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26TH CONG.... 1st SESS.

Appropriation Bill-Mr. Proffit.


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Government but that of the President. He sug upon at least one hundred different occasions. I therefore, his counsels and his example passed gests, originates, controls, checks everything. hope, most sincerely bope, that I have heard it unheeded. I well understand the object of those The insatiable spirit of the Stuarts for power for the last time. The gentleman from Massa who have polluted this atmosphere with their and prerogative was brought upon our American chuselis [Mr. PARMENTER) broached another fa ribaldry and misrepresentations. They think throne on the 4th of March, 1829. It came under vorlietheme of the Administration, making known that they are working wonders in their daily laall the usual false and hypocritical pretenses and his horror of the Hartford Convention; and on bor of manufacturing political capital for the presdisguises of love of the people, desire of reform, this interminable topic, tested for hours the pa idential election. They suppose that the people and diffidence of power. The Scotch dynasty tience of the committee. The gentleman from will implicitly believe any slander they may utter. still continues. We have had Charles I, and now New Hampshire, [Mr. Atherton,] who so fre- || They imagine that under the imposing title of a have Charles II. But I again thank God that quently professes io abhor irrelevancy in debate, congressional name any absurdity will pass curour deliverance is not distant, and thaton the 4th occupied for hours the attention of such as could rent in the country; and this is the manner in of March, 1841, a great and glorious revolution, listen, by reading from sundry British essays, which they carry on their machinations. without blood and without convulsion, will be pamphlets, and reviews, &c.; among which I A base falsehood is manufactured at the fountachieved.

recollect Blackwood's Magazine occupied a very ain-head; it is then inserted in some contempti

conspicuous place; and, not content with hours ble newspaper in an obscure corner of the country, APPROPRIATION BILL.

thus wasted, the gentleman must have the benefit or blazoned forth in staring characters in the of an adjournment, in spite of the remonstrances

" official organ,

as the occasion may demand. SPEECH OF HON. G. H. PROFFIT, of

of myself and others; and, on the next day, with It then takes the rounds of the Administration OF INDIANA,

refreshed energy and renewed vigor, continued to journals with such comments as suit the political IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

inflict upon us the punishment of listening to his atmosphere in which it appears. If it succeeds

dull, unmeaning, and irrelevant quotations. The in poisoning the public mind, the object is acApril 27, 1840, honorable gentleman from Maine, (Mr. Clif complished,

and the party rejoice, and are satisOn the general appropriation bill.

Ford,] despite the agony depicted on every coun. fied with the result of their labors. But if the good Mr. PROFFIT said:

tenance around him unfeelingly introduced an sense of the people, distrustful of the base source Mr. Chairman: It is now, I believe, about four other subject,'on which all Administration men from which it emanates, should hesitate to receive weeks since the House resolved itself into a Com are cloquent, “the history of the Federal and the falsehood-if, in anxious inquiry after truth, mittee of the Whole upon this bill; and during all Democratic parties;” and hour after hour was the honest yeomanry of the nation demand proof of that time, day after day, and night after night, I consumed in reading from and descanting on all the charge preferred, or assertion made, and the have been a silent but attentive looker-on in this the partisan writers of the first thirty years of slander receives but a momentary check, then, unrivaled scene of contention. The first two days our Government. Sir, against this waste of time sir, the eye of the Administration is cast upon of the discussion convinced me that we of the I must distinctly protesi, because the party in Congress, and some supple tool is selected to beOpposition could propose no amendment, use no power published some years since a pamphlet come the “congressional indorser." Then, in the argument, which would in the slightest degree | under this title. It was compiled under the su shape of a speech made upon this floor, and with affect the determination of the majority to pass pervision of its choice spirits, and was sown increased malignity, and improved venom, it is the bill in the form reported by the Committee of broadcast and gratuitously over the whole land, || poured forth to the world. And from what I have Ways and Means. It required no stretch of || particularly in the West. I have a copy of it now witnessed, there certainly is much competition intellect to perceive that the order had gone forth || before me. I therefore think this new edition by for the honor of serving as the sewer of the party, to vote down every proposition of the minority; the gentleman from Maine quite unnecessary, es, through which all the filth of the Administration and up to this hour that order has been most pecially as it is much inferior to the first; and, I shall pass into this Hall, and from this to the implicitly obeyed. It comports not with my taste would, with due deference, suggest lo gentlemen country. Upon this occasion I will say that to describe the tumult, the legislative depravity, that, if they wish to recommend themselves to more than one of the organs selected have shown the utter recklessness, which I have here witnessed. executive favor by becoming partisan authors themselves to be of fitting material, not to be the It has been but a continuation of the disgraceful and pamphlet scribblers, would it not be better sewer only, but the reservoir of all the pestilential scene with which our sitting opened; and it is now that they should betake themselves to the closet, misrepresentations of the Administration. lamentably palpable that a Congress which com and in that retirement scrawl to their heart's con I cannot notice what different gentlemen have menced in revolution, riot, and anarchy, must tent? Thousands of dollars could be thus saved said. I had not intended to have opened my lips terminate in disorder and disgrace. Nothing bene to the people, and yet the public receive the bene- || during this debate; but after what has fallen from ficial to the people need be expected; for this Hall, || fit of their vast knowledge and literary gleanings. the gentlemen from Ohio (Mr. Duncan) and from which was intended for deliberation, fordiscussion, But the gentleman from Missouri (Mr. JAME- Virginia (Mr. HOPKINS] I should consider my. for legislative action, is converted into a mere arena SON) outstripped all his compeers in the ingenuity self as remiss in duty did I not say a few words for the display of the gladiatorial feeling of party. of his cruelly; for in spite of all entreaty and all in reply. The first of these gentlemen is the With every feeling of my heart, I respond to the remonstrance, he caused to be read to us one whole | acknowledged idol of the party and the especial language of my honorable friend from Virginia, newspaper and parts of several others. The object of their reverence; the latter not less be(Mr. Borts,] when, on a former occasion, he said, Nashville Union was, I believe, the name of the loved because more recently installed as a priest "I wish to God, from my very heart and soul, paper which he gravely informed us he should in their political temple. Both have figured conthat our constituents, especially such of them as adoptas a part of his speech. To this, sir, I have spicuously on this occasion, and have succeeded are friendly to this Administration, were thronging no objection. Gentlemen may adopt any bant in throwing into the shade all other aspirants to our galleries.” Yes, sir, they would soon see who | ling they please, I care not what its color or its the title of party leaders. Of the speech of the it is that has caused Congress to become a by-word origin; but I do wish that some rule could be de gentleman from Ohio I will say bui little. All and a reproach. Who, sir, is accountable for vised whereby gentlemen could be permitted to that part of it impeaching the civil and military these scenes, and for this delay of the public busi- | give us these pamphlets and reviews and news character of General Harrison is but a compilaness? Who is chargeable with introducing and papers and old songs, by the title. Then, sir, a tion of the slanders which have appeared again suffering this unparliamentary and unprofitable bill providing for the civil and diplomatic expenses and again in the Administration prints, and have discussion? Sir, the countenances of the prominent of the Government might be discussed and dis so often been refuted that further notice of them Administration members give the reluctantanswer. posed of in somewhat less time than forty days might possibly raise their authors " to the dig. They know that they commenced and prosecuted and nights,and some exhibitions might be avoided nity of a decent man's contempt." I have no this partisan debate. They cannot deny that they which, to say the least of them, reflect anything wish to give them even that importance, but shall encouraged it. The gentleman from Ohio (Mr. but credit on us as legislators. I could proceed, content myself with replying to the attacks made Duncan) knows that he commenced it. If I do | sir, to name many other gentlemen of the Admin upon General Harrison by the gentleman from him injustice by this accusation, he or any of his | istration party who occupied day after day with- || Virginia, both in his speech and in his letter to friends may correct me. No, sir; it cannot be out one moment's reference to the subject before Colonel Piper, which, having been published in denied. Without the slightest provocation, and the committee. I could prove beyond the possi- | pamphlet form, and alluded to on this floor, is without one word having been said by the Oppo- || bility of denial that a very large portion of the legitimately a subject for criticism. sition on the subject, he for one whole day vio- | misspent time of which the people are justly com I perceive, Mr. Chairman, that the last Globe lently assailed the character of General Harrison; || plaining was occupied by ihe declaimers of the contains the speech of the gentleman from Ohio, exhibited caricatures, vile, filthy daubs, manu Administration party. Yet, sir, the organ of that and that, in recommending the speech to the pubfactured by his own party for polítical effect; dis- || party, with unparalleled effrontery, accuses the lic, its editor says, “It has a spice of coarseness gusted and fatigued us with the execrable rhymes Opposition of procrastination, of wasting time || suited to the western people." I

