Εικόνες σελίδας
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

him a general favorite. In the relations of friend and citizen, the testimony of all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, will be given to the high estimation in which he was beld.

And though all his acquaintances mourn his logs, none can feel their bereavement with such intensity as those who looked to him as their protector. the wife has lost in him a kind and devoted husband; the children a fond and affectionate father.

Mr. DAVIS then submitted the following resolutions:

Resolved unanimously, That a committee be appointed to take order for superintending the funeral of the Hon. THAD. DEUS BETTs, which will take pace to-morrow, at half past 12 o'clock; that the Senate will attend the same, and that notice thereof be given to the House of Representatives.

Resolved unanimously, That the members of the Senate, from a sincere desire of showing every mark of respect due to the memory of he Hon. THADDEUS' Berts, deceased, late a memher thereof, will go into mourning for him one month, by the usual mode of wearing crape on the left arm.

Resolved unanimously That, as an additional mark of r spect for the memory of the Hon. THADDEUS Berts, the Senate do now adjourn.

The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and
The Senate adjourned.

fluctuations in the revenue of the Government derivod from the sales of the lands.

Resolved, that the President of the United States be requested, if uot incompatible with the public interest, to communicate o this House any information in the possession of the Execu: tive Department, showing the warlike preparations of Great Britain by introducing troops into Canada or New Brunswick, or erecting or repairing fortifications on the Northern or North: eastern boundary, or by preparing naval armaments on any of the great northern likes or the waters connected therewith; and, also, what preparations, if any, have been made by this Go. vernment to put the United States, and especially the Northern and Northeastern frontier, in a state of defence.

On motion of Mr. BRIGGS. Rosolved, That the Committee on Manufactures be instruct. ed to inquire into the expediency of laying duties on imported wines, foreign silks, silk worsted goods, and such foreign arti. cies of luxury that are now duty free, as come in competition with the growth of our own soil, ore products of our labor and yield no revenue to the Government.

On motion of Mr. WELLER,

Resolded, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of esta. blishing a post route from Piqua, in Maine county, 'Ohio, via Jacksonville, Fort Recovery, and Alexandria, to Buffalo, in Wells county, Indiana; and that the memorial hereto attached be referred to said committee.

On motion of Mr. DOTY,

Resolted, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of establishing the followilig post routes in Wiskonsin, to wit:

From Milwaukee, by Greenfield, New Berlin, Mukwonago, Fast Troy, Troy, Elkhorn, Delavan, and Turtle creek, to Beloit.

From Fox lake, by Watertown, Jefferson, Whitewater, Elk. horn, and Geneva, to Chicago.

From Prairie du Chien, by Wingville, Belmont, Elkgrove, Millseat bend New Digginga, Gratiot's igrove,

Waddam's grove, and Bald knob, to Booneboro.

From Racine, by Ive's grove, Sugar creek, Jonesville, Mon. roe, on the United States road, lo Sinapee.

From Green bay, by Depere, Caukaupah, Little Bulte des Moris, and Oshkosh, ló Fond du Lac. From Fort Winnebago, by Dekorra and Helena, to Wingville.

rom Fond Lac, by Munnomonee falls, lo Milwaukee. From Milwaukee, by Lisbon, Hatch's mill, and Piperville, to Watertown.

From Madison to Watertown.
From Troy, by Round and Prairie, to Whitewater.

From Fort Winnebago to Plover portage, on the Upper Wis. kensin.

From Senapee to Galena.
From Van Buren, by Lafayette and Osceola, to Senapee.

From Galena, by New Diggings, Millseat bend, Bower's branch, and Baltimore, lo Mineral Point.

From Dekorra to Prairie du Sac.

From Prairie du Chien, by Grand Gris, Wright's Ferry, and Warner'e, to the United States road at Daniel's farm.

From Sacville, by the forks of the Milwaukee, in township 3 range 19. to the United States road.

From Shehoygan to Fond du Lac.
On motion of Mr. FILLMORE,

ever, was not considered. Now, he apprehended that if we should go to war with Great Britain for the sake of this Aroos. took country, that that would not be the point attacked. No; the great point of attack would be the seaboard cities, New York would he struck and laid under contribution; so, also, would New Odeans, Philadelphia, and Boston; and he might be be permitted tu say, that with his kno - ledge of our present means of defence, one single steam frigate, with her gun amid ships, would síok the great ship Pennsylvania with one shot. and that three such steam ships would be sufficiens to lay any of our seaboard rities under contribution. It would require 11,000 guns to man our lollifications, and we had not, he believed, 1,100. He was for calling on the Secretary of War for a plan for the defence of the whole country, and not for a single por. tion of it.

Mr. HAND then moved for a suspension of the rules, to enable him to offer his resolution. He did not see how the gen:le. man from Virginia could have any objection to the introducuon of the resolution, as it would be open to amendment.

The question was then taken on suspending the roles, and decided in the affirmative-yeas 93, pays 12, there being {WUthirds in the affirmative, which were as follows:

YEAS—Messrs. Hugh J. Andereon, Atherton, Binks, Beatty, Beirne, Blackwell, Boyd, Aaron V. Brown, Burke, Wm. O. Butler, John Campbell, Carler, Casey, Chittenden, Clifford, Colquitt, Conner, Craig, Cranston. Crary, Crockell, Cross, Cushing, Dana, Dickerron, Doan, Doig, Diincan, Earll, Eastman, Ely, Everell, Fillmore, Fine, Fisher, Fletcher, Galbraith, James Garland, Granger, Hall, Hand, John Hastings, Haw. king, Henry, Ilillen, Holleman, Holmes, Jook, Ilopkins, Howard, Jackson, Joseph Johnson, Nathaniel Jones, John W. Jones, Keim, Kempshall, Leet, Lewis, Lowell, Lucas, McClellan, Me Culloch, Mallory, Marvin, Mitchell, Montgomery, Newharu, Ogle, Parish, Parmenter, Paynter, Prentisé, Reynolds, Samnels, Shaw, John Smith, Truman Smith, Starkweather. Steenrod, Strong. Stuart, Swearingen, Sweney, Philip F. Thomas, Turney, Underwood, Vanderpoel, Vroom, Peter J. Wagener, Warren, Watterson, Weller, Wick, Jared W. Williams. Henry Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Christopher II. Williams, and Wise-98.

NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Alford, Bell, Bond, Briggs, Brock. way, Albert G. Brown, Chapman, Chinn, Coles, Jas. Cooper, Corwin, Crabb, Garrel Davis, Dawson, Dillet, Edwards, Rice Garland, Gentry, Giddings, Griffin, Grinnel, Habersham, W.8. Hastings, Hawes, Charles Johnston, King, McCarty, Nisbet, Palen, Preilit, Randolph, Rariden, Russell, Shepard, Taliaferro, Waddy Thompson, Tillinghasi, Triplell, Trumbull, John White, and Lewis Williams-12.

