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1882, c. 204.

1854, c. 448. request of twenty-five qualified voters of each ward of said city, be held, to consult upon the common good, to give instructions to their representatives, and to take all lawful measures to obtain a redress of any grievances, according to the right secured to the people by the constitution of this commonwealth.

Annual

meeting for

of city

officers.

ANNUAL MEETING.

SECT. 3. The annual meeting or election shall be held the election on the Tuesday next following the second Monday of December, and the citizens of said city, qualified to vote 1854, c. 448, in city affairs, shall then elect the following officers, viz. : 1881, c. 299, A mayor, twelve aldermen, three members of the com1890, c. 401, mon council for each ward, eight members of the school committee, and a street commissioner.

§ 4.

$ 19.

§ 1.

ment.

ADMINISTRATION OF AFFAIRS.

City govern- SECT. 4. The administration of all the fiscal, pru1854, c. 448, dential, municipal, and other affairs and concerns of said 1885; c. 266, city, with the conduct and government thereof, shall,

§ 2.

$ 56.

unless otherwise specially provided, be vested in the mayor as the chief executive officer and in the city council, said city council consisting of two boards, one board of twelve persons, to be called the board of aldermen, and one board of seventy-five persons, to be called the common council, which boards shall act by concurrent vote, each board having a negative upon the other, and the concurrent vote to be subject to the approval of the mayor as hereinafter provided.

Terms of municipal

MUNICIPAL YEAR.

SECT. 5. All officers elected by the voters at the officers. annual meeting or election shall enter upon their duties 1854, c. 448, on the first Monday of January, and shall continue to

§§ 6, 26.

have P.S., c. 27,

§ 89.

year, P.S., c. 28,

discharge the duties of the offices to which they
been respectively elected, during the municipal
that is, until the first Monday of January of the suc-
ceeding year, notwithstanding their removal after their
election out of their respective wards into any other
wards of the city; but not after they take up their per-
manent residence out of the city.

ELECTION OF MAYOR.

§ 2.

mayor.

§ 25.

1854, c. 448,

1885, c. 159.

1895, c. 449, § 1.

SECT. 6. The qualified voters of said city shall, at Election of the annual election, give in their votes in their respective p.s., c. 47, precincts for one able and discreet person, being an inhabitant of the city, to be mayor for the term of $ 15. two years from the first Monday in January following 1893, c. 473. his election, and until his successor is chosen and qualified. SECT. 7. In case of a vacancy in the office of mayor Proceedings the city council shall, if such vacancy occurs before the is a vacancy last six months of said term, order an election for mayor to serve for the unexpired term, and if vacancy 1895, c. 449, occurs in the last six months of the term, the chairman of the board of aldermen shall act as mayor for the unexpired term.

a

when there

in the office

of mayor.

§ 1.

aldermen

and city

SECT. 8. The board of aldermen shall, as soon as Board of conveniently and lawfully may be after any election for to declare mayor declare the result thereof, and the city clerk shall the result thereupon issue a certificate of election to the person who clerk to shall have received the highest number of votes for mayor. mayor.

notify

ELECTION OF ALDERMEN.

aldermen to

SECT. 9. The board of aldermen shall consist of Board of twelve aldermen, the whole number to be chosen at the consist of

annual election from the citizens at large and by the

qualified voters of the whole city.

twelve aldermen

at large.

1893, c. 473.

Election of SECT. 10. No voter shall vote for more than seven

aldermen.

1884, c. 250, aldermen on one ballot, and the twelve having the high

§ 3.

1893, c. 473.

Only seven est number of votes shall be declared elected.

aldermen to

be voted for

by each

voter.

Proceed

none or

only part

SECT. 11. In case one or more members of the board of aldermen have been elected, such member or members ings in case shall after being sworn order a new election for the aldermen not elected; but if no member of the board are elected. of aldermen has been elected, the president of the 1880, c. 225, common council, when chosen, shall order a new elec1854, c. 448, tion for aldermen. The course herein prescribed shall be repeated from time to time until a full board of aldermen has been elected.

1884, c. 250.