presume that of some wretched“ ballad-monger;" read scraps unnecessarily, and its petty satellites through our people of the West will fully appreciate the from outcast newspapers, which, until now, were out the Union echo the baseless charge, notwith- || compliment paid to their taste.' I have yet to rotting in the oblivion to which they were long || standing the facts which I have here stated stand learn that our people are less intelligent, or less since consigned by the universal consent of all uncontroverted by any gentleman on this floor. observant of the decencies and proprieties of life, decent men.

There is, Mr. Chairman, one gentleman of than the people of other portions of the Union; Sir, for days the friends of the Administra the Administration party who participated largely and I have greatly mistaken their character if tion inflicted upon us the same stale, stereo in this debate, who is not obnoxious to the any respectable man of any party will countetyped speeches, which have served their pur- | charge I have made; it is the honorable chair nance and approve any such vile garbage as is poses in every need for the last few years. The man of the Ways and Means, (Mr. Jones.] I contained in this specimen of coarseness issued "anti-bank," "anti-monopoly," "anti-associ must, in justice to that gentleman, say that he to suit the taste of the West. Could I overcome ated-wealth' speech was recited by the gentle- || attempted to curb and repress the reckless spirits my repugnance to read such ribaldry, I would man from Ohio, (Mr. WELLER;) and I mean no with whom he is unfortunately associated. But give the committee some “ beautiful extracts" disrespect to the gentleman when I say that I have dignity, and common sense, and courtesy of man-. from this speech; but I should then be compelled unhappily been compelled to listen to that speech ners, have but lille influence with them; and, to pollute my printed remarks with their inser.

26TH CONG.... 1st Sess.
Appropriation Bill-Mr. Proffit.

HO. OF REPS. tion, and, therefore, I forbear. At the sugges- / United States vetoed, and the deposits removed regard for every interest, its determination to sustion of a gentleman immediately before me, I will, from its care, than we had message after message lain itself in power at every hazard, its execrable however, read one extract, assuring the commit lauding the State banks. In 1834 the President ! attempts to check the enterprise and assimilute tee that I mean no contempt by its introduction: proclaimed to Congress that "the State banks are the condition of the American people to that of * Mary Raits ar ne,

found fully adequate to the performance of all the monarchies of Europe. One week's derangeAnd ore Silly Chompson;

services which were required of the Bank of the ment of the active industry of this country is ą, General Jackson are a horse',

United States, quite as promptly, and with the greater loss to the country than if you were to And so are Colonel Johnson."

same cheapness.” In 1835 the President in his throw the whole capital of the Bank of the United This is a specimen of congressional speech- message again assures Congress that the State States into the Delaware. This is undeniable, making, and if it is not coarse enough to suit the banks conunued to realize every expectation en and yet we have had not only weeks, but years, taste of the most vulgar, the gentleman will, doubt tertained of their capacity to serve ihe purposes of constant derangement, and the consequences less, upon another trial, improve both his style of Government. In 1836 the President again are now hanging darkly as a pall on the country. and his rhymes. With the aid of other kindred told Congress that the State banks still performed But as the gentleman from Virginia is so loud spirits he will, doubtless, in his next effort, favor | all the duties required of them. Every Adminis in his denunciation of the banks, and now thinks us with something still more disgusting and fool tralion paper in the Union echoed their praise. that the public money ought by no means to be ish.

The Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Taney, urged placed in their keeping, I will read a passage from 1, as a western man, have watched with some upon the several deposit banks to increase their ihe report of the majority of the investigating thing both of sorrow and of anger the continued discounts, and gave as a reason that “the de committee, of which the gentleman was a meminsults which have been offered to the West since posits of the public money will enable you to ber, and with which majority he acted. After General Harrison became a candidate. No sooner afford increased facilities." Banks were selected stating that the loss to the Government of large was his name announced than we were sneeringly as public depositories merely on account of the sums of money might have been avoided by detold that he was but a "palıry log-cabin candi party bias of those who controlled their affairs, | positing in the banks, on special deposit, and citdate;" as though a residence in a humble dwell

as will appear by the publied correspondence || ing the Bank of America and the Manhatian Bank ing constituted a criine, or at least a disqualifica of certain institutions in New York and other as having been used as depositories after they sustion for office. Another writer of the Adminis- parts of the Union. According to the recom pended specie payments, the committee, on page tration, defending this scornful allusion to the mendation of the Secretary of the Treasury, they