Mr. HAND then submitted his resolution, which was read; and before taking the question on which, however,

A message was received from the Senate by Mr. DICKINS, their Secretary, announcing the death of the Hon. THADDEUS Betts, late a Senator froni Connecticut; which having been read,

Mr. OSBORNE, of Connecticut, then rose and said:

Mr. Speaker: The sudden and unexpected death of my distinguished friend, which has just been announced to the House, has filled my heart with grief so overwhelming, that I can hardly trust myself to pay the usual tribute to his memory. He has been taken from his friends, from society, and from the councils of the nation, in the meridian of his usefulness, and the fulness of his intellect.

I cannot here attempt to sketch the character or do justice to the eminent talents and manly virtues of my deceased friend. He was distinguished for acuteness of intellect, vigor of understanding, and soundness of judgment, no less than for the noble ness of his soul and the probity of his life.

The deceased was educated to the profession of law, and was early brought in contact with the most eminent men that have ever adorned the bar of New Eng'and. It is sufficient to say that he sustained and distinguished himself among such men as Daggett, Sherman, Smith, and Sherwood.

In all the relations of life, his character was marked with ho. nor and integrity. He had filled many important public rusts in his own State, and was al length called to represent her in the higher branch of the National Legislature. Had his life been preserved, he would have become one of its most useful and distinguished members. But Connecticut has again bern called to mourn the loss of a distinguished citizen and Sena. tor. Let us bow with submission to the dispensations of Providence.

This is not the place to indulge in private griefs. I will only say, that a wise has lost a husband, children have lost a father, and a wide circle have lost a friend; their only consolation is in the hopes and promisca of that religion of which the deceased was, I trust, a sincere professor.

Mr. O. concluded by offering the following resolution:

Resolved, unanimously, That this llouse will attend the fu. neral of the Hon. THADDEUS Betts, late a member of the Se. nate from the State of Connecticut, to-morrow, at half past 12 o'clock; and as a testimony of respect for the memory of the deceased, will go into mourning, and wear crape for thirty daye. Which was unanimously adopted; when,

On motion of Mr. STORRs, from Connecticut, as a further testimony of respect for the memory of the deceased,

The House adjourned till tomorrow morning, at 12 o'clock,


TUESDAY, April 7th, 1810. The SPEAKER laid before the House the following message from the President of the United States:!

WASHINGTON CITY, April 3, 1940. Sīr: In compliance with a resolution of the House of Representatives of the 9th ultimo, I communicate herewith, accom. panied by a report from the Secretary of War, "copies of the arrangeinent entered into between the Governor of Maine and Sir John Harvey, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick, through the mediation of Major General Scott, in the month of March last, 1839, together with copies of the instructions given to General Scoil, and of all correspondence with him relating to the subject of controversy between the State of Maine and the Province of New Brunswick.

Very respectfully
Your obedient servant,

M. VAN BUREN. Honorable R. M. T. HUNTER,

Speaker of the House of Representatives. On motion of Mr. CLIFFORD, it was referred to the Com. mittee on Foreign Affairs, and ordered to be printed.

The SPEAKER also laid before the House a communication from the Secretary of the Treasury, made in compliance with an act of Congress of 28th June, 1834, enclosing a copy of a statement from the Director of the Mint at Philadelphia, showing the result of the assays made at that Mint of the coins refer. red to in said act; which was read, and,

On motion of Mr. FILLMORE, ordered to lie on the table, and be punted.

Mr. SWENEY said he on yesterday voted against granting leave to the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Davis) to introduce a bill vesting the appointment of District Attorneys and Mar. shals of the United States, in certain courts thereof, and providing that the emoluments of the said attorneys shall, in no case, exceed 83,000. He had since learned that the bill was one of some importance; and he thought that it should, at least, be received and referred to an appropriate committee for examina. tion. Some of the marshals, he was told, received at least $20,000 annually, by way of sees. Such should not be the case. He did not wish the motion to be decided at that time. He then made the motion 10 recorsider, and moved that the ques. tion thereon be postponed till Monday week; which motion was agreed to.

Mr. REED, srom the Committee on Foreign Affairs, made some remarks in relation to a memorial from numerous seamen, praying Congress to legislate for their relief, which had been referred to that commitiee. He said it was a subject which properly belonged to the Committee on Commerce. On his motion, the Committee on Foreign Affairs was discharged from its further consideration, and it was referred to the Committee on Commerce.

This being the day specially set apart for the consideration of the bill to prevent frauds on the revenue, some conversation took place between Messrs. ADAMS, J. W. JONES or Virginia, and BROWN of Tennessee, as to the comparative importance of giving priority to the diplomatic appropriation bill, which had been made the special order of the day for Wednesday, in preference to the bill above; both of which special orders were pecessarily postponed, in consequence of the melancholy event which is announced below. The subject was, however, disposed of by

MI. ADAMS, on whose motion the bill to prevent frauds on the revenue was made the special order of the day for Wednes. day week.

Mr. HAND rose and said that he asked the indulgence of the House to allow him to offer a resolution calling on the Secretary of War for his plan for the permanent detence of the Northern and Northeastern frontier. Mr. H. said his colleague (Mr. FILLMORE,) yesterday offered a resolution of inquiry of the President, but that, as to the defences on our side, he believed embraced only the present "preparations” of our Government. He had also been informed that the Military Committee here sent an inquiry to the Secretary, but that was rather confined to estimates of expenses. Now, Mr. H. desired to see the general plan of the Secretary for our permanent defence. He believed that as to the Western frontier, one had been already submitted, and he was informed that one had been matured for the Northern and Northeastern. That he desired should be com. municated to this House, and through it to the nation, that ac. tion could be had understandingly, and in any manner that miglit be thought judicious.

Mr. H. then offered the following resolution, which was read:

Resolved. That the Secretary of War be requested to communicate to this House what works he considere necessary to be constructed in order to place the Northern and Northeastern frontiers in a proper and permanent state of defence.

Mr. THOMPSON of South Carolina was understood to ob. juct to the resolution.

Mr. WISE said he yesterday offered a resolution, which he thought no gentleman would have objected to, calling on the Secretary of War to give to the House a connected system of defences for all ourexposed_territory. That resolution, how.


Tuesday, April 7, 1810. The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a repost from the Secretary of the Treasury, in compliance with the provisions of the act of June 25, 1834, regulating the value of certain foreign gold coins within the United States; which was referred to the Committee on Finance, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. WHITE presented a memorial from citizens of Tippecanoe county, Indiana, praying the passage of a general baukrupit law; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. CALHOUN presented a memorial of citizens of New York, praying the passage of a general bankrupt law; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. WALKER presented the petition of John Hutchins; which was referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.

Mr. SEVIER, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, to which was referred the bill for the relief of George Duvall, re. ported the same without amendment.

