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545. Slate Problems,

1. A man works 9 months, 26 days per month, and receives $ 702. What are his daily wages ?

2. A merchant buys 136 vases for $272. If 36 are broken, how much must he charge apiece for the others to gain $28 on all?

3. On Monday, the receipts of a store are $180; on Tuesday, $30 less; on Wednesday, $110 less than the total of Monday and Tuesday. What are the receipts for the three days?

4. The yearly rent of a house is $480. What is the rent for 2 years 4 months ?

5. A mechanic works 300 days per year, at $4 per day. It his daily expenses for 365 days average $3, how much money does he save each year?

6. A woman pays $5.20 for 3 lb. of tea and 56 lb. of sugar. What is the price per lb. of the sugar, if the tea costs 80$ per lb. ?

7. A man had $7,500. He paid of it for a house, $575.60 for repairs, and $387.75 for furniture. How much money had he left ?

8. How much hay will be required to feed 18 horses a year of 366 days, if each horse receives 15 pounds a day?

9. A person pays a debt of $ 576, giving 40 ten-dollar bills, 30 two-dollar bills, 6 one-dollar bills, and the remainder in fivedollar bills. How many of the last did he give?

10. A drover buys 64 sheep for $400. He sells { of them at $7 each, and the remainder at $8 each. What is his profit?

11. A merchant sells 56 yards of cloth for $84, gaining $14. What did it cost him per yard ?

12. A package of coffee, costing 60 cents, was sold for 75 cents, the profit on each pound being 5 cents. What was the selling price per pound?

13. How many yards of cloth, at $1.75 per yard, can be bought for $105 ?

14. A tailor buys a piece of cloth for $50. From it he makes 4 pairs of trousers, which he sells at $ 7 per pair, and 4 coats, for each of which he receives $15. Thread, buttons, lining, etc., cost him $16. How much does he get for his labor ?

15. A man sold a certain number of papers for 50 cents. If he had sold 9 more, he would have received 95 cents. How many papers did he sell?

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1. Copy the above, filling in the cost of each item and the total.

2. Robert J. Wildes buys of Caswell & Donaldson 64 lb. of sugar @ 444; 28 lb. of lard @ 744; 24 lb. of coffee @ 25%; 1 bbl. flour @ $5.75; and 12 gal. of molasses @ 251¢. Make out the bill.

3. Make out a bill for 10 pairs of men's shoes at $4.75; 4 pairs of boys' shoes at $1.471; 6 pairs of slippers at $.877; 9 pairs of girls' shoes at $2.43; 8 pairs of women's shoes at $3.371.

4. Make out a bill for 84 lb. of ham at 14¢ per lb.; 34 lb. of beefsteak at 24¢; 9 lb. of corned beef at 124; 104 lb. of chicken at 30€; 12 lb. of roast beef at 18¢.

5. Make out a bill for 14 doz. collars, at $1.50 per dozen; 6 doz. pairs of cuffs, at $2.75 per dozen pairs ; 4 doz. shirts, at $9.00 per dozen ; 3 dozen ties, at $2.25 per dozen ; 17 doz. pairs of socks, at $2.50 per dozen pairs.

DECIMALS.

547. Oral Exercises.

In the number 25, what does the 2 stand for?
In the number 467, what does the 4 represent? The 6? The 7?

In the number 33,333, give the value of the first 3 (commencing at the left). Of the second. Of the third. Of the fourth. Of the fifth.

The last 3 is what part of the number represented by the fourth 3? The third 3 is what part of the second ? Each 3 is what part of the 3 to its left ?

The value of each 3 in this number depends upon what?

In the number XXXIII, what is the value of the first X? Of the second ? Of the third ?

548. When we write $784.56, the 7 stands for seven times how many dollars? The eight for 8 times how many dollars ? The 4 for four times how many dollars ? The 5 stands for five times what part of a dollar? The 6 stands for six times what part of a dollar ?

[blocks in formation]

This is read 784 and 56 hundredths.
37.5 is read 37 and 5 tenths.
6.492 is read 6 and 492 thousandths.
.0005 is read 5 ten-thousandths.
.01234 is read 1,234 hundred-thousandths.
56.000246 is read 56 and 246 millionths.
$497.625 is read 497 dollars and 62 cents 5 mills.
NOTE. — Cent means hundredth. Mill means thousandth.

NOTATION AND NUMERATION.

549. Note. In reading a number containing an integer and a decimal, the word and may be placed between the two, as is shown above. To avoid mistakes, the word units should be used after the integer in reading such numbers as 200.005, 3000.0075, etc. Say: Two hundred units and five thousandths, three thousand units and seventy-five ten-thousandths.

[blocks in formation]

1. 7 tenths.
2. 36 and 47 thousandths.
3. One hundred twenty-five thousandths.
4. One hundred units and twenty-five thousandths.
5. 47 hundredths.
6. Four hundred units and six tenths.
7. Four hundred six thousandths.

8. 3 and 56 hundredths. 8. Twenty-eight.

15. 887 and 72 hundredths. 10. 65 tenths.

16. 345 tenths. 11. 6 and 5 tenths.

17. 6,054 hundredths. 12. 465 and 8 hundredths. 18. 6,000 and 54 hundredths. 13. 375 hundredths.

19. 5 millionths. 14. 4,000 tenths.

20. 562 millionths.

[blocks in formation]

10. .81 + 12.654 + 234.79 + 8.6 +.603 + 42.96

11. 45.78 +.237 + 6.987 + 18+ 372.003 + 37.5

12. 4.745 + 36.58 + 725.894 +9.87 + 75.357 + 86.74

13. 59.3 + 83 +9.64 + 48.565 +6.98 +8.795 +963.826

14. 13.387 + 72.563 +.7+.603 + 7.245 +.483 +9.25 15. 8.3 +2.576 + 3.42 +1.5 +6.279 +.003 +1.417

16. .2 +2.356 +1.14+2+4.96 +3.272+.7 +3.54

17. 4.7 + 1.198+.35 + 763.5 +1,423 + 157.24 +.437 +9.5

18. 7.369 + 1.72 + 32.948+.429 +.7+ 3.14 + 695 +7.005

19. 3.87 + 2.694 +.8+251.47 +9.3+1.916 +41.5 + 751.006

20. .37 + 6.3 +.008 + 9.63 +96 + 47.82 + 637.46 +1.923

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