72, say: people of the West, speaks of the tenants of the l, did extend their issues and speculation; unprece " It is, then, apparent that had the depositing system of log cabins as “ having souls suited to the dirt | dented expansion became the result. Then came banks been continued, Mr. Swartwout could not have had hovels in which they live." And now the most the specie circular; and the very crisis which the

money beyond the collections of a single week, exceeding loathsome lrash is published under the name of | Opposition had always predicted, fell with ap

the current expenses of his office, to have retained on go

ing out of office; and the evidence of his not having diverted a speech, and it is said by the official organ that palling force upon us; and ever since that time any previous to that time, and that all previous collections its coarseness will suit the western people. the country, like a drunken man, has been reel were in bank, would have been regularly derived from the Sir, I know the people who are the objects of ing to and fro under the influence of the noxious

banks as well as in Mr. Swartwoul's official returns." this continued abuse. I know full well the an draught administered by the political empirics of I shall have occasion to refer to this report swer they will give to these pampered menials of that day.

again; but in the mean time I must remark that the power. They await impatiently the coming of This, sir, is a brief sketch of the causes of the gentleman's opinions have certainly undergone a November next; and then, with one simultaneous overissues to which are attributed the present great change since the last session of Congress. thunder-shout of indignation, will they pronounce embarrassments of the country. But if misman- | It is useless for the gentleman to give as an exthe death-doom of the Administration which, not agement of banks and overissues are to be alluded cuse that the banks have now suspended, for the content with injuring, has dared to insult them. to in a party point of view, I would turn the al report finds fault because the deposits were not

And now I will turn my attention to the gentie- tention of the gentleman to those States where the made even after they had suspended, man from Virginia, (Mr. Hopkins,) and although Administration party had the control. I will in But it is not my purpose to defend the banks. I could wish to follow him closely, and examine stance Mississippi, Alabama, úc. Those States I am in nowise identified with them; but the genhis position minutely, this is impossible, both are edifying, specimens of Administration finan tleman having thought fit to accuse the Opposifrom the lateness of the hour, and from the mul-ciering. It is useless to attempt to satisfy the peo tion of shifting ground and acting inconsistently, tiplicity of subjects introduced by the gentleman, | ple any longer with fine-spun theories, or specious! I deem it my duty to deny the assertion, to indoubeless to evade the true issue now pending: promises. "It is in vain io ask them io submit to vestigate his course, and to ascertain whether he But as I had anticipated, the currency question any more experiments. They are determined to is not liable to the very charge he has so unreservwas the principal theme of his discourse; and all have a change in the Administration. They can edly made against us. the distress and ruin now universal through the recollect that but a few years since they had a I would, Mr. Chairman, call the attention of country is allributed to the banks. This is sound currency, good markets, and constant em the committee to the systematic deception which always the cry-overissues, contraction, and ployment for their industry. They know that is now practicing upon the people of the United expansion; excessive imports, small exports; | ihere has been mismanagement somewhere. Their States, on the subject of the promised reforms in heartless corporations; combined wealth. These present condition canno: be rendered more dis the currency. The Administration leaders have never-varying and never-failing catch-phrases the iressing. Any change must be for the better, and now at least some half a dozen various schemes gentleman uses in profusion, both in his speech therefore a change they will have. This, sir, is on which they are attempting to coin political and in his letter to Colonel Piper. In the latter the language of common sense, as now coming capital. The Senator from Missouri (Mr. BenI find it again and again repealed. Page 4, I find from the mass of the people.

ton) is opposed to the issuing of any bank paper he speaks of the intluence of the banks, and of But I perceive thai the Administration party in bills under the denomination of $100. The the whole dynasty of associated wealth.” Page ! here affeci lo sneer, as usual, at the assertion made Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Calhoun) is 9, he is again opposed to the whole “ dynasty of by myself and others, that general distress per out against all bank paper, and must have nothassociated wealth.” Page 10, he speaks of a li vades the country. I know ihal gentlemen have ing but gold and silver. A Senator from Penn* powerful combination of bodies, artificial," I said that it is but imaginary. Une gentleman, i sylvania [Mr. BUCHANAN] says that he is in favor &c. Again, the banks "combine against the (Mr. Duncan,) in his speech, has told us that if of a mixed currency, but asks the Legislatures Administration." And, again, he tells of " com the people are embarrassed he would advise them of the Siates to confer power on Congress to probined encroachments.” And, page 11,"incor- : " to take off their coats and go to work.".. This hibit the issue of any notes under twenty dollars. porated wealth never cloys."

language may suit an Administration rolling in Another Administration partisan in this House Mr. Chairman, we all understand for what pur- l, wealth and splendor. It may come with filling | [Mr. MONTGOMERY] proposes to issue ten-dollar pose these changes are rung. I am inclined to grace from the supporters of men who are receive Treasury notes as currency, and this without one think that the people of this country understand ing large salaries in gold and silver, and actually | single dollar of specie basis. Look, also, at the that it is an attempito enlist their prejudices rather profiting by the derangement of the currency. action of the Legislatures under Administration than their judgments. And furiher, I think the But I tell you, sir, that the people will know how | control; Pennsylvania, for instance. The Legisgentleman underrates their common sense by to appreciate and to answer such unfeeling, heart lature meels, (the Van Buren party having a large supposing that he can, by this ruse, prevent them less, cold blooded, and insolent language. They | majority,) breathing vengeance against the banks; from examining into the causes of their present i have had their coats off; they have labored; they | noining will appease their wrath but immediate troubles. The gentleman says that there have have vainly used every effort to obtain the due resumption or instant destruction. They meet, been overissues by the banks; overtrading by reward of that labor; and now the products of the wrangle, scold, vow that banks are nuisances, the people, &c. I have not time to investigate agricultural community are still remaining un and bank paper worthless rags; and terminale this matter closely, but it has been examined sold, or, if disposed or, it has been at a ruinous the session by borrowing some millions of bank repeatedly, both in this and the last Congress, sacrifice. And even now the farmer is sowing paper, and allowing the banks their own time to and proved beyond the possibility of a doubt that and planting without hope of remuneration. He

resume specie payment. They then go home and the destruction of the Bank of the United States, knows not whether the sweat-drops of a long hold “indignation meetings,' and denounce one and the after-policy of the Administration, caused summer's labor will avail him aught. In the pres another as having acted iraitorously to the party. those overissues of which the gentleman com ent derangement of all business operations, the And when I, as a stranger to Pennsylvania tacplains. The very state of things now existing calculations even of the most sagacious fail; and tics, have asked some explanation of these seemwas predicted by the Opposition previous to its yet gentlemen, as an answer to the every day's | ing inconsistencies, I have been told,“Oh, never destruction. We were told by the friends of the experience of these truths, return the old answer mind us; we will arrange it all; we understand then existing Administration that the State cor that the Administration is not resimnsible, and the people of Pennsylvania." porations would furnish a better currency; that attribute it all to the banks. Sir, the Administra I will now take notice of the complaint made money would be more plentiful, and that money tion is responsible. It is its exploded and ex- | by the gentleman that the Opposition deal unfairly was to be all gold or silver, no bank paper. Bui ploding experiments which have occasioned this with the Administration in giving to the public nu sooner was the bill rechartering the Bank of the li state of things; its tamperings, its reckless dis- Il partial extracts from official documents. This

26th Cong.... 1st Sess.