Mr. HUBBARD, from the Committee on Claims, in which was referred House bill for the relief of Captain John Downes, reported the same without amendment.

Mr. H. from the same committee, to which were referred the bills from the House

For the relief of John Underwood; and

For the relief of Sylvester Phelps, and the heirs of Charles Landon; made unfavorable reports thereon; which were ordered to be printed

Mr. H. also, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of James Rhinehart, made an adverse report thereon.

DEATH OF THE HON. THADDEUS BETTS. Mr. SMITH of Connecticut addressed the Senate as follows: Mr. PRESIDENT: The melancholy duty devolves upon me to an. nounce in the Senate the death of my colleague, the Hon. THADDEUS BETTS, who departed this life this morning, a few minutes before six o'clock. I visited him yesterday at his lodgings, and though I was strongly impressed with the opinion of the ma. lignancy of his disease, it did not seem to be the opinion of those around him that he was in any immediate danger. My own in disposition, I trust, will be a sufficient apology for the brevity of my remarks on this melancholy occasion. Mr. Betts was a man of a high order of intellect, and of varied and extensive acquirements. The confidence of the people of his State in his abilities and worth, was manifested by the many elevated and important public trusts to which their voices called him, and he discharged their various duties with honor to him, sell, and satisfaction to the public. At the bar, few en joyed a higher reputation, and the urbanity and courtesy which marked his intercourse with his professional brethren, made


WEDNESDAY, April 8, 1840. The Senale mel at 12 o'clock, pursuant to adjournment, for the purpose of atlerding the funeral obsequies of the Hon. THADDEUS Berts, late a Se. nator from the S!ale of Connecticut.

The Committee of Arrangements, Pall-bearers, and Mourners, attended at Mr. Hyali's, the late


residence of ihe deceased, at eleven o'clock, a. m. at which time the body was removed, in charge of the Committee of Arrangements, attended by the Sergeans-al-Arms of the Senate, to the Senale Chamber, where the funeral service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Bates, and the sermon preached by the Rev. Mr. CookMan.

The funeral procession then proceeded to the place of interment in the following order:

The Chaplains of both Houses.
Physicians who attended the deceased.

Committee of Arrangements :
Mr. Davis,



Pall Bearers.
Mr. Clay, of Ky.


Mr. Dixon,

The Family and Friends of the deceased.
The Senator and Representatives from the State of

Connecticut, as mourners. The Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate of the United

States. The Senate of the United States, preceded by the

Vice President and Secretary. The Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Represen.

tatives. Tho House of Representatives, preceded by their

Speaker and Clerk.
The President of the United States.

Heads of Departments.

Foreign Ministers.
Citizens and Strangers.


WEDNESDAY, April 8, 1840. The House assembled, pursuant to adjournment; and, after the jouroal was read,

Mr. ADAMS rose and said that, in order tbal the House might carry into effect the resolution adopted on yesterday, in relation to attending the faneral of THADDEUS BETTs, deceased, Senator from the State of Connecticut, he would move that the House adjourn; which motion being concurred in,

The House adjourned.

wh ch was laid on the table, and ordered to be prinied.

Mr. LINN_presented the petition of Welcome A. Robbins, Thomas J. Robbins, and F. M. Robbins, of Missouri, praying the confirmation of their title to a lracı ot land; which was referred to the Coinmillee on Privale Land Claims.

Mr. L. also presented the petition of Henry H. Duvall and others, citizens of ihe State of Missouri, praying that Wilan Tripketie may be confirmed in the right of pre-emption to a Tract of land; which was referred to the Committee on Privale Land Claims, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. L. also presented the petition of a number of citizens of the State of Missouri, praying the establishment of a post route, which was referred to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. CLAY of Kentucky presented the petition of Chandler Sherwin and Benjamin Campbell, praying the right of pre emption to an island lying in the Mississippi river; which was referred to the Commitee on the Public Lands,

Mr. MERRICK presented the memorial of a number of citizens of Washington, in the District of Columbia, praying the recharter of the banks in the city of Washington; which was referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. CLAY of Kentucky presented the petition of Thomas Danjel; which was re erred to the Com. mittee on Mili'ary Affairs.

Mr. STURGEON presented the petition of John L. Mersereau, praying remuneration for bis services as a spy during the Revolutionary war; which was referred to the Committee on Revolu. tionary Claims.

Mr. BENTON presented the memorial of the officers of the corps of engineers, opposed to the bill to regulate the pay and allowances of the officers of the line and the staff of the army, and praying that the same may not become a law; which was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.

Mr. RUGGLES presented resolutions passed by the Legislature of the State of Maine, instructing the Senators, and requesting the Representatives of said State in Congress to use their exertions to procure the passage of an act to make provision for granting indemnity to sufferers by French spoliations upon American commerce, prior to the year 1800; which were laid on the table, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. R. also submitted a preamble and resolutions of the Legislature of the Stale of Maine in favor of a general bankrupt law; which were referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. PORTER presented a memorial of a number of citizens of the United Siales, in favor of eslablishing a communication between the valley of the Ohio river and the Oregon Territory; which was referred to the Select Committee on the Oregon Territory.

Mr. KING presented the petition of a number of citizens of township 20, range 3 west, in Sumpter county, Alabama, praying to locate a section of land for the use of schools in lieu of one of which they have been deprived; which was referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.

Mr. ALLEN presented a preamble and resolutions passed by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, instructing the Senators and requesting the Representatives of that Stale to use their exertions to procure the passage of a law authorizing the sale of the public lands lying adjacent to the lands hitherto granted to that State for the construction of canals; which were referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.

Mr. PHELPS, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, to which was referred the petition of Jubal B. Hancock, made a report thereon, which was ordered to be prin:ed, accompanied by a bill for his relief; which was read, and ordered to a second reading.

Mr. PIERCE, from the Commitee on Pensions, to which was referred the petition of Mary Linn, widow of David Linn, made an adverse report thereon; which was ordered to be printed.

Mr. PRESTON, by unanimuus consent, asked and obtained leave to introduce a joint resolation authorizing the Commillee on the Library to take mrasures for the importation of the statue of Washington by Greenhow; which was read, and ordered to a second reading.

Mr. KING, from he Committee on Commerce, to which was referred House bill for the relef of Nathan Levy, reported the same without amendment.

Mr. SMITH of Indiana, from the Committee on the Judiciary, lo which was referred the petition of John Johnston, made an adverse report thereon; which was ordered to be printed. BANK OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Mr. MERRICK, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, reported a bill to iocorporale the Bank of the District of Columbia; which was read, and ordered to a second reading.

