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see, in the heart of the Fair, not at Pie Corner.—Ben Jonson, Bartholomew Fair, Act i. Sc, I.

Whorebang. By this flesh, let's have wine, or I will cut thy head off, and have it roasted and eaten in Pie Corner next Bartholomew Tide.—Nat Field, Amends for Ladies, 4to, 1618.

In the Pig Market, alias Pasty Nook, or Pie Corner; where pigs are all hours of the day on the stalls piping hot, and would say (if they could speak) come eat me, Bartholomew Fair (tract), 1641.

Lady Frugal. What cooks have you provided ?
Holdfast. The best of the city: they've wrought at my Lord Mayor's.

Anne Frugal. Fie on them! They smell of Fleet Lane and Pie Corner.-Massinger, The City Madam.

Sir Humphrey Scattergood. I'll not be served so nastily as in my days of nonage, or as my father was ; as if his meat had been dress'd at Pie Corner by greasy scullions there.-T. Shadwell, The Woman Captain, 4to, 1680 ; See also his Sullen Lovers, 4to, 1668.

Next day I through Pie Corner past :

The roast-meat on the stall
Invited me to take a taste ;
My money was but small.

The Great Boobee (Roxburghe Ballads, p. 221). Through a good part of the 17th century Pie Corner was noted for the manufacture of broad-sheet (or what in the next century would have been called Seven Dials) literature. Randolph, in his “Answer to Ben Jonson's Ode," speaks as contemptuously of “some Pie Corner Muse,” as does Marvell, long after, in his “Rehearsal Transprosed” of “superannuated chanter of Saffron Hill and Pie Corner;" and Edward Phillips says >

Who would grudge the slight mention of a book and its author ; yet not so far as to condescend to the taking notice of every single-sheeted Pie Corner poet who comes squirting out with an elegy in mourning for every great person that dies. -Edward Phillips, Preface to Theatrum Poetarum, 12mo, 1675.

The Great Fire of London began at Pudding Lane and ended at Pie Corner, a singular coincidence in names, which is said to have occasioned the erection, at the corner of Cock Lane, of a figure of a boy upon a bracket, with his arms across his stomach, thus curiously inscribed : “This boy is in memory put up of the late Fire of London, occasioned by the sin of gluttony, 1666." There is an engraving of it by J. T. Smith, who also etched some “old houses at the south corner of Hosier Lane, drawn in April 1795," which, with the other old houses spared by the Fire, were taken down in 1809. There is still an inscription on the corner house. (See Cock Lane]. Long after the Fire D'Urfey calls Pie Corner "a very fine dirty place.”]

September 4, 1666.-W. Hewer this day went to see how his mother did, and comes late home, telling us how he hath been forced to remove her to Islington, her house in Pie Corner being burned, so that the Fire is got so far that way.--Pepys.

A certain Company were reckoning up ye families of ye Pyes and named divers ; at length one ask't what was Sir Edm. Py that married Ld Lucas sister? One answered he was Py of Py Corner.-R. Symond's Pocket-Book, Harl. MS., 991, fol. 10.

1 Song of Bartholomew Fair.

on all contract the steward of Fair.) “A court

Pie Powder Court. See Bartholomew Fair.] “A court incident to all fairs, held before the steward of the lord of the fair, for adjudicating on all contracts arising at the fair,"l and by 17 Edward IV., C. 2, the court is strictly prohibited from entertaining any plaint where the cause of action does not arise within the precincts and during the continuance of the fair. The Bartholomew Pie Powder Court was held in Cloth Fair, in its latter years at a public-house.

This Court has for many years been held at a public house called The Hand and Shears, in King Street at the corner of Middle Street, and near the east end of Cloth Fair. --Wilkinson's Lond. Illust.

The Book of the Court, now deposited in the City of London Library, Guildhall, has for its last entry :

September 2, 1854.—The Lord Mayor not having proclaimed Bartholomew Fair, the Court of Pie Powder consequently was not held.

A like tribunal was probably held at some Southwark Inn, the part of Southwark in which the fair was held consisted mostly of inns, from the Tabard to the Swan and at the Town Hall, which was in the midst of the fair, but there is no record of any particular place. In the picture of Hogarth's Southwark Fair an actor is being arrested by an

officer of the court. V Pike Garden, BANKSIDĖ, SOUTHWARK, a garden purchased by

Philip Henslowe, the partner of Edward Alleyn the actor.? From Pat. 13, Car. II., we learn that William Boreman obtained a grant of “all that garden or parcel of land commonly called the Pike Garden, containing by estimation 3 roods and 20 perches or thereabouts in the parish of St. Saviour within the Borough of Southwark, between the common way or Bank or the River Thames, on the north, and a certayn lane called Mayden Lane on the south, including four fishponds or rivaries for the conservation of river fish reserved for Our Service.”

