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present state ? This is the well-known TRANSUBSTANTIATION DISPROVED BY refuge of christians. Are they poor, af. flicted, persecuted, or reproached? They

From the “New York Evangelist.” are led to consider Him who endured the contradiction of sinners, who lived a life Romanist. Do you admit the doctrine of of poverty and ignominy, who endured transubstantiation of the consecrated bread persecution, and reproach, and death it into the real body of Christ. self, for them, and to realize a blessed Protestant. No: I see no proof of it. immortality in prospect. By a view of R. How, then, do you understand that such things, their hearts are cheered, and expression, " This is my body ?”. their afflictions become tolerable. Look- P. “ This is my body,"—this repreing unto Jesus, who, for the joy set before sents my body, Spread out a map of him, endured the cross, despising the New York on the table. Now, when I shame, and is now set down at the right say. This dark line is the Hudson river,'I hand of the throne of God, they run with do not mean that its water actually flows patience the race which is set before them. across the paper, or that a ship might sail But what is the comfort of unbelievers ? to Albany in this room; but that the line Life being short, and having no ground stands for the river. of hope for any thing beyond it, if they be R. Ah! no evasion of Scripture to help crossed here they become inconsolable. out a mushroom church. The roman Hence, it is not uncommon for persons catholics give the words their literal of this description, after the example of sense. However against your reason it the philosophers and statesmen of Greece may seem, the passage teaches our docand Rome, when they find themselves trine of transubstantiation: “ This is my depressed by adversity, and have no body.” Admit the literal sense, take the prospect of recovering their fortunes, to Saviour as he says. put a period to their lives! Unhappy P. What, the literal sense exactly? men! Is this the felicity to which ye R. Yes, exactly. would introduce us? Is it in guilt,

P. Well: “this,” then, literally means shame, remorse, and desperation that ye what Christ was holding in his hand; not descry such charms? Admitting that what the romanist has handled since. “This,” our hope of immortality is visionary, the bread our Saviour was then breaking, where is the injury? If it be a dream, is


my body.” Construe literally, take the it not a pleasant one? To say the least, Saviour as he says. it beguiles many a melancholy hour, and R. But you know, by the word “this,” can do no mischief: but if it be a reality, he did not mean that merely which he what will become of you -Fuller. then held.

P. I know there are two ways of inter

preting language ; an honest way, and a GOD'S ETERNAL HATRED OF SIN.

One is to take a speaker There can be no communion between as he means, another as he says. The God and unholy spirits. How is it con- first is the protestant rule; you reject that, ceivable, that God should hate the sin, and and profess to construe to the letter. Follow cherish the sinner, with all his filth in his then your principle, for it leads to an imbosom? that He should eternally detest portant result, namely, the wafer of the the crime, and eternally fold the sinner in romish masses is not the body of Christ; his arms ? Can less be expected from the for, by your own literal interpretation, that purity of his nature, than to separate an bread which was broken eighteen hundred impure soul, so long as it remains so? years ago, and nothing else, was his body. Can there be any delightful communion between those whose natures are contrary ? Darkness and light may as soon kiss each other, and become one nature ; God and

A soul that loves Christ, will never the devil may as soon enter into an eternal

cease to obey, till he ceases to be. league and covenant together. For God to have pleasure in wickedness, and to admit evil to dwell with him, are things equally impossible to his nature, Ps. v. 4;

JOHN DAVIS, 56, Paternoster Row, London. while he hates impurity, he cannot have Price fd. each, or in Monthly Parts, containing Five communion with an impure person.

Numbers in a Cover, 3d. Charnock.

W. TYLER, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

dishonest way.


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louring, that they are not to be considered Of the species of the genus equus, two in the light of aboriginals. Not, by the bye, only are domesticated, and in subjection to that any one suspects the South American man : these are, the ass, (equus asinus,) and race to be otherwise than what it really is ; the horse, (equus caballus.) With regard while we are apt to look upon the Tartar to the first, it is still found wild in Tartary, breed as a genuine wild stock, the parent where it dwells in vast herds, which roam of the rest. Of this, however, there is no the deserts of that immense extent of almost substantial proof. unknown country.