[The bill provides, that John P. Van Ness, Thos. Carbery, George Parker, Francis S. Key, Joha Boyle, William A. Bradley, Thomas Blagden, Benjamin 0. Tayloe, William Gunton, John P. lagle, George Thomas, John Carter, E. M. Linihicum, John Kurtz, Phineas Janey, Henry Dange, field, and Juhn C. Vowel, shall act as commissioners to receive subscriptions to the stock of the Bank of the District of Columbia, with a capitai of iwo millions of dollars, divided into shares of fifty dollars each, to be located in the city of Washington, with branches in Georgetown and Alexandria, the charter to expire in 1855. The charlers of the present banks of the District are extended until pinety days after the new bank shall go into operation ]

Mr. BENTON submitted the following resolution:

Resolved, That the Senate will not consider or discuss any bill for the renewal of a bank charter in the District of Columbia, while the said bank refuses to pay specie for its notes and deposites, or circulates notes of any banks so refusing.

Mr. NORVELL submited the following, which was considered and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Committee on Indian Affairs be instracted to inquire into the expediency of making an appropriation of money to enable the President of the United States to negotiate for the extinction of the Indian tiiles to the residue of the lands in the upper peninsula of Michigan, claimed by the aborigines of ihal peninsula.

Mr. LINN submitted the following resolution, which was considered and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to send to the Senate all the papers, or copies of papers, in his Deparıment, relating to the claims of James Allen to a pre-emption right .n the State of Missouri.

The resolution submitted some days since by Mr. HUBBARD was considered and agreed to.

The bull granting to the county of Kalamazoo, in The State of Michigan, the right of pre-emption 10 a quarter section of land, and for other purposes; and

The bill authorizing the relinquishment of the sixteenth sections granted for the use of schools, and the entry of other lands in lieu thereof, were severally read a third time and passed.

The bill to author ze the President of the United Stales to raise one thousand five hundred men, to serve against the Florida Indians, was, on motion of Mr. PIERCE, recommitted to the Committee on Military Affairs.

The bill granting to the State of Michigan a quanty of land to aid said State in the construction of a canal around the Falls of St. Marie, coming up on its third reading,

Mr. MERRICK demanded the yeas and nays on its passage.

Mr. CLAY of Kentucky said that this bill had very quietly progressed to its present position, but as yet he had not heard a single word by way of argument in its favor. He would like to hear from the friends of the bill some reason for the grant of this vast quantity of the public domain.

Mr. NORVELL said that if ibe Senator bad been present when the bill was considered in committee, and ordered to be engrossed, he would bave beard various reasons adduced in its favor, and

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

(Mr. MILLER moved, on the 17th February, that the petitions and papers of the following named persons, citizens of Missou. ri, heretofore presented to Congress, and now on the files of the House, be taken therefrom, and referred to the several committeos hereafter named, viz: That the petition and papers of Francis Roy, Austin Foy, and John B. Danger, claiming com. pensation for depredations committed on their properly by cerlain Indians therein named, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee of Claims; that the peti. tion and papers of the heirs of Apollos Cooper, heretofore presented to Congress, claiming seven years' half.pay for his ser: vices as a lieutenant in the army of the Revolution, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee on Revolutionary Claims; that the petition and papers of William Nicholas, asking compensation for two horses lost by him in the year 1815, while in the service of the United States, and heretoforo presented to Congress, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee of Claims: he also begged leave to refer therewith, to the same committee, the affidavit of John Ryland, being additional testimony in support of said claim; that the petition and papers of John Turner, asking compensation for depredations committed on his property by the Sac and Fox Indians, and heretofore presented io Congress, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee of Claims; that the petition and papers of James Watson, asking compensation for depredations committed on his property by certain Indians, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee of Claims; that the petition and papers of the heirs of Joshua Bishop, praying compensation for depredations committed on the property of the said Bishop by certain Indiana, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee of Claims; that the petition and papers of Samuel Davis, William Brown, and Maston H. Arthur, ask. ing pre-emptions to certain lands therein described, be taken from the files of the House, and referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.)



THURSDAY, April 9, 1840. The CHAIR submitted a report of the Second Auditor of the Treasury, made agreeably to law, showing the dirbursements or application of moneys, goods, or effects, for the benest of the Indiaos, from October 1, 1838, to the 30th of Sep. tember, 1839; which was read, and ordered 10 be printed.

Also, a report from the Secretary of War, in compliance with a resolution of the Senale, rela. tive to the application of a mineral solution to the preservation of timber, called “Kyanizing;"

such as appeared satisfactory to all the Senators who were present.. He would, huwever, consent that ihe bill should be posiponed for the present, to give Senators time to make themselves acquainted with its provisions, but would call it up al å very early day.

The bill was then informally passed over.

The bill to revive the act entitled "An act to enable claimants to land within the limits of Missouri and the Territory of Arkansas to institute procce ings to try the validity of their claims," approved the twenty sixth of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-four, and an act amending the same, and extending the provisions of said acts to claim. ants to land wi hin the States of Louisiana and Mississippi, being taken up as in Committee of the Whole, was discussed by Messis. LINN, GRUN. DY, SEVIER, BENTON, MOUTON, KING, CLAY of Kentucky, and HENDEKSON; and after various amendments had been adopted, the bill, as amended, was ordered to be printed.

The Senate then went into Executive business,
And afterwards adjourned.

THURSDAY, April 9, 1840.
The journal having been read:

Mr. LINCOLN asked the unanimons leave of the House, in behalf of his colleague, Mr. ABBOT LAWRENCE, still confined to his room by sickness, to submit a communication from the Hon. Thomas H. Perkins of Boston, and a great number of the mercbants of Boston and Salem, Massachusetts, interested in the China trade, containing a slate. ment of intelligence recently received from that coupuy, which has not before been made publicly kaown, with a view to the reference of the communication to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Leave being granted, Mr. LINCOLN presented the communication; and upon his motion, it was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and ordered to be printed.

The SPEAKER announced that the first business in order was the resolution of the gentleman from New York, Mr. HAND, for the introduction of which the rules had been suspended on Tuesday last; but the action on which had been suspended by the annunciation of ihe death of a member of the other body; which resolution was in the following words:

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be requested to communicate to this House what works he considers necessary to be constructed in order to place the Northern and Northeastern frontiers in a proper and permanent state of defence.

Mr. WISE regested Mr. HanD to accept, as a substitute therefor, or, if not as a substitute, as a modification, the following resolution offered by Mr. W. on Monday Jası:

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, requested to lay before ibis House, as soon as practicable, a report of a full and connected system of national defence, embracing steam and other vessels of war, and “floating batteries” for coast and harbor defence; and national foundries, and the internal means auxilia. ry to these for transportation and other warlike uses by land; and that he be requested to furnish this House with the reports submitted to his Department, at any time, by Major General Edmund P. Gaines, or other person, or persons, of profes. sional experience, of their "plans of defence," if any such have been submitted, with the views of the Secretary of War thereon. And that the Se. cretary furnish an estimate of the expenses of his own and other plans be may report, distinguishing such parts of plans as ought to be immediately adopted and prosecuted, with the probable cost and time of their prosecution and commence

Mr. HAND said he had no particular objection to that resolution, as an addition; but the whole plan might riot be prepared, and he wished it so passed as to avoid delay. If it was added as a sub. stantive resolution, the Secretary might send that portion relating to the Northern and Northeastern frontier at once.