Pilgrim Street, BLACKFRIARS, a narrow winding thoroughfare that follows the line of the old London Wall, from the south side of Ludgate Hill to the Broadway, Blackfriars. It has been said to owe its name to its being the road from the landing-place of pilgrims to the shrines at St. Paul's or Blackfriars. But for this there is no authority. The name is, in fact, comparatively recent. Pilgrim Street does not occur in the lists of streets in Hatton, 1708 ; Strype, 1720; Maitland, 1739 ; or Dodsley, 1761. A piece of the old City Wall, at the junction of Little Bridge Street, Pilgrim Street, and Broadway, was laid bare in 1889. Strype, without naming it, describes it as “a narrow passage out of Ludgate Street, and turning by the back-side of Ludgate prison, falleth into an open Place, with very good buildings, well inhabited by tradesmen." Its continuation by Apothecaries' Hall to the Thames (now Water Lane) he calls Water Street. In his Map what is now Pilgrim Street is marked the “Wall.” Here on the south side, in an i Coke Institutes, 4to, p. 272.

2 Collier, Memoirs of Alleyn, p. 16.

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old house of the reign of Charles II., with the royal arms over the door, was, a very few years back, the warehouse of “D. Price & Co., Ostrich Feather Merchants & Manufacturers," the last of the feathermakers of this once celebrated quarter. Ben Jonson has frequent references, especially in his Bartholomew Fair, to the Feather-Makers of Blackfriars.

Doll Common (to Face)—Who shall take your word ?
A whoreson, upstart, apocryphal captain,
Whom not a Puritan in Blackfriars will trust

So much as for a feather.-Ben Jonson, Alchemist, Act i. Sc. I. Bird, a featherman in Blackfriars, is one of the characters in his Muses' Looking - Glass, and Marston in his Malcontent (4to, 1604) makes Sly say :

This play hath beaten all young gallants out of the feathers. Blackfriars hath almost spoil'd Blackfriars for feathers. --Induction.

[See Blackfriars.]

Pimlico, near HoxTON, a great summer resort in the early part of the 17th century, and famed for its cakes, custards and Derby ale. The name is still preserved in “Pimlico Walk,” by Hoxton Church, Hoxton Street, and St. John's Road. The references to the Hoxton Pimlico are numerous in our old dramatists. Ben Jonson mentions it in The Devil is an Ass, Bartholomew Fair, The Underwoods, and The Alchemist, where he makes Lovewit say, after his neighbours have told him how his house has been abused during his absence :

Gallants, men and women,
And of all sorts, tag-rag, been seen to flock here,
In threaves, these ten weeks, as to a second Hogsden,
In days of Pimlico and eye-bright.

Ben Jonson, The Alchemist, Act v. Sc. 1. Sir Lionel. I have sent my daughter this morning as far as Pimlico, to fetch a draught of Derby ale, that it may fetch a colour in her cheeks. -Greene's 7 u Quoque, 4to, 1614.

Plotwell. We have brought you
A gentleman of valour, who has been
In Moorfields often : marry it has been
To 'squire his sisters and demolish custards

At Pimlico.—The City Match, fol. 1639.
Pimlico, a large district lying between St. James's Park, the river
Thames, the village of Chelsea, Hyde Park Corner, and the hamlet of
Knightsbridge. Buckingham Palace, Grosvenor Place and Gardens,
Belgrave Square, and the Victoria Railway Station are in Pimlico.

A place near Chelsea is still called Pimlico, and was resorted to within these few years on the same account as the former at Hogsden.—Isaac Reed (Dodsley's Old Plays, ed. Collier, vol. vii. p. 51). The following extracts, from the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, are the earliest notices yet discovered of the existing Pimlico :

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1626.-Paied for a shroud Cloathe for Goodman's wife at Pimlicoe . iijs iija 1626.–Paied for a shrowd Cloathe for an old man dyed at Pimlico iiijs 1627.-To the Constable of Pimlico to take out the Lord Cheiffe

Justice's Warrant to take Mr. Burde that gott a man

child one Mary Howard and borne at Pimlico . . js vja 1630.—The iiijth of September 1630, paid for the hire of a horse

and sledd, and a labouring man to make a grave, and to
cover it at Hide pke corner, for Thomas Wood, who
hanged himself at Pimplico .

