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This motion was equivalent to a rejection, and as an isolated proposition. He, however, had Mr. BYNUM. Sir, I will do so.
was so understood by Congress.
voted for the whole body of the resolutions.

“Those who voted in the negative are:

"Messrs. Nemun Allen, George Evans, Stephen C. " And the question being put, it was decided in the neg- Well, the next vote was on the second branch

Philips, William Jackson, Abbott Lawrence, Jonattaa ative-seas 69, nays 133." of the resolutions, in these words:

Sloani-6." Mr. B. read the names of those in the affirma

“ With instructions to report that Congress possesses no All Whigs. tive. of these sixty-six, there were thirteen

constitutional authority to interfere in any way with the This closes the action of the House upon the

institutions of slavery in any of the States of this ConDemocrats, fifty-three Whigs, and not a southfederacy."

adoption of the Pinckney resolutions. ern Democrat amongst them; of that number

Against this part of the resolution there was

: On the 18th of May, page 846, Mr. Pinckney there are twelve southern Whigs.

made his report from the select committee apbut one Democrat and six Whigs. On the 13th of January, page 177,

Mr. B. called the particular attention of the pointed under the resolutions I have just read. “Mr. Jarvis modified his resolution so as to read as fol- House to the vote on the next division of the res

This report, after an able argument, concluded lows: olutions; and to it he invited the attention of every

by recoinmending the adoption of three reso“Whereas any attempt in the House to agitate the ques

lutions: tion of slavery is calculated to disturb the compromises of

southern man in this country. It developed a the Constitution, to endanger the Union, and, if persisted fact about which there could be no longer quib. Il authority to interfere in any way with the institution of

“1. Resolved, That Congress possesses no constitutional in, to destroy the peace and prosperity of the country: bling, and there was no other evidence that would Therefore,

slavery in any of the States of this Confederacy. Resolved, That, in the opinion of this House, the sub

place more clearly the parties in their proper po- “2. Resolved, That Congress ought not to interfere in ject of the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia

sitions in this House. The direct vote was upon any way with slavery in the District of Columbia. ought not to be entertained by Congress; and it is further the branch of the resolution in these words:

“3. Resolved, That all petitions, memorials, propositions, “Resolved, That in case any petition praying for the

resolutions, or papers, relating in any way, or to any extent abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia be here

That, in the opinion of this House, Congress ought not whatever, to the subject of slavery, or the abolition of slaafter presented, it is the deliberate opinion of the House

to interfere in any way with slavery in the District of Co- very, shall, without being either printed or referred, belaid that the same ought to be laid on the table without being lumbia."

on the table, and that no further action whateter shall be referred or printed.

Here, sir, is a direct vote upon the proposition

had thereon." "A notion was made by Mr. Chilton Allen, (Whig,) that has so much distracted the people of this

The vote upon the first resolution was passed that the said resolution and amendinenis pending thereto do lie on the table, and the question being put, it was de

country, and is the first darling object that the by only nine opposing it, beginning with JOHN cided in the negative-yeas 58, nays 155." abolitionists themselves wish to accomplish; and

QUINCY Adams and closing with William SLADE; it is needless for any man to tell me who has voted

no Democrat among them. The second resolution, of these fifty-eight there were ten Democrats, against this direct proposition that he is no abo

which brought up again the immediate question seven southern Whigs, no southern Democrats litionist, and that he does not lend himself to them.

now before us, and which is in these words, as I among them. Upon this direct proposition the question was,

have just read: Mr. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS offered to introduce an aboshall this part of the resolution pass; and the votes

Resolved, That Congress ought not to interfere in any Jition petition, and moved that it be received.

way with slavery in the District of Columnbia," "A motion was made by Mr. MILLER, (Democrat,) that

were-yeas 163, nays 47. the motion that the petition be received do lie on the table; Of these forty-seven, there were but five Dem

was passed by the following vote:

yeas 132, and the question being put, that the House do agree to the ocrats, leaving forty-two Whigs, among whom

nays 45, as recorded on page 881. The nays I inotion made by Mr. MILLER, it passed in the affirmativethere was not a man from any slaveholding State.

will read for the information of the House and yeas 146, nays 45." (Page 235, January 25.) (Cries from both sides, “ Read their names;'

the country. Says the journal: Of these forty-five nays there were but five * Read their names;'" Read them out;" " Let us

“Those who voted in the negative are: Democrats, two southern Whigs, and no south- hear."'] Mr. B. said that he would do so.

“Messrs. Heman Allen, Jeremiah Bailey, William K.

Bond, Nathaniel Borden, George W. Briggs, William B. crn Democrat.

" Those who voted in the negative are:

Calhoun, John Carr, George Claubers, Timothy Childa, This was as near a rejection of the question of “ Messrs. John Quincy Adams, Heman Allen, Jeremiah William Clark, Caleb Cushing, Harmer Denny, Horace reception as could well have been, and answered Bailey, John Banks, William K. Bond, Nathaniel B. Bor- Everett, Philu Fulier, George Grinneil, Diland Hall, Gideon all practical purposes. On the 4th of February,

den, George N. Briggs, William B. Calhoun, George Cham- Hard, Samuel Harrison, Abner lluzeliine, Joseph Hender

bers, Timothy Childs, William Clark, Thomas Corwin, son, William lleister, s. Hoar, Jonathan McCarty, Thomas (Journal, page 280,) Mr. Pinckney, of South Caleb Cushing, Edward Darlington, Hamer Demuy, George

M. T. McKennan, Mathias Morris, James Parker, Stephen Carolina, introduced this resolution:

Evans, Horace Everett, Philo V. Fuller, Francis Granger, Phillips, David Pouls, jr.,John Reed, David Russell, William

Gideon Hard, Abner Hazeltine, William Heister, Samuel Slade, Williain Sprugue, Samue: F. Vinton, Elisha Whit. “ Resolved, That all the memorials which have been of

Hoar, fliram P. Hunt, Joseph R. Ingersoll, William Jack- tlesey, Niram P. flut, Joseph Ingersoll, William Jackson, fered, or may hereafter be presented, to this flouse, pray- son, Henry F. Jones, Abbott Lawrence,* George W. Lay, Henry F. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Daniel Kilgore, Ainos ing for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia,

Levi Lincoli, Thomas C. Love, Sampson Mason, Jona- Lane, Abbott Lawrence, Joshua Lee, Levi Lincoln, Samp and also the resolutions offered by the honorable member

than McCarty, Thomas M. T. McKennan, Mathias Morris, son Mison." from Mainc, (Mr. Jarvis,] with an amendment thereto,

James Parker, t Dutee J. Pearce, Stephen Phillips, David proposed by an honorable member from Virginia, (Mr.