Mr. WISE then moved his resolution, by way of amendment, as an additional one; which was un

derstood to be accepted by Mr. Hand as a modifica ion of his.

The question then being on the resolution as modified,

Mr. WISE said that his resolution embraced an entire system of national defence-a system which, it seemed to him, ought to bave been entered on long ago. This Government, he would venture to say, in the face of a threatened war, was in the most defenceless condition of any in the world. There was not a power on earth, civilized or barbarous, with a tithe of the physical force which this country could employ, that had not now in active operation more means of defence than we. In fact, our condition was worse than if we had never spent a dollar on our system of fortifications. There was scarcely a sort on our seaboard that was not in a condition to be taken by the enemy, and to be used against ourselves, instead of being a fort for our own defence. He would not now go into the inquiry whose fault it was, from the time that we had the celebrated excitement on the three million appropriation down to this moment, when we stood now in the presence of the British lion himself-he would not now stop to inquire who was to blame for the helpless condition of our country, left, as it was, to the mercy of any foe that possessed maritime power. He would not now stop to comment on the utter, reckless folly of talking of a war with Great Britain about a few pine logs in Maine, when our commerce, our national honor, our lives, and every portion of our frontier, we exposed to British aggression and British bayonels.

Mr. HAND said, that on this subject he was no alarmist. He well knew the deep injury that our commercial interests might sustain by an exciting and injudicious debate there. All he desired now was, that the House might be fully intormed on this important subject.

Mr. WISE. I am no alarmist. I have no idea that there is to be a war. But I go for the necessity of fortifications upon the most liberal scale for a peace establishment.

Mr. HAND said he had not supposed this resolution would interrupt the regular business of the House by debale. The answers to this and the other calls on the President and Departments, and probably the report of the Military Committee, would soon be in, and then would, he thought, be the time for discussion, and he felt constrained again to move the previous question.

Mr. ADAMS appealed to Mr. HAND to withdraw his motion for the previous question.

Mr. HAND was understood to insist on his call for the previous question.

Mr. ADAMS said he wished to say a word on this subject, because he found ihat there was among his own consiluents, and among that portion of the people of this country who were now, by the act of God, deprived of the services of their immediate Representative, (Mr. LAWRENCE,) much anxiety in relation to it. He concurred perfectly in the opinion Jast expressnd by the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. WJSE ] He thought that there was not the slightest danger at this moment of a war with Great Britain, por for years to come. He (Mr. A.) said not for years to come, and he hoped this statement would be reported to his constiluents, and to those next to his own district-the people of the city of Boston, who were probably as deeply interested in the preservation of peace with Greai Britain as any portion of the people of the United States.

Mr. RHETT rose to inquire of the SPEAKER whether the demand for the previous question was or was not withdrawn?

Mr. HAND was understood to say he had not withdrawn, it.

Mr. ADAMS regretted, he said, that the gen. tleman from South Carolina (Mr. RHETT) was unwilling to hear that there was no danger of a war with Great Britain. The previous question had be withdrawn, and he hoped he would not be again interrupted.

Mr. RHETT. The gentleman from New York (Mr. Hand) says he has not withdrawn the demand for the previous question.

Mr. HAND said he had not withdrawn it, but

would do so on the promise of the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Adams) to renew it.

After some confnsion, cries to order, &c.

Mr. ADAMS was understood to say that he would revew it, and spoke in substance as follows, (as published in the National Inteiligencer.)

He stat:d, for the benefit of his constituents, and of the immediale neighborhood of his constituents, and of the people of the whole country, that he did not apprehend, in the slightest degree, that there was any immediate danger of a war with Great Britain, or for years to come. And he founded this opinion on two things: In the first place, he founded it on the message of the President of the United States at the commencement of the present ses:ion, in which he (Mr. A.) thought there was not a single word af recommendation to the people to prepare themselves for that great and terrible conflict which must ensue whenever we came in condict with Great Britain. From the day he saw that message, he concluded in his own mind that there was no danger of a war with Great Britain. And why? Because he was sure that, if ihe President of ihe United States himself had the slightest apprehension of danger of an immediate or early collision, it would have been wrong in him not to have recommended very strong and extensive preparations for that eveni. When, after that message was delivered, he (Mr. A.) saw weeks upon weeks pass away under an apprehension on the part of the citizens of the United Stales and of many of the members of this House that there was danger of war; when he saw the correspondence which had taken place (and which had from time to time been communicaled to Congress) between the Secretary of State and the British Minister here-he confessed he had waited to see on what ground it was that the President of the United Siates had concluded that there was not the slightest danger of a collision with Great Britain at present. ·

When the last correspondence was communi cated to the Senate-and when a gentleman, the chairman of the Commitee on Foreign Affairs in this House [Mr. PICKENS) sounded the alarm--an alarm which had pervaded the whole country-he [Mr. A.) felt a degree of concern and apprehen: sion himself, not then having seen the correspondence. But the very next morning he saw it; and, in the last lelter from the Secretary of State to the British Minister, he saw the grounds upon which the President had come to such a conclusion, and very safely come to it. That correspondence, as all must have observed, has been of an irritating character. There was anger, passion, feeling, upon both sides; and the community and many members of Congress, seeing these expressions of irritation, probably came to the conclusioa, unneces arily as he thought, that there was danger of an immediate collision.

He, as soon as he saw the last letter of the Secretary of Siale, became satisfied that there was so such danger; for, in the very heat and tempest of the passion, the Secretary of State broke off, and said that, from the day on which ihe President of the United States entered upon the duties of his station, he had lletermined that, in the event of the two parties not being able to come to an understanding by means of their negotiations, he would propose a reference of the great question at issue, for the second time, to a third pariy. To this the very natural reply of the British Minister was, that this was a new proposition, which he could only communicate to his Government, as he would immediately do. And that was the position in which the matter now stood. One of two things must be: either There was a proposition already on the part of Great Britain to accept a proposition hereto ore made on the part of the Government of the United States--and that, of course, would necessarily prevent collision,-or the Government of Great Britain must determine whether it would accept of this proposition for a reference. Now, he said that the Government of Great Britain could not refuse this proposition; and when the question was referred to a third power, we should have no war from that time forward until at any rate the arbitrators had come to a decision, which would take years.