Appropriation Bill-Mr. Proffit.


charge is unfounded, is unsupported by any proof, of the lavish extravagance which I charge upon give the people light on this subject, and to reand I defy any gentleman to make good the ac the Administration. In Senate Document, second lieve themselves, it' they can, from the charges of cusation. I deprecate as much as any gentleman session Twenty-Fifth Congress, volume three, waste and peculation. can any such unfairness; and I consider any man I find "a statement of contracts for fuel, trans I believe the charges to be true, from what I who would knowingly mislead the public mind portation, &c., for the quarterınaster's department have seen of the documents now before me, and a fit object of scorn and contempt. I will read the for 1837," and signed "T. Cross, Acting Quar- || this is but the account for one year. I should, document which has given the Administration termaster General.” Here I find, in part, how the among other things, like to see what amount has party so much uneasiness:

$30,000,000 have been expended in Florida. I been expended for the "bloodhounds,” which, [Official.]

will give the committee a few items of steamboat as every person now acknowledges, have turned PUBLIC ExpeNDITURE FROM 1824 to 1838. contracts for 1837:

out to be common curs, and not worth a shilling

For charter of steamboat Watchman, $450 per day, or a head. I presume that this experiment, with Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting a statement of expenditure, crclusive of the public debt, for 8161,250 per annum.

the contingencies, cost some thousands. 1 per

For charter of steamboat Mobile, $465 per day, or cach year, from 1824 lo 1838.

ceive, also, that one man has been paid $7 50 per $169,725 per annum. (JUNE 28, 1838. Read, and laid upon the table.) For charter of steamboat Anna Calhoun and two barges,

day, and subsistence, for transporting forty bushTREASURY DEPARTMENT, June 27, 1838. $400 per day, or $146,000 per annum.

els of corn in sacks from one post to another in SIR: In obedience to the resolution of the House of Rep

For charter of steamboai Henry Cromwell, $300 per day, Wisconsin. Flour has been transported from one

or $109,500 per annum. resentatives of the 25th instant, I have the honor to “lay

For charter of steamboat Hyperion, $300 per day, or

place to another until it cost fifty dollars per barbefore the House a statement showing the amount of ex

rel, and then sold at one fourth the cost of transpenditure, exclusive of the public debt, for each year, from

$109,500 per annum. 1821 to 1838."

For charter of steamboat Leflore, $200 per day, or $73,000 portation. In short, did I not see these things I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, per annum.

stated in official documents, I could not have beLEVI WOODBURY,

For charter of steamboat Charleston, $3,750 per month, lieved it possible that such gross mismanagement
Secretary of the Treasury.

or $45,000 per annum.
For charier of steamboat Florida, $3,000 per month, or

existed.' But I must leave this branch of expendiIlon. J. K. Polk, Speaker of the House of Representatives. $36,000 per annum.

ture, thus hastily glanced at, and pass to another.

For charter of steamboat John McLean, $4,000 per month, The gentleman from Virginia, in his anxiety to Statement showing the amount of expenditures of the Unior $48,000 per annum.

defend his new allies, quotes the expenses " of

For charter of steamboat Camden, $4,000 per month, or te! States, exclusive of the public debt, for each year, from 18241 to 1837, inclusive, stated in pursuance of a resolution $48,000 per annum.

Indian emigration and subsistence for Indians,' of the House of Representatives of the 25th June, 1838.

Forcharter of steamboat James Adams, $4,000 per month, as an item of expenditure for which many of the

or $48,000 per annum. For the year 1824....

..$15,330,144 71
For Cluarter of steamboat Altamaha, $5,000 per month, | Opposition voted, and the gentleman classes it

." I 1825...

under the head of " extraordinary expenses.' 11,490,459 94

or $60,000 per annum.
13,062.316 27 For charter of steamboat $3,500 per month, or

shall not deny that many Opposition members did 1827

12,653,095 65
$40,000 per annum.

vote for the estimates demanded by the Adminis1828

12,396,041 45 1829 12,660,460 62

tration for this branch of the public service. I short, by this document it appears that there 1830

13,-229,533 33 were chartered, during the year 1837, thirty-five think they were quite justifiable in so doing. But 1831

13,861,"S7 90

steamboats, forty-three schooners, two sloops, | could any one of the Opposition have ever sup1832. 16,516,388 77

posed that the money voted would have been so 1833.

twenty-five brigs, six ships; making, in all, one

22,713,755 11 1834.

18,425,417 25 hundred and eleven vessels chartered, during the shamefully squandered, absolutely wasted, as the 1835.

17,514,950 28 year 1837, for the prosecution of this Florida reports of the officers in that department prove 1836..

30,868,164 04

war--this war, which we, a nation of millions, || it io have been? I will cite one or two instances, 1837

*39,164,745 37 T. L. SMITH, Register.

have waged for years with some five hundred out of the many I could enumerate, to prove the TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

naked warriors. And besides the one hundred li unjustifiable and criminal abuses which-have been REGISTER'S OFFICE, June 27, 1838.

and eleven vessels chartered, I find upward of practiced on this subject. Is there a gentleman on this floor who will rise one hundred contracts, some of them of a very

Document No. 127, of third session of Twentyin his place and say that this is not a full and large amount, for transportation of troops, forage, || Fifth Congress, is a letter of Mr. Poinseti, Seccomplete document, as sent to Congress by the arms, horses, &c., during that year for this war. retary of War. In that document I find a comSecretary of the Treasury? Is there a word or Sir, the party in power is justly chargeable with munication from the Commissary General of figure missing; is there a syllable added? No, || having involved ihe country in this war unneces Subsistence, addressed to Mr. Poinsett, and I sir; it is the whole of an official report. What | sarily, and then of having wasted the money ap there perceive that the Government, after purdoes it prove? That the expenditures of this propriated for its prosecution.

chasing unnecessarily a vast amount of provisGovernment, despite all the professions of econ I will give also another charge from the same ions, &c., " for the Army, sent it to the Cheroomy, despite all the promises of retrenchment, document:

kee country," and, having no use for it, ordered have increased from $15,330,144 71 in 1824, 10 “For transporting one hundred cords of fire-wood from it to be sold, and I will quote an extract from that $39,164,745 37 in 1837, nearly threefold; and

New Orleans to Fort Brooke, East Florida, and one assist communication: when, sir, we present this document to the people ant surgeon, $2,000.”

