« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
XXV. The World compared to a Stage.
ALL the world is a stage;
Even in the cannon's mouth. And then, the Justice;
AS YOU LIKE IT.
CONCISE PASSAGES, EXEMPLIFYING CERTAIN PARTIC
WLARS, ON THE PROPER EXPRESSION OF WHICH THE MODULATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE VOICE IN READING AND SPEAKING PRINCIPALLY DEPEND.
-Examples of ANTITHESIS; or, the Opposition of
Words or Sentiments.
1.THE manner of speaking is as important as the matter.T Chesterfield.
2. Cowards die many times; the valiant never taste of death but once. Shakespeare.
3. Temperance, by fortifying the mind and body, leads to happiness; intemperance, by enervating the mind and body, ends generally in misery.--Art of l'hinking.
4. Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious ; but an ill one more contemptible. Vice is infamous, though in a prince; and virtue honorable, though in a peasant.-Specta or.
5. Almost every object that attracts our notice, has its bright and its dark side. He who habituates himself to look at the displeasing side, will sour his disposition, and consequently, impair his happiness; while he who constantly beholds it on the bright side, insensibly ameliorates his temper, and in consequence of it, improves his own happiness, and the happiness of all around him. World.
6. A wise man endeavors to shine in himself; a fool to outshine others. The former is humbled by the sense of his own infirmities; the latter is lifted up by the discovery of those which he observes in others. The wise man considers what he wants; and the fool what he abounds in. The wise man is happy when he gains his own approbation; and the fool, when he recommends himself to the applause of those about him.
7. Where opportunities of exercise are wanting, temperance may in a great measure supply its place. Ifexercise throws off all superfluities, temperance prevents thein; if exercise clears the vessels,temperance neither satiates nor overstrains them ;~ exercise raises proper ferments in the humors, and promotes
the circulation of the blood, temperance gives nature her fullplay, and enables her to exert herself in all her force and vigor; if exercise dissipates a growing distemper, temperance starves it.- -Spectator.
8. I have always preferred cheerfulness to mirth. The latter I consider as an act, the former as a abit of the mind. Mirth is: short and transient, cheerfulness fixed and permanent. Those are of en raised into the greatest transports of mirth, who are subject to 'he greatest depressions of melancholly. On the contrary, cheerfulness, though it does not give the mind such an exquisite gladness, prevents us from falling into any depths of sorrow. Mirth is like a flash of lightning, that breaks through a gloom of clouds, and glitters for a moment; cheerfulness keeps up a kind of day light in the mind, aud fills it with a ste dy and perpetual serenity.- -Spectator.
9 At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talen: a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends to us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining them; cunning has only private, selfish aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them succeed; discretion has large and extended views, and like a well formed eye, commands a whole horizon; cunning is a kind of shortsightedness, that discovers the minutest objects which are near at hand, but is not able to discern things at a distance
Spectator 10. Nothing is more amiable than true modesty, and nothing more contemptible than the false. The one guards virtue; the other betrays it True modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is repugnant to the rules of right reason; false modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is opposite to the humor of the company. True modesty avoids every thing that is criminal; false modesty, every thing that is unfashionable. The latter is only a general undetermine instinct; the former is that instinct, limited and circumscribed by the rules of prudence and religion.--Spectator.
11. How different is the view of past life, in the man who is grown old in knowledge and wisdom from that of him who is grown old in ignorance and folly! The latter is like the owner of a barren country, that fills his eye with the prospect of naked hills and plains, which produce nothing either profitable or ornamental; the former beholds a beautiful and spacious landscape, divided into delightful gardens, green meadows fruitful fields; and can scarce cast his eye on a single spot of his possessions, that is not covered with some beautiful plant or flowSpectator.
12. As there is a worldly happiness, which God perceives to be no other than disguised misery; as there are worldly honors, which, in his estimation, are reproach; so there is a worldly
wisdom, which in his sight, is foolishness. Of this worldly wisdom, the characters are given in the scriptures, andplaced in contrast with those of the, wisdom which is from above The one is the wisdom of the crafty; the other, that of the upright: The one terminates in selfishness; the cther in charity: The one, full of strife, and bitter envying; the other, of mercy and good fruits.
13. True honor, though it be a different principle from religion, is that which produces the same effects. The lines of action though drawn from different parts, terminate in the same point. Religion embraces virtue, as it is enjoined by the law of God; honor, as it is graceful and ornamental to human nature. The religious man fears, the man of honor scorns, to do an ill action. The latter considers vice as something that is beneath him; the former, as something that is offensive to the Divine Being; the one, as what is unbecoming; the other, as what is forbidden.- -Guardian.
14. Where is the man that possesses, or indeed can be required to possess, greater abilities in war, than Pompey? One who has fought more pitched battles, than others have maintained personal disputes! Carried on more wars than others have acquired knowledge of by reading' Reduced more provinces than others have aspired to,even in thought! Whose youth was trained to the profession of arms, not by precepts derived' from others, but by the highest offices of command! Not by personal mistakes in war but by a train of important victories; not by a series of campaigns but by a succession of triumphs.-Cicero 15. Two principles in human nature reign, Self-love to urge, and reason to restrain; Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call. Each works its end-to move or govern all.16. In point of sermons, 'tis confess'd Our English clergy make the best ; But this appears, we must confess, Not from the pulpit, but the press. They manage, with disjointed skill, The matter well, the manner ill; And, what seems paradox at first, They make the best, and preach the worst.
17. Know. nature's children all divide her care; The fur that warms a monarch warm'd a bear. While nian exclaims, "See all things for my use!" See man for mine!" replies the pamper'd goose: And just as short of reason he must fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.Poft 18. O thou goddess,
Thou divine nature! How thyself thou blazon'st
As zephyrs blowing below the violet,
19. True ease in writing comes from art, not chance,
20. Good name in man and woman Is the immediate jewel of their souls.
Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis something, nothing;
11.-Examples of ENUMERATION; or the mentioning of particulars.
1. I. CONSIDER a human soul, without education,like marble in the quarry; which shows none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colors, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot and vein, that runs through the body of it.- Spectator.
2. The subject of a discourse being opened, explained and confirmed; that is to say, the speaker having gained the attention and judgment of his audience, he must proceed to complete his conquest over the passions; such as imagination, admiration, surprize, hope, joy, love, fear, grief, anger. Now he must begin to exert himself; here it is that a fine genius may display itself, in the use of amplification, enumeration, interrogation, metaphor, and every ornament that can render a discourse entertaining, winning, striking and enforcing.- Baillie.
3. I am persuaded, that neither death nor life; nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers; nor things present, nor things to come; nor height nor depth; nor any other creature; shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord.- St. Paul.
4. Sincerity is, to speak as we think, to do as we pretend and profess, to perform and make good what we promise, and really to be what we would seem and appear to be.---Tillotson..