There was one other possibility wbich might in


duce collision; which was, that, while these negotiations were going on, the British Government might continue to encroach on the territory of the United States as they were doing, and had been doing ever since this matter had approached to the appearance of hostility between the two couniries. This was possible-nay, probable. On the other hand, we had, on the part of the people of Maine, manifestations of a spirit not to submit, for any great length of time, to these continual encroachments-partially denied-partially, so to speak, prevaricated away in the correspondence between the Brirish Minister and the Secretary of State; but sul going on in the disputed territory, in which the British authorities might continue to advance until they bad all they claimed, and proba. bly a grert deal more. It remained for the people oi Maine lo decide whether they would submit to it or not. He believed they would submit to these encroachments, and that there would be no act on the part of this Government to sustain or support them if they did not submit. He gave warning to the Representatives from Maine and Massachusetts in this House that the people of Maine would submit so long as it pleased the Government of Great Britain to pursue them under this course of negotiation to be resumed by a second reference. He presumed, however, that many of the Representatives of the State of Maine understood the feelings of their people better than he did.

Mr. A. then alluded to the course of the Government of Maine during the last spring-against which, Mr. A. said, he would not at the time con. sent to the adoption of any proposition which even by imputation could cast censure apon the Governor for his conduct. But, more recently, he (Mr. A.) had seen evidences of an exceedingly cool and tame spirit coming from the State of Maine. He did not mean to say this was not very proper under the circumstances of the times; but he had satisfied himsell ihat there was no sort of danger to be apprehended from any act of the people of that State. The Legislature of Maine declared at ibat time that if the Government of the United States did not take the matter up, they would do justice to themselves. Now they declared that if the British went on encroaching there, and prevaricating here, as they had dove and were doing, they would call on the Government of the United States to protect them.

Mr. Smith of Maine. What else, sir, did they say—that if the General Government did not prolect them, they would protect themselves?

Mr. A. said, all he intended to say was what he did not think any member from Maine would contradict, tbal, in the event of a second reference to a third power, the people of Maine would not com. mence a war with Great Britain; if any one did contradict it, let the two statements, be put side by side.

Mr. A. Smith said it was not his feeling, nor the feeling of the people of Maine, that this question should be again submitted to a reference in the manner or at all under the terms upon which it was submitted by a former Administration.

Mr. Adams said the gentleman was very cau. tious in bis declaration that the people would not submit to another reference. He (Mr. A ) declared they would submit to it, and he said that they oughi to submit to it in case the event should come: and one of his chief motives in addressing the House at this time was to say that he approved entirely of this determination on the part of the President of the United States. He thought the Chief Executive of this country was authorized to make such a reference, and he was gratified to find such a determination had been formed; for nothing could be more effectual in preventing ihat collision which many of them, and he among the number, were so apprehensive of. He believed it was the most pacific and conciliatory course which could have been delermined upuo; sor that reason he ap. proved of it, and it would be approved by the whole of the civilized race of mankind.

It came precisely to that point in reference to which so many petitions had been brought into this House, and to which he wished the House bad paid more attention-that was to say, a general principle which, by the force of public opinion, should com

pel all Governments in the world ic resort to this pacific mode of settling difficulties raiher than by a resort to war. The iwo nalions—the British people and the people of the United Staleshe might say unanimously, for he scarcely believed there was a man bul who deprecated a war between the two nations--all deprecated a resort to war. The reference of the question to arbitrators was an honorable mode of proceeding; no nation could refuse to adopt such a course. The British Goverament, he maintained, must compulsively, whether they would or not, accept the proposition; and if not compelled, they would do it from motives of policy; and therefore he concluded there was no danger of a war. The only doubt he could entertain would be ihat the people of Maine, in the impatience and impetuosity which they must naturally feel for their own interests and their own rights, might, by their own indiscretion, commence hostilities. He did not, however, apprehend such an event, nor did he still believe that any member would rise and say that there was danger of war from that source.

Mr. SMITH of Maine said he had listened with profound attention to the remarks of the venerabie gentleman from Massachusetts, touching a ques. tion of absorbing interest to the people of Maine, and he confessed his inability to comprehend them. Mr. S. was so unfortugale as lo misapprehend the tenor of those remarks, or they embraced propositions wholly inconsistent with each other. The gentleman had said, that, when this question was agitated in the last Congress, and the conduct of the Government of Maine, in calling out the military force of the State 10 repel the invaders of her soil, was the subject of animadversion, he had been among the foremost to defend the course wbich Maine had pursued. He had not suffered the slightest reproach to be cast upon her. Maine had done precisely as she should have done under the circumstances. There was a palpable invasion of her territory, and she had acted nobly in repelling it. But the gentleman seems now to think that the peace of the country may be preserved, if Maine, by some act of indiscretion and rashness, do not disturb it. The territory of the State, solemnly and repeatedly declared to be so by the National Government-known to be so by Great Britain herself-was now in the occupation of foreign troops. The soil of Maine, the gentleman from Massachusetts declares, is, at this momeni, encroached by British troops, and that such encroachment will be continued and persisted in by Great Britain, and quietly submitted to by the United States, unless the people or Government of Maine, by some acı of indiscretion or rashness, intercept our peaceable relations with that country! And ihe gentlemen tells us furthermore, that the proper course to adjust the question, is to propose another reference, which he says Great Britain will not and cannot refuse, and which it will take years to bring it to an issue—and he then tauntingly gives notice to the people of Maine, that although pending this reference, the encroachments of Eng. land will be continued, they must and will quietly and peaceably submit to them, and that any resistance on their part will be rash and indiscreet, and tend to involve the country in a war!

Mr. 8. repelled this idea of passive obedience and non-resistance on the part of Maine. There had been nothing in the course of her Government

justify it. Mr. S. called upon the gentleman from Massachusetts to point out the "rame spiri" of which be pretended 10 have seen recent evidence in that Siale. The resolutions very lately adopted by her Legislature were, in letier and spirit, wholly ai variance with lameness or servility. And Mr. S. assured the gentleman from Massachusetts, and the country, that no attachment to party would be suffered to swerve the people of that Siate from a persevering and determined maintenance of their constitutional and unalienable rights.

But the gentleman from Massachusetts, who came forward so honorably to sustain the military opera. lions of Maine, in the last Congress, upon the ground that they were justifiable, seems now to think that a similar

on her part would be rash and indiscreet, and that it is her duty to submit to the continued encroach

ments of England for years to come.

Mr. S. was wholly unable to comprehend the distinction between an invasion of Maine last year, and a military occupation the present year. And he assured the gentleinan that the people of Maine would not understand it. The same regard for the honor of their State-for the integrity of its territory-for ihrir own characler as American citizens—which prompted the people of Maine to resist and repel The invasiun of her soil upon a former occasion, still existed. They had the same distinguished gentleman at the head of the Government; and the people of this country might be assured that he would never permit the State over which he presided to be disgraced by foreign encroachments. The gentleman from Massachusetts had spoken in high terms of that functionary. Mr. S. expressed bis ihanks to the genuleman for the just manner in which he had spoken of the Governor of Maine. As a Representative of the people of that State, and as a personal friend of that distinguished indi. vidual, he tende red bim his unseigned thanks.