If, then, we except the horse, of which As it respects the horse, it cannot be we do not know the aboriginal race, and said to be known in its aboriginal condi- the ass, which is still wild in the deserts of tion. True it is, that the plains of Tartary, Asia, the rest of the species of the genus which border the large rivers, are tenanted equus are all unreclaimed. by troops of horses, which are born and

None are natives originally of the Amelive in a state of unsubdued freedom; but rican continent,—all belong to the old such is also the case in South America, world, -three being peculiar to Asia, and where a wild race, the descendants of those three to Africa. The Asiatic species are introduced by the Spaniards, on their first the horse, the ass, and the dziggetai (equus colonization of the country, are largely hemionus,) of which we have given a sketch spread over the uninhabited prairie lands. in our No. xxviii. The wild horse of Tartary and of South The African species are all more or less America appears to be in the same predica- striped with beautiful bands of brown or ment; both alike evidencing in the varieties black, on a white ground; a point in which existing among them, as to form and co- they differ from their Asiatic congeners, of which two only have a double stripe, and These three beautiful animals are eagerly one (the ass) a transverse bar down the hunted by the Hottentots and other negro shoulders.

tribes, for the sake of their fesh, which is The three African species are, 1. The held in high estimation, though Mr. Burmountain zebra, or “wild ” paarde of the chell thought it disagreeable, and could never Cape colonists, (equus zebra, Linn. ; equus entirely surmount his repugnance to what he montanus, Burchell.) It is also called considered as “ horseflesh. Instead of dauw* by the Hottentots. 2. The plain hunting these zebras, as is the invariable zebra, or Burchell's zebra, (equus Burchelli

, practice, it would be much better were Gray ;) and, 3. The quagga, (equus they to be tamed, and used for the benefit quagga.)

of man; much as has been said respecting The mountain zebra is by far the most the difficulty of such an undertaking, there beautiful of the three; being regularly striped is little doubt of its being accomplished. over every part, even down to the hoofs, In our own country, where they are brought with black. It is never seen, like the other as curiosities, we know of several instances two species, on the plains, but inhabits the in which they have been rendered perbold ranges of craggy rocks in Southern fectly tractable and obedient; a proof of Africa; it is found in the Kamhanni its entire practicability.

M. mountains, &c., but it is by no means common or easily obtained. The plain zebra, or Burchell's zebra, is

EFFECTS OF PAPAL SUPERSTITION. much more abundant; being spread in We have often mused, and felt a gloom troops over the wide plains of Southern of dreariness spreading over the mind Africa, where it enjoys a free range of pas- while we have mused, on descriptions of turage. It may be distinguished at once the aspect of a country after a pestilence from its mountain relative, by the absence has left it in desolation, or of a region of stripes on the legs and under surface; where the people are perishing by famine. and by the colour of the stripes being brown. It has seemed a mournful thing to behold, Mr. Burchell observes, that it is often seen in contemplation, the multitude of lifeless (as is also the quagga) in company with forms, occupying in silence the same the ostrich, a bird frequenting a wide and abodes in which they had lived, or scatlevel country. On one occasion, he noticed tered upon the gardens, fields, and roads; two ostriches, of the largest size, feeding in and then to see the countenances of the company with a herd of about ten zebras. beings, yet languishing in life, looking Speaking of these zebras, he adds, “I despair, and impressed with the signs of stopped to examine them with my pocket approaching death. We have even sometelescope ; they were the most beautifully times had the vivid and horrid picture marked animals I had ever seen; their offered to our imagination of a number clean sleek limbs glittered in the sun, and of human creatures shut up by their felthe brightness and regularity of their striped low-mortals in some strong-hold, under coat presented a picture of extraordinary an entire privation of sustenance; and beauty, in which, probably, they were not presenting each day their imploring, or surpassed by any quadruped with which infuriated, or grimly sullen,' or more we are at present acquainted. It is, in- calmly woeful, countenances, at the iron deed, equalled in this particular by the and impregnable grates; each succeeding dauw, whose stripes are more defined and day more haggard, more perfect in the regular, but which do not offer to the eye image of despair; and after a while appearso lively a colouring."