“ The supplies sold consisted of 50 barrels of pork, 2,645 and ask their judgment upon it, the Administra

Here is charged twenty dollars per cord for barrels flour, 821 barrels hard bread, 2724 bushels beans, tion party complain of unfairness. carrying fire-wood from New Orleans, besides the 16. bushels corn meal, 169 bushels corn, 506 bushels salt,

75,027 pounds sugar, 41,297 pounds coffee, 5,438 pounds The gentleman from Virginia, with much inge- || original cost and other expenses; and that, too,

rice, 531,020 pounds bacon, 28,181 pounds soap, 14,110 nuity, attempts to evade this plain demonstration

to a country where, as I am assured by gentle- 1 pounds candles, 371 gallons' whisky, 5,145 gallons vineof facts and figures, by explaining the causes

men well acquainted with the country, thousands gar, and all the issuing apparatus, such as scales, weights, which have led to this vast increase of the ex

of cords of wood could be cut in sight of the fort and measures, used while the volunteer troops were in serto which this wood was sent. I am also informed

vice. These articles produced the nel sum of $52,117 90.” penditures by the Administration. This he has a perfect right to do; and I, sir, have also a right that wood has often been taken from Florida to This is the " official account."

Does any genNew Orleans for sale; and I should not be surto answer his explanations, and to show that: || prised if this wood was originally from Florida, Administration party who wishes to give an ex

tleman here deny it? Is there any one of the fying this subject, this Administration is respon

and after being shipped to New Orleans and prop- | planation? If so, I will give way. Not one, sible, justly censurable, for permiting and coun

erly seasoned, was shipped back again to afford a sir. Then let none of the Administration papers tenancing waste, extravagance, and peculation. little patronage. These are a few specimens of throughout the Union dare to deny this slate

Among other things, the gentleman from Vir- | expenditure in the Florida war for 1837. I could ment. And what do I prove by this, Mr. Chairginia quotes the Florida war as an item of "ex

for hours read charges equally obnoxious to cen man? That this vast amount of supplies,"coltraordinary expenses,”and says that many of the

sure; and I have had a resolution on your table | lected unnecessarily,” cost, as will appear by the Opposition voied supplies. I have not examined

ever since the first resolution-day of this session, accounts of the Department, upward of two hunthe Journal, neither shall I; for I consider it as

asking the Secretary of War for a detailed ac dred and sixty thousand dollars, including transquite immaterial who and what party voted for

count of the expenditures of the war, and the portation, commissions, buildings erected for or against the appropriations. It is enough for

friends of the Administration, by some miserable iheir preservation, &c., and were sold by this me to know that a war with the Indians existed in || subterfuge or quibbling point of order, refuse to all-wise and competent Administration for less Florida, and that the Government made estimates

call for the statement. And yet this is called a than one fifth of cost. This is the manner in and demanded supplies. They were granted; and

representative Government, and we assume to be which the money of the people is wasted. I will the Administration is responsible for the manner

the grand inquest of the nation, and the people | ask the gentleman from Virginia if it was possiof the expenditure. But this is another instance

are told that all officers, from the President down, ble for any honest man to anticipate such unjusof the fairness with which the Opposition are

are strictly accountable. Yet we cannot ask how lifiable squanderings of the public money. It treated. If they vote supplies they are accused

$30,000,000 of their money has been spent with seems that the twenty-eight thousand one hunof extravagance, and the President protests that

out being told by gentlemen that the Opposition dred and eighty-one pounds of soap were not he is not responsible. Had they refused to vole

voted supplies for the war, and that these expendi- || needed by the Army. It ought never to have the money demanded by the Government, a want

tures are " extraordinary." Truly they are been sold, sir. It should have been shipped to of patriotism would have been ascribed to them, | traordinary," and therefore it is that i'demand a Washington, and would have served as a fracand they would have been branded as enemies of

full and explicit statement as to their nature. tion of the quantity requisite to cleanse this feul the country. But, Mr. Chairman, I will proceed

I am told that a steamboat was offered to the Administration. But I will give you another to prove that the money appropriated by Con

Government for about $14,000, and, refusing to item of sales of stores, &c., purchased unnecesgress for the prosecution of this war has been most

purchase, they chartered her until they paid some sarily, and sold at auction in the Cherokee counshamefully wasted; and I will cite a few instances

$72,000. Jam told that plank in several instances | try in 1838, and embraced in this same commu

has cost $1 25 per foot, or $125 per hundred feet. nication. I find that corn which cost the Gov. *The foregoing sumns include payınents for trust funds

Also that fire-wood has cost fifty dollars per cord. ernment at least one dollar and a half, and in and indemnities, which, in 1837, were $5,610,404 36. Sir, it is the duty of the Administration party to many instances two dollars, per bushel, and


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accumulated unnecessarily in vast quantities, would demand to know by what authority of law expenditure but slightly; and I leave it with genwas sold by this economical Administration as was this work persevered in after the appropria tlemen better qualified to particularize abuses and folio ws: 8,3-1 bushels of corn, nt 175 cents per tion was expended? How dare the President and unjustifiable expenditures. I.will leave the subbusbei; 5,275 bushels, al 11 ; ; 4,9007 bushels, nu his coadjutors anticipate the action of Congress? | ject by saying that although the expenditures 107; 400 bushels, al 37; 4,239, bushels, at 137. How dare they usurp the power which legili have increased nearly threefold, I should not so This is a specimen of the prices al which this mately belongs to the Representatives of the peo- | loudly complain bad the money been properly article was sold, and thousands of dollars thrown ple? But, sir, my questions are answered by | expended. But it has been wasted. Our fortifi. away in this one article of corn alone. And this, every day's experience. They dare do anything, cations were never in a worse condition. We sir, is only a fraction of the quantity sold. 1 | They dare violate all law; scoff at all precedent; have scarcely a ship-of-war fit for sea. When find, further, that oats, purchased at double the commit any and every act, however unjustifiable the frigate United Siates received some damage usual cost, were sold at three and a half cents per and unlawful, and a drilled party majority will entering the port of New York, and was conbushel. This corn and oals were not damaged; support and countenance their iniquities.

demned as unseaworthy after an expenditure of for the report states them to have been sound, I could refer, also, to the Treasury building as some $70,000, there was not a ship ready to reand the damaged corn sold separately. I could another instance of the wasteful expenditure of ceive her crew; and months passed before one proceed to enumerate hundreds of cases of the

public money. I could give repeated instances could be fitted out take the place of the condemned same nature, but time will not permit. I will in which money appropriated by Congress for || frigate. We have not a single steam ship-of-war close by giving an extract from a letter of the one object has been transferred to another with which deserves the name; I beg pardon, sir, I Creek agent at Fort Gibson, addressed to the out any authority of law; and when these ex believe there is one, the Poinsett; they call her a Commissioner of Indian Affairs, complaining of || posures are made, the party acknowledge that steam-frigate; she is nothing but a miserable old the action of the Administration in forwarding investigation ought to be had, but that it is not