Among these names, there are six Democrats; Polis, jr., John Reed, David Russell, Jonathan Sioan, WilWise,) and every other paper or proposition that may be liam Sprague jr., Samuel F. Vinton, Taylor Webster, and

there may be one or two more or less. My obsubmitted in relation to that subject be referred to a select Elisha Whittlesey.” Page 213.

ject has been to show the course that has been committee with instructions to report ; that Congress possesses no constitutional authority to interfere in any way What should any impartial mind desire more

pursued by the great body of the two parties upon with the institutions of slavery in any of the States of this to convince it of the position and tendencies of the

inis momentous subject. Now, sir, ihe northern Confederacy; and that in the opinion of this House Conparties now before the country than this vote upon

wing of the Whig party at that time never gress ought not to interfere in any way with slavery in the

ihe direct question between the South and the amounted to seventy Representatives; I do not District of Columbia, because it would be in violation or the public faili, unwise, impolitic, and dangerous to the abolitionists? Forty-three Whigs out of forty

think there were more than fifty-five or sixty. Union; assigning such reasons for these conclusions as in seven voting against the direct proposition against The majority of that wing then went invariably the judgment of the committee may be best calculated to the interference by the abolitionists with the rights

against every measure that was passed in opposienliglior the public wind, lo repress agitation, to allay exof the people of the South; and, sir, singular is it

lion to the views and objects of the abolitionists. citement, to sustain and preserve the just rights of the slavelolding States, and of the people of this District, and to tell, at that time that numberconstituted a large

The third and last resolution, passed by a vote to establish harmony and tranquillity among the various majority of the whole Whig vole from the non- of 117 to 68, some of the southern members vosections of the Union." slaveholding States in this House.

ting against it, believing it adraiited the right of A motion to suspend the rules of the House, Such, sir, are the recorded facts on your Jour- reception of the sixty-eight there were twentyto introduce these resolutions, was lost by a vote nals. Can they be explained away by the bril

two Democrats; the increase was caused by their of 121 to 75. There not being two thirds, the || liancy of talent, or the cunning and ingenuity of

hostility to the reception of the petitions. Thus motion was lost. On the 8th of February (page mun? Here I might rest this subject; but there

concluded the action of this body upon the sub305) Mr. PINCKNEY renewed the motion lo sus- is more to come of equal force, and ihe whole facts

ject of abolition in the first session of the Twentypend the rules of the Ilouse, to mtroduce the relative to this malier are demanded by every

Fourth Congress; upon which I leave it to the same resolution; and the question being put, the sacred interest to be known, and I am determined, American people and an impartial world to make rules were suspended, two thirds voring for it, as far as I am able, to present them to the public.

the comment. Sir, what must be the verdict of yeas 135, nays 65. Of these sixty-five there were The next part of the resolution is in these words:

the South and South west, in examining this evi. nine Democrats.

« Because it would be a violation of public faith, unwise,

dence, who have been so much insulted and Mr. BRIGGS, of Massachusetts, said there were impolitic, and dangerous to the Union."

abused by the impositions and misrepresentations more than wine Democrats.

For this proposition, yeas 127, nays 75. Of

that have been so long played off on them by Mr. BYNUM replied, there were, if the gen- these seventy-five nays there were twenty-three

their artful politicians and treacherous public tleman counted the nullifiers; but at that time that Democrats, fifty-two Whigs; among whom there

presses? But it is for them to revenge the wrong, party were acting against the Democrats; and, of l is no Democrat from the South, and but four

and apply the remedy. course, he did not feel himsclf authorized to rank southern Whigs.

I will now call the attention of the body to the them with us. A motion was made to take the The remainder of the resolution was in these

proceedings of this House upon the same subject votes upon each separate proposition. The reso- words:

at the second session of the 'T'wenty-Fourth Con. lution to refer to a committee passed by a vote of

gress. You will find on page 234 of the Journals,

“ Assigning such reasons for these conclusions as in the 174 to 48. I voted myself against the first resojudginent of the committee may be best calculated to en

January 18, that Mr. Hawes, of Kentucky, inlution to refer to a committee, with forty-seven Tighten the public mind, to allay excitement, to repress troduced the following resolution: other southern men. [In reading Mr. B.'s own agitation, to secure and maintain the just rights of the slave- “Resolved, That all petitions, memorials, resolutions,

hoiding States, and oi' the people of this District, and restore name, against this resolution, there was a con

propositions, or papers, relating in any way, or to any er harmony and tranquillity anuong the various sections of Mr. B. said he thought at

leni whatever, to the subject of slavery, or to the abolition siderable laugh.] this Union."

of slavery, shall, without being printed or referred, be laid first there must have been a mistake, that he voted

And passed in the affirmative-yeas 167, nays 6.

on the table, and that no further action be had thereon." for the resolutions; but being informed that the

Mr. HUBBARD, of Alabama, asked that the Mr. Hawes, before taking his seat, called the vole was upon the first resolution for a reference names of the six be read.

previous question, which cut off all amendments to n committee that he was reading, he said then

and debate; and the question being so taken ou that his name was recorded righi; that the band il

* Now cuiogized by Southern men. always been opposed to referring these petitions, ||

i Numos u! We Democrats italicized.

*Mr. Adaxs did not vote; perhaps he was absent.

26th Cong..., 1st SESS.

Abolition PetitionsMr. Bynum.

HO. OF REPS.

sense.

its consideration under the previous question, I ing the abolition of slavery, or buying, selling, or the trans- Among these nays there are the names of but voted against both, wishing in yself to offer a fur- ferring slaves in any Slate, District, or Territory, of the three Democrats, leaving sixty-two good and true ther amendment, which was cut off, however, by

United States be laid upon the iable without being debated,
printed, read, or referred, and that no further action what

Whigs, a considerable majority of that whole the previous question. I then voted for the regever shall be bad thereon.Journals of the House of Rep

party then members of this House, and but one olution in its present shape, and it then passed by resentatives, December 21, page 127, second session, Twenty- southern man, and he a Whig. Mr. B. read the the following vote-yeas 129, nays 69. Fifth Congress.

names of the nays, and begged to be corrected if Of these sixty-nine that voted against this reso- After two preliminary votes taken upon sus. he erred. lution, there were but twelve Democrats, as they | pension of the rules, boin resulting in the affirma- Next came up the third resolution, which, being then ranked.

live, the main question was put in the following | divided, the vote was taken on the first branch of Mr. B. again read over the names of those that words, to wit:

the resolution, in these words: voted in the negative on the adoption of the res- “ Will the House agree to the resolution ? and passed in “Resolved, That Congress has no right to do that indiolution, and begged to be corrected if he had made the affirmative-yeas 122, vays 74.” (Page 129.)

rectly which it cannot do directly." a mistake.

Here Mr. B. held up the Journals and exhibited Yeas 170, nays 30. Such is the evidence of the facts, at that session, the yeas and nays there recorded, and said: Sir, Of these thirty nays, there is not the name of a as exhibited by the records of the House and the among those one hundred and twenty-two who single Democrat. Journals of that body. The adoption of this res- voied in the affirmative l challenge any man to Then came up the remaining branch of the olution put the subject to rest during that session, name one Whig from the North, or non-slave. same resolution, which is in these words: and we heard no more of it until the Twenty- | holding States; a fact that will fall like a clap of " And that the agitation of the subject of slavery in the Firth Congress. Sir, we have been amused, or thunder upon the ears of every southern man that District of Columbia, or the Territories, as a means or with rather enteriained with bomilies and long disser- has heretofore acted in concert with that party;

a view of disturbing or overthrowing that institution in the tations about the right of petition, a right that no while among the seventy-four voting against this

several States, is against the true spirit and meaning of the man here or elsewhere denies in iis constitutional resolution, there is not the name of a man from a