ing each day one fewer, till at last all are The quagga, like the preceding species, gone! Now, shall we feel it a relief to is a native of the plain, but is far inferior turn in thought from the inhabitants of a in beauty; its ground-colour being of a dull country, or from those of such an accursed greyish white, clouded and striped with prison-house, thus pining away, to behold brown, especially on the neck and withers; the different spectacle of numerous nathe legs and under parts are white. In its tional tribes, or any small selection of habits and manners, the quagga very closely persons, on whose minds are displayed resembles the zebra of the prairies (equus the full effects of knowledge denied; who Burchellii ;) but the troops of the two are under the process, of whatever despecies do not mingle together; nor, close struction it is, that spirits can suffer from as is their specific affinity, are they known a want of the vital aliment to the intellito produce a mixed progeny.

gent nature, especially from “a famine of • Pronounced dow.

the words of the Lord ?”


To bring the two to a close compari- | minds are offered subsistence on their son-Suppose the case, that some of the mummeries, masses, absolutions, legends, persons thus doomed to perish in the relics, mediation of saints, and corruptower were in possession of the genuine tions, even to a complete reversal of the light and consolations of christianity,- evangelical doctrines.-Foster on Popular perhaps even had been adjudged to this Ignorance. fate (no extravagant supposition,) for zealously and persistingly endeavouring the restoration of the purity of that reli- The mysteries of our religion, which gion to the deluded community. Let it were kept secret since the world began, are be supposed that numbers of that commu- now made manifest by the scriptures of nity, having conspired to obtain this the New Testament in Christ, and accordadjudgment,

frequented the precincts of the ing to the commandment of the everlasting fortress, to see their victims gradually God, are to be made known to all nations perishing. It would be perfectly in the for the obedience of faith, Rom. xvi. 25, spirit of the popish superstition, that they 26. From hence the Divinity of chrisshould believe themselves to have done tianity openly appears. What wisdom of God service, and be accordingly pleased | men or angels could have been able to at the sight of the more death-like aspect conceive of such hidden, such sublime of the emaciated countenances, the things, and at so great a distance from the while they might be themselves in the understanding of all creatures! What adorenjoyment of “fulness of bread.We able wisdom of God, what righteousness, can imagine them making convivial ap- holiness, truth, goodness, and love of manpointments, within sight of the prison- kind, doth here open itself, in finding out, grates, and going from the spectacle to in giving, in perfecting, this means of our meet at the banquet; or they might salvation ! How pleasingly doth condelay the festivity, in order to have the science, pressed with the burden of its additional luxury of knowing that the sins, acquiesce in such a Surety, in such tragedy was consummated; as Bishop an engagement; here at length observing Gardiner would not dine till the martyrs a manner of our reconciliation, worthy of were burned. Look at these two con- God, and secure to man! Who, contemtemporary situations; that of the persons, plating these things in the light of the with truth and immortal hope in their Holy Spirit, would not burst forth into the minds, enduring this slow and painful praise of Him who is most holy, most reduction of their bodies' dissolution, and just, and most true. O the depth of that of those who, while their bodies the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of fared sumptuously, were thus miserably God! Omysteries which the angels desire perishing in soul, through ignorance sur- to look into! Glory to the Father, who rendering it to the curse of a delusion hath raised up, admitted, and given to us which envenoms it with such a deadly such a Surety! Glory to the Son, who, malignity; and say which was the more clothing himself with our flesh, hath so calamitous predicament.