Overseers' Accounts of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. Pimlico at this time was nearly uninhabited, nor is it introduced into the Rate-books of St. Martin's before the year 1680, when the Earl of Arlington, previously rated under the head of Mulberry Garden, is, though living in the same house, rated under the head of “Pimlico." In 1687, seven years after the first introduction of the name into the rate-books of the parish in which it was then situated, four people are described as residing in whiat was then called Pimlico—the Duke of Grafton, Lady Stafford, Thomas Wilkins, and Dr. Crispin. The Duke of Grafton, having married the only child of the Earl of Arlington, was residing in Arlington House, and Lady Stafford in what was then and long before called Tart Hall. In 1698 the Duke of Buckingham (then only Marquis of Normanby) bought Arlington House of the Duchess of Grafton, and rebuilding it shortly after, named it anew by its well-known title of Buckingham House. Pimlico is not mentioned in Dodsley's London, 1761. George IV. began the great alterations in Pimlico by rebuilding Buckingham House, and drawing the courtiers from Portland Place and Portman Square to the splendid mansions built by Thomas Cubitt and others, in what was known at that time, and long before, as the Five Fields, and is now Belgravia. But splendid as were these houses they have been eclipsed by the stately mansions erected on the Duke of Westminster's estate, between Hyde Park Corner and Victoria Railway Station. Pimlico (including Belgravia) is now the most aristocratic quarter of the Metropolis. In a small gloomy house within the gates of Elliot's Brewery, between Brewer Street, Pimlico, and York Street, Westminster, lived and died Richard Heber; here he had a portion of his extensive and noble library—a second portion occupied the whole of a house from kitchen to attic in James Street, Buckingham Gate-a third portion was at Hodnet, his country seat—and at Paris he had a fourth depôt. See Davies Street.]

Pincock Lane, NEWGATE STREET, on the north side leading to The Bagnio, originally Pentecost Lane, and now Roman Bath Street. [See Pentecost Lane.]

Pinder of Wakefield, Gray's Inn Road. This famous old country tavern stood on the west side of Gray's Inn Road, north of Guildford Street. The small houses between Harrison Street and Cromer Street (Nos. 235-243), Gray's Inn Road, were, till recently, named Pindar Place, and occupied the site. In 1705, when Tom

VOL. III

Brown (with the help of Ned Ward) wrote his Comical View of London and Westminster, the house was still in the fields. He tells how, wishing to have an hour's star-gazing one bright night, he took his “quadrant telescope and nocturnal,” walked as far as Lamb's Conduit, and having seated himself on a stile had just commenced operations when “a milkmaid, crossing the fields to Pinder of Wakefield, asked me what I was looking at.” The present Pinder of Wakefield publichouse is on the east side of Gray's Inn Road.

Pine-Apple Place, Maida VALE, EDGWARE Road. In 17931794 George Romney the painter had a retreat here to which he used to run down to sleep and enjoy “rural breakfasts.” Many of his letters to Hayley are dated from it. Another eminent painter, C. R. Leslie, R.A., lived in No. 12, from 1834 (after his return from America) till 1848, and here painted some of his best pictures.

A few days since the Duke (of Wellington) took it into his head to walk out to Leslie's, Pine Apple Place, to see the picture he is painting for the Queen, “The Christening of the Princess Royal," and I believe to give Leslie another sitting. The Duke walked all the way, which is two and a half miles, and after a great deal of trouble found Leslie's house. Leslie, who is prudent and economical keeps a cheap servant ... and he also keeps his outer garden-gate barred and locked, and one is questioned and cross-questioned before being admitted. ... The Duke rang the bell. After at least ten minutes out comes the servant girl, sulky at being disturbed. “Is Mr. Leslie at home?” said the Duke. “I don't know," said the girl, “but I'll see.” Away she went, leaving the Duke in the dirt, without letting him into the garden, and she said to Leslie, “Here's an old man wants you, Sir." “ Is there ?" said Leslie ; “ ask him his name and what he wants.” Down went the girl, “ Master says you must tell your name and what you want, or I can't let you in." The Duke, by this time roused by the questioning, roared out, “I am the Duke of Wellington.” The poor girl jumped up and ran back to her master, still leaving the Duke outside ; out came Leslie in a fright, and at last in got his grace. He tells the story himself, and jumps up like the girl, with capital humour.-B. R. Ilaydon to Wordsworth, January 14, 1842 (Memoir af Haydon, by his son, vol. ii. p. 51).

Pinners', or Pinmakers' Hall, PINNERS' Court, 54 OLD BROAD STREET, the ancient hall of the Pinners' or Pinmakers' Company, a company standing sixty-eighth on the list of City guilds, but without livery, and now defunct. The hall, a part of the Augustine priory, of which the church is known as the Dutch Church, Austin Friars, was let in the reign of Elizabeth to Verselyn for his Venetian glassworks. In the reign of Charles II. it was occupied as an Independent Meeting House, and many of the most eminent of their ministers—Baxter, Manton, Owen, Bates and Howe-preached here. Later, Isaac Watts and Pope's “ Modest Foster" ministered here. It continued to be used as a dissenting chapel till 1798, when it was demolished. At Pinners' Hall was established in the 17th century the long popular “Merchants' Lecture,” which was preached there at mid-day on Tuesdays. It was then delivered on the same day and hour at the Weigh-house Chapel, Fish Street Hill, and is now given at the Memorial Hall, Farringdon Street. The present Pinners' Hall is appropriated to merchants' offices.

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