Constitution, an infringement of the rights of the States af

fected, and a breach of the public faith on which they enIt reminds ine much of the barrel thrown | slaveholding State, and only fourteen Democrats tered into this Confederacy." out to amuse the whale while the vessel escapes from the northern States, of more than eighty, Upon this the votes were: yeas 164, nays 39. with its freight. It is done to effect two objects: | leaving sixty Whigs who voted against the res- Among the thirty-nine, there is the name of one to make a favorable issue with abolitionists, olution of Mr. Patton.

but one Bemocrat; none from the South of either the other lo delude us while they strike for abo- This resolution, Mr. Speaker, was of the mild- || party. lition. It shows the arts of the old enemy, est nature, when examined. It asked nothing, The fourth resolution was then taken up, and emanating from the craft family. To expose this | denied no right of petition, but simply determined a vote taken on its first branch, a division being duplicity and double dealing, I call the attention notto act upon this most alarming and distracting || called for, which first branch was in these words, of the House and the American public to the question; against which, however, sixty Whigs (page 64:) Journals of the third session of the Twenty-Fifth || voted, and for which not one Whig from the non

Resolved, That the Constitution rests on the broad Congress, December 20, page 125, where they || slavenolding States voted. Here let it not be principle of equality among the members of this Confedwill find recorded in these words, (reading from || forgotten that, by reference to the votes on the

eracy. the Journal,] Speaker's election, sixty votes constituted a large

“ And passed in the affirmative-yeas 182, nays 26.” " The House proceeded to the consideration of the me- majority of the whole Whig vote, both from Of these twenty-six there is not the name of a morial of Isaiali Stokes and two hundred and ninety-two the North and South, at that time, added together Democrat-one southerner, a Whlg. other men, and of Rachael Frank and three hundred and in this House. Now, sir, as fact and figures can

The House then voted on the second branch of four other women, of the town of Storksborough and its vicinity, in ine Suaie of Vermont, praying the abolition of not lie, there is an awful demonstration of feelings || the fourth resolution, in these words: slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and sentiments, by their own recorded acts, of a " And that Congress, in the exercise of its acknowledged presented by Mr. SLADE on the 18th instant; and of the

majority of a pariy toward the sacredness of the powers, has no right to discriminate between the institu. motion made by Mr. Slade on that day, that the sail memoriulbe referred to a select coininittee.* When Mr. Slade institutions, the peace and safety of the entire peo

tions of one portion of the States and another, with a view

of abolishing the one and promoting the other." modified said motion as follows: that the said memorial

ple of one section of our country; and to it I inbe referred to select committee, with instructions to report voke the attention and serious consideration of

On this the yeas are 174, nays 26. a hill providing for the abolilion of slavery and the slave every man who has at heart the interest or safety

Among which twenty-six there is not the name trade in the District of Columbia.of the southern portion of this Republic. Sir,

of a Democrat. I pray every southern man in this nation to tell me; feed me no longer with empty profes

The question then came up on the fifth and last look at this, and weigh well ils authority. Here sions in the teeth of these recorded facts.

resolution; a division being demanded, the vote is a direct proposition to effect the desired object,

Mr. Speaker, I have said before that it was not

was taken on the first branch, in these words: coming immediately from one who, of all others, individual cases that demonstrated the general

Resolved, That attempts on the part of Congress to ought to know best of the objects of the aboli

abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, or the 'Territocharacters of men or measures; that no denomitionists; but, as others have done, he too may say

ries, or io prohibit the removal of slaves from State lo State, nation, church, society, community, State, or na- or to discriminate between the institutions of one portion he is no abolitionist, as though to effect their

tion, could be charged with being lainted, or with of the Confederacy and another, with the views aforesaid, object under another name. Now, sir, what becorruption, for having now and then corrupt in

are in violation of the Constitution, destructive of the tuncomes of this “lubabout the right of petition

damental principles on which the union of these States dividuals in them; but when it was evident that that gentlemen have thrown out to us and de

rests, and beyond the jurisdiction of Congress." a majority of the members of a church or party scanted on so learnedly? Here is their object and were tainted or corrupt, then it was that the body

Which passed in the affirmative-yeas 149, nays bantling, stripped by its own nurse, and presented of the members became amenable and subject to

52. Of these fifty-two there were five Democrats naked to us, in all its native deformity, which it the imputation of possessing and fostering the

and no southern man of either party. (Journal, hus been the indefatigable effort of gentlemen on feelings and principles of that inajority, and which

page 68.). The question was then put on the secthis floor so long to keep concealed, while they

ond branch of the fifth resolution, which was alhave made battle on us upon the more plausible

gave to it its only true character.
But, sir, let us return to the Journals of the next,

most identically a copy of the resolution of Mr. issue of the right of petition, about which they dare not introduce a proposition, for fear it woulu the third session of the 'Twenty-Fifth Congress: | Patton, offered by him under the instructions of

an exclusive southern meeting, without distinccommand a unanimous support, if pressed in any

On the 11th of December, (page 51,) Mr. ATHER-
ton introduced a series of five resolutions, for the

tion of parties, and in the following words: constitutional form. But my present object is not

“ And that every petition, memorial, resolution, or paper comment, but the exhibition of facts that are bepurpose of arresting the progress of abolition

touching, or relating in any way, or to any extent what. petitions, which had been agreed on by the Dem- ever, to slavery, as aforesaid, or the abolition thereot, shall, yond contradiction.

ocrats both from the North and from the South, on the presentation thereof, without any further action During the pendency of this enormous propo- in a meeting held by that party from both sec

thereon, be laid on the table, without being debated, printed, sition, you know well, Mr. Speaker, the extraur

or referred." tions of the country. I will read each part of the dinary excitement that prevailed bere. You resolution, and the votes on the separate divis

And the question being put on the proposition must recollect, when the Representatives from the

ions, and the House and the public may judge of it passed in the afirmative-yeas 128, nays 78. South left their seats, and resolved never to return

their character. Page 58, the question was taken Of the seventy-eight negatives there were nine until the question was settled; when nothing was

on the first resolution, which was in these words: Democrats, leaving sixty-nine Whigs, of which talked ot' by them scarcely but the immediate call

" Resolved, That this Government is a Government of

sixty-nine there were five southern men. of a southern convention; when every paper was limited powers; and that, by the Constitution of the United Now, sir, I pray every southern man to exfilled with rumors of an immediate separation and States, Congress las no jurisdiction whatever over the amine these resolutions, read them over and over dissolution of this Government, and which re- subject of slavery in the several states in the Confederacy.”

again, one by one, and to say if they were not sulted in the call of an exclusive southern meet- Against this resolution there were but six votes, | sufficiently strong io secure every southern intering without regard to parties. Yes, they met in namely, yeas 198, nays 6ếull Whigs.

est; while they particularly forebore to encroach one of your committee-rooms, and resolved on

“ Nays--Messrs. John Q. Adams, George Evans, Hor- on the rights of any other portion of this Union; offering a certain resolution, which has since been ace Everell, David Polls, David Russell, and liviun not an intimation about the denial of the right of denounced in this House as a northern resolution. Slade."

petition is contained in them. They only claimed: I allude to the resolution offered by Mr. Patron, On the 12th December, page 60, the question ihe right to dispose of them as the House thought of Virginia, under the instructions of an exclusive was put on the second resolution, which was in

proper, when presented, which was by laying southern meeting. Here is that resolution: these words:

ihem on the table, &c. Now, bad the House no “ Mr. PATTON moved that the rules prescribing the order

Resolved, That petitions for the abolition of slavery in right to do this? If not, it had no right to reject of business be suspended for the purpose of receiving and

the District of Columbia and the Territories of the United acting on a resolution in the words following: States, and against the removal of slaves from one State to

the prayer of the petitioners; and if it could not Resulved, That all petitions, memorials, and papers touch

another, are part of a plan of operations set on tool to affect do ihat, why not let the ignorant abolitionists

the institution of slavery in the several Suites, and indi: come in, and turn us out of the House at once, * The same that was proposed by a gentleman from Lou

rectly to destroy that institution within their limits." and take the matter into their own hands; and Isiana (Mr. CHINN.]