willingly, so patiently, so constantly, gone If we have no hesitation in pronounc- through such an engagement for us! Glory ing, let us consider whether we have to the Holy Spirit, the revealer, witness, been ever grateful enough to God for the and pledge of so great a happiness to us! dashing in pieces, so long since, in this All hail ! o Christ Jesus, thou true and land, of a system which maintains to this eternal God, true and holy Man, both hour much of its stability over the greater at once; the properties of both natures part of Christendom. If we regret that preserved in the unity of thy person! Thee certain fragments of it are still held in we acknowledge, Thee we worship, to Thee veneration here, and that so tedious a we betake ourselves, at thy feet we throw length of ages should be required to work ourselves, from thy hand alone we expect out a complete mental rescue from the in- salvation! Thou the only Saviour; we fatuation which possessed our ancestors, would be thy peculiar ones, and are so by let us at the same time look at the various thy grace, and for ever shall remain so. states of Europe, small and great, where Let the whole world of thine elect know this superstition continues to hold the thee, acknowledge thee, and with us adore minds of the people in its odious grasp; thee, and be saved by thee! This is the and verify to ourselves what we have to sum of our faith, our hope, and our prayer. be thankful for, by thinking how our Amen.-Witsius.


In an

come back."*

part of what is received on our globe. The FOOTMEN were anciently kept in great disc of the planet jupiter is always obnumbers; and a long train of them used served to be crossed in a certain direction to walk behind their masters many centu- by dark bands or belts, as represented in ries since. Walking behind the master to church with the prayer-book is of considerable antiquity. The footman's undress jacket of linen at home was common among the old Romans. old work, we find a gentleman recommending his footman to another, as follows:

“He will come when you call him, go when

you bid him, and shut the door after him; he is a great enemy to all dogs, if they bark at him in his run; for I have seen him confront a huge mastiff, and knock him down. When you go a country this sketch. The number of these belts journey, or have him running with you a

is very variable; sometimes only one is hunting, you must spirit him with liquor, visible, and at others five or six: they also &c. I would not part with him, were

vary in breadth and situation, but preserve not to go post to the north. I send him always the same general direction, and are you but for trial ; if he be not for your generally parallel to each other; they have turn, turn him over to me again when I sometimes been seen to cover the whole

disc of the planet, but this phenomenon is Of running footmen, the reader may of very rare occurrence. Their

appearance probably but have heard mention, but not be aware of their usefulness in times when weeks, and at other times new belts have

occasionally continues unchanged for many opportunities of communication were but been formed in a few hours. In some of rare, and before the establishment of posts. the belts large spots have appeared, which In the thirteenth century, running footmen

moved swiftly over the disc from east to were styled trotters ; and in some records, west, and returned in a short space of time date 1218, it is said, “Let every one be

to the same place; and from these, attencontent with a horse and a trotter." Foot- tively watched, it is concluded that this men then certainly had a particular trot, or

planet revolves in the surprisingly short pace. The Irish were especially noted for period of nine hours and fifty-six minutes, speed in running; and Froissart, the chronicler, says, no man at arms, however the belts.

on an axis perpendicular to the direction of

“The parallelism of the belts well mounted, could overtake them.”+Domestic Life in England.

to the equator of jupiter, their occasional variations, and the appearances of spots seen upon them, renders it extremely probable that they subsist in the atmosphere of the planet, forming tracts of compara

tively clear sky, determined by currents JUPITER is by far the largest planet in much more steady and decided character,

analogous to our trade-winds, but of a the solar system. His diameter is about eleven times, and his bulk 1281 times

as might indeed be expected from the imgreater than that of the earth. His dis

mense velocity of its rotation. That it is tance from the sun is such, that that lu

the comparatively dark body of the planet minary will appear to his inhabitants this—that they do not come up to their

which appears in the belts, is evident from twenty-seven times smaller than when seen from our earth; consequently, the strength to the edge of the disc, but fade

away gradually before they reach it.” light and heat which jupiter receives from the sun, will be only the twenty-seventh

On observing jupiter through the tele

scope, he is seen accompanied by four * Howel's Familiar Letters, date 1628. + An extraordinary story is told of the speed of

little stars, which oscillate on both sides of an Irish footman of the Berkeley family, who, upon

him, and follow him in his orbit, as the his lady's sickness, carried a letter from Collowden, moon follows the earth : on this account in Warwickshire, to a physician in London, and returned with a glass bottle in his hand, compounded they are called satellites or attendants. by the doctor, a journey of one hundred and forty- They were first discovered by Galileo, eight milos, in less than forty-two hours, notwithstanding his stay of one night at the physician's and

soon after the invention of the telescope; apothecary's houses.

and it was soon perceived that they re






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