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PHILIPPINE EDUCATION SERIES

PRIMARY ARITHMETIC

PARTS I AND II

BY

MABEL BONSALL, A.B.

FORMERLY TEACHER OF MATHEMATICS IN THE PHILIPPINE
NORMAL SCHOOL, MANILA

REVISED EDITION

ILLUSTRATED

NEW YORK AND MANILA

WORLD BOOK COMPANY

1908

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PRIMARY ARITHMETIC: PARTS I AND II, Revised Edition By MABEL BONSALL. Cloth, 128 pages. Illustrated in colors. Reviews first year numbers and completes the work of the second year of the primary course. The revised edition gives extensive drill, uses familiar material in a large and varied supply of problems, and furnishes copious suggestions for seat work.

PRIMARY ARITHMETIC: PART III, Revised Edition

By MABEL BONSALL AND GEORGE E. MERCER. Cloth, 160 pages. Illustrated. The revised edition rounds out the work of the primary grades and prepares for intermediate work. Agricultural and other industrial problems touching the genuine interests of pupils, and the introduction of the postal savings bank idea, are unique features of this book. COMPLETE ARITHMETIC: PART I

By GEORGE E. MERCER AND MABEL BONSALL. Cloth, 160 pages. Illustrated. This book is designed for use in the first year of the intermediate course. It reviews fundamental operations, presents the essentials of common fractions, decimals, metric system, and percentage, and gives correct ideas of business practice in the Philippines.

COMPLETE ARITHMETIC: PART II

By GEORGE E. MERCER AND MABEL BONSALL. Cloth, 168 pages. Illustrated. For use in the second year of the intermediate course. The metric system and the applications of percentage receive especial attention. Sufficient abstract work is given to lead the pupil to acquire the computing habit. Mathematical principles are embodied in groups of instructive Philippine problems. The exhaustive reviews are a valuable feature of this book.

COMPLETE ARITHMETIC: PART III

In preparation. This book completes the mathematical education of the
Filipino pupil below the high school.

WORLD BOOK COMPANY

PARK HILL, YONKERS-ON-HUDSON, NEW YORK

Copyright, 1907, by World Book Co.

PRESERVATION MASTER

AT HARVARD

PREFACE

THE Bonsall-Mercer Arithmetics cover the entire course in arithmetic for the primary and intermediate schools of the Philippine Islands. They aim to exclude cumbrous methods and useless material, and to appeal constantly to the pupil's ability to think.

The Primary books of this series are intended to supply the need long felt by both Filipino and American teachers for wellgraded elementary arithmetics, written in simple language, and making use of material familiar to the Filipino pupil. A judicious combination of the spiral and topical methods has not only made the grading progressive and easy, but has made possible a presentation of essentials which the pupil can readily comprehend. By means of numerous illustrations and problems dealing with subjects in which the pupils have a genuine interest, the school work is connected with real Philippine life.

The Primary Arithmetic, Parts I to III, Revised Edition, appears in two volumes, Parts I and II being bound together and intended for use throughout the first and second grades.

Part I, Revised Edition, treats of numbers from 1 to 10. For first grade number work, the illustrations and suggestions for seat work make it a valuable book in the hands of the teacher. When placed in the hands of the pupil at the beginning of the second grade, it furnishes an adequate and interesting review of the first grade number work. Part II, Revised Edition, treats of numbers to 100. It includes elementary notions of fractions, and introduces the simpler units of the

metric system. This book is written in language so simple that it does not need to be interpreted to the pupil.

Part III, Revised Edition, has been extended to cover the work of both the third and the fourth grades. It completes the primary school study of the fundamentals, and introduces the essentials of common and decimal fractions, easy exercises in percentage and interest, and practical work in weights and

measures.

In the revision of both of these books the authors have planned to give the pupils leaving school at the completion of the primary course a practical knowledge of the essentials of arithmetic, and at the same time to furnish a logical basis for the work offered in the intermediate grades. The revision has been made in accordance with the official recommendations of the Committee on Text-books, and the Committee on Primary Course of Study. The practice and drill work throughout has been greatly increased.

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following teachers of Philippine experience, who read the manuscript and made valuable suggestions: William Hazen Eastman, O. S. Reimold, G. N. Tremper, Mrs. T. D. Anglemyer, J. M. Knisely, T. H. Rhodes, M. C. Helm, G. W. Beattie, and W. I. Chapman. For most helpful criticisms the thanks of the authors are also due John H. Walsh, Associate Superintendent of Schools, New York City, and author of a series of arithmetics; Dr. Richard G. Boone, editor of Education, Boston; Alexander B. Coffey, Professor of Education, College of William and Mary, · Virginia; Dr. F. D. Strayer, Teachers College, Columbia University; Miss Laura Frazee, Primary Supervisor, Indianapolis; and Miss Belle Caffey, Critic Teacher, Indiana State Normal School.

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