For it, 136; against it, 65.

show at once the enormous absurdity that this 26TH CONG.... 1st SESS.

Abolition Petitions-Mr. Bynum.

HO. OF REPS.

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men.

Government has not the power of self-preserva- of worth, and with character to lose-no bankrupt, by a southern man, these very "dough-faced Demtion! Sir, by those resolutions the right of peti- || without personal interest in any section of the coun- ocrats” who had the patriotism and firmness to tion was not invaded, unless, after their present- try, but one who has a deep personal interest in the come up and vote down this resolution to rescue ation here we were bound to grant their prayer, very subject at issue. He drew the original resolu- their country from the vortex of revolution and and had not the right to treat that prayer, after tions, and which, after some verbal alterations,

civil war.

Will the South believe it, that there presentation of the petition, as in the wisdom of were adopted by this House, and by a majority of are men here, sent by herself to represent her inthis body was best calculated to promote the in- the Representatives from both the slave and non- terests, who are the first to rise in their places to terest, the peace, and safety of the Republic. Sir, slaveholding States. In the series of the five resolu- denounce those who have dared to come forward deny this House that power, and, instanter, you || tions, the one offered by Mr. Patton, under the in- to lend and risk their all, and give her their aid in dissolve the whole political body into original structions of an exclusive southern meeting, with- rejecting these most obnoxious measures, while elements, and subject us to the reign of anarchy, out regard to parties, and adopted without a dis- those that have brought forward and sustained confusion, bloodshed, and civil war.

senting vote from the South at the last session, these measures by their votes, receive daily their The requisitions, therefore, of the abolitionists, was inserted and contained in the fifth resolution, most fulsome compliments ? Sir, this is no fancy; and their advocates on this floor, (their demands, almost verbatim, in substance identical, against || it is history. They are facts recorded, and subI might say,) as to what manner their petitions | which, however, when introduced by Mr. Ath- | ject to be seen by all who will examine. Is there and prayers are to be treated by us, are monstrous ERTON, there were southern men of the Whig nothing wrong in this ? Is there in it nothing that and revolutionary, and will never be submitted party found to vote, and others to denounce, as should haunt the consciences of men? But upon to while there is a freeman from the North or northern and hypocritical, and refused to vote on this it is not my province to decide; it belongs to South to resist them.

them. Mr. ATHERTON, sir, was nominated to the people of the South, and to them I most cheerYet these resolutions were denounced to the introduce these resolutions by a southerner (Mr. fully submit it. North as the "gag'' that prevented and obstructed || Lewis) from Alabama whose fidelity to the South We have at length traveled through your Jourthe execution of the designs of these abolitionists, treachery itself will hurdly assume the boldness nals up to the present first session of the Twentycouched, too, as they are, in the mildest and most lo doubt. Such was the character of these reso- Sixth Congress, to the records of which I refer respectful terms. But, sir, when have mild epi- lutions which politicians of the South, who act for the evidence I propose to exhibit to prove that theis ever proved satisfactory to the wild Moloch with abolitionists here, have pronounced hypo- the majority, not of the northern wing of the of fanaticism? Never, sir, never has it been sal- critical and northern; while their abolition friends Whig party only, but a majority of that party in isfied, until it had surfeited itself upon the very at the North stigmatize them as a gag law” to this House, in spite of their assertions that they blood it had spilled, and yawned over the crime the abolitionists, and a denial to them of the right are no abolitionists, have invariably acted and and spoils with which it had afflicted mankind. of petition; and this has been the systematic mode do now act with them on this floor, either as prin

But what is strange, strange, still more strange || pursued by both flanks of that party to effect their cipals, accessories, or coadjutors. I find the folto tell, Mr. Speaker, these resolutions, while they unholy purpose.

lowing record of the proceedings on Monday, were denounced by the abolitionists of the North Before I leave the Journals of the last session 13th of January, 1840. An abolition petition beas being the most arbitary, infamous, and tyran- there is one more fact that I wish to advert 10, ing presented by Governor Lincoln, of Massanical measures that ever had disgraced the halls and to which again I must entreat the attention chusetts, and the question of its reception being of a legislative council, were denounced at the of every man of both parties who desires the fact raised South at the same time by the southern wing of || in relation to this matter; and to this fact I would “ The question was then taken on Mr. CAVE JOHNSON'S a party as doughfaced northern resolutions,” particularly call the attention of the gentleman

motion to lay the question of reception on the table, and introduced through treachery, to barter away the from Virginia, (Mr. Borts,) whose course differs

decided in the affirinative-yeas 131, nays 68.” rights of the South, and to secure and protect the 80 widely here from his predecessors upon this

I will not read the yeas, as it is my purpose to rights of the abolitionists. Yes, sir, southern subject, and who, as a kind of apology, I will

show only the course of that party thai has invamen, acting in concert with the abolitionists, cater- not say for the abolitionists, but for his course in

riably favored the views of the abolitionists here, ing here and elsewhere for them, have been found || preferring the reception and a reference of these

and opposed the South upon every occasion. This to denounce these resolutions for favoring the petitions, has said ihat there were not twenty ab

is the first question on which the parties divided, abolitionists; while abolitionists denounce them olitionists in this House. I wish, sir, I could

in which the sixty-eight took their stand for the to the North for sacrificing their sacred rights as think with that gentleman; but so far from it I

abolitionists, as follows: am compelled from the following and preceding

“Nays-Messrs. Adams, John W. Allen, Barnard, BidSir, was there ever such an anomaly before preevidence to believe that his estimate is not more

dle, Briggs, Brookway, Anson Brown, Calhoun, Chitten

den, Clark, James Cooper, Corwin, Cranston, Curtis, Cushsented to the minds of intelligent freemen? Can than a fourth or fifth of the number. On page 75 ing, Davee, Edward Davies, Edwards, Ely, Evans, Everett, the South, and will the North, longer bear this of the same Journals, sir, you will find the fol- Fillmore, Fletcher, Gates, Giddings, Coode, Granger, Grin

nell, Halí, w. S. Hastings, Henry, Hoffman, Hunt, James, political shuffling with the righis and interests of || lowing records:

Charles Johnson, Kempsball, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lowell, each, as dear to them as life itself, and upon a “ A motion was made by Mr. SLADE that the rules in re- Marvin, Mitchell, Morgan, Naylor, Ogle, Osborne, Palen, subject, too, pregnant with more evils than were lation to the order of business be suspended to enable him

Parmenter, Peck, Randall, Randolph, Rariden, Reed, Ridge contained in the box of Pandora?” We have

to move a resolution which was read at the Clerk's table, way, Edward Rogers, Russell, Saltonstall, Simonton, Slade,

as follows: been told the South has been told, that these " Whereas there exists and is carried on between the

