed by many a pom pous in the whole world, it was absolutely ne- declaimer in praise of his own undercessary to set off the little stock he pos- standing; and the little wealth in the sessed to advantage. His small shop was pockets of many who wear rings on their fresh painted, and the window well piled fingers, and chains of gold around their up with such articles as he had to dispose necks, we should with one consent agree, of. The world around him considered these that their business is carried on with a small articles to be his samples, while, in truth, capital ; that they do, indeed, crowd all they were his stock. All that he had, with they have into the window, and strive mana little exception, he crowded into his win- fully to convince the world, they have dow. In a back room he had a few.pounds“ plenty more in the cellar.” of cheese, butter, and bacon, as well as a Do not think Old Humphrey severe; he shilling's worth or two of eggs and other would not willingly become so, for he articles ;

but the bulk of his establishment knows too well, that in his own heart may was, as I before said, exhibited in his be found the germ of every error he conwindow. Whenever any customers came demns in the conduct of others : he must,

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