Ti I am rightly informed, she used to be such immense quantities of supplies unnecessarily convenient to make it at this particular time. employed somewhere about New York as a ferryto that post, and which also had to be sold at an I will mention, Mr. Chairman, one other item boat; was purchased at an enormous price by the immense sacrifice: of expenditure. Congress ordered a survey of

Administration, fitted up, and has cost near one ** But, whatever be the apology of the measure in ques the mouth of the Mississippi, and made an appro

hundred thousand dollars. I am told that it took tjou, whether it be ignorance of the resources of the coun priation for improving the channel at the Balize. all hands (when serving in the Florida waters) try, distrust of the capability of the otticers charged with the absistence of the Indians, or a dread of a failure of And how do you suppose the money has been

two weeks to cut wood enough to run her three their efforts in that respect, one thing is demonstrably true, expended? One steamboat, one dredge-boat, and days. She is now lying at Norfolk, the perfect that the great loss which is now inevitably consequent four schooners have been built or purchased, and laughing-stock of every sailor; but she is reported up on the measure, miglit have bren avoided had uinely di ctions been given to dispose of this extraordinary sup

fitted up in the most tasteful style. I find that to Congress as a steam-frigate. Really, sir, it is ply of provision as soon as it was ascertained not to be

there is charged for furniture in one of them, a a libel upon the name. In short, the money voted ueeded."

mahogany sideboard, two splendid card-tables, by Congress within a few years past, for harbors, He again says:

merino curtains, fine cane-seated settees, and other for light-houses, for breakwaters, for clearing out "Instead of this, cargo after cargo continued to arrive

furniture to suit, eight patent lever watches, one of rivers, has nearly all been wasted, foolishly as the necessity decreased."

chronometer, costing $280, silver ware, and nu thrown away by the mismanagement and extravaAgain, sir, the same agent snys:

merous other articles of the same description. All gance of the Administration. The searching ques. " I repeat, sir, fearless of contradiction, had the agents

this is for common mud-boats. And after expend tion of the people is, “ Where is our money?" here been instructed, in the first instance, as ngents of the ing $291,000 the work is abandoned, and the mouth The laconic answer is, “Millions have been stolen; Gufernment ought to have been, where its interest was of the river is now in a worse condition than before millions squandered; millions unaccounted for.' concerned, the publie would no! have sustained the loos of a single dodat; the provision purchased in New Orleans

the work was commenced. This is the expenditure But the gentleman from Virginia, not content would have been sold, and noi transported here, as has

at the mouth of the river. I know not how many with glorifying the Administration, has thought it been the case, at an enorinous expeast, where it was not snag-boats and mud-boats have been employed necessary to charge us with making unprovoked needed, and at an additional expense of several thousands on Red river or other rivers, or whether they are attacks upon the President and his friends, and, to erect suitable building to cover it from the weather." fitted out in the same style. But I do know that in a tone of triumph, has defied us to prove any This gentleman, for his plain-speaking in the when we ask a small appropriation on the Cum

act of malfeasance or misfeasance. I meet the Government officers, was treated with official berland road, we are told by the Administration challenge, and I will prove, from under the geninsolence, and immediately resigned his station. that there is no money in the Treasury, and that tleman's own signature, charges made by him A mean, obsequious, fawning sycophant would they are disposed to think that work unconstitu against the present Administration sufficient to have been cherished and patronized by them. || tional.

blasi the fair fame of any party. I shall refer to Here is another instance of hundreds of thou There is another title, Mr. Chairman, under Report No.313 of the House of Representatives, sands of dollars squandered. Who could have which the money of the people is squandered, if commonly called the report of the investigating dreamed of such “blundering policy?” And yet not actually purloined. It is under the head of committee on the defalcation of Swartwout and the gentleman from Virginia says the Opposition “contingencies;" and the bill now before us others. The gentleman from Virginia was a memvoted for “ Indian subsistence," &c.; and he is gives a small specimen of the amountthus charged. ber of that committee, and although he did not loud in praise of an Administration which is thus, | In it alone there is appropriated, under the title sign the report with the majority, he made a by its own official documents, convicted of incom of contingencies, $127,235, besides $67,000 for special report to which he affixed his signature. petency, waste, and extravagance, and, it may be, miscellaneous, making together $194,235. And I shall not at this time enter into an examination something worse. I believe, sir, that all these when we ask how this large sum is expended, of the merits of the document. It is enough for unnecessary purchases were made to give profit we are told that it is quite impossible now to give me to know that the gentleman's name is signed able contracts to favorites.

a detailed statement; but that no doubt it will be to it. The following is the special report of the We have been told that the public buildings are honestly accounted for. And if any of us insist gentleman, and as he complains that it is unfair another source of “extraordinary” expense. I on receiving the information, we are accused of to give extracis, I will give it entire: will, sir, for a moment refer to this matter, and l wasting the time of the House, and of being alto Mr. Hopkins's special concurrence in the report of the comin that moment convince the committee that an gether too inquisitive. Next year, sir, we shall

iniltee, appended thereto by vote of the cominittee. other high-handed and unjustifiable act of this have these sums accounted for in a bill for wash

I have not had the requisite time for scrutinizing the re

port of the committee with that care and attention which Administration has cost the people unnecessarily ing towels, horse hire, &c.

its length and importance deserve, and which I could have $300,000. I refer to the Post Office building. The But it strikes me that gentlemen, in their zeal desired; and I should have preferred, for this reason, 10 Commillee on Public Buildings of the House of to defend the Administration, in more than one have presented the journal ofibe committee, without comRepresentalives, in order to ascertain the actual instance forget that "there is but one step from

ment, to the flouse of Representatives. But, as conflict

ing opinions prevail in the comunittee, and are to be subcost of the building proposed to be erected, made the sublime to the ridiculous.” They talk quiie mitted to the country in the shape of formal reports, I a demand for a detailed estimate of the cost of | feelingly indignant of the unfairness shown to consider it my duty to say that I concur with the commilå split granite building. It was furnished, and the Administration in this matter of expenditure,

tee in all the conclusions at which they have arrived, so amounted lo $200,000. But no sooner had Con

far as those conclusions apply to the extent and character and call it " crying injustice,”and say that a large

of the defalcations of Samuel Swartwout and William M. gress adjourned, than the President ordered the item is the three per cent. fund paid to the States. erection of a marble building, a perfect palace, || Now, this is rather an amusing defense. Has I should be faithless to my duiy, and do violence to the which is now estimated, even by Administration not the three percent. fund been paid to the States

most conscientious convictions of my judyrnent, if I did

not also declare my entire concurrence in those conclugentlemen, lo cost $600,000. This will explain under every Administration? Is it not paid only

sions of the committee which relate to the conduct of the to gentlemen why this branch of expenditure is in proportion to the amount of sales of the pub late naral officer of the custom-house at New York; to the termed "extraordinary."

lic lands within the different States? Is it not late and present Solicitor of the Treasury; to the Secretary But there is another matter connected with this guarantied to the States by the compact under

and accounting officers of the Treasury Department, in

cluding the late Comptroller of that Department; and in subject, and which is admitted even here by the which they became members of the Union? And

that part of the report which reviews ihe conduct of J. friends of the Administration. After the money have they not received it from the first day of Iloyt, the present collector of the customs at the port of appropriated by Congress had been expended, their admission as Slates ? Really, Mr. Chair

New York.