John Smith, Truman Smith, Storrs, Tillingbast, Toland,

Trumbull, Underwood, Peter J. Wagner, T. w. Williams, were northern resolutions, by men whose object ports in the District of Columbia and other ports of the Uni

and Joseph L. Williams—68.” was, perhaps, to decoy the South into the ambush

ied States, and under the sanction of the laws thereof, a
trade in human beings whereby thousands of them are an-

Of this number there is but one southern man, ofabolitionists; while the abolitionists were telling nually sold and transported from said District to distant (a Whig,) and only six northern Democrats, leavthe people of the North they were southern resolu- parts of the country in vessels belonging to citizens of the

ing sixty-one good honest Whigs, well known to tions to decoy them there into the same ambush of United States: Therefore, to the end that all obstacles to

be a considerable majority of their whole party the abolitionists; the effects of the conjoint efforts

the consideration of this subject may be removed and a
remedy for the evil speedily provided,

united in the House. of the two branches of this party, have been to give Resolved, That so much of the fifth section of the reso- The next day, sir, January the 14th, Mr. COLES, encouragement and strength to the abolitionists, lutions on the subject of slavery passed by this House on

of Virginia introduced his resolution, which is and to promote their unholy designs in every the 11th and 12th of the present month, as relates to the

nearly a literal copy of that of Mr. Patton, of quarter of this Union. My God! sir, and will

removal of slaves from State to State, and prohibits the ac-
tion of this House, and every petition, meinorial, resolu-

Virginia, which I have before referred to, and the South not understand this until “Brennus

lion, or paper touching the same be, and hereby is, re- which originated in an exclusive southern meelknocks at the gates of Rome?" scinded.»

ing of members here, without distinction of parMr. Speaker, I see now, by their looks, that my And on the question, Shall the rules be suspended ties, and which was introduced by Mr. PATTON Bouchern friends, though of an opposite party, be- for the purpose aforesaid ? it passed in the nega- under their special instruction, and which, on its gin to see the awful situation into which they have tive-yeas 56, nays 147.

presentation and adoption, there was not a single placed themselves by this extraordinary course. Here are the yeas and nays as recorded. Among southern man of either party to be found voting (Here there was some interruption in an under the yeas there are but three solitary Democrats,

against, as is shown by the records containing ione.) Mr. B. said, if any gentleman was dis- of fifty-six, leaving fifty-three, then a majority the votes on its passage. satisfied with the truth of his remarks, let him of the whole Whig party, who voted in favor of Mr. B. then read as follows: retire-not sit and interrupt him in an under lone; Mr. SLADE's resolution.

“Mr. Colks said he believed it was now in order for him or with the courage and honor of a gentleman, let Here, sir, is a fact more striking than any here- to move an amendment to the 54th and 55th rules; and he him rise and tell him wherein he had offended. tofore referred to. Here is a vole upon a propo

would therefore submit the following, which he hoped

would receive the favorable consideration of the House: He surely had not intended to offend any gentle- || sition direcc-coming, too, from the leader of the

“ All peticions, memorials, and papers touching the aboman, and never would do it except in self-defense. party whose abolitionism no one will doubt but

lition of slavery, or the buyiug, selling, or the trausferring The resolutions of Mr. ATHERTON had been a southern Whig, whose object is to throw dust of slaves in any State, District, or Territory of the United pronounced to be northern resolutions by south- in the eyes of his own constituents, and to keep

States, shall, upon their presentation, be laid upon the ern men, and southern resolutions by north- them blinded to the arts of the enemy who seek

table, without being debated, printed, read, or referred, and

no further action whatever shall be had thereon." ern men, and this has been kept up by the party to despoil them. Yes, sir, upon this vote every

This resolution, originating in a southern meetto operate on the ignorant of both sections, and dough-faced Democrat” from the North that which, to a certain extent, has had its effect by || voted, (except three,) is recorded with the South,

ing exclusively, and introduced by Mr. PATTON

under the instructions of that meeting, against returning an additional number of abolitionists | against this abolition resolution, offered by Wil

which, on its adoption, not a southern man voted, from the North and certain men from the South, LIAM Slade, of Vermont, one of the most re

was now denounced by southern Whigs, and on to coöperate with them on the floors of Congress. || nowned abolitionists in America. Will it be These resolutions were the result of the most sober | contended that there was no abolitionism in that

this floor, as hypocritical and treacherous, after, and grave deliberation of the whole Democratic resolution? Was it not as fair a test question as

too, they had voted themselves for it. party, both from the North and the South, and

I read from the proceedings of the House: could well have been made in this House? were originally drawn up by a southern man, (Mr.

Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, moved to lay the And strange, strange to tell, we have seen and

amendment on tie table with a view of offering a substitute. Ruett; a southern man of stability, of influence, heard denounced, in the vilest and bitterest terms, «Mr. Cross called for the yeas and nays."

26th Cong....1st Sess.

Abolition Petitions-Mr. Bynum.

HO. OF REPS.

And after the remarks of several members, and motions on order, calls of the House, the vote was taken on Mr. Coles's resolution, offered as an amendment to the rules of the House, and it was rejected by Mr. THOMPSON's (Whig) motion to lay on the table.

The votes are as follows-yeas 102, nags 98:

" YEAS--Messrs. Adams, Alford, Jolin W. Allen, Simeon H. Anderson, Andrews, Baker, Barvard, Bell, Black, Bond, Briggs, Brockway, Ansou Browni, Sampson H. Buller, Calhoun, Casey, Chinn, Chittenden, Clark, Colquilt, James Cooper, Mark A. Cooper, Corwin, Crabb, Cranston, Crockelt, Curtis, Cushing, Davee, Edward Davies, Garrett Davis, Dawson, Dilleul, Ldwards, Ely, Evans, Everett, Fillmore, Fisher, Fletcher, Rice Garland, Giles, Gentry, Gerry, Gid. dings, Goode, Granger, Graves, Grittin, Grinnell, Babershain, Hall, W. S. Hastings, Henry, Hillent, Hoffman, James, Charles Johuston, William C. Joboson, Kempshall, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lowell, Marvin, Mitchell, Morgun, C. Morris, Naylor, Nisbet, Ogle, Osborne, Palen, Parmenter, Peck, Pickens, Pope, Prottit, Randall, Randolph, Rariden, Reed, Reynolds, Ridgway, Russell, Saltonstall, Simonton, Slade, Truman Smith, Suanly, Surrs, Smart, Sumter, Waddy Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Tillinghast, Tolaud, Trumbull, Peter J. Wagner, Warren, John White, Tuomas W. Williams, and Joseph L. Willians--102.”

Of these one hundred and two that voted down this resolution, the name of every northern Whig is recorded who voted on the subject, making sixty-three, nine Democrats, leaving out the State-rights men, and thirty southerners, making one hundred and two yeas. This resolution, then, it is seen, was voted down, at last, by an entire abolition Whig vote, constituting, within a small fraction, two thirds of those that opposed ils passage.