Mr. S. had the fullest assurance that the rights of Maine were duly regarded by the National Administration. He had never doubled the disposition of the Executive to extend the protection of the nation over the entire territory of that State; and he had unshaken confidence in the patriotism of the people of the whole country to sustain the Government in every measure necessary for the accomplishment of that purpose. He dd not agree with the genileman from Massachusetts in regard to the tone of the correspondence last communicated to Congress between the Secretary of State and the British Minis'er. He considered the letter of the Secretary, in reply to the British Minister, an able, dignified, and statesmanlike paper, and a most triumphant vindication of the rights of Maine, and the action of her Government in regard to the boundary question, and, at the same time, evinced the full determination of the Government of the nation to sustain and defend ihem. It was such a paper as was to have been expecied from the source from which it emanated.

The gentleman from Massachusetts had spoken of a reference as the proper mode of adjusting and finally seit ing this vexed que tion. In regard to that matter, Mr. S. believed he expressed the views of the whole people of Maine, when he stated that they would never consent to a reference in the manner, and under the terms, upon which the ques

was referred under a former Administration. But Maine had set up no claim to territory, the justice of which she was not willing to submit 10 The striciest scrutiny. She was williog ihat the line designated by the treaty of 1783, between her territory and the British provinces, should be run and marked, and finally settled by disinterested and scientific individuals, who should be required to go upon the territory with the treaty, and perform this service. To such a reference, Mr. S. believed Maine would not object. Any other, instituted upon terms which would render a just decision less cerlain, she wjald most strenuously resist.

Mr. W. THOMPSON said that the information sought in the resolution had been communicated informally to the Committee on Military Affairs, and that it was now before that committee for the purpose of being acted upon. He was understood to say that, he thought ihe best plan would be 10 have the matter referred to the commiuee, that they might report upon it, and that the whole might be printed. Sull, however, he would not raise any special objection to the adoption of the resolation.

Mr. T. then proceeded to make some remarks on the question to which the resolation looked. He thought there was no reason for this hasie. He would say that the conduct of the General Govern. ment in regard 10 Maine met his entire approval. He was rejoiced to hear the remarks of the distin. guished gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Adams;) speaking out as all would have espected him to do, not only with the spirit and manliness of an American pairiot, but with the wisdom of an American stalesman. He (Mr. T.) had not recenly believed there was any danger of war, though he did believe so at the last session of Congress. He believed that in the condition in which the



[ocr errors]

sufficient accuracy even lo attempt a report of them. Personal explanations, at the best, are difficult and dangerous things for Reporiers to meddle with—and are becoming insuperably so.)-Nat. Int.

Mr. BOND rose, and af:er addressing the Chair, said: I big permission of the House, before proceeding with the business of the day, to allow me a few moments for a matter of personal explanation. It relales to an account of a debate in which I partic pated last Thursday, and which is published in the Globe of Salurday evening. I intended 01 Tues lay morning, as ihe same subject would then have come up for consideration, to ask this permission; but the melancholy event of that day postponed all business until this moment.

I will first use this occasion to say that I never expected to be truly represented in the Globe. Independent of the constant habit of that paper to traduce me, I have long since incurred ihe displea . sure of one of its Reporters here by calling the altention of this House, in 1838, to the abuse of public patronage in suffering hin 10 absent himself from his place in one of the Departments, in which he held the office of a clerk. The account of the debate, as given in the Globe, suppresses much that I said, and represents me as first introducing in the debate the character and veracity of the Editors of the Ohio Statesman. It was my purpose to be

Se lo the Committee on Indian Affairs. matter now stood, war was impossible.

Great ! Britain must accede to the proposition as made; if

not, she would accede to it with certaia modifica

tions. He would say here, that whilst it was the en duty of this Government to speak the language of A kindness and protection to Maine, it was its duty

also to speak ihe language of firmness, nay some

what of siernness, to the au horities of Maine. He 13 knew byw deeply exciting, a ma'ter a contest for

territory was; but whilst Maine was given to un

derstand thai we intended to protect her rights and Fall give her the land (as to ber right to wbich he had

no earthly doubt) or an equivalent fur il-still 1 he wished her lo understand that, if a war came,

it was our war. We took the matter out of her

hands, and if we were to have a war, it was but tipe right that we should have the negot.ation too. It

was too absurd to think of ihe State of Maine talkcil being of Oghting Great Bri'ain. He repeated, as by the war would be ours, if there was any, let us also e have the negotiation.

Mr. T. was not disposed to act upon the matter 3 of fortifications now, at all events. If there was to na be a war, or a reasonable chance of a war-if 23 there was one chance in one ihousand that would cum justify putling the country in a condition to meet it,

14* we could not arm too speedily nor too closely. z If not, we could not spend too lii'e in thai way, for Ell we hal too liitle to spend. And if, when advices ni bad been received from England, they should not eiti be altogether pacific, and such as would justify the a confident anticipation of peace, he was then ready 23 to arm the country, not so much on the point of 26 danger as of national honor. He was not willing

10 treat with Great Britain while Brilish bayonets Bruised and British fortificalions were scattered along the i? 2 whole line of our coast; he desired to treat with my arms in his hands. But he was not disposed to " accelerate that state of things, or to create addi10 tional fever lemper in relation to this question. its six months would put us in a coudition to resist ler any aggression; nay, he believed we might resist it en without any fortifications at all. We had, thank

God, the same means which enabled General Jackzal 93 son lo meet the enemy on the plains of Louisiana. una We had the same means of protection—the same En slout hearts and strong hands in the freemen of this the more country.

Mr. T. repelled ihe idea of invasion of the Ame. tel: rican soil, and insisted that we had already fortifiau cations which, for a very little money, and in a few Denn weeks, would put the country in a condition suc

cessfully to resist at ack. This led to some cross

questioniog between Mr. T. and Mr. Wise, as to ett: ihe state of the forıifications of the country.

After which, Mr. HAND moved the previous he's question.

And there was a second.

And the main question was ordered to be now 5,23* taken; and, being taken, was decided in the affir

So the resolution, as modified, was adopted.

The SPEAKER laid before the House a report from the Secretary of the Treasury, in relation to the condition of the banks of the United States;

which, on motion of Mr. JONES, of Virginia, was ei laid on the table and ordered to be printed.

Mr. JONES also moved that 2,000 copies extra be printed; which motion lies over, under the rule.

2. Letter from the Second Auditor's office of the Treasury Department, transmiiting copies of such accounts as have been rendered by persons charged or interested with the disbursement or application of moneys, or goods, or effects, for the benefit of the Indians, from the 1st of October, 1838, to the 30th of September, 1839, inclusive, &c.