§ 1.

§ 18.

Vacancies. 1880, c. 25.

SECT. 12. Whenever there is a vacancy in said board by removal from the city, death, resignation, or otherwise, the members of said board who shall continue in office shall order an election to fill such vacancy for the balance of the term.

Election of common

1876, c. 225,

§ 8.

ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF COMMON COUNCIL.

SECT. 13. There shall continue to be twenty-five councilmen. Wards of the city of Boston as at present constituted, 1875, c. 243. and the qualified voters of each ward shall, at the annual election, give in their votes in their respective precincts, for three able and discreet men, qualified voters and 1891, c. 88. inhabitants of the ward, to be members of the common council for the ensuing year.

1854, c. 448, § 20.

1886, c. 232.

Vacancies. 1880, c. 25.

SECT. 14. Whenever there is a vacancy in the common council by failure to elect, removal from the city, death, resignation, or otherwise, the board of aldermen, or such of them as shall then be members of the board, shall, after having received official notice of such vacancy, order an election to fill such vacancy.

ORGANIZATION OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT.

tion of city

1821, c. 110,

§§ 2, 9.

1854, c. 448,

§§ 6, 27.

SECT. 15. The mayor, aldermen, and common coun- Organizacilmen shall enter upon their duties on the first Monday government. of January, and on said day, or before entering on the duties of their office, shall respectively be sworn by taking the oath of allegiance and oath of office prescribed oath of in the constitution of this commonwealth, and an oath office. to support the constitution of the United States. And such oaths may be administered to the mayor-elect by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial court, or by any judge of any court of record commissioned to hold any such court within the said city, or by any justice of the peace. And such oaths shall be administered to the aldermen and members of the common council by the mayor, being himself first sworn as aforesaid, or by either of the persons authorized to administer said oath. to the mayor; and a certificate of such oaths having been taken shall be entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen and of the common council, respectively, by their respective clerks.

mayor-elect.

§§ 17, 28.

SECT. 16. In case of the non-election of a mayor, and Absence of after the reading of the record of the preceding board of 1854, c. 448, aldermen to that effect by the city clerk, or in case of the unavoidable absence on account of sickness, or otherwise, of the mayor-elect, on the first Monday in January, the oaths prescribed by law may be administered to the members of the city council-elect by any person authorized by the preceding section to administer the oaths to the mayor, and the organization of the city government shall be completed by entering the certificate mentioned in, and as required by, the preceding section, and the city council may thereafter proceed to business in the same manner as if the mayor were present.

Executive

powers,

POWERS OF THE MAYOR.

SECT. 17. The mayor shall be the chief executive 1854, c. 448, officer of the corporation of the city of Boston;

§§ 45 and 46.

Mayor to appoint

boards,

subject

shall be vigilant and active, at all times, in causing the laws for the government of the city to be duly executed and put in force;

shall appoint the following-named officers for the officers and terms hereinafter specified, beginning with the first day of May in the year of appointment, and until their successors are appointed (or confirmed where confirmation is required), the election commissioners, fire commissioner and water commissioner, without confirmation, and the others subject, after the expiration of one week from the date of appointment, to confirmation by the board of aldermen.

after one week to confirma. tion by the board of aldermen.

1890, c. 418.

1880, c. 174,

§ 1.

§ 1.

For the term of five years:

A board of trustees of the city hospital, to consist of 1853, c. 38, five trustees, one to be appointed each year for said term. A board of trustees of the public library, to consist of five trustees, one to be appointed each year for said term. For the term of four years:

1878, c. 114,

§ 1.

1895, c. 449,

§ 2.

1892, c. 419, § 2.

1889, c. 245, § 1.

1895, c. 445, § 2.

1864, c. 128, § 2.

A board of election commissioners, to consist of four commissioners, one to be appointed each year for said

term.

For the term of three years:

A building commissioner, who shall be either an architect, builder, or civil engineer.

A fire commissioner.

An institutions commissioner.

A board of overseers of the poor, to consist of twelve overseers, residents of the city, four to be appointed each year for said term.

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