Now, sir, let us examine the votes on the resolution of the gentleman from South Carolina himself (Mr. Thompson] to see how many of his good Whig friends sustained him, I will read only the nays to show the character of those whom the gentleman voted with against Mr. Coles's resolution. Here they are:

* Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, handed to the Chair the following resolution; which was read for the intorination of the flouse, and noved a suspension of the rules to enable liim to offer it:

66 Resolved, That upon the presentation of any memorial or petition praying for the abolition of slavery or the slave trade in any District, Territory, or State of the Union, and upon the presentation of any resolution or other paper touching that subject, the reception of such memorial, petition, resolution, or paper shall be considered ils objected to, and the question of its reception shall be laid upon the table without debate or further action thereon.'

“ Mr. EVERETT asked for the yeas and Days on the question.

“ Mr. Adams moved the indefinite postponement of the motion to suspend the rules.

* The Chair was of' opinion that the motion of the gentemu froin Mitssachusetts was not in order, because, if it prevailed, the effect would be that no motion to suspend the rules would be in order for the remainder of the session.

" Mr. BLACK isked it the motion of the gentlemen from South Carolina (Mr. THOMPSON) to suspend the rules shou'd prevail, it it would be in order for him to offer an amendment to the resolution of that gentleman. “The Chair replied in the affirmative.

Mr. BLACK said that in that case he would offer an aniendment.

" The question was then taken on the motion to suspend the rules, and it was lost; there not being two thirds voting in the atlirmative-yeay 128, nays 77; as follows:

“ YEAS--Messrs. Alford, Judson Allen, Simeon H. Andersoll, Andrews, Atherton, Banks, Bealty, Beirne, Bell, Black, Blackwell, Botis, Bryd, Brewster, Aaron V. Brown, Albert G. Brown, Burke, Sampson 11. Butler, William (). Bauer, Bynum, Jolm Campbell, William B. Campbell, Carroll, Carier, Chapman, Chinn, Coles, Colquilt, Mark A. Cooper, Crabb, Craig, Crary, Crocketi, Cross, Dana, John Divis, Jolin W. Davis, Garrett Davis, Dawson, Deberry, Dilleti, Doig, Dromgoole, Earl, Eastman, Fisher, Fwyd, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gentry, Gerry, Goggin, Graham, Graves, Green, Grillin, llabersham, Hammond, John Hastings, llill of Virginia, Hill of North Carolina, Hillen, Holleman, liolmes, Book, Hopkins, Howard, tiubbard, Jameson, Joseph Johnson, William Cost Jolinson, Cave Johnson, Nathaniel Jones, John W. Jones, Keim, Kemble, Leadbetter, Leet, Leonard, Lewis, Lucas, McClellan, McCuiloch, McKay, Marchand, Medill, Miller, Montanya, Montgomery, Samuel W. Morris, Newliard, Nisbet, Peiri kin, Pickens, Pope, Rayner, Rives, James Rogers, Samucis, Shiw, Shepard, Thomas Smith, Stanly, Siarkweather, Steenrod, Sirong, Stuart, Sumter, Sweeny, Taliaferro, Francis Tbomas, Philip F. Thomas, Waddy Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Turner, Vanderpoel, David D. Wagner, Warren, Watterson, Weiler, Edward D. White, John White, Wick, Jared W. Williams, Lewis Williains, Christopher Al. Williams, Sherrod Williams, and Worthington--1:28.

"Nays-Messrs. Adams, John W. Allen, Baker, Barnard, Biddle, Bund, Brices, Brockwny, Anson Brown, Calhoun, Casey, Chittendeu, Clark, Clifford, James Cooper, Cranston, Curtis, Custing, Davce, Edward Davies, Doan, Edwards, Ely, Evans, Everett, Fillinork, Gates, Gildings, Goode, Granger, Grinnell, land, William S. Hastings, lenry, Ilofman, Hunt, James, Charles Jolinson, Kempshall, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lowell, Mallory, Marvin, Milci

No. 17.

cll, Morgan, Calvary Morris, Naylor, Ogle, Osborne, Palen, pired. Sir, the language upon which I had predParish, Parmenter, Peck, Prentiss, Prolli, Randall, Ran- icated my remarks which was taken to be offendolpb, Rariden, Reed, Reynolds, Ridgway, Russell saitonstall, Simonton, Slade, Albert Smith, John Smith, Truinan

sive, I will read from the proceedings, as recorded Sinitli, Storrs, Swearingin, Tillinghat, Toland, Trumbull, in the reports of January 13, and which has not Peter J. Wagner, Thomas W. Williams, and Josepli L. been contradicted to this day. I find them in these Williams-77."

words, namely: Here are seventy-seven who voted to reject the “Mr. Peck moved for a call of the House; there were motion of the gentleman from South Carolina, soue northern slaves there (he said) whom he wanted to . of which there are sixty-two good and true north

be emancipated. Mr. P. then called for the yeas and nays ern Whigs, and fourteen Democrats; not one

on his motion," &c. northern Whig voting for the motion of the gen

Again: tleman from South Carolina, while it is sustained " Mr. Peck moved a call of the louse, but subsequently by the entire Democratic party except fourteen.

witlidrew it. We have (siid he) some refugee slaves front One Whig from the South voied with the Whiys

the North that I wish brought in." of the North.

Now, sir, can any man be at a loss to know to This motion is from an enemy of the Democ- whom this language wus applied ? Wirs it not racy of both the North and South; and, sir, bow made directly to those patriotic Democrats, Mr, do they vote on it! They have marched up in a ATHERTOn and others from the North, who had solid phalanx to sustain the gentleman's prop

Jared to vote with the South upon this great ques. osition on the subject of slavery, when not a single tion of abolition, and who have the moral cour. friend of his Whig brethren of the North has age to stand up against the denunciations of the voted for his proposition, and he has had to rely abolitionists, both ou this floor and off of it, stig. solely upon the votes of the Democrats to carry matized, loo, us they have been, by the most his own proposition on this subject. Every north- treacherous spirits of the South? Yes, sir, these ern Whig vote that voted at all is recorded against are the men whom I have shown, by the votes of the motion of the member from South Carolina, the House, that the South has ever had to rely while every Democrat except fourteen, of both on for support on this question, and who have the North and South, who voted on the subject, come forward in a solid phalanx to our aid; while is recorded in its favor. Mark, sir, the coin- the entire vole of the northern Whigs has been cidence: against the resolution of Mr. Coles cast dead against us, without an exception scarcethere were sixty-three Whigs from the North ly, on every occasion; without whose assistance that voted; against the resolution of the gentleman (the Democrats, I mean) the South could never from South Carolina there are sixty-two, and the have carried a single measure on this subject; and, other did not vote the whole strength of the sir, let the subject come up again in any form or northern Whig and abolition party. Now, sir, shape, and my life upon it they will be the only can that gentleman want stronger evidence, or support that we will get from the North. If they evidence more complete, that, though their bitter do not come to our rescue, the South is undone, enemy, whenever he offers a proposition agairist so far as her rights are observed here, and a revthe abolitionists, he is compelled to rely for its olution-a bloody revolution—will be inevitable. support on the Democrats; yes, sir, and northern I then implore these gentlemen from the South to Democrats, too? There is the evidence before reflect upon the injustice they do their own sechim; not one of his brother Whigs from the tion of country in denouncing the only party in North has deigned to touch his proposition against this House that they can expect the leasi assiswa the petitions of abolitionists, while the Dem- ance from; the want of gratitude that they are ocrats have come up like men and sustained a guilty of to them, and the treason that they comproposition coming, as they knew it did, from mit by such conduct to the whole South-I will iheir enemy. Had it come from a different source, not say intentionally--but the ruinous and demy life on it, the proposition would have gotien structive effects of it will be identically the same. a stronger vote. Willihe gentleman communicate Sir, the course pursued by the two parties on these facts to his constituents?

this momentous subject is big with the fate of the Now, sir, one word to that gentleman and his Republic, and time, I fear, will but too soon party nt the South, who profess to be opposed to demonstrate the fact. The great question at issue ihe movements of the abolitionists. I ask them, is beyond party catering, as its discussion is above if they are sincere in believing ita subject of vital all personalities; it looks to higher objects; and interest to the South, paramount to all others, blink it as you may, if persisted in, must soon how can they longer, after the exhibition of such resolve itself into a question of peace or warra proofs, remain in the ranks of a party, the majority war, perhaps, the most desolating that has ever of which, it has been shown by the clearest and afilicted the human race; and I now say to genmost incontestable evidence, is deadly hostile to tlemen, beware how you play with lighted torches the dearest interests of that people whom they over this magazine of gunpowder. profess to represent here? Sir, I have shown the I have now shown, I think, to the satisfaction records; they do not lie. They will not, they of every mind that is willing to be satisfied, that dare not, be disputed. Then, how can gentlemen so far as the action of this House has taken place, get over them? What apology have they to make the whole Whig party from the non-slaveholding lo their constituents of the South for ucting with States have acted and cooperated throughout on a party that has been so uniformly against them every occasion, nearly, with the abolitionists on upon every question affecting so deeply their this foor; and, in fact, if they are not the abolimost vital interests, and would aid in the anni- tionists or coadjutors of that party here, there are hilation of the very institutions under which they none such in existence, and if proofs plainer, live? What will inut insulted people say to those more indisputable, more conclusive, are wanting who have stood up here, day after day, and to establish the fact, it is folly to attempt the proabused, vilified, and denounced the only men duction of further evidence to the human mind. from the North who had the courage to defy the Sir, I am ready to admit, I am unlike the honorabolitionists, and come forward to rescue their able member from Virginia, who declared the country from revolution and civil war; while, on other day that he did not believe that there were the other hand, they were denounced here before iwenty abolitionists on this floor, although it is our faces, when voting on Mr. Coles's resolutions, a very different sentiment from what has heretoas white southern slaves to the North, and were fore fallen from that wing of the party. Tam ordered to be brought in, and by an abolitionist, sorry to admit the fact that my experience for 100, sir, here, before our eyes, in the hearing of years here hus brought me to a very different us all?

conclusion. I am fully satisfied in my own mind [Here a personal altercation took place between that in the Democratic party-und none are more Messrs. Bynum and Peck, out of which grew sorry that it is so—there are from five to ten several motions and a debate, which several en- members here linctured with abolitionism; and gaged in, as published before.]

froin the same kind, though much stronger eviAfter some further explanations by Mr. Peck,dence, it is my conscientious and solemn convicMr. B. continued: I regret, exceedingly, having tion, that there are from sixty-five to seventy-five a personal dificulty with any gentleman; I had abolitionists in the Whig party who now hold studiouly avoided making a smgle personal allu- seats on this floor; and Lihink I have shown, if sion uvul called on and forced into it by ques- deeds give character to men or parties, that a mations that had been propounded to me, and had | jority of that whole purty in this Hlouse, from hoped it had been pui at rest after what had trans- both South and North, if not open abolitionists,

26TH Cong.... 1st Sess.

Abolition Petitions--- Mr. Bynum.

HO. OF Rais.

covertly act with them upon every occasion. Parker, Dutee J. Pearce, Caleb Cashing, Edward Darling gained seventeen members notwithstanding their These are facts, I know, that are unpleasant to

ton, Harmer Denny, George Evans, Borace Everell, Philo loss in Ohin, Indians, and Illinois, amounting to

C. Fuller, George Grimell, jr., liland fall, Gideon laru, be known to some; but, sir, it is the duty of

eight or ten, they have by these Whig successes James Harper, Abner Nazeliine, Stephen C. Philips, David faithful representative to make them knowin, and

increased their number in this Congress up to Potts, jr..John Reed, David Russell, William Shin, Wilparticularly at this time, to the southern portion lium Slade, Joseph Henderson, Williamı Heister, Samnel about seventy votes. Sir, it cannot be deniedihat of the people of this country, who are alone so

Hoar, William Jackson, Heury F. Jones, Benjamin Jones, the strength of the abolitionists or those that sus

John Laporte, ABBOT LAWRENCE, George W. Lay, deeply interested in this subject. I should feel

rain them, has been increased precisely in proLevi Lincoln, Thomas C. love, John Thomson, Joseplı R. recreant, Mr. Speaker, and guilty of the highest Underwood, Samuel F. Vinton, Elislia Whittlesey, and

portion to the increase of the Whig party in the treason to their interest, to conceal longer facts Lewis Williams."*

non-slaveholding States. Look, sir, at the poleg from them, so manifest, clear, and convincing to Of the fifty-two who voted in the negative, there

already of the eleven additional Whigs from New my mind, from any earthly considerations of a are but six Democrats, the remainder, forty six

York. Look at the six additional Whig votes party nature. Hence it has been my sole pur- Whigs, a majority of the whole party then in Con

from Connecticut. Have they been with us on a pose to present facts, and not arguments, thaithe gress, that voted. Upon the character of the par

single occasion? No, sir, no; and my life upon people themselves might make their own com- ties in relation to this measure, of this and the

it, there is not one of them that will vote against mentary, and from which to draw their own conother House, upon this evidence, I leave the coun

your abolition petitions in any shape or form. clusions. I now close the evidence founded upon try to judge.

As yet, not one has attemptel it. the indisputable records of this House, and sub- 'I would now refer the House, in further cor

Sir, this is the true and infallible history of this mit it to ihis House, the people of this country roboration of that for which I have contended, to

subject, that must and will be known to the peoand the world, to decide what party in this House, the Senate Journals of the first session of the

ple of the South. This is the secret that should and how far, they have identified themselves Twenty-Fourth Congress, page 400, (June 3.) It

alarm every man of the South or North, who can with the Abolitionists. is well known that General Jackson, at the com

be alarmed'in relation to the course that may be I will now proceed to show, from evidence exter- mencement of that session, in his message, called

pursued here on this subject. This it is that nal of this body, a further coöperation and identi- the attention of Congress to the circulation of in

must give alarm to every man of the North that fication of the northern and western branch of the cendiary publications through the mails. In ac

has one sacred spark of love remaining in his Whig party with those of the abolitionists, and cordance with which, Mr. Grundy, then Senator

breast for the holy union of these States and the will, in the first place, call the attention of the from Tennessee, brought in his famous bill to

liberties of our people. This it is, and you can House to Journals of the Senate, first session prevent the circulation of those incendiary pub

conceal it no longer with false professions here, * Twenty-Fourth Congress, page 266. It is well lications, &c., which, on the question, “Shall

that stimulates and gives encouragement to those known that the grounds upon which the admis- this bill be engrossed and read a third time?" it

fanatic spirits to go on and persevere in their unsion of Arkansas in the Union was opposed, was was decided in the affirmative; it being a tie vote,

holy crusade against the peace, the safety, and in consequence of her recognizing the institution 18 to 18, Mr. Van Buren, the then Vice President,

rights of our people. of slavery in her constitution. I find on this page, voting in favor of the bill. Against this bill, be

Sir, I ask, and demand to know, what one April 4th, the proceedings in that body,as follows: it known, every single Whig Senator, from the

Whig victory has taken place in any of the non“The bill for the adınission of the State of Arkansas non-slave holding States voted, who voted on the

slaveholding States within the last six or eight into the Union, and to provide for the execution of the laws

question. of the United States within the same, and for other pur

years that has not inured to the benefit of the poses, having been reported by the commillee correctly en

Page 416, (June 9,) this bill was taken up again,

abolitionists. Not one-not one can be shown grossed, was read a third time. and put upon its final passage, and rejected by two

or pointed to; and can it be possible that any man “On the question, Shall this bill pass? it was determ

can believe that the abolitionists are not aware ived in the allirmative-yeas 31, nays 6. southern votes (Whigs) coming in and voting

of these facts? “On motion of Mr. Buchanan, the yeas and nays being against it, (Messrs. Crittenden and Leigh;) anů desired by one fifth of the Senators present, those who Mr. Goldsborough, (Whig,) who had voted for

Every man-every American-should know' voted in the affirmative are: it before, changing his vote against it, who, with

immediately, and without delay, from what source "Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clayton, Mr. Clay, made four Whigs from the slaveholu

this excitement is kepe up by these fanaticsCuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Ewing of Ohio, Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, ing States that voted against the bill, enough to

from what party their expectations emanate and

are cherished. It is due to all sections of the counLinn, McKean, Manguin, Moore, Morris, Nicholas, Niles, have carried it by a triumphant majority, had Preston, Rives, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Tallmadge, they voted with the South, notwithstanding there

try that this thing should be known, and that Tipton, Walker, White, and Wright.

these men should be exposed from the house-tops, was not a Whig Senator from the North that "Those who voted in the negative were: “Messrs. Clay, Knight, Porter, Prenties, Robbins, and voted for the bill. To these facts I earnestly call

in the streets, and on the public highways. The Swift." the most serious attention of every southern man,

question is assuming an attitude too awful longer All six Whigs. whether he be Whig or Democrat.

to be dallied with for the gratification and the proThe two Whig Senators from Massachusetts Now, sir, if the South, which has been most

motion of artful, designing, and treacherous poli

ticians, and the creatures of men, who cannot not voting-in fact, not a Whig Senator from egregiously abused by dissimulation and various New England voting for it, while every Demo- misrepresentations on this subject, will but exam

look to results beyond an only petty personal cratic Senator from New England voted for the ine these facts, and weigh them, as it is their aggrandizement, bill. Do these votes not import something of the

But, sir, we have been told, and our undermost solemn duty to do, it is impossible that they character of parties more potent than arguments can be longer deceived. Here, but for the deser

standings insulted if the authors themselves kuew or professiona? Sir, they are matters of record tion in a certain quarter of the southern repre

better, that all this struggle is for the right of not to be denied; or shall we be told it was all the sentation, they could have obtained all the secu

petition, and for the want of their being replied

But for personal respect toward these honresult of accident merely? No, sir; no, sir; it is rity they asked against the efforts of these incennot the character of accidents to occur with such diary fanatics, and the facts upon the records that

orable gentlemen who used such language, I would systematic uniformity. Hence, then,

you

find in I hold in my hand must ever establish it, so long | say, how ridiculous the idea, when you take a both bodies a systematic coöperation of one party as the history of this glorious Republic is pre

view of the facts in relation to the whole subject! with all the plans and objects of the abolitionists; served. But I forbear a further commentary, as

We are further told that they want reasons adand as systematic coöperation of the other party my object is the presentation of the facts, and

vanced to them, and they demand that their peliof the North with the South in opposition to leave it to the people, the country, the world, to

tions be replied to. Sir, lo a novice, such iule them and their fanatic, ruinous, and destructive make their own commentaries; and here will I

assertions might bear with them a faint plausibility schemes. It is well known what interest the leave the scenes and doings of the senatorial Cham

which must disappear instantly before the apabolitionists took, at that time, in having the ber, however much more might be said in confir

proach of the facts. admission of the State of Arkansas rejected, on mation of the positions I have taken.

Now, Mr. Speaker, what are the facts in relaaccount of its being a slaveholding Siate.

Mr. Speaker, it may be seen by the recent votes

tion to such excuses for the requirement of the

abolitionists? Had we not an able and voluA corresponding move to this was made in the of this body how steadily the ranks of those who House of Representatives, June 13, (Journals act against us here, in cooperation with the abo

minous report made on this subject, under the same date, page 1003,) after a motion was made litionists, have been increased, and I feel it my

celebrated resolution of Mr. Pinckney? Had this by Mr. Lincoln, of Massachusetts, (May 26, duty to ask your attention for a few moments io

House not that report published for the benefit of page 886,) to amend a motion of Mr. Robertson, that part of this subject. Its history, sir, is per

the country, and circulated by the members who of Virginia, in these words: “ and to receive fectly clear and intelligible; and no man has marked

desired to arrest the progress of the incendiaries? memorials relating to the admission of Arkansas its progress more than I have. Let it not be for

Were not reasons and arguments set forth in into the Union.gotien, when the House first took its stand upon

those documents the most forcible and convincing, The bill passed, however, on the 13th of June, this question, and there was a lest made with

indorsed, too, sir, by a most overwhelming ma(page 1002,) by the following vote: yeas, 143, those gentlemen who coöperated here with the jority of Congress? Have I not shown, sir, the nays, 52. The nays, for the information of the abolitionists, their numbers ranged from forty lo

various voies upon the resolutions with which that House and the country, I will read, to demonforty-five. This number was about their vote on

report terminated a

How, then, does this fact strate, if possible, still more conclusively, the Mr. Pinckney's resolutions. The next session

tally with the complaint that they have not been uniform, systematic, coöperation and identifica- their vote on Mr. Patton's resolution was sixty. argued with and reasoned with as a rational peotion of that branch of the Whis party with the This increase was the result of Whig victories

ple? Sir, the whole complaint, let me tell gentleabolitionists in all their combined attacks upon in Ohio, Indiana, and New Jersey. Mr. Ather

men, is a mere fabrication, and is false in point of southern institutions. ton's resolutions were decided on by the same

fact, as has been shown by your Journals. The Those who voted against the bill are: Congress, and with the same result, or there

luminous and able repori of Mr Pinckney was “Messrs. John Q. Adams, lieman Allen, Joseph Anthony, abouts. In the present, which is the Twenty-Sixth

made May 18, 1836, of the first session of the Jeremiah Bailey, William K. Bond, Nathaniel B. Burden, Congress, by the success of the Whig party in

Twenty-Fourth Congress, (report No. 691,) George Briggs, Williain B. Calhoun, Timothy Childs, Wil- New York and Connecticut, by which they have

which dispels at once the idle pretense that aboJiam Clark, Joseph H. Crane, Samuel Mason, Jonathan Mc

litionists only want to be reasoned with lo be Carty, Thomas M. T. McKennan, Mulius Morris, James

satisfied of the enormity of their projects.

* Democrats italicized

to.

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