G. W. HOPKINS, fearing that at its nexi meeting it might arrest the man, these apologies are rather too shallow to de

Member of the Committee. work or demand an explanation of this enor serve serious notice. But after all, the friends of

Now, Mr. Chairman, we find by this report mously increased expenditure, the Executive the Administration are somewhat excusable for

that the gentleman concurs fully in the censure actually allowed the work to progress on credit these attempts at subterfuge and evasion. They

of the committee passed upon ihe Secretary of to the amount of $65,000, and the laborers on the are sorely pressed by many searching inquiries.

the Treasury; and, that there may be no doubt building, instead of receiving their pay regularly, The stern gaze of the people is at last directed to upon the subject, I will read what is said by the were given checks or memoranda of ihe amount their action, and they are compelled to avail them committee, page 98: due them, and now we are called upon to vote selves of any and every excuse, no matter how

“ The commillee will forbear to recapitulate here the ex

traordinary submissiveness und want of energy that are bemoney, and our sympathies are appealed to lo pitiable and unsatisfactory.

trayed by the Secretery of the Treasury, in his tolerance, pay the laborers. They shall be paid; but I Sir, I have louched these different branches of without known complaint made to the Executive, of the


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26TH Cong..., 1st Sess.
Banks of the District--- Mr. Buchanan.

SENATE. retention and use ofthe public money collected by the pres "2. That his detalcations are attributable to the moto convincing proof that he pursues its tortuous ent collector at Now York for duties on imports against und rious irresponsibility and want of character of said Price

windings, nol from personal aggrandizement or under tire protests of merchants."

at the periods of his appointment and reappointment, and Again, upon the same page, the committee fur during his entire terms of oflice; and in the continued

ambitious aspirations, then, sir, we mly again, neglect of the proper and efficient discharge of duties at with indulgent eye, look upon his course. Until

the otice of the Solicitor of the Treasury, by the late and then, the gentleman must excuse us if we look “It is believed to constitute an imbecility of adminis present incumbents of that ottice."

suspiciously on his advice, and distrustingly upon trution on ihe part of the Secretary that calls for immedi

Again, I ask the gentleman from Virginia, has the position he hus assumed. ate correctio11, whether regard be had to the honor of the Government or to the security of the public money." this officer been dismissed from the service of the

I will give one other extract from the report of And further, the report says: “ The negligence and failure of the Secretary of the which the gentleman deemed so imperative when

ous member, and then leave it to the gentleman Treasury to discharge his duty as the head of the Treasury he signed his report? No, sir. This

man, who

to reconcile the opinions then expressed with his Department, charged by law with the superintendence of neglected his duty, violated his oath of office, and

present course: the collection of the revenue, and his want of a correct permitted an immense defalcation, has been sent appreciation of the before-namned records in the superin

“ But the important results which have been attained, Lendence of the collection of the public revenues, and the

as chargé d'affaires to Belgium! Neglect of duty notwithstanding the disadvantnges adverted to, cannot fail consequent neglect 10 continue and complete them, are is now the sure road to preferment. Let a man to inspire the country with a confident bope that the high justly regarded as a primary cause of the escape from de manifest palpable incompetency as Solicitor of

obligation which will rest upon the successors of the prestection, for so long a period, of the immense detalcations the Treasury, and he is immediately made a for

ent Congress, in the legislative councils of the nation, to of the late collector at the port of New York.”

resume and complete the great work of investigation and Here is a direct assertion made by the gen

eign minister. I will not attempt to express my reform of the alarming condition and abuses of the Execu.

astonishment at the course pursued by the gen live Departments of the Government, from the highest to tleman himself that the Secretary of the Treasury tleman from Virginia. He proves that Mr. Van

the lowest, and from the nearest to the remotest functionhas manifested "extraordinary submissiveness'

aries, will secure the prompt and efficient attention wliteli and “want of energy,” that he has been guilty || by the people, not only by continuing unfaithful Buren has violated every trust reposed in him

its magnitude demands.

“Guided solely by the character of the developments of “imbecility of administration;" and that such conduct requires "immediate correction;" and

men in office, but by promoting them for their which the investigation imposed upon them by the House

misconduct. further, sir, inalthe Secretary, by his " negligence

He, then, most unexpectedly, be

has elicited, the committee cannoi resist the couviction

that at no period in the history of the Federal Government and failure to discharge his duty," is directly comes his champion and eulogist, and petulantly

has there been deeper or beuer-founded cause than exists responsible for the ido mense defalcation of Swart

complains that we are over-nice in our demands at the present nioment for every patriot heart to desire a for correct Government.

prompt consummation of that signal task of reform' which wout, amounting to $1,125,000. Sir, where is this “imbecile Secretary?" Has

Page 140, the gentleman is loud in his denun- public sentiment, many years since, inscribed on the list he been dismissed by the Executive? Has even

ciations of Mr. Hoyt, collector at New York; || looked, requiring, 'particularly,'the correction of the abuses

thinks his conduct unjustifiable; and yet Mr. that have brought the patronage of the Federal Government an inquiry been made by this House into these

into conflict with the freedom of elections, and the coungrave charges preferred by the committee? No, | Hoyt is still collector; and the gentleman now sir ; no! The same negligent, imbecile, criminal

teraction of those causes which have disturbed the rightpreaches to us passive obedience. Page 70, we

ful course of appointment, and have plaeed or continued find the committee saying that Secretary still presides over the Treasury Depart

power in unfaithful or incompetent hands."

6 From the preceding evidence the committee report the ment. Instead of having been discarded, as the following fact as established:

We here read of the obligation which rests on gentleman said he should be, he is the pampered That the late Comptroller of the Treasury, George this Congress “ to resume and complete the great pet of the Executive, and the gentleman from Wolf, Esq., now collector of the port of Philadelphia, was work of investigation, reform of the alarming conVirginia is now as loud in his praise as he was

guilty, while in said otsice of Comptroller, of culpable dis-
regard of law and neglect of duty, both in regard to the

dition and abuses of the Executive Departments of in his denunciation; and he has the assurance bonds of collectors filed in his office and the records thereof

the Government," and yet, sir, the gentleman has to lecture the Opposition for complaining of this required by law, and in settling and certifying to the Regis not only neglected to "resume and complete" the gross outrage perpetrated on the character and ter the accounts of Samuel Swartwout, Jale collector, with work he commenced, but has joined the party honor of the Government which he himself as

out having transmilled to him the voucbers therefor resisted in exposing. quired by positive injunction of law."

which permitted and countenanced these abuses,

and now refuses to grant investigation. We also But the committee may check the expression

I will tread lightly here. This officer is now no

read," that at no period in the history of the of astonishment which at this time seems so senmore. But after this downright charge of "cul

Federal Governmeni" has there existed so much sibly to pervade it. I have but commenced with || pable disregard of law" made by the gentleman necessity for every patriot heart to rally to the the gentleman's consistency. from Virginia, this officer, who had neglected his

rescue of the country; and yet, sir, the gentleman, On page 41 of the report I find the following duty and violated all law, was appointed collector charges made by the gentleman against the late of customs at Philadelphia. Unfit to be Comp- | banner of reform, has rallied under the black,

instead of fighting under our glorious and bright naval officer of the custom-house, New York, 1 troller, he was fully qualified to superintend some

piratical flag of Van Burenism. Sir, I take no (Enos T. Throap:) hundreds of officers, and to receive millions of the

pleasure in criticising the course of any gentleman; “ from the preceding testimony the committee report as public money annually.

I know the fallibility of human nature. I regret established facts:

Page 41, the First Auditor is denounced as neg: 1 being compelled to show to my fellow-citizens “]. That the late naval officer at the port of New York, || ligent and incompetent. Yet now, not a word of throughout the term of his service, from 1829 to 1838, complaint from the gentleman from Virginia; and

the corruptions of their Government. I regret wholly disregarded the requirements of the law prescriball this “criminal neglectand official negligence,

that this corruption exists. I am sorry that the ing the duties of his office. * 2. That saidi naval officer, for the same period, wholly which, in 1839, appeared to the gentleman so un

necessity is forced upon me to take anyihing like disregarded the instructions of the Comptroller of the

a prominent position in denouncing the conduct justifiable, so monstrous, is, in 1840, quite innoTreasury of November 10, 1821.

of the Administration. I know that a faithful “3. That the said naval officer, by so disregarding the

cent, very excusable, and entirely unworthy of discharge of duty will draw down the execrations

serious consideration. This is, indeed, a change and base calumnies of the Administration presses; requirements of law and the instructions of the Treasury Department, culpably neglected to keep the accounts and of opinion-last year, to denounce the Admin

our motives will be impugned, public course misrecords appertaining to his office, aud thereby rendered the istration, sub-Treasury and all; this year, to sup- || represented, private character assailed,"life's life office nugatory as a check upon the accounts of the colJector. port it warmly, and its darling sub-Treasury, too.

lied away." But I, for one, will pursue my course “4. That if the duties of said naval officer, as authorized I know, sir, that with some politicians it becomes and directed by existing laws, had been executed with necessary to alter their opinions; and this change poet when he exclaimed

with the same defying spirit which animated the proper care and vigilance, they would have rendered it

of the gentleman recalls to my recollection a pasimpracticable for any fraud or error in any of the accounts of the collector of said port to escape iminediate detection. sage I once read in one of Bulwer's works, in

“As little as the moon stops for the baying

Or wolves, will the brighi muse withdraw one ray “5. That the culpable disregard of the plain requirements

which the politic courtier finds it necessary to From out her skies. Then how your idle wrath, of law and of Treasury instructions prescribing the duties change his opinions in order to keep pace with

While she still silvers o’er your glooiny palı." of naval officers, by said naval otticer, and his continued

the shifting policy of the court. neglect of official duty, arc a primary cause of the immeuse

Mr. P. then proceeded to defend General Hardetalcations of the late collector al New York."

«« Well! I have decided on my change of life,' said the rison from the charges and insinuations made

Jawyer, with a slighit sigh.
Here is a charge made against this officer by "* So have I on my change of opinion,' chimed in the

against him by Mr. Hopkins, both in his speech the gentleman froin Virginia. Where is this same Earl. I will tell you what opinions seeın to me like

and in his letter to Colonel Piper. Mr. P. read Enos T. Throop? Has he been dismissed from

6. What?' said Brandon.

extracts from the speeches of General Harrison the service of the country? No, sir. This man,

««• Trees!' answered Mauleverer, quainlly. If they can be made serviccable by standing, don't part with a stick;

when in Congress, from his published letters. He who was proved to be incompetent to act as but when they are of that growth that sells well, or when

referred to his votes to disprove the statements of “naval officer," instead of being immediately ever they shut out a fine prospect, cut them down and pack

Mr. HOPKINS. discharged, as he would have been by any honest

them off by all manner of means.'» Executive, has been sent as chargé to Naples. I shall not inquire as to the causes which led

BANKS OF THE DISTRICT. Unfit to discharge the duty of a subordinate in a the gentleman from Virginia to this sudden, startcustom-house, he is fully qualified to serve as a ling, and mysterious change in his political opin, | SPEECH OF HON. J. BUCHANAN, minister of this great nation at a foreign court. ions. I am not even inquisitive or interested And the gentleman from Virginia, who so recently enough to inquire whether his former opinions

OF PENNSYLVANIA, demanded his dismissal, lauds the Executive and shut out a fine prospect. It is sufficient for me

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, vows that this is a most virtuous and pure Admin to know that he has cut them all down. The istration, and tauntingly sneers at us as a faultreason is with himself. But he will excuse me

July 16, 1840, finding Opposition.

when I say that I think it in bad taste for him to In favor of the passage of the bill “to contiuue the corAgain, on page 105, the committee of investi- || criticise too narrowly the ground we tread, when porate existence of certain banks in the District of Cogation, after citing repeated instances of neglect he so recently taughi us that it was our duty to

lunibia. in the Solicitor of the Treasury to discharge his || walk it fearlessly, as being the path of rectitude

Mr. BUCHANAN said he had hoped yesterduly, report:

and honor. When the gentleman shall favor us | day that he should not feel himself obliged again "1. That William M. Price, is district attorney, ly a with a clew to the labyrinth, the mazes of which

to address the Senate in relation to these District defaulter to the Guveruinent in a large amount,

he is threading, and shall give us something like Il banks. He would not now ulter one word upon

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