On motion of Mr. DAVIS of Indiana, referred

"The Reporter for the Globe regrets that he is again under the necessity of intruding himselfon the public in self.desence. Mr. Bond of Ohio has not only assailed the correctness of his re. port, but his motives; and attributes what he calls a "garbled repori,'' to the displeasure he had incurred of one of the Globe's reporters. Now, the Reporter who is particularly assailed, is under the necessity of taking issue with Mr. Bond di: recily on this point, How does the member know that he has incurred the displeasure of the humble individual he thus thoughtlessly cliarges with improper motives? Is he conscious of having done the Reporter wrong, or has he any acquaintlance with him, or knowledge of his character, directly or indirectly, which warrants the belief that he harbors vindictive or illiberal feelings? The Reporter assures Mr. BOND, and every gentleman of the Opposition party, that he has nu desire to misrepresent them, and that he cannot possibly see what advantage it would be to him, or to his party, to do so. Anxious to retain the reputation of a faithful reporter of debates, which he believes that he has earn ad by many years of painful toil in the other hall of the legislative body, the Reporter strives, according to his best ability, to give to the public a faithful ac. count of what passes in the House of Representatives. He does not pretend to give a verbatiin report of every thing that is said in the discursive debates which so often occur. If he had as many bands as BRIAREUS he could not do it; and though gentlemen have a right to expect of him, in wiiting out their set speeches, to report them as nearly verbatim as possible, neither they nor the public would be served by setting down, word for word, every political skirmish that takes place. And now to the matter of which Mr. Bond particularly com plains. The Reporter declares, most solemnly, that he had no intention to do that gentleman wrong, or to misrepresent him besore the public. He believes now-and the very state. ment of Mr. BOND bears him out in il-that he report ed, in substance, every malerial idea he advanced, and he did not pretend to do more. It is readily admitted that Mr. Bond did get up before Mr. MASON, and pro. nounce the statement read by Mr. WATTEKSON, from the Ohio Statesman, to be false. But this omission was wholly without any design, and cannot possibly convey a wrong impression, for it is stated in the report that Mr. Mason and Mr. Rond both contradicted it. In the remarks attributed to Mr. Bond, as well as to his colleague, if there are any ideas conveyed that are not correct, the Reporter will cheerfully insert the correction; but he does not understand that any such charge is made. In: deed, if there was any fault at all in the brief sketch of Mr. Bond's remarks, it was in softening the harsh language he used; and they who believe in the truth of that Scripture, "blessed are the peace makers,” will haruly censure the Reporter for that venial error. With regard to the remarks of Messrs. Mepill and Weller, they are correct in substance, though they may not be literally the words used. These gentlemen being salisfied, no one else has a right to complain.

An explanation is now necessary in relation to a further charge made by Messrs. Bond and GRAVES, that one of the Re: porters for the Globe being a clerk in one of the public offices, is permitted to absent himself from his duties during the session of Congress, drawing his salary at the same time. A few words, it is believed, will be sufficient to satisfy others, if not these two gentlemen, that in this transaction there is nothing wrong, and that no injury has accrued to the public service in conɛequence

content with pronouncing the article from that paper giving an account of the Whig Convention at Columbus as false and groundless. My colleague, [Mr. MediLL,] in speaking of the Editors of that paper, said he had never heard their veracity quesLionel. It was in answer to this that I fell obliged to introduce the name of one of them, and state what I had seen published about him.

..And when I spoke of one hundred and sixty lies appearing in one part of that slalement, it was also in answer to what my colleague (Mr. MEDIIL] hid said when he selected, as an evidence of the truth of the article, the names of the delegates to that convention from Muskingum county. I had seen it stated in a paper printed in that county, that the article in question contained one hundred and sixty lies in reference to those delegates, and so I stated to the House. But I wish to call the attention of my colleague to what he is represented as having said on the occasion.

Mr. Bond here read several passages from the Globe, and then proceeded. I desire ny colleague to say whether he used this language, or these ideas.

Mr. MEDLL said he would answer when his col. league had finished his remarks.

Mr. BOND observed that he desired to treat his colleague with perfect respect; but wished his answer now.

Mr. MEDILL said, that if his colleague preferred he should answer now, he had certainly no objections to do so. With the order or arrangement of the debate, as reported in the Globe, he had nothing to do, nor was he prepared to say whether it was correct or not. He had not beard Ihe remarks of his colleague, Mr. Mason,) and was satisfied ihat his colleague (Mr. Bond] had spoken last, although he might also have commenced the debate. Much allowance should be made for the Repor'ers, when there is any noise or confusion in the House, and if they succeed in giving The substance of what is said, there is no cause of complaini. He would not undertake to say at this length of time whether his own remarks, made on the occasion, were given verbatim or no', nor would he now step to tax his recolection, or that of his friends, to ascertain the fact. He made no immaterial issues. He bad only to say to his colleague, that until the language employed towards an absent citizen of his own Siale, and which prompted their atlerance at the time, was withdrawn, he endorsed them precisely as reported, and held himself re ponsible ac cordingly. of it. Oowing to the impossibility of Messrs. Blair and Rives procuring a competent Reporter, the individual who is now serving them in that capaciiy, ont of a sincere desire to serve them, as well as to contribute all in his power towards the dis. semination of correct intelligence, was induced to apply 10 the head of the oflice in which he served, General WHITCOMB, for a furlough during the seesion of Congress. This permis. sion has been granted for the two or tbree sessions past, but a's ways on the condition of putting a competent clerk in the place thus ternporarily vacated. At the commencement of this sts. sion, General WHITCOMB granted the furlough with great reluctance; and it was only on ascertainiog, to his entire sa. tisfaction, that the duties of the station were in such a condition that a new clerk could discharge them, that he granted it. So far from the Reporter absenting himself from his duties while they are unperformed, or he, or Messrs. BLAIR and Rives, de. riving any pecuniary benefit from the transaction, the contrary is the fact. A clerk who writes a rapid and beautiful hand, and who is every way competerit, has been appointed to fill the va. cated situation for the session of Congress; and this clerk has received, for each and every month, one hundred dollars in spe. cie, the whole amount of the salary attached to the office, Blair and Rives paying the Reporter a higher salary. Ample proof of these facts the Reporter is ready to show to any one who wishes to see it. It may be asked what object the Reporter has in undertaking a laborious and thankless employ. ment, besides the increase of pay he receives from BLAIR and Rives. He answers, a grateful sense of benefits received, which never can be forgotten while his heart continues to beat. BLA IR and Rives gave him employment when he was in dis tress, and with it they gave him double the compensa tion he ro ceived from his former en pluyers, since which time he has re. ceived every evidence of their friendship and confidence,

LUND WASHINGTON, Jr. April 1 1840.

s mative.

[ocr errors]

The SPEAKER also laid before the House a communication in relation to the New Jersey coniested election; which, on motion of Mr. CAMPBELL of South Carolina, was referred to the Commitee of Elections.

Mr. BOND rose and asked leave of the House to make a personal explanation. And leave was granted; which explanation is copied from the Intelligencer, as follows:

[The following remarks were written out by Mr. Bond, the Reporter not